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SubjectRe: 2.6.34 echo j > /proc/sysrq-trigger causes inifnite unfreeze/Thaw event
On Mon, Jun 07, 2010 at 05:36:31PM -0400, Josef Bacik wrote:
> On Mon, Jun 07, 2010 at 11:05:42AM +1000, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > On Thu, Jun 03, 2010 at 11:30:30PM -0600, Jeffrey Merkey wrote:
> > > causes the FS Thaw stuff in fs/buffer.c to enter an infinite loop
> > > filling the /var/log/messages with junk and causing the hard drive to
> > > crank away endlessly.
> >
> > Hmmm, looks pretty obvious what the 2.6.34 bug is:
> >
> > while (sb->s_bdev && !thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb))
> > printk(KERN_WARNING "Emergency Thaw on %s\n",
> > bdevname(sb->s_bdev, b));
> >
> > thaw_bdev() returns 0 on success or not frozen, and returns non-zero
> > only if the unfreeze failed. Looks like it was broken from the start
> > to me.
> >
> > Fixing that endless loop shows some other problems on 2.6.35,
> > though: the emergency unfreeze is not unfreezing frozen XFS
> > filesystems. This appears to be caused by
> > 18e9e5104fcd9a973ffe3eed3816c87f2a1b6cd2 ("Introduce freeze_super
> > and thaw_super for the fsfreeze ioctl").
> >
> > It appears that this introduces a significant mismatch between the
> > bdev freeze/thaw and the super freze/thaw. That is, if you freeze
> > with the sb method, you can only unfreeze via the sb method.
> > however, if you freeze via the bdev method, you can unfreeze by
> > either the bdev or sb method. This breaks the nesting of the
> > freeze/thaw operations between dm and userspace, which can lead to
> > premature thawing of the filesystem.
> >
> > Then there is this deadlock:
> >
> > iterate_supers(do_thaw_one) does:
> >
> > down_read(&sb->s_umount);
> > do_thaw_one(sb)
> > thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb))
> > thaw_super(sb)
> > down_write(&sb->s_umount);
> >
> > Which is an instant deadlock.
> >
> > These problems were hidden by the fact that the emergency thaw code
> > was not getting past the thaw_bdev guards and so not triggering
> > this deadlock.
> >
> > Al, Josef, what's the best way to fix this mess?
> >
>
> Well we can do something like the following
>
> 1) Make a __thaw_super() that just does all the work currently in thaw_super(),
> just without taking the s_umount semaphore.
> 2) Make an thaw_bdev_force or something like that that just sets
> bd_fsfreeze_count to 0 and calls __thaw_super(). The original intent was to
> make us call thaw until the thaw actually occured, so might as well just make it
> quick and painless.
> 3) Make do_thaw_one() call __thaw_super if sb->s_bdev doesn't exist. I'm not
> sure if this happens currently, but it's nice just in case.
>
> This takes care of the s_umount problem and makes sure that do_thaw_one does
> actually thaw the device. Does this sound kosher to everybody? Thanks,
>

Ok here is my half-assed 15 minute fix. I've not even compile tested it, but it
should get the general idea of what I'm talking about across. Comments?
Complaints? Flames? Thanks,

Josef

diff --git a/fs/block_dev.c b/fs/block_dev.c
index 7346c96..086361c 100644
--- a/fs/block_dev.c
+++ b/fs/block_dev.c
@@ -272,6 +272,10 @@ int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
{
int error = -EINVAL;

+ if (!sb)
+ return error;
+
+ down_write(&sb->s_umount);
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (!bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count)
goto out;
@@ -280,21 +284,47 @@ int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
if (--bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0)
goto out;

- if (!sb)
- goto out;
-
- error = thaw_super(sb);
- if (error) {
+ error = __thaw_super(sb);
+ if (error && error != -EINVAL)
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
- mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
- return error;
- }
+ else if (error == -EINVAL)
+ error = 0;
out:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
- return 0;
+ up_write(&sb->s_umount);
+
+ return error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev);

+/**
+ * thaw_bdev_emergency -- unlock a filesystem regardless of its freeze count
+ * @bdev: blockdevice to unlock
+ * @sb: associated superblock
+ *
+ * Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again regardless of the freeze
+ * count. Caller must down_write(&sb->s_umount).
+ */
+int thaw_bdev_emergency(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ int error = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!sb)
+ return error;
+
+ mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+ bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count = 0;
+ error = __thaw_super(sb);
+ if (error && error != -EINVAL)
+ bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count = 1;
+ else if (error == -EINVAL)
+ error = 0;
+ mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+
+ return error;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev_emergency);
+
static int blkdev_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
return block_write_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block, wbc);
diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index d54812b..62d97c6 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -564,9 +564,19 @@ repeat:
static void do_thaw_one(struct super_block *sb, void *unused)
{
char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
- while (sb->s_bdev && !thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb))
+
+ while (sb->s_bdev && !thaw_bdev_emergency(sb->s_bdev, sb))
printk(KERN_WARNING "Emergency Thaw on %s\n",
bdevname(sb->s_bdev, b));
+ if (!sb->s_bdev) {
+ while (1) {
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = __thaw_super(sb);
+ if (!ret || ret == -EINVAL)
+ break;
+ }
+ }
}

static void do_thaw_all(struct work_struct *work)
diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 5c35bc7..5dee40b 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -987,20 +987,18 @@ int freeze_super(struct super_block *sb)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(freeze_super);

/**
- * thaw_super -- unlock filesystem
+ * __thaw_super -- unlock filesystem
* @sb: the super to thaw
*
* Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_super().
+ * Caller must down_write(&sb->s_umount).
*/
-int thaw_super(struct super_block *sb)
+int __thaw_super(struct super_block *sb)
{
int error;

- down_write(&sb->s_umount);
- if (sb->s_frozen == SB_UNFROZEN) {
- up_write(&sb->s_umount);
+ if (sb->s_frozen == SB_UNFROZEN)
return -EINVAL;
- }

if (sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
goto out;
@@ -1011,7 +1009,6 @@ int thaw_super(struct super_block *sb)
printk(KERN_ERR
"VFS:Filesystem thaw failed\n");
sb->s_frozen = SB_FREEZE_TRANS;
- up_write(&sb->s_umount);
return error;
}
}
@@ -1020,10 +1017,28 @@ out:
sb->s_frozen = SB_UNFROZEN;
smp_wmb();
wake_up(&sb->s_wait_unfrozen);
- deactivate_locked_super(sb);
+ deactivate_super(sb);

return 0;
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__thaw_super);
+
+/**
+ * thaw_super -- unlock filesystem
+ * @sb: the super to thaw
+ *
+ * Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_super().
+ */
+int thaw_super(struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ down_write(&sb->s_umount);
+ error = __thaw_super(sb);
+ up_write(&sb->s_umount);
+
+ return error;
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_super);

static struct vfsmount *fs_set_subtype(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *fstype)
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 471e1ff..6dd6d4f 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1803,6 +1803,7 @@ extern int iterate_mounts(int (*)(struct vfsmount *, void *), void *,
extern int vfs_statfs(struct dentry *, struct kstatfs *);
extern int freeze_super(struct super_block *super);
extern int thaw_super(struct super_block *super);
+extern int __thaw_super(struct super_block *super);

extern int current_umask(void);

@@ -1953,6 +1954,7 @@ extern int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev);
extern struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *);
extern void emergency_thaw_all(void);
extern int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb);
+int thaw_bdev_emergency(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb);
extern int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *);
#else
static inline void bd_forget(struct inode *inode) {}
@@ -1968,6 +1970,12 @@ static inline int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
{
return 0;
}
+
+static inline int thaw_bdev_emergency(struct block_device *bdev,
+ struct super_block *sb)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
#endif
extern int sync_filesystem(struct super_block *);
extern const struct file_operations def_blk_fops;

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