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Subject[PATCH 2/4] stop_machine: reimplement using cpu_stop
Date
Reimplement stop_machine using cpu_stop.  As cpu stoppers are
guaranteed to be available for all online cpus,
stop_machine_create/destroy() are no longer necessary and removed.

With resource management and synchronization handled by cpu_stop, the
new implementation is much simpler. Asking the cpu_stop to execute
the stop_cpu() state machine on all online cpus with cpu hotplug
disabled is enough.

stop_machine itself doesn't need to manage any global resources
anymore, so all per-instance information is rolled into struct
stop_machine_data and the mutex and all static data variables are
removed.

The previous implementation created and destroyed RT workqueues as
necessary which made stop_machine() calls highly expensive on very
large machines. According to Dimitri Sivanich, preventing the dynamic
creation/destruction makes booting faster more than twice on very
large machines. cpu_stop resources are preallocated for all online
cpus and should have the same effect.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@sgi.com>
---
arch/s390/kernel/time.c | 1 -
drivers/xen/manage.c | 14 +---
include/linux/stop_machine.h | 20 -----
kernel/cpu.c | 8 --
kernel/module.c | 14 +---
kernel/stop_machine.c | 158 ++++++++++--------------------------------
6 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 173 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/time.c b/arch/s390/kernel/time.c
index fba6dec..03d9656 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/time.c
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/time.c
@@ -390,7 +390,6 @@ static void __init time_init_wq(void)
if (time_sync_wq)
return;
time_sync_wq = create_singlethread_workqueue("timesync");
- stop_machine_create();
}

/*
diff --git a/drivers/xen/manage.c b/drivers/xen/manage.c
index 2ac4440..8943b8c 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/manage.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/manage.c
@@ -80,12 +80,6 @@ static void do_suspend(void)

shutting_down = SHUTDOWN_SUSPEND;

- err = stop_machine_create();
- if (err) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "xen suspend: failed to setup stop_machine %d\n", err);
- goto out;
- }
-
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/* If the kernel is preemptible, we need to freeze all the processes
to prevent them from being in the middle of a pagetable update
@@ -93,7 +87,7 @@ static void do_suspend(void)
err = freeze_processes();
if (err) {
printk(KERN_ERR "xen suspend: freeze failed %d\n", err);
- goto out_destroy_sm;
+ goto out;
}
#endif

@@ -136,12 +130,8 @@ out_resume:
out_thaw:
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
thaw_processes();
-
-out_destroy_sm:
-#endif
- stop_machine_destroy();
-
out:
+#endif
shutting_down = SHUTDOWN_INVALID;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */
diff --git a/include/linux/stop_machine.h b/include/linux/stop_machine.h
index efcbd6c..0e552e7 100644
--- a/include/linux/stop_machine.h
+++ b/include/linux/stop_machine.h
@@ -67,23 +67,6 @@ int stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, const struct cpumask *cpus);
*/
int __stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, const struct cpumask *cpus);

-/**
- * stop_machine_create: create all stop_machine threads
- *
- * Description: This causes all stop_machine threads to be created before
- * stop_machine actually gets called. This can be used by subsystems that
- * need a non failing stop_machine infrastructure.
- */
-int stop_machine_create(void);
-
-/**
- * stop_machine_destroy: destroy all stop_machine threads
- *
- * Description: This causes all stop_machine threads which were created with
- * stop_machine_create to be destroyed again.
- */
-void stop_machine_destroy(void);
-
#else

static inline int stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data,
@@ -96,8 +79,5 @@ static inline int stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data,
return ret;
}

-static inline int stop_machine_create(void) { return 0; }
-static inline void stop_machine_destroy(void) { }
-
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#endif /* _LINUX_STOP_MACHINE */
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 914aedc..5457775 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -266,9 +266,6 @@ int __ref cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
{
int err;

- err = stop_machine_create();
- if (err)
- return err;
cpu_maps_update_begin();

if (cpu_hotplug_disabled) {
@@ -280,7 +277,6 @@ int __ref cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)

out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
- stop_machine_destroy();
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_down);
@@ -361,9 +357,6 @@ int disable_nonboot_cpus(void)
{
int cpu, first_cpu, error;

- error = stop_machine_create();
- if (error)
- return error;
cpu_maps_update_begin();
first_cpu = cpumask_first(cpu_online_mask);
/*
@@ -394,7 +387,6 @@ int disable_nonboot_cpus(void)
printk(KERN_ERR "Non-boot CPUs are not disabled\n");
}
cpu_maps_update_done();
- stop_machine_destroy();
return error;
}

diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 1016b75..0838246 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -723,16 +723,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(delete_module, const char __user *, name_user,
return -EFAULT;
name[MODULE_NAME_LEN-1] = '\0';

- /* Create stop_machine threads since free_module relies on
- * a non-failing stop_machine call. */
- ret = stop_machine_create();
- if (ret)
- return ret;
-
- if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&module_mutex) != 0) {
- ret = -EINTR;
- goto out_stop;
- }
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&module_mutex) != 0)
+ return -EINTR;

mod = find_module(name);
if (!mod) {
@@ -792,8 +784,6 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(delete_module, const char __user *, name_user,

out:
mutex_unlock(&module_mutex);
-out_stop:
- stop_machine_destroy();
return ret;
}

diff --git a/kernel/stop_machine.c b/kernel/stop_machine.c
index 7e3f918..884c7a1 100644
--- a/kernel/stop_machine.c
+++ b/kernel/stop_machine.c
@@ -388,174 +388,92 @@ enum stopmachine_state {
/* Exit */
STOPMACHINE_EXIT,
};
-static enum stopmachine_state state;

struct stop_machine_data {
- int (*fn)(void *);
- void *data;
- int fnret;
+ int (*fn)(void *);
+ void *data;
+ /* Like num_online_cpus(), but hotplug cpu uses us, so we need this. */
+ unsigned int num_threads;
+ const struct cpumask *active_cpus;
+
+ enum stopmachine_state state;
+ atomic_t thread_ack;
};

-/* Like num_online_cpus(), but hotplug cpu uses us, so we need this. */
-static unsigned int num_threads;
-static atomic_t thread_ack;
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(lock);
-/* setup_lock protects refcount, stop_machine_wq and stop_machine_work. */
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(setup_lock);
-/* Users of stop_machine. */
-static int refcount;
-static struct workqueue_struct *stop_machine_wq;
-static struct stop_machine_data active, idle;
-static const struct cpumask *active_cpus;
-static void __percpu *stop_machine_work;
-
-static void set_state(enum stopmachine_state newstate)
+static void set_state(struct stop_machine_data *smdata,
+ enum stopmachine_state newstate)
{
/* Reset ack counter. */
- atomic_set(&thread_ack, num_threads);
+ atomic_set(&smdata->thread_ack, smdata->num_threads);
smp_wmb();
- state = newstate;
+ smdata->state = newstate;
}

/* Last one to ack a state moves to the next state. */
-static void ack_state(void)
+static void ack_state(struct stop_machine_data *smdata)
{
- if (atomic_dec_and_test(&thread_ack))
- set_state(state + 1);
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&smdata->thread_ack))
+ set_state(smdata, smdata->state + 1);
}

-/* This is the actual function which stops the CPU. It runs
- * in the context of a dedicated stopmachine workqueue. */
-static void stop_cpu(struct work_struct *unused)
+/* This is the cpu_stop function which stops the CPU. */
+static int stop_machine_cpu_stop(void *data)
{
+ struct stop_machine_data *smdata = data;
enum stopmachine_state curstate = STOPMACHINE_NONE;
- struct stop_machine_data *smdata = &idle;
- int cpu = smp_processor_id();
- int err;
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id(), err = 0;
+ bool is_active;
+
+ if (!smdata->active_cpus)
+ is_active = cpu == cpumask_first(cpu_online_mask);
+ else
+ is_active = cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, smdata->active_cpus);

- if (!active_cpus) {
- if (cpu == cpumask_first(cpu_online_mask))
- smdata = &active;
- } else {
- if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, active_cpus))
- smdata = &active;
- }
/* Simple state machine */
do {
/* Chill out and ensure we re-read stopmachine_state. */
cpu_relax();
- if (state != curstate) {
- curstate = state;
+ if (smdata->state != curstate) {
+ curstate = smdata->state;
switch (curstate) {
case STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ:
local_irq_disable();
hard_irq_disable();
break;
case STOPMACHINE_RUN:
- /* On multiple CPUs only a single error code
- * is needed to tell that something failed. */
- err = smdata->fn(smdata->data);
- if (err)
- smdata->fnret = err;
+ if (is_active)
+ err = smdata->fn(smdata->data);
break;
default:
break;
}
- ack_state();
+ ack_state(smdata);
}
} while (curstate != STOPMACHINE_EXIT);

local_irq_enable();
+ return err;
}

-/* Callback for CPUs which aren't supposed to do anything. */
-static int chill(void *unused)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-int stop_machine_create(void)
-{
- mutex_lock(&setup_lock);
- if (refcount)
- goto done;
- stop_machine_wq = create_rt_workqueue("kstop");
- if (!stop_machine_wq)
- goto err_out;
- stop_machine_work = alloc_percpu(struct work_struct);
- if (!stop_machine_work)
- goto err_out;
-done:
- refcount++;
- mutex_unlock(&setup_lock);
- return 0;
-
-err_out:
- if (stop_machine_wq)
- destroy_workqueue(stop_machine_wq);
- mutex_unlock(&setup_lock);
- return -ENOMEM;
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stop_machine_create);
-
-void stop_machine_destroy(void)
-{
- mutex_lock(&setup_lock);
- refcount--;
- if (refcount)
- goto done;
- destroy_workqueue(stop_machine_wq);
- free_percpu(stop_machine_work);
-done:
- mutex_unlock(&setup_lock);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stop_machine_destroy);
-
int __stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, const struct cpumask *cpus)
{
- struct work_struct *sm_work;
- int i, ret;
-
- /* Set up initial state. */
- mutex_lock(&lock);
- num_threads = num_online_cpus();
- active_cpus = cpus;
- active.fn = fn;
- active.data = data;
- active.fnret = 0;
- idle.fn = chill;
- idle.data = NULL;
-
- set_state(STOPMACHINE_PREPARE);
-
- /* Schedule the stop_cpu work on all cpus: hold this CPU so one
- * doesn't hit this CPU until we're ready. */
- get_cpu();
- for_each_online_cpu(i) {
- sm_work = per_cpu_ptr(stop_machine_work, i);
- INIT_WORK(sm_work, stop_cpu);
- queue_work_on(i, stop_machine_wq, sm_work);
- }
- /* This will release the thread on our CPU. */
- put_cpu();
- flush_workqueue(stop_machine_wq);
- ret = active.fnret;
- mutex_unlock(&lock);
- return ret;
+ struct stop_machine_data smdata = { .fn = fn, .data = data,
+ .num_threads = num_online_cpus(),
+ .active_cpus = cpus };
+
+ /* Set the initial state and stop all online cpus. */
+ set_state(&smdata, STOPMACHINE_PREPARE);
+ return stop_cpus(cpu_online_mask, stop_machine_cpu_stop, &smdata);
}

int stop_machine(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, const struct cpumask *cpus)
{
int ret;

- ret = stop_machine_create();
- if (ret)
- return ret;
/* No CPUs can come up or down during this. */
get_online_cpus();
ret = __stop_machine(fn, data, cpus);
put_online_cpus();
- stop_machine_destroy();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stop_machine);
--
1.6.4.2


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