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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] fs: block cross-uid sticky symlinks
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On Sun, 2010-05-30 at 20:04 -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> A long-standing class of security issues is the symlink-based
> time-of-check-time-of-use race, most commonly seen in world-writable
> directories like /tmp. The common method of exploitation of this flaw
> is to cross privilege boundaries when following a given symlink (i.e. a
> root process follows a symlink belonging to another user). For a likely
> incomplete list of hundreds of examples across the years, please see:
> http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvekey.cgi?keyword=/tmp
>
> The solution is to permit symlinks to only be followed when outside a sticky
> world-writable directory, or when the uid of the symlink and follower match,
> or when the directory owner matches the symlink's owner.
>
> Some pointers to the history of earlier discussion that I could find:
>
> 1996 Aug, Zygo Blaxell
> http://marc.info/?l=bugtraq&m=87602167419830&w=2
> 1996 Oct, Andrew Tridgell
> http://lkml.indiana.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/9610.2/0086.html
> 1997 Dec, Albert D Cahalan
> http://lkml.org/lkml/1997/12/16/4
> 2005 Feb, Lorenzo Hernández García-Hierro
> http://lkml.indiana.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/0502.0/1896.html
>
> Past objections and rebuttals could be summarized as:
>
> - Violates POSIX.
> - POSIX didn't consider this situation and it's not useful to follow
> a broken specification at the cost of security.
> - Might break unknown applications that use this feature.
> - Applications that break because of the change are easy to spot and
> fix. Applications that are vulnerable to symlink ToCToU by not having
> the change aren't.
> - Applications should just use mkstemp() or O_CREATE|O_EXCL.
> - True, but applications are not perfect, and new software is written
> all the time that makes these mistakes; blocking this flaw at the
> kernel is a single solution to the entire class of vulnerability.
>
> This patch is based on the patch in Openwall and grsecurity. I have
> added a sysctl to toggle the behavior back to the old logic via
> /proc/sys/fs/weak-sticky-symlinks, documentation, and a ratelimited
> warning.
>
> v2:
> - dropped redundant S_ISLNK check.
> - moved sysctl extern into security.h.
> - asked to include CC to linux-fsdevel.

We need to call this function in the SELinux case. So you'll need a
patch like the one attached (not even compiled but I think it is right)

diff --git a/security/selinux/hooks.c b/security/selinux/hooks.c
index 5c9f25b..d6ebee2 100644
--- a/security/selinux/hooks.c
+++ b/security/selinux/hooks.c
@@ -2668,8 +2668,13 @@ static int selinux_inode_readlink(struct dentry *dentry)

static int selinux_inode_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry, struct nameidata *nameidata)
{
+ int rc;
const struct cred *cred = current_cred();

+ rc = cap_inode_follow_link(dentry, nameidata);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
return dentry_has_perm(cred, NULL, dentry, FILE__READ);
}

> +int cap_inode_follow_link(struct dentry *dentry,
> + struct nameidata *nameidata)
> +{
> + const struct inode *parent = dentry->d_parent->d_inode;
> + const struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> + const struct cred *cred = current_cred();
> +
> + if (weak_sticky_symlinks)
> + return 0;
> +
> + if ((parent->i_mode & (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH)) == (S_ISVTX|S_IWOTH) &&
> + parent->i_uid != inode->i_uid &&
> + cred->fsuid != inode->i_uid) {
> + printk_ratelimited(KERN_NOTICE "non-matching-uid symlink "
> + "following attempted in sticky-directory by "
> + "%s (fsuid %d)\n", current->comm, cred->fsuid);
> + return -EACCES;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}

What stops us from racing between the assignment of parent and it's
first use with a rename on our object and rmdir on the old parent? I'm
wondering if we need to be doing this test holding dentry->d_lock (which
is what protects dentry->d_parent if I recall correctly)

Certainly doesn't fix all of the raciness, but I think it would close
the opps part. Maybe someone who knows the VFS better can tell me if I
am misguided.

-Eric


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