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SubjectRe: ARM defconfig files

[Added linux-arm-kernel ML to Cc, note that it's moderated for

On Thu, Jun 03, 2010 at 11:21:59AM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Thu, 3 Jun 2010, Daniel Walker wrote:
> >
> > I don't see how we can do without defconfigs altogether tho. I mean , if
> > you want to run a Beagle board or a Nexus one we can't just give the
> > users a slim ARM config and let them troll through 1000's of drivers
> > trying to find just those ones that work on their given board.
> Well, you also don't need the full defconfig's with the kernel.
> Right now they are just noise. They actually _hide_ things, because
> diffstat (and dirstat) information becomes pointless, and the diffs become
> totally unreadable by any human (trust me - when the choice is between
> "search for next relevant diff" or "blast it, I can't be bothered with
> walking through this crap", quite often the choice is the latter).
I wrote a script that throws out all unneeded lines in all arm
defconfigs that don't influence the resulting .config for .34 and
.35-rc1 and compared .34<->.35-rc with .34-reduced<->.35-rc1-reduced.

Here are the results:

$ git diff --dirstat v2.6.34 v2.6.35-rc1 arch/arm
11.8% arch/arm/configs/
10.0% arch/arm/mach-msm/
10.8% arch/arm/mach-omap2/
4.8% arch/arm/mach-pxa/
4.5% arch/arm/mach-s5pc100/
3.3% arch/arm/mach-s5pv210/
4.4% arch/arm/mach-spear3xx/
3.1% arch/arm/mach-ux500/
5.1% arch/arm/plat-s5pc1xx/
3.1% arch/arm/plat-samsung/
38.2% arch/arm/

$ git diff --dirstat arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.34 arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.35-rc1 arch/arm
3.1% arch/arm/mach-davinci/
11.3% arch/arm/mach-msm/
12.2% arch/arm/mach-omap2/
5.4% arch/arm/mach-pxa/
5.1% arch/arm/mach-s5pc100/
3.7% arch/arm/mach-s5pv210/
5.0% arch/arm/mach-spear3xx/
3.5% arch/arm/mach-ux500/
5.8% arch/arm/plat-s5pc1xx/
3.5% arch/arm/plat-samsung/
40.9% arch/arm/

$ git diff --dirstat=0 arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.34 arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.35-rc1 arch/arm | grep config
1.1% arch/arm/configs/

$ git diff --shortstat v2.6.35-rc1 arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.35-rc1
177 files changed, 652 insertions(+), 194157 deletions(-)

(The insertions above are only moved lines I think, I didn't check them

The branches arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.34 and
arm/defconfig/reduced-v2.6.35-rc1 are available at my repo at
git:// . (There is a gitweb at

So maintaining these minimal defconfigs would have reduced the defconfig
noise from 11.8% down to 1.1%. And probably it could be considerably
reduced further with constructs like:


tristate "MXC NAND support"
default m if HAVE_MTD_NAND_MXC

config MACH_MX27ADS

. Compared with selecting everything in Kconfig files this approach
allows further tweaking of a config. (E.g. "I have a mx27ads machine,
but I don't need nand support.") Compared with the SAT-Solver it's an
idea that works today.

One downside of this approach (when done with my script only) is that
too much is removed. E.g. in mx3_defconfig CONFIG_ARCH_MX3 is removed.
This is OK from a logical POV but then changing the default of the
corresponding choice (and I intend to do that in the near future) would
break this defconfig.

I can share my script and I'm willing to support maintaining the
minimality of the defconfig files if they are an acceptable (maybe
intermediate) step for Linus.

Together with the efforts to reduce the number of defconfigs as thought
about in other mails of this thread the situation should become quite
better for Linus. (I'm currently working on merging support for all
Freescale SoCs into a single mach- directory and so merge mx1_defconfig,
mx21_defconfig, mx27_defconfig, mx31pdk_defconfig, mx3_defconfig and

Linus: I would really appreciate if you wouldn't remove all (or nearly
all) defconfig files. I think you would force a quicker solution to
this problem, but during that time the ARM community would loose compile

Thoughts on this?

Best regards

Pengutronix e.K. | Uwe Kleine-König |
Industrial Linux Solutions | |
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