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SubjectKernel 2.6.32-22-generic sata problems
SYNOPSES
==========
Kernel fails to boot when multiple SATA drives are connected. After a
day of working on the problem (changing cables, sata positions,
motherboards, CPUs, power supplies, etc.) I discovered that with only
the boot drive connected everything worked fine.
BACKGROUND
=============
I had a career in UNIX so it is common for me to use cpio(1), tar(1),
dump(1), and dd(1) to replicate disks but have not been able to do so
with two SATA disks connected using older kernels but with this new
kernel I could not even have the second disk connected.
PROBLEM APPEARED WHEN
======================
An Ubuntu kernel update stopped my computer from booting. I have no
backup computer so my description is sketchy because I was not willing
to use a pencil and write the lengthy terse information. Boot error
message was something like:
Gave up waiting for root device. Common problems:0f106d71e58
...
ALERT! /dev/disk/by-uuid/..... does not exist. Dropping to a shell!

Dan
DanVolkman@gmail.com




# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid -o value -s UUID' to print the universally unique identifier
# for a device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name
# devices that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=7e39ada2-3f4f-411a-a8c2-49a4e6fdefc9 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/scd0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0
#/dev/sdb1 /dspace1 ext4 defaults 0 0
#/dev/sdb2 /dspace2 ext4 defaults 0 0
If some fields are empty or look unusual you may have an old version.
Compare to the current minimal requirements in Documentation/Changes.

Linux dan-desktop 2.6.32-22-generic #36-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jun 3 22:02:19 UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux

Gnu C 4.4.3
Gnu make 3.81
binutils 2.20.1
util-linux 2.17.2
mount support
module-init-tools 3.11.1
e2fsprogs 1.41.11
pcmciautils 014
Linux C Library 2.11.1
Dynamic linker (ldd) 2.11.1
Procps 3.2.8
Net-tools 1.60
Kbd 1.15
Sh-utils 7.4
wireless-tools 30
Modules Loaded isofs udf crc_itu_t binfmt_misc rfcomm snd_hda_codec_realtek tuner_simple tuner_types wm8775 tda9887 tda8290 snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hwdep tuner snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss cx25840 snd_pcm snd_seq_dummy snd_seq_oss sco snd_seq_midi bridge stp snd_rawmidi bnep snd_seq_midi_event snd_seq l2cap snd_timer snd_seq_device ppdev hid_logitech ff_memless ivtv lirc_mceusb fbcon tileblit font bitblit softcursor i2c_algo_bit cx2341x v4l2_common usblp lirc_dev asus_atk0110 parport_pc snd btusb bluetooth usbhid hid nvidia videodev v4l1_compat tveeprom psmouse serio_raw intel_agp soundcore snd_page_alloc vga16fb vgastate agpgart lp parport atl1e
System information report, generated by Sysinfo: 05/06/2010 7:28:51 AM
http://sourceforge.net/projects/gsysinfo

SYSTEM INFORMATION
Running Ubuntu Linux, the Ubuntu 10.04 (lucid) release.
GNOME: 2.30.0 (Ubuntu 2010-03-31)
Kernel version: 2.6.32-22-generic (#36-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jun 3 22:02:19 UTC 2010)
GCC: 4.4.3 (i486-linux-gnu)
Xorg: unknown (23 April 2010 05:11:50PM) (23 April 2010 05:11:50PM)
Hostname: dan-desktop
Uptime: 0 days 12 h 43 min

CPU INFORMATION
GenuineIntel, Intel(R) Pentium(R) D CPU 3.00GHz
Number of CPUs: 1
CPU clock currently at 2999.721 MHz with 2048 KB cache
Numbering: family(15) model(6) stepping(2)
Bogomips: 5999.44
Flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe nx lm constant_tsc up pebs bts pni dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx cid cx16 xtpr pdcm lahf_lm tpr_shadow

MEMORY INFORMATION
Total memory: 3529 MB
Total swap: 8856 MB

STORAGE INFORMATION
SCSI device - scsi2
Vendor: ATA
Model: WDC WD2500JS-00N
SCSI device - scsi3
Vendor: HP
Model: DVD Writer 1070r

HARDWARE INFORMATION
MOTHERBOARD
Host bridge
Intel Corporation 4 Series Chipset DRAM Controller (rev 03)
Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device 836d
PCI bridge(s)
Intel Corporation 4 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port (rev 03)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family PCI Express Port 1 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family PCI Express Port 2 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev e1) (prog-if 01)
Intel Corporation 4 Series Chipset PCI Express Root Port (rev 03)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family PCI Express Port 1 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family PCI Express Port 2 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev e1) (prog-if 01)
USB controller(s)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH7 Family USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #4 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 01) (prog-if 20)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH7 Family USB UHCI Controller #1 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #2 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #3 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB UHCI Controller #4 (rev 01)
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family USB2 EHCI Controller (rev 01) (prog-if 20)
ISA bridge
Intel Corporation 82801GB/GR (ICH7 Family) LPC Interface Bridge (rev 01)
Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device 8179
IDE interface
Intel Corporation N10/ICH7 Family SATA IDE Controller (rev 01) (prog-if 8f [Master SecP SecO PriP PriO])
Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device 8179

GRAPHIC CARD
VGA controller
nVidia Corporation G92 [GeForce 9800 GT] (rev a2)
Subsystem: eVga.com. Corp. Device c976

SOUND CARD
Multimedia controller
Intel Corporation N10/ICH 7 Family High Definition Audio Controller (rev 01)
Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device 840b

NETWORK
Ethernet controller
Atheros Communications Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 PCI-E Ethernet Controller (rev b0)
Subsystem: ASUSTeK Computer Inc. Device 8304

NVIDIA GRAPHIC CARD INFORMATION
Model name: GeForce 9800 GT
Card Type: PCI-E 16x
Video RAM: 512 MB
GPU Frequency: 650 MHz
Driver version: NVIDIA UNIX x86 Kernel Module 195.36.15 Thu Mar 11 21:41:46 PST 2010
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by /usr/sbin/grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
load_env
fi
set default="0"
if [ ${prev_saved_entry} ]; then
set saved_entry=${prev_saved_entry}
save_env saved_entry
set prev_saved_entry=
save_env prev_saved_entry
set boot_once=true
fi
function savedefault {
if [ -z ${boot_once} ]; then
saved_entry=${chosen}
save_env saved_entry
fi
}
function recordfail {
set recordfail=1
if [ -n ${have_grubenv} ]; then if [ -z ${boot_once} ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
if loadfont /usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2 ; then
set gfxmode=640x480
insmod gfxterm
insmod vbe
if terminal_output gfxterm ; then true ; else
# For backward compatibility with versions of terminal.mod that don't
# understand terminal_output
terminal gfxterm
fi
fi
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
set locale_dir=($root)/boot/grub/locale
set lang=en
insmod gettext
if [ ${recordfail} = 1 ]; then
set timeout=-1
else
set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-22-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-22-generic root=UUID=0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-22-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.32-22-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.32-22-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.32-22-generic root=UUID=0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.32-22-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.31-21-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.31-21-generic root=UUID=0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666 ro quiet splash
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.31-21-generic
}
menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.31-21-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os {
recordfail
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
echo 'Loading Linux 2.6.31-21-generic ...'
linux /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.31-21-generic root=UUID=0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666 ro single
echo 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'
initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.31-21-generic
}
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
insmod ext2
set root='(hd0,1)'
search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set 0c089174-ffb8-46ac-8efb-af2a78f0a666
linux16 /boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
if [ ${timeout} != -1 ]; then
if keystatus; then
if keystatus --shift; then
set timeout=-1
else
set timeout=0
fi
else
if sleep --interruptible 3 ; then
set timeout=0
fi
fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries. Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment. Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
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