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Subject[PATCH 15/30] workqueue: reimplement workqueue freeze using max_active
Date
Currently, workqueue freezing is implemented by marking the worker
freezeable and calling try_to_freeze() from dispatch loop.
Reimplement it using cwq->limit so that the workqueue is frozen
instead of the worker.

* workqueue_struct->saved_max_active is added which stores the
specified max_active on initialization.

* On freeze, all cwq->max_active's are quenched to zero. Freezing is
complete when nr_active on all cwqs reach zero.

* On thaw, all cwq->max_active's are restored to wq->saved_max_active
and the worklist is repopulated.

This new implementation allows having single shared pool of workers
per cpu.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
---
include/linux/workqueue.h | 7 ++
kernel/power/process.c | 21 +++++-
kernel/workqueue.c | 163 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
3 files changed, 179 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/workqueue.h b/include/linux/workqueue.h
index eb753b7..ab0b7fb 100644
--- a/include/linux/workqueue.h
+++ b/include/linux/workqueue.h
@@ -340,4 +340,11 @@ static inline long work_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg)
#else
long work_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER
+extern void freeze_workqueues_begin(void);
+extern bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void);
+extern void thaw_workqueues(void);
+#endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */
+
#endif
diff --git a/kernel/power/process.c b/kernel/power/process.c
index 71ae290..028a995 100644
--- a/kernel/power/process.c
+++ b/kernel/power/process.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>

/*
* Timeout for stopping processes
@@ -35,6 +36,7 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool sig_only)
struct task_struct *g, *p;
unsigned long end_time;
unsigned int todo;
+ bool wq_busy = false;
struct timeval start, end;
u64 elapsed_csecs64;
unsigned int elapsed_csecs;
@@ -42,6 +44,10 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool sig_only)
do_gettimeofday(&start);

end_time = jiffies + TIMEOUT;
+
+ if (!sig_only)
+ freeze_workqueues_begin();
+
while (true) {
todo = 0;
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
@@ -63,6 +69,12 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool sig_only)
todo++;
} while_each_thread(g, p);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+
+ if (!sig_only) {
+ wq_busy = freeze_workqueues_busy();
+ todo += wq_busy;
+ }
+
if (!todo || time_after(jiffies, end_time))
break;

@@ -86,8 +98,12 @@ static int try_to_freeze_tasks(bool sig_only)
*/
printk("\n");
printk(KERN_ERR "Freezing of tasks failed after %d.%02d seconds "
- "(%d tasks refusing to freeze):\n",
- elapsed_csecs / 100, elapsed_csecs % 100, todo);
+ "(%d tasks refusing to freeze, wq_busy=%d):\n",
+ elapsed_csecs / 100, elapsed_csecs % 100,
+ todo - wq_busy, wq_busy);
+
+ thaw_workqueues();
+
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
do_each_thread(g, p) {
task_lock(p);
@@ -157,6 +173,7 @@ void thaw_processes(void)
oom_killer_enable();

printk("Restarting tasks ... ");
+ thaw_workqueues();
thaw_tasks(true);
thaw_tasks(false);
schedule();
diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
index 101b92e..44c0fb2 100644
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ struct cpu_workqueue_struct {
int nr_in_flight[WORK_NR_COLORS];
/* L: nr of in_flight works */
int nr_active; /* L: nr of active works */
- int max_active; /* I: max active works */
+ int max_active; /* L: max active works */
struct list_head delayed_works; /* L: delayed works */
};

@@ -108,6 +108,7 @@ struct workqueue_struct {
struct list_head flusher_queue; /* F: flush waiters */
struct list_head flusher_overflow; /* F: flush overflow list */

+ int saved_max_active; /* I: saved cwq max_active */
const char *name; /* I: workqueue name */
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
struct lockdep_map lockdep_map;
@@ -228,6 +229,7 @@ static inline void debug_work_deactivate(struct work_struct *work) { }
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(workqueue_lock);
static LIST_HEAD(workqueues);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct ida, worker_ida);
+static bool workqueue_freezing; /* W: have wqs started freezing? */

static int worker_thread(void *__worker);

@@ -745,19 +747,13 @@ static int worker_thread(void *__worker)
struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = worker->cwq;
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);

- if (cwq->wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE)
- set_freezable();
-
for (;;) {
prepare_to_wait(&cwq->more_work, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
- if (!freezing(current) &&
- !kthread_should_stop() &&
+ if (!kthread_should_stop() &&
list_empty(&cwq->worklist))
schedule();
finish_wait(&cwq->more_work, &wait);

- try_to_freeze();
-
if (kthread_should_stop())
break;

@@ -1547,6 +1543,7 @@ struct workqueue_struct *__create_workqueue_key(const char *name,
goto err;

wq->flags = flags;
+ wq->saved_max_active = max_active;
mutex_init(&wq->flush_mutex);
atomic_set(&wq->nr_cwqs_to_flush, 0);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wq->flusher_queue);
@@ -1585,8 +1582,19 @@ struct workqueue_struct *__create_workqueue_key(const char *name,
failed = true;
}

+ /*
+ * workqueue_lock protects global freeze state and workqueues
+ * list. Grab it, set max_active accordingly and add the new
+ * workqueue to workqueues list.
+ */
spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+
+ if (workqueue_freezing && wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE)
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
+ get_cwq(cpu, wq)->max_active = 0;
+
list_add(&wq->list, &workqueues);
+
spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);

cpu_maps_update_done();
@@ -1615,14 +1623,18 @@ void destroy_workqueue(struct workqueue_struct *wq)
{
int cpu;

+ flush_workqueue(wq);
+
+ /*
+ * wq list is used to freeze wq, remove from list after
+ * flushing is complete in case freeze races us.
+ */
cpu_maps_update_begin();
spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
list_del(&wq->list);
spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
cpu_maps_update_done();

- flush_workqueue(wq);
-
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
int i;
@@ -1716,6 +1728,137 @@ long work_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, long (*fn)(void *), void *arg)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(work_on_cpu);
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

+#ifdef CONFIG_FREEZER
+
+/**
+ * freeze_workqueues_begin - begin freezing workqueues
+ *
+ * Start freezing workqueues. After this function returns, all
+ * freezeable workqueues will queue new works to their frozen_works
+ * list instead of the cwq ones.
+ *
+ * CONTEXT:
+ * Grabs and releases workqueue_lock and cwq->lock's.
+ */
+void freeze_workqueues_begin(void)
+{
+ struct workqueue_struct *wq;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
+ spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+
+ BUG_ON(workqueue_freezing);
+ workqueue_freezing = true;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
+ struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&cwq->lock);
+
+ if (wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE)
+ cwq->max_active = 0;
+
+ spin_unlock_irq(&cwq->lock);
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * freeze_workqueues_busy - are freezeable workqueues still busy?
+ *
+ * Check whether freezing is complete. This function must be called
+ * between freeze_workqueues_begin() and thaw_workqueues().
+ *
+ * CONTEXT:
+ * Grabs and releases workqueue_lock.
+ *
+ * RETURNS:
+ * %true if some freezeable workqueues are still busy. %false if
+ * freezing is complete.
+ */
+bool freeze_workqueues_busy(void)
+{
+ struct workqueue_struct *wq;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+ bool busy = false;
+
+ spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+
+ BUG_ON(!workqueue_freezing);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ /*
+ * nr_active is monotonically decreasing. It's safe
+ * to peek without lock.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
+ struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
+
+ if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE))
+ continue;
+
+ BUG_ON(cwq->nr_active < 0);
+ if (cwq->nr_active) {
+ busy = true;
+ goto out_unlock;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+out_unlock:
+ spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
+ return busy;
+}
+
+/**
+ * thaw_workqueues - thaw workqueues
+ *
+ * Thaw workqueues. Normal queueing is restored and all collected
+ * frozen works are transferred to their respective cwq worklists.
+ *
+ * CONTEXT:
+ * Grabs and releases workqueue_lock and cwq->lock's.
+ */
+void thaw_workqueues(void)
+{
+ struct workqueue_struct *wq;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
+ spin_lock(&workqueue_lock);
+
+ if (!workqueue_freezing)
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ list_for_each_entry(wq, &workqueues, list) {
+ struct cpu_workqueue_struct *cwq = get_cwq(cpu, wq);
+
+ if (!(wq->flags & WQ_FREEZEABLE))
+ continue;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&cwq->lock);
+
+ /* restore max_active and repopulate worklist */
+ cwq->max_active = wq->saved_max_active;
+
+ while (!list_empty(&cwq->delayed_works) &&
+ cwq->nr_active < cwq->max_active)
+ cwq_activate_first_delayed(cwq);
+
+ wake_up(&cwq->more_work);
+
+ spin_unlock_irq(&cwq->lock);
+ }
+ }
+
+ workqueue_freezing = false;
+out_unlock:
+ spin_unlock(&workqueue_lock);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_FREEZER */
+
void __init init_workqueues(void)
{
unsigned int cpu;
--
1.6.4.2


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