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SubjectRe: kernel panic on kill(0, SIGTERM) with PGID == 0
sorry for delay, vacation.

On 05/04, Mathias Krause wrote:
>
> Hi Oleg, Hi Eric,
>
> I stumbled across a nasty bug related to the special init I'm using
> (cinit) and a process trying to kill it's process group. That always ends
> in a kernel NULL pointer dereference. git bisect brought me to that
> commit:
>
> | commit 430c623121ea88ca80595c99fdc63b7f8a803ae5
> | Author: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
> | Date: Fri Feb 8 04:19:11 2008 -0800
> |
> | start the global /sbin/init with 0,0 special pids
> |
> | As Eric pointed out, there is no problem with init starting with sid == pgid
> | == 0, and this was historical linux behavior changed in 2.6.18.
> |
> | Remove kernel_init()->__set_special_pids(), this is unneeded and complicates
> | the rules for sys_setsid().
> |
> | This change and the previous change in daemonize() mean that /sbin/init does
> | not need the special "session != 1" hack in sys_setsid() any longer. We can'
> | remove this check yet, we should cleanup copy_process(CLONE_NEWPID) first, s
> | update the comment only.
> |
> | Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru>
> | Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
> | Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org>
> | Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> | Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
>
> Well, it actually is a problem for my setup. If neither init nor any of
> the programs init starts ever change the PGID, all will live in the
> process group 0. That's bad when some of the started programs tries to
> kill its process group. That will in fact kill _all_ processes. So far so
> bad.

sorry again, I'll try to comment this later...

And I think this should be discussed on lkml, cc'ed.

> But it even gets worser because process group 0 contains some
> special processes, like swapper (PID: 0). Normally swapper will never be
> reachable for userland because PID 0 is handled special by kill(2) but
> killing the current process group while having a PGID of 0 will also try
> to kill those special processes like swapper. This ends in the following
> kernel null pointer deref:
>
> [ 3.595820] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 000003a8

Thanks Mathias.

I think this should be fixed anyway. Could you try the patch below?

In any case swapper should be immune to signals, and its ->thread_group
should be properly initiallized (the patch does only this).

> [ 3.595820] [<c012b45b>] __group_send_sig_info+0x7b/0xa0
> [ 3.595820] [<c012b5bd>] group_send_sig_info+0x5d/0x80
> [ 3.595820] [<c012b628>] __kill_pgrp_info+0x48/0x70
> [ 3.595820] [<c012b679>] kill_pgrp_info+0x29/0x40

Looks like, you kernel is old. Any chance you can also test the recent
kernel?

> May be a minor bug, because it can be work around by calling setpgid(0,0)
> in init

setpgid(0,0) just moves the caller's pgrp from PGID 0, that is why it
helps.

> but I think it should be fixed, anyway.

Completely agreed.

> A reproducer is attached. It contains a substitute for init that triggers
> the bug.

Thanks.

I didn't try it, but it looks overcomplicated to trigger this bug, or
I missed something? Afaics, init could be just

int main(void)
{
kill(0, SIGGKILL);
}
No?

Oleg.

We should also change INIT_SIGHAND, but _hopefully_ this is enough
to fix the crash.

--- x/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ x/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -172,6 +172,7 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
[PIDTYPE_PGID] = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_PGID), \
[PIDTYPE_SID] = INIT_PID_LINK(PIDTYPE_SID), \
}, \
+ .thread_group = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.thread_group), \
.dirties = INIT_PROP_LOCAL_SINGLE(dirties), \
INIT_IDS \
INIT_PERF_EVENTS(tsk) \



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