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Subject[RFC][PATCH 7/9] make kvm_get_kvm() more robust
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The comment tells most of the story here. This patch guarantees
that once a user decrements kvm->users_count to 0 that no one
will increment it again.

We'll need this in a moment because we are going to use
kvm->users_count as a more generic refcount.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
linux-2.6.git-dave/include/linux/kvm_host.h | 2 -
linux-2.6.git-dave/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++---
2 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
diff -puN include/linux/kvm_host.h~make-kvm_get_kvm-more-robust include/linux/kvm_host.h
--- linux-2.6.git/include/linux/kvm_host.h~make-kvm_get_kvm-more-robust 2010-06-11 08:39:16.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.git-dave/include/linux/kvm_host.h 2010-06-11 08:39:16.000000000 -0700
@@ -247,7 +247,7 @@ int kvm_init(void *opaque, unsigned vcpu
struct module *module);
void kvm_exit(void);

-void kvm_get_kvm(struct kvm *kvm);
+int kvm_get_kvm(struct kvm *kvm);
void kvm_put_kvm(struct kvm *kvm);

static inline struct kvm_memslots *kvm_memslots(struct kvm *kvm)
diff -puN virt/kvm/kvm_main.c~make-kvm_get_kvm-more-robust virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
--- linux-2.6.git/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c~make-kvm_get_kvm-more-robust 2010-06-11 08:39:16.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.git-dave/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c 2010-06-11 08:39:16.000000000 -0700
@@ -496,9 +496,30 @@ static void kvm_destroy_vm(struct kvm *k
mmdrop(mm);
}

-void kvm_get_kvm(struct kvm *kvm)
+/*
+ * Once the counter goes to 0, we destroy the
+ * kvm object. Do not allow additional refs
+ * to be obtained once this occurs.
+ *
+ * Any calls which are done via the kvm fd
+ * could use atomic_inc(). That is because
+ * ->users_count is set to 1 when the kvm fd
+ * is created, and stays at least 1 while
+ * the fd exists.
+ *
+ * But, those calls are currently rare, so do
+ * this (more expensive) atomic_add_unless()
+ * to keep the number of functions down.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 if the reference was obtained
+ * successfully.
+ */
+int kvm_get_kvm(struct kvm *kvm)
{
- atomic_inc(&kvm->users_count);
+ int did_add = atomic_add_unless(&kvm->users_count, 1, 0);
+ if (did_add)
+ return 0;
+ return -EBUSY;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_get_kvm);

@@ -1332,7 +1353,12 @@ static int kvm_vm_ioctl_create_vcpu(stru
BUG_ON(kvm->vcpus[atomic_read(&kvm->online_vcpus)]);

/* Now it's all set up, let userspace reach it */
- kvm_get_kvm(kvm);
+ r = kvm_get_kvm(kvm);
+ /*
+ * Getting called via the kvm fd _should_ guarantee
+ * that we can always get a reference.
+ */
+ WARN_ON(r);
r = create_vcpu_fd(vcpu);
if (r < 0) {
kvm_put_kvm(kvm);
diff -puN arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c~make-kvm_get_kvm-more-robust arch/x86/kvm/mmu.c
_

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