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    SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] Rework gpio cansleep (was Re: gpiolib and sleeping gpios)
    Ryan Mallon wrote:
    > On 06/24/2010 10:53 AM, Jamie Lokier wrote:
    > > Ryan Mallon wrote:
    > >> On 06/23/2010 04:37 PM, David Brownell wrote:
    > >> I'm not. Some gpios, such as those on io expanders, may sleep in their
    > >> implementations of the gpio_(set/get) functions.
    > >
    > > I'm having a hard time figuring out where some GPIOs I'm using fit
    > > into this picture.
    > >
    > > I have some hardware that is currently using a 2.4.26 kernel, but I
    > > look from time to time at forward-porting all the drivers to 2.6.recent.
    > >
    > > It has an I2C driven GPIO expander, with a watchdog reset chip hanging
    > > off the expander.
    > >
    > > The watchdog is kept alive off the back end of a timer BH, which means
    > > the I2C GPIO routines are written to be safe in BH context (which
    > > isn't sleepable), but they can't be used in IRQ context because the
    > > necessary spin_lock_irqsave() would turn off interrupts for too long
    > > for other subsystems to function properly.
    > Do the implementations of the get/set calls for the io expander gpios
    > sleep at all?

    No, because sleeping isn't allowed in BH context. (Note that this is
    2.4.26 code - things have changed a bit for 2.6, but the hardware is
    the same, and still needs the I2C watchdog to be driven from a BH-like

    > > How should I flag those GPIO routines in your scheme? They're safe to
    > > use in some non-sleeping contexts, but not safe in irq context.
    > The idea in my proposal is to use gpio_request in a driver if the
    > requested gpio can never sleep (ie because of the context it is used
    > in), and gpio_request_cansleep if the gpio is never used from non-sleep
    > safe context in a driver. I suggested stripping back the patch to just
    > add the gpio_request_cansleep function.
    > In the current code, if a driver ever calls gpio_(set/get)_value on a
    > gpio then you cannot pass a sleeping gpio to that driver. The request
    > will succeed, but you will get warnings with the get/get calls are made.
    > My idea is basically to move the denotation of whether a gpio will be
    > used in non-sleep safe context to the gpio request.

    The reason I'm asking about my scenario is because the GPIO routines
    can't sleep and are used from a non-sleep safe context - but they are
    not safe to call in irq contexts.

    So my watchdog driver would have to call gpio_request (not _cansleep)
    - that's fine. But if I connected other GPIOs from the same GPIO
    driver (other lines on the same I/O expander chip) to another
    GPIO-using driver which happens to use them from irq context, then
    your changes won't detect the problem - the code will just break at

    Of course if I did that, it would be my fault and my problem. I get
    to keep both pieces etc. But it's a scenario which your proposal
    would fail to catch at compile time, that's why I bring it up.

    -- Jamie

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