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SubjectRe: [RFD] Future tracing/instrumentation directions
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On Thu, 2010-05-20 at 10:38 -0400, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Thu, 2010-05-20 at 11:31 +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:

> # modprobe ring_buffer_benchmark producer_fifo=10
> # sleep 30
> # cat /debug/tracing/trace
>
>
> <...>-2636 [003] 761.969850: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Starting ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910121: ring_buffer_producer_thread: End ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910172: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Consumer at nice: 19
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910172: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910173: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Time: 9965321 (usecs)
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910173: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Overruns: 0
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910174: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Read: 76580325 (by pages)
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910175: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries: 75
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910175: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Total: 76580400
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910175: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Missed: 0
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910176: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Hit: 76580400
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910176: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries per millisec: 7684
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910176: ring_buffer_producer_thread: 130 ns per entry
> <...>-2636 [003] 771.910177: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Sleeping for 10 secs
>
> <...>-2636 [003] 781.884686: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Starting ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.862392: ring_buffer_producer_thread: End ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897399: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Consumer at nice: 19
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897400: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897401: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Time: 9000321 (usecs)
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897401: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Overruns: 26581200
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897402: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Read: 6767200 (by events)
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897403: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries: 0
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897403: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Total: 33348400
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897403: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Missed: 0
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897404: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Hit: 33348400
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897404: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries per millisec: 3705
> <...>-2636 [003] 790.897405: ring_buffer_producer_thread: 269 ns per entry
>
> While having the reader read by pages (splice mode) a write takes 130ns
> per entry. Not that bad.
>
> But when the reader is reading each event, (I'm assuming we get some
> cache line bouncing here, it is still lockless), a write takes 269ns.
>
> Note, the reader is an aggressive reader. That is, it goes into a strong
> loop and just reads as fast as it can. Which would cause cache line
> bouncing.
>
> When I disable the reader and just measure what a write takes:
>
> # rmmod ring_buffer_benchmark
> # modprobe ring_buffer_benchmark disable_reader=1 producer_fifo=10
> # sleep 30
> # cat /debug/tracing/trace
>
> <...>-2649 [003] 1141.981639: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Starting ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950840: ring_buffer_producer_thread: End ring buffer hammer
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950841: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950842: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Time: 9994238 (usecs)
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950842: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Overruns: 90635670
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950843: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Read: (reader disabled)
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950843: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries: 62480
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950844: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Total: 90698150
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950844: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Missed: 0
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950844: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Hit: 90698150
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950845: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries per millisec: 9075
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950845: ring_buffer_producer_thread: 110 ns per entry
> <...>-2649 [003] 1151.950846: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Sleeping for 10 secs
>
> It takes just a 110ns.

I checked out latest tip/perf/core with commit:

commit dfacc4d6c98b89609250269f518c1f54c30454ef
Merge: f869097 85cb68b
Author: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Date: Thu May 20 14:38:55 2010 +0200

Merge branch 'perf/urgent' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/frederic/random-tracing into perf/core

This seems to include the latest optimizations from Peter.

I decided to modify the trace/kernel/ring_buffer_benchmark.c to
benchmark the perf ring buffer. I spent an hour or so trying to get it
to work but since the perf ring buffer is so coupled with perf, I gave
up in trying to test it directly. It requires a reader, and it has no
good way to set up a buffer and read it from the kernel.

So instead, I figured I would test perf and ftrace with TRACE_EVENT().

Here's what I did, and my changes are at the bottom of this email as a
patch too.

I created a function within the kernel proper (since the benchmark is a
module) called ring_buffer_benchmark_caller(). All this does is call:

trace_rb_benchmark(raw_smp_processor_id());

Where trace_rb_benchmark is created with TRACE_EVENT() (as shown in the
patch below).

I modified the ring buffer benchmark to take a "trace_event" parameter
where instead of testing the ring buffer itself, it would just time the
calling of "ring_buffer_benchmark_caller()", which includes the trace
event.

This is nice way to see the difference between perf and ftrace since
this is the code that they both use.

Note, I noticed that the ring buffer slowed down since 2.6.34. Probably
to do with the "lost events" recording that I added. But it went from
110ns to 153ns in the normal benchmark (not this one).

Anyway, the benchmark would pause until the tracepoint was activated, as
the tracepoint would enable rb_start_bench. When the tracepoint is
called the first time, the benchmark would begin.

Here's what I did:

# modprobe ring_buffer_benchmark producer_fifo=10 trace_event=1
# perf record -e rb_bench:rb_benchmark -c1 -a sleep 30
# cat /debug/tracing/trace

Here's the results:

# tracer: nop
#
# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
# | | | | |
<...>-22836 [001] 2804.849264: : wait to start
<...>-22836 [001] 2816.419909: : starting
<...>-22836 [001] 2816.419911: : Starting ring buffer hammer
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056105: : End ring buffer hammer
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056108: : Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056109: : Time: 9660458 (usecs)
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056110: : Overruns: 0
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056110: : Read: (reader disabled)
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056111: : Entries: 0
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056111: : Total: 0
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056112: : Missed: 0
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056112: : Hit: 14637150
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056113: : Entries per millisec: 1515
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056113: : 660 ns per entry
<...>-22836 [002] 2826.056114: : Sleeping for 10 secs
<...>-22836 [002] 2836.030464: : wait to start
<...>-22836 [002] 2836.030465: : starting
<...>-22836 [002] 2836.030465: : Starting ring buffer hammer
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008379: : End ring buffer hammer
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008383: : Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008384: : Time: 9000518 (usecs)
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008384: : Overruns: 0
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008384: : Read: (reader disabled)
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008385: : Entries: 0
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008385: : Total: 0
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008386: : Missed: 0
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008387: : Hit: 13642200
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008387: : Entries per millisec: 1515
<...>-22836 [001] 2845.008388: : 660 ns per entry
Writing an event in perf took 660ns each.


To do the same for ftrace, I first had to set a filter. This is because
the events for ftrace write to the same place the ring buffer benchmark
is writing its output, and I would have to search through thousands of
called events to see the output. But since filtering is actually
expensive, it should still give us a basic idea.

# modprobe ring_buffer_benchmark producer_fifo=10 trace_event=1
# echo mydata == 10 > /debug/tracing/events/rb_bench/rb_benchmark/filter
# echo 1 > /debug/tracing/events/rb_bench/rb_benchmark/enable
# cat /debug/tracing/trace
# tracer: nop
#
# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
# | | | | |
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3015.236994: ring_buffer_producer_thread: wait to start
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3032.193995: ring_buffer_producer_thread: starting
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3032.193996: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Starting ring buffer hammer
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513072: ring_buffer_producer_thread: End ring buffer hammer
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513073: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513074: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Time: 9342579 (usecs)
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513074: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Overruns: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513075: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Read: (reader disabled)
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513075: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513076: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Total: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513076: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Missed: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513077: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Hit: 51588000
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513077: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries per millisec: 5522
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513078: ring_buffer_producer_thread: 181 ns per entry
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3041.513078: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Sleeping for 10 secs
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3051.487356: ring_buffer_producer_thread: wait to start
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3051.487356: ring_buffer_producer_thread: starting
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3051.487357: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Starting ring buffer hammer
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465270: ring_buffer_producer_thread: End ring buffer hammer
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465271: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465272: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Time: 9000562 (usecs)
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465272: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Overruns: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465272: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Read: (reader disabled)
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465273: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465273: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Total: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465274: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Missed: 0
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465274: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Hit: 49675400
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465275: ring_buffer_producer_thread: Entries per millisec: 5519
rb_producer-22849 [000] 3060.465275: ring_buffer_producer_thread: 181 ns per entry
Note, enabling an event in ftrace enables the comm line record, which
shows the "rb_producer".


Here we see each event took 181ns as called by TRACE_EVENT() and then
discarded.

But since I'm discarding the events this may be giving ftrace an unfair
advantage. Thus, I modified the ring buffer benchmark code as follows:

#undef trace_printk
#define trace_printk(fmt, args...) printk(fmt, ##args)

This makes the ring buffer benchmark write to the console instead of the
ring buffer, and lets me run without filtering.

# modprobe ring_buffer_benchmark producer_fifo=10 trace_event=1
# echo 0 > /debug/tracing/events/rb_bench/rb_benchmark/filter
# echo 1 > /debug/tracing/events/rb_bench/rb_benchmark/enable
I got this:

wait to start
starting
Starting ring buffer hammer
End ring buffer hammer
Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
Time: 9972749 (usecs)
Overruns: 0
Read: (reader disabled)
Entries: 0
Total: 0
Missed: 0
Hit: 57079200
Entries per millisec: 5723
174 ns per entry
Sleeping for 10 secs
wait to start
starting
Starting ring buffer hammer
End ring buffer hammer
Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
Time: 9972786 (usecs)
Overruns: 0
Read: (reader disabled)
Entries: 0
Total: 0
Missed: 0
Hit: 57086350
Entries per millisec: 5724
174 ns per entry
Sleeping for 10 secs
wait to start
starting
Starting ring buffer hammer
End ring buffer hammer
Running Producer at SCHED_FIFO 10
Time: 9972772 (usecs)
Overruns: 0
Read: (reader disabled)
Entries: 0
Total: 0
Missed: 0
Hit: 57058250
Entries per millisec: 5721
174 ns per entry
Sleeping for 10 secs

The non-filtering case (the one that actually records) was 174ns per event.


Here's the patch:

-- Steve

diff --git a/kernel/trace/Makefile b/kernel/trace/Makefile
index ffb1a5b..3b559d3 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/trace/Makefile
@@ -21,10 +21,12 @@ endif
#
obj-y += trace_clock.o

+CFLAGS_ring_buffer_bm_event.o += -I$(src)
+
obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) += libftrace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RING_BUFFER) += ring_buffer.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RING_BUFFER_BENCHMARK) += ring_buffer_benchmark.o
-
+obj-y += ring_buffer_bm_event.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACING) += trace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACING) += trace_output.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TRACING) += trace_stat.o
diff --git a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_benchmark.c b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_benchmark.c
index 302f8a6..9d5cdb1 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_benchmark.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_benchmark.c
@@ -4,12 +4,23 @@
* Copyright (C) 2009 Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
*/
#include <linux/ring_buffer.h>
+#include <linux/ftrace_event.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <asm/local.h>

+#include "ring_buffer_bm_event.h"
+
+/* Write the strings directly into the buffers. */
+#undef trace_printk
+#define trace_printk(fmt, args...) \
+do { \
+ __trace_printk_check_format(fmt, ##args); \
+ __trace_printk(_THIS_IP_, fmt, ##args); \
+} while (0)
+
struct rb_page {
u64 ts;
local_t commit;
@@ -32,6 +43,10 @@ static struct task_struct *producer;
static struct task_struct *consumer;
static unsigned long read;

+static int trace_event;
+module_param(trace_event, uint, 0644);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(trace_event, "record a trace event");
+
static int disable_reader;
module_param(disable_reader, uint, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_reader, "only run producer");
@@ -211,6 +226,50 @@ static void ring_buffer_consumer(void)
complete(&read_done);
}

+static inline int ring_buffer_write_trace_event(void)
+{
+ ring_buffer_benchmark_caller();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int ring_buffer_write_rb_event(void)
+{
+ struct ring_buffer_event *event;
+ int *entry;
+
+ event = ring_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, 10);
+ if (!event)
+ return -1;
+
+ entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
+ *entry = smp_processor_id();
+ ring_buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int ring_buffer_write_event(void)
+{
+ if (trace_event)
+ return ring_buffer_write_trace_event();
+ else
+ return ring_buffer_write_rb_event();
+}
+
+static int wait_to_start(void)
+{
+ while (!rb_start_bench) {
+ set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
+ if (kthread_should_stop())
+ break;
+ schedule_timeout(HZ/10);
+ ring_buffer_benchmark_caller();
+ }
+ __set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+
+ return kthread_should_stop();
+}
+
static void ring_buffer_producer(void)
{
struct timeval start_tv;
@@ -223,6 +282,13 @@ static void ring_buffer_producer(void)
unsigned long avg;
int cnt = 0;

+ if (trace_event) {
+ trace_printk("wait to start\n");
+ if (wait_to_start())
+ return;
+ trace_printk("starting\n");
+ }
+
/*
* Hammer the buffer for 10 secs (this may
* make the system stall)
@@ -230,20 +296,13 @@ static void ring_buffer_producer(void)
trace_printk("Starting ring buffer hammer\n");
do_gettimeofday(&start_tv);
do {
- struct ring_buffer_event *event;
- int *entry;
int i;

for (i = 0; i < write_iteration; i++) {
- event = ring_buffer_lock_reserve(buffer, 10);
- if (!event) {
+ if (ring_buffer_write_event() < 0)
missed++;
- } else {
+ else
hit++;
- entry = ring_buffer_event_data(event);
- *entry = smp_processor_id();
- ring_buffer_unlock_commit(buffer, event);
- }
}
do_gettimeofday(&end_tv);

@@ -425,6 +484,12 @@ static int __init ring_buffer_benchmark_init(void)
if (!buffer)
return -ENOMEM;

+ /* The reader is userspace */
+ if (trace_event) {
+ disable_reader = 1;
+ rb_start_bench = 0;
+ }
+
if (!disable_reader) {
consumer = kthread_create(ring_buffer_consumer_thread,
NULL, "rb_consumer");
diff --git a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.c b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..862e80c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.c
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+#include "ring_buffer_bm_event.h"
+
+int rb_start_bench;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rb_start_bench);
+
+void ring_buffer_benchmark_caller(void)
+{
+ trace_rb_benchmark(raw_smp_processor_id());
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(ring_buffer_benchmark_caller);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.h b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a167c6d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/trace/ring_buffer_bm_event.h
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
+#define TRACE_SYSTEM rb_bench
+
+#if !defined(_TRACE_RB_BENCHMARK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
+#define _TRACE_RB_BENCHMARK_H
+
+#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
+
+extern int rb_start_bench;
+void ring_buffer_benchmark_caller(void);
+
+TRACE_EVENT(rb_benchmark,
+
+ TP_PROTO(int mydata),
+
+ TP_ARGS(mydata),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field( int, mydata )
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ rb_start_bench = 1;
+ __entry->mydata = mydata;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("data=%d", __entry->mydata)
+);
+
+#endif /* _TRACE_RB_BENCHMARK_H */
+
+#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE
+#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
+#define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH .
+#define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE ring_buffer_bm_event
+
+/* This part must be outside protection */
+#include <trace/define_trace.h>







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