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Subject[PATCH -v5 04/14] ACPI, APEI, EINJ support
Date
EINJ provides a hardware error injection mechanism, this is useful for
debugging and testing of other APEI and RAS features.

Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
---
drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig | 7
drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile | 1
drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c | 486 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 494 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/Kconfig
@@ -7,3 +7,10 @@ config ACPI_APEI
especially. In addition it supports error serialization and
error injection.

+config ACPI_APEI_EINJ
+ tristate "APEI Error INJection (EINJ)"
+ depends on ACPI_APEI && DEBUG_FS
+ help
+ EINJ provides a hardware error injection mechanism, it is
+ mainly used for debugging and testing the other parts of
+ APEI and some other RAS features.
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI) += apei.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ACPI_APEI_EINJ) += einj.o

apei-y := apei-base.o hest.o
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c
@@ -0,0 +1,486 @@
+/*
+ * APEI Error INJection support
+ *
+ * EINJ provides a hardware error injection mechanism, this is useful
+ * for debugging and testing of other APEI and RAS features.
+ *
+ * For more information about EINJ, please refer to ACPI Specification
+ * version 4.0, section 17.5.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2009 Intel Corp.
+ * Author: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version
+ * 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <acpi/acpi.h>
+
+#include "apei-internal.h"
+
+#define EINJ_PFX "EINJ: "
+
+#define SPIN_UNIT 100 /* 100ns */
+/* Firmware should respond within 1 miliseconds */
+#define FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT (1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC)
+
+#define EINJ_OP_BUSY 0x1
+#define EINJ_STATUS_SUCCESS 0x0
+#define EINJ_STATUS_FAIL 0x1
+#define EINJ_STATUS_INVAL 0x2
+
+#define EINJ_TAB_ENTRY(tab) \
+ ((struct acpi_whea_header *)((char *)(tab) + \
+ sizeof(struct acpi_table_einj)))
+
+static struct acpi_table_einj *einj_tab;
+
+static struct apei_resources einj_resources;
+
+static struct apei_exec_ins_type einj_ins_type[] = {
+ [ACPI_EINJ_READ_REGISTER] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_read_register,
+ },
+ [ACPI_EINJ_READ_REGISTER_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_read_register_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_EINJ_WRITE_REGISTER] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_write_register,
+ },
+ [ACPI_EINJ_WRITE_REGISTER_VALUE] = {
+ .flags = APEI_EXEC_INS_ACCESS_REGISTER,
+ .run = apei_exec_write_register_value,
+ },
+ [ACPI_EINJ_NOOP] = {
+ .flags = 0,
+ .run = apei_exec_noop,
+ },
+};
+
+/*
+ * Prevent EINJ interpreter to run simultaneously, because the
+ * corresponding firmware implementation may not work properly when
+ * invoked simultaneously.
+ */
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(einj_mutex);
+
+static void einj_exec_ctx_init(struct apei_exec_context *ctx)
+{
+ apei_exec_ctx_init(ctx, einj_ins_type, ARRAY_SIZE(einj_ins_type),
+ EINJ_TAB_ENTRY(einj_tab), einj_tab->entries);
+}
+
+static int __einj_get_available_error_type(u32 *type)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ int rc;
+
+ einj_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_GET_ERROR_TYPE);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ *type = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Get error injection capabilities of the platform */
+static int einj_get_available_error_type(u32 *type)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ mutex_lock(&einj_mutex);
+ rc = __einj_get_available_error_type(type);
+ mutex_unlock(&einj_mutex);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int einj_timedout(u64 *t)
+{
+ if ((s64)*t < SPIN_UNIT) {
+ pr_warning(FW_WARN EINJ_PFX
+ "Firmware does not respond in time\n");
+ return 1;
+ }
+ *t -= SPIN_UNIT;
+ ndelay(SPIN_UNIT);
+ touch_nmi_watchdog();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* do sanity check to trigger table */
+static int einj_check_trigger_header(struct acpi_einj_trigger *trigger_tab)
+{
+ if (trigger_tab->header_size != sizeof(struct acpi_einj_trigger))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (trigger_tab->table_size > PAGE_SIZE ||
+ trigger_tab->table_size <= trigger_tab->header_size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (trigger_tab->entry_count !=
+ (trigger_tab->table_size - trigger_tab->header_size) /
+ sizeof(struct acpi_einj_entry))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Execute instructions in trigger error action table */
+static int __einj_error_trigger(u64 trigger_paddr)
+{
+ struct acpi_einj_trigger *trigger_tab = NULL;
+ struct apei_exec_context trigger_ctx;
+ struct apei_resources trigger_resources;
+ struct acpi_whea_header *trigger_entry;
+ struct resource *r;
+ u32 table_size;
+ int rc = -EIO;
+
+ r = request_mem_region(trigger_paddr, sizeof(*trigger_tab),
+ "APEI EINJ Trigger Table");
+ if (!r) {
+ pr_err(EINJ_PFX
+ "Can not request iomem region <%016llx-%016llx> for Trigger table.\n",
+ (unsigned long long)trigger_paddr,
+ (unsigned long long)trigger_paddr+sizeof(*trigger_tab));
+ goto out;
+ }
+ trigger_tab = ioremap_cache(trigger_paddr, sizeof(*trigger_tab));
+ if (!trigger_tab) {
+ pr_err(EINJ_PFX "Failed to map trigger table!\n");
+ goto out_rel_header;
+ }
+ rc = einj_check_trigger_header(trigger_tab);
+ if (rc) {
+ pr_warning(FW_BUG EINJ_PFX
+ "The trigger error action table is invalid\n");
+ goto out_rel_header;
+ }
+ rc = -EIO;
+ table_size = trigger_tab->table_size;
+ r = request_mem_region(trigger_paddr + sizeof(*trigger_tab),
+ table_size - sizeof(*trigger_tab),
+ "APEI EINJ Trigger Table");
+ if (!r) {
+ pr_err(EINJ_PFX
+"Can not request iomem region <%016llx-%016llx> for Trigger Table Entry.\n",
+ (unsigned long long)trigger_paddr+sizeof(*trigger_tab),
+ (unsigned long long)trigger_paddr + table_size);
+ goto out_rel_header;
+ }
+ iounmap(trigger_tab);
+ trigger_tab = ioremap_cache(trigger_paddr, table_size);
+ if (!trigger_tab) {
+ pr_err(EINJ_PFX "Failed to map trigger table!\n");
+ goto out_rel_entry;
+ }
+ trigger_entry = (struct acpi_whea_header *)
+ ((char *)trigger_tab + sizeof(struct acpi_einj_trigger));
+ apei_resources_init(&trigger_resources);
+ apei_exec_ctx_init(&trigger_ctx, einj_ins_type,
+ ARRAY_SIZE(einj_ins_type),
+ trigger_entry, trigger_tab->entry_count);
+ rc = apei_exec_collect_resources(&trigger_ctx, &trigger_resources);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_fini;
+ rc = apei_resources_sub(&trigger_resources, &einj_resources);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_fini;
+ rc = apei_resources_request(&trigger_resources, "APEI EINJ Trigger");
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_fini;
+ rc = apei_exec_pre_map_gars(&trigger_ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_release;
+
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&trigger_ctx, ACPI_EINJ_TRIGGER_ERROR);
+
+ apei_exec_post_unmap_gars(&trigger_ctx);
+out_release:
+ apei_resources_release(&trigger_resources);
+out_fini:
+ apei_resources_fini(&trigger_resources);
+out_rel_entry:
+ release_mem_region(trigger_paddr + sizeof(*trigger_tab),
+ table_size - sizeof(*trigger_tab));
+out_rel_header:
+ release_mem_region(trigger_paddr, sizeof(*trigger_tab));
+out:
+ if (trigger_tab)
+ iounmap(trigger_tab);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int __einj_error_inject(u32 type)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+ u64 val, trigger_paddr, timeout = FIRMWARE_TIMEOUT;
+ int rc;
+
+ einj_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_BEGIN_OPERATION);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ apei_exec_ctx_set_input(&ctx, type);
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_SET_ERROR_TYPE);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_EXECUTE_OPERATION);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ for (;;) {
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_CHECK_BUSY_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ if (!(val & EINJ_OP_BUSY))
+ break;
+ if (einj_timedout(&timeout))
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_GET_COMMAND_STATUS);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ val = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ if (val != EINJ_STATUS_SUCCESS)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_GET_TRIGGER_TABLE);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ trigger_paddr = apei_exec_ctx_get_output(&ctx);
+ rc = __einj_error_trigger(trigger_paddr);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ rc = apei_exec_run(&ctx, ACPI_EINJ_END_OPERATION);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/* Inject the specified hardware error */
+static int einj_error_inject(u32 type)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ mutex_lock(&einj_mutex);
+ rc = __einj_error_inject(type);
+ mutex_unlock(&einj_mutex);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static u32 error_type;
+static struct dentry *einj_debug_dir;
+
+static int available_error_type_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u32 available_error_type = 0;
+
+ rc = einj_get_available_error_type(&available_error_type);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0001)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000001\tProcessor Correctable\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0002)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000002\tProcessor Uncorrectable non-fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0004)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000004\tProcessor Uncorrectable fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0008)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000008\tMemory Correctable\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0010)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000010\tMemory Uncorrectable non-fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0020)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000020\tMemory Uncorrectable fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0040)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000040\tPCI Express Correctable\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0080)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000080\tPCI Express Uncorrectable non-fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0100)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000100\tPCI Express Uncorrectable fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0200)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000200\tPlatform Correctable\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0400)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000400\tPlatform Uncorrectable non-fatal\n");
+ if (available_error_type & 0x0800)
+ seq_printf(m, "0x00000800\tPlatform Uncorrectable fatal\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int available_error_type_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return single_open(file, available_error_type_show, NULL);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations available_error_type_fops = {
+ .open = available_error_type_open,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .release = single_release,
+};
+
+static int error_type_get(void *data, u64 *val)
+{
+ *val = error_type;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int error_type_set(void *data, u64 val)
+{
+ int rc;
+ u32 available_error_type = 0;
+
+ /* Only one error type can be specified */
+ if (val & (val - 1))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ rc = einj_get_available_error_type(&available_error_type);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ if (!(val & available_error_type))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ error_type = val;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(error_type_fops, error_type_get,
+ error_type_set, "0x%llx\n");
+
+static int error_inject_set(void *data, u64 val)
+{
+ if (!error_type)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return einj_error_inject(error_type);
+}
+
+DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(error_inject_fops, NULL,
+ error_inject_set, "%llu\n");
+
+static int einj_check_table(struct acpi_table_einj *einj_tab)
+{
+ if (einj_tab->header_length != sizeof(struct acpi_table_einj))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (einj_tab->header.length < sizeof(struct acpi_table_einj))
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (einj_tab->entries !=
+ (einj_tab->header.length - sizeof(struct acpi_table_einj)) /
+ sizeof(struct acpi_einj_entry))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __init einj_init(void)
+{
+ int rc;
+ acpi_status status;
+ struct dentry *fentry;
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+
+ if (acpi_disabled)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ status = acpi_get_table(ACPI_SIG_EINJ, 0,
+ (struct acpi_table_header **)&einj_tab);
+ if (status == AE_NOT_FOUND) {
+ pr_info(EINJ_PFX "Table is not found!\n");
+ return -ENODEV;
+ } else if (ACPI_FAILURE(status)) {
+ const char *msg = acpi_format_exception(status);
+ pr_err(EINJ_PFX "Failed to get table, %s\n", msg);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ rc = einj_check_table(einj_tab);
+ if (rc) {
+ pr_warning(FW_BUG EINJ_PFX "EINJ table is invalid\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ rc = -ENOMEM;
+ einj_debug_dir = debugfs_create_dir("einj", apei_get_debugfs_dir());
+ if (!einj_debug_dir)
+ goto err_cleanup;
+ fentry = debugfs_create_file("available_error_type", S_IRUSR,
+ einj_debug_dir, NULL,
+ &available_error_type_fops);
+ if (!fentry)
+ goto err_cleanup;
+ fentry = debugfs_create_file("error_type", S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR,
+ einj_debug_dir, NULL, &error_type_fops);
+ if (!fentry)
+ goto err_cleanup;
+ fentry = debugfs_create_file("error_inject", S_IWUSR,
+ einj_debug_dir, NULL, &error_inject_fops);
+ if (!fentry)
+ goto err_cleanup;
+
+ apei_resources_init(&einj_resources);
+ einj_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ rc = apei_exec_collect_resources(&ctx, &einj_resources);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_fini;
+ rc = apei_resources_request(&einj_resources, "APEI EINJ");
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_fini;
+ rc = apei_exec_pre_map_gars(&ctx);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_release;
+
+ pr_info(EINJ_PFX "Error INJection is initialized.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_release:
+ apei_resources_release(&einj_resources);
+err_fini:
+ apei_resources_fini(&einj_resources);
+err_cleanup:
+ debugfs_remove_recursive(einj_debug_dir);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static void __exit einj_exit(void)
+{
+ struct apei_exec_context ctx;
+
+ einj_exec_ctx_init(&ctx);
+ apei_exec_post_unmap_gars(&ctx);
+ apei_resources_release(&einj_resources);
+ apei_resources_fini(&einj_resources);
+ debugfs_remove_recursive(einj_debug_dir);
+}
+
+module_init(einj_init);
+module_exit(einj_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Huang Ying");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("APEI Error INJection support");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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