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SubjectRe: [PATCH] VFIO driver: Non-privileged user level PCI drivers
On Wed, Jun 02, 2010 at 02:19:28PM +0200, Joerg Roedel wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 02, 2010 at 02:21:00PM +0300, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Wed, Jun 02, 2010 at 01:12:25PM +0200, Joerg Roedel wrote:
>
> > > Even if it is bound to a domain the userspace driver could program the
> > > device to do dma to unmapped regions causing io-page-faults. The kernel
> > > can't do anything about it.
> >
> > It can always corrupt its own memory directly as well :)
> > But that is not a reason not to detect errors if we can,
> > and not to make APIs hard to misuse.
>
> Changing the domain of a device while dma can happen is the same type of
> bug as unmapping potential dma target addresses. We can't catch this
> kind of misuse.

you normally need device mapped to start DMA.
SHARE makes this bug more likely as you allow
switching domains: mmap could be done before switching.

> > > > With 10 devices you have 10 extra ioctls.
> > >
> > > And this works implicitly with your proposal?
> >
> > Yes. so you do:
> > iommu = open
> > ioctl(dev1, BIND, iommu)
> > ioctl(dev2, BIND, iommu)
> > ioctl(dev3, BIND, iommu)
> > ioctl(dev4, BIND, iommu)
> >
> > No need to add a SHARE ioctl.
>
> In my proposal this looks like:
>
>
> dev1 = open();
> ioctl(dev2, SHARE, dev1);
> ioctl(dev3, SHARE, dev1);
> ioctl(dev4, SHARE, dev1);
>
> So we actually save an ioctl.

I thought we had a BIND ioctl?

> > > Remember that we still need to be able to provide seperate mappings
> > > for each device to support IOMMU emulation for the guest.
> >
> > Generally not true. E.g. guest can enable iommu passthrough
> > or have domain per a group of devices.
>
> What I meant was that there may me multiple io-addresses spaces
> necessary for one process. I didn't want to say that every device
> _needs_ to have its own address space.
>
> > > As I wrote the domain has a reference count and is destroyed only when
> > > it goes down to zero. This does not happen as long as a device is bound
> > > to it.
> > >
> > > Joerg
> >
> > We were talking about UNSHARE ioctl:
> > ioctl(dev1, UNSHARE, dev2)
> > Does it change the domain for dev1 or dev2?
> > If you make a mistake you get a hard to debug bug.
>
> As I already wrote we would have an UNBIND ioctl which just removes a
> device from its current domain. UNBIND is better than UNSHARE for
> exactly the reason you pointed out above. I thought I stated that
> already.
>
> Joerg

You undo SHARE with UNBIND?



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