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Subject[PATCH 09/25] kgdb: core changes to support kdb
Date
These are the minimum changes to the kgdb core in order to enable an
API to connect a new front end (kdb) to the debug core.

This patch introduces the dbg_kdb_mode variable controls where the
user level I/O is routed. It will be routed to the gdbstub (kgdb) or
to the kdb front end which is a simple shell available over the kgdboc
connection.

You can switch back and forth between kdb or the gdb stub mode of
operation dynamically. From gdb stub mode you can blindly type
"$3#33", or from the kdb mode you can enter "kgdb" to switch to the
gdb stub.

The logic in the debug core depends on kdb to look for the typical gdb
connection sequences and return immediately with KGDB_PASS_EVENT if a
gdb serial command sequence is detected. That should allow a
reasonably seamless transition between kdb -> gdb without leaving the
kernel exception state. The two gdb serial queries that kdb is
responsible for detecting are the "?" and "qSupported" packets.

CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>
Acked-by: Martin Hicks <mort@sgi.com>
---
arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c | 5 ++
arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c | 5 ++
arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c | 5 ++
arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c | 5 ++
include/linux/kgdb.h | 11 ++++-
kernel/debug/debug_core.c | 107 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
kernel/debug/debug_core.h | 24 ++++++++++
kernel/debug/gdbstub.c | 36 +++++++++++++++
lib/Kconfig.kgdb | 8 +++-
9 files changed, 186 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
index a5b846b..c868a88 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -98,6 +98,11 @@ sleeping_thread_to_gdb_regs(unsigned long *gdb_regs, struct task_struct *task)
gdb_regs[_CPSR] = thread_regs->ARM_cpsr;
}

+void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc)
+{
+ regs->ARM_pc = pc;
+}
+
static int compiled_break;

int kgdb_arch_handle_exception(int exception_vector, int signo,
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
index 50c9bb8..6ed4c83 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -180,6 +180,11 @@ void sleeping_thread_to_gdb_regs(unsigned long *gdb_regs, struct task_struct *p)
*(ptr++) = regs->cp0_epc;
}

+void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc)
+{
+ regs->cp0_epc = pc;
+}
+
/*
* Calls linux_debug_hook before the kernel dies. If KGDB is enabled,
* then try to fall into the debugger
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
index 41bada0..c81e3de 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -309,6 +309,11 @@ void gdb_regs_to_pt_regs(unsigned long *gdb_regs, struct pt_regs *regs)
(unsigned long)(((void *)gdb_regs) + NUMREGBYTES));
}

+void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc)
+{
+ regs->nip = pc;
+}
+
/*
* This function does PowerPC specific procesing for interfacing to gdb.
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
index b2258ca..f95a2c0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kgdb.c
@@ -690,6 +690,11 @@ unsigned long kgdb_arch_pc(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs)
return instruction_pointer(regs);
}

+void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long ip)
+{
+ regs->ip = ip;
+}
+
struct kgdb_arch arch_kgdb_ops = {
/* Breakpoint instruction: */
.gdb_bpt_instr = { 0xcc },
diff --git a/include/linux/kgdb.h b/include/linux/kgdb.h
index 4830142..5b37df0 100644
--- a/include/linux/kgdb.h
+++ b/include/linux/kgdb.h
@@ -16,10 +16,12 @@
#include <linux/serial_8250.h>
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
-
#include <asm/atomic.h>
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
#include <asm/kgdb.h>
+#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB
struct pt_regs;

/**
@@ -262,6 +264,7 @@ extern struct kgdb_arch arch_kgdb_ops;

extern unsigned long __weak kgdb_arch_pc(int exception, struct pt_regs *regs);

+extern void kgdb_arch_set_pc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long pc);
extern int kgdb_register_io_module(struct kgdb_io *local_kgdb_io_ops);
extern void kgdb_unregister_io_module(struct kgdb_io *local_kgdb_io_ops);
extern struct kgdb_io *dbg_io_ops;
@@ -279,5 +282,9 @@ extern int kgdb_nmicallback(int cpu, void *regs);

extern int kgdb_single_step;
extern atomic_t kgdb_active;
-
+#define in_dbg_master() \
+ (raw_smp_processor_id() == atomic_read(&kgdb_active))
+#else /* ! CONFIG_KGDB */
+#define in_dbg_master() (0)
+#endif /* ! CONFIG_KGDB */
#endif /* _KGDB_H_ */
diff --git a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
index 7e03969..6e1fa82 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/debug_core.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
#include <linux/sysrq.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kgdb.h>
+#include <linux/kdb.h>
#include <linux/pid.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
@@ -77,6 +78,11 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(kgdb_registration_lock);
static int kgdb_con_registered;
/* determine if kgdb console output should be used */
static int kgdb_use_con;
+/* Next cpu to become the master debug core */
+int dbg_switch_cpu;
+
+/* Use kdb or gdbserver mode */
+static int dbg_kdb_mode = 1;

static int __init opt_kgdb_con(char *str)
{
@@ -100,6 +106,7 @@ static struct kgdb_bkpt kgdb_break[KGDB_MAX_BREAKPOINTS] = {
* The CPU# of the active CPU, or -1 if none:
*/
atomic_t kgdb_active = ATOMIC_INIT(-1);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kgdb_active);

/*
* We use NR_CPUs not PERCPU, in case kgdb is used to debug early
@@ -301,7 +308,7 @@ int dbg_set_sw_break(unsigned long addr)
return 0;
}

-static int kgdb_deactivate_sw_breakpoints(void)
+int dbg_deactivate_sw_breakpoints(void)
{
unsigned long addr;
int error;
@@ -395,8 +402,14 @@ static int kgdb_io_ready(int print_wait)
return 1;
if (atomic_read(&kgdb_setting_breakpoint))
return 1;
- if (print_wait)
+ if (print_wait) {
+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
+ if (!dbg_kdb_mode)
+ printk(KERN_CRIT "KGDB: waiting... or $3#33 for KDB\n");
+#else
printk(KERN_CRIT "KGDB: Waiting for remote debugger\n");
+#endif
+ }
return 1;
}

@@ -410,7 +423,7 @@ static int kgdb_reenter_check(struct kgdb_state *ks)
/* Panic on recursive debugger calls: */
exception_level++;
addr = kgdb_arch_pc(ks->ex_vector, ks->linux_regs);
- kgdb_deactivate_sw_breakpoints();
+ dbg_deactivate_sw_breakpoints();

/*
* If the break point removed ok at the place exception
@@ -443,11 +456,24 @@ static int kgdb_reenter_check(struct kgdb_state *ks)
return 1;
}

+static void dbg_cpu_switch(int cpu, int next_cpu)
+{
+ /* Mark the cpu we are switching away from as a slave when it
+ * holds the kgdb_active token. This must be done so that the
+ * that all the cpus wait in for the debug core will not enter
+ * again as the master. */
+ if (cpu == atomic_read(&kgdb_active)) {
+ kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state |= DCPU_IS_SLAVE;
+ kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state &= ~DCPU_WANT_MASTER;
+ }
+ kgdb_info[next_cpu].exception_state |= DCPU_NEXT_MASTER;
+}
+
static int kgdb_cpu_enter(struct kgdb_state *ks, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
unsigned long flags;
int sstep_tries = 100;
- int error = 0;
+ int error;
int i, cpu;
int trace_on = 0;
acquirelock:
@@ -460,6 +486,8 @@ acquirelock:
cpu = ks->cpu;
kgdb_info[cpu].debuggerinfo = regs;
kgdb_info[cpu].task = current;
+ kgdb_info[cpu].ret_state = 0;
+ kgdb_info[cpu].irq_depth = hardirq_count() >> HARDIRQ_SHIFT;
/*
* Make sure the above info reaches the primary CPU before
* our cpu_in_kgdb[] flag setting does:
@@ -471,7 +499,11 @@ acquirelock:
* master cpu and acquire the kgdb_active lock:
*/
while (1) {
- if (kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state & DCPU_WANT_MASTER) {
+cpu_loop:
+ if (kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state & DCPU_NEXT_MASTER) {
+ kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state &= ~DCPU_NEXT_MASTER;
+ goto cpu_master_loop;
+ } else if (kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state & DCPU_WANT_MASTER) {
if (atomic_cmpxchg(&kgdb_active, -1, cpu) == cpu)
break;
} else if (kgdb_info[cpu].exception_state & DCPU_IS_SLAVE) {
@@ -513,7 +545,7 @@ return_normal:
}

if (!kgdb_io_ready(1)) {
- error = 1;
+ kgdb_info[cpu].ret_state = 1;
goto kgdb_restore; /* No I/O connection, resume the system */
}

@@ -548,7 +580,7 @@ return_normal:
* Wait for the other CPUs to be notified and be waiting for us:
*/
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
- while (!atomic_read(&cpu_in_kgdb[i]))
+ while (kgdb_do_roundup && !atomic_read(&cpu_in_kgdb[i]))
cpu_relax();
}

@@ -557,7 +589,7 @@ return_normal:
* in the debugger and all secondary CPUs are quiescent
*/
kgdb_post_primary_code(ks->linux_regs, ks->ex_vector, ks->err_code);
- kgdb_deactivate_sw_breakpoints();
+ dbg_deactivate_sw_breakpoints();
kgdb_single_step = 0;
kgdb_contthread = current;
exception_level = 0;
@@ -565,8 +597,26 @@ return_normal:
if (trace_on)
tracing_off();

- /* Talk to debugger with gdbserial protocol */
- error = gdb_serial_stub(ks);
+ while (1) {
+cpu_master_loop:
+ if (dbg_kdb_mode) {
+ kgdb_connected = 1;
+ error = kdb_stub(ks);
+ } else {
+ error = gdb_serial_stub(ks);
+ }
+
+ if (error == DBG_PASS_EVENT) {
+ dbg_kdb_mode = !dbg_kdb_mode;
+ kgdb_connected = 0;
+ } else if (error == DBG_SWITCH_CPU_EVENT) {
+ dbg_cpu_switch(cpu, dbg_switch_cpu);
+ goto cpu_loop;
+ } else {
+ kgdb_info[cpu].ret_state = error;
+ break;
+ }
+ }

/* Call the I/O driver's post_exception routine */
if (dbg_io_ops->post_exception)
@@ -578,11 +628,16 @@ return_normal:
for (i = NR_CPUS-1; i >= 0; i--)
atomic_dec(&passive_cpu_wait[i]);
/*
- * Wait till all the CPUs have quit
- * from the debugger.
+ * Wait till all the CPUs have quit from the debugger,
+ * but allow a CPU that hit an exception and is
+ * waiting to become the master to remain in the debug
+ * core.
*/
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
- while (atomic_read(&cpu_in_kgdb[i]))
+ while (kgdb_do_roundup &&
+ atomic_read(&cpu_in_kgdb[i]) &&
+ !(kgdb_info[i].exception_state &
+ DCPU_WANT_MASTER))
cpu_relax();
}
}
@@ -603,7 +658,7 @@ kgdb_restore:
clocksource_touch_watchdog();
local_irq_restore(flags);

- return error;
+ return kgdb_info[cpu].ret_state;
}

/*
@@ -632,7 +687,8 @@ kgdb_handle_exception(int evector, int signo, int ecode, struct pt_regs *regs)
return 0; /* Ouch, double exception ! */
kgdb_info[ks->cpu].exception_state |= DCPU_WANT_MASTER;
ret = kgdb_cpu_enter(ks, regs);
- kgdb_info[ks->cpu].exception_state &= ~DCPU_WANT_MASTER;
+ kgdb_info[ks->cpu].exception_state &= ~(DCPU_WANT_MASTER |
+ DCPU_IS_SLAVE);
return ret;
}

@@ -665,7 +721,7 @@ static void kgdb_console_write(struct console *co, const char *s,

/* If we're debugging, or KGDB has not connected, don't try
* and print. */
- if (!kgdb_connected || atomic_read(&kgdb_active) != -1)
+ if (!kgdb_connected || atomic_read(&kgdb_active) != -1 || dbg_kdb_mode)
return;

local_irq_save(flags);
@@ -687,8 +743,14 @@ static void sysrq_handle_dbg(int key, struct tty_struct *tty)
printk(KERN_CRIT "ERROR: No KGDB I/O module available\n");
return;
}
- if (!kgdb_connected)
+ if (!kgdb_connected) {
+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
+ if (!dbg_kdb_mode)
+ printk(KERN_CRIT "KGDB or $3#33 for KDB\n");
+#else
printk(KERN_CRIT "Entering KGDB\n");
+#endif
+ }

kgdb_breakpoint();
}
@@ -817,6 +879,16 @@ void kgdb_unregister_io_module(struct kgdb_io *old_dbg_io_ops)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kgdb_unregister_io_module);

+int dbg_io_get_char(void)
+{
+ int ret = dbg_io_ops->read_char();
+ if (!dbg_kdb_mode)
+ return ret;
+ if (ret == 127)
+ return 8;
+ return ret;
+}
+
/**
* kgdb_breakpoint - generate breakpoint exception
*
@@ -839,6 +911,7 @@ static int __init opt_kgdb_wait(char *str)
{
kgdb_break_asap = 1;

+ kdb_init(KDB_INIT_EARLY);
if (kgdb_io_module_registered)
kgdb_initial_breakpoint();

diff --git a/kernel/debug/debug_core.h b/kernel/debug/debug_core.h
index db554f9..44cf3de 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/debug_core.h
+++ b/kernel/debug/debug_core.h
@@ -38,6 +38,8 @@ struct debuggerinfo_struct {
void *debuggerinfo;
struct task_struct *task;
int exception_state;
+ int ret_state;
+ int irq_depth;
};

extern struct debuggerinfo_struct kgdb_info[];
@@ -47,9 +49,31 @@ extern int dbg_remove_all_break(void);
extern int dbg_set_sw_break(unsigned long addr);
extern int dbg_remove_sw_break(unsigned long addr);
extern int dbg_activate_sw_breakpoints(void);
+extern int dbg_deactivate_sw_breakpoints(void);
+
+/* polled character access to i/o module */
+extern int dbg_io_get_char(void);
+
+/* stub return value for switching between the gdbstub and kdb */
+#define DBG_PASS_EVENT -12345
+/* Switch from one cpu to another */
+#define DBG_SWITCH_CPU_EVENT -123456
+extern int dbg_switch_cpu;

/* gdbstub interface functions */
extern int gdb_serial_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks);
extern void gdbstub_msg_write(const char *s, int len);

+/* gdbstub functions used for kdb <-> gdbstub transition */
+extern int gdbstub_state(struct kgdb_state *ks, char *cmd);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
+extern int kdb_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks);
+#else /* ! CONFIG_KGDB_KDB */
+static inline int kdb_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks)
+{
+ return DBG_PASS_EVENT;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KGDB_KDB */
+
#endif /* _DEBUG_CORE_H_ */
diff --git a/kernel/debug/gdbstub.c b/kernel/debug/gdbstub.c
index ccdf092..188203a 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/gdbstub.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/gdbstub.c
@@ -887,6 +887,13 @@ int gdb_serial_stub(struct kgdb_state *ks)
case 'Z': /* Break point set */
gdb_cmd_break(ks);
break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
+ case '3': /* Escape into back into kdb */
+ if (remcom_in_buffer[1] == '\0') {
+ gdb_cmd_detachkill(ks);
+ return DBG_PASS_EVENT;
+ }
+#endif
case 'C': /* Exception passing */
tmp = gdb_cmd_exception_pass(ks);
if (tmp > 0)
@@ -932,3 +939,32 @@ kgdb_exit:
error = 1;
return error;
}
+
+int gdbstub_state(struct kgdb_state *ks, char *cmd)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ switch (cmd[0]) {
+ case 'e':
+ error = kgdb_arch_handle_exception(ks->ex_vector,
+ ks->signo,
+ ks->err_code,
+ remcom_in_buffer,
+ remcom_out_buffer,
+ ks->linux_regs);
+ return error;
+ case 's':
+ case 'c':
+ strcpy(remcom_in_buffer, cmd);
+ return 0;
+ case '?':
+ gdb_cmd_status(ks);
+ break;
+ case '\0':
+ strcpy(remcom_out_buffer, "");
+ break;
+ }
+ dbg_io_ops->write_char('+');
+ put_packet(remcom_out_buffer);
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.kgdb b/lib/Kconfig.kgdb
index 9b5d1d7..78de43a 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.kgdb
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.kgdb
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@ config HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
bool

menuconfig KGDB
- bool "KGDB: kernel debugging with remote gdb"
+ bool "KGDB: kernel debugger"
depends on HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && EXPERIMENTAL
help
@@ -57,4 +57,10 @@ config KGDB_TESTS_BOOT_STRING
information about other strings you could use beyond the
default of V1F100.

+config KGDB_KDB
+ bool "KGDB_KDB: include kdb frontend for kgdb"
+ default n
+ help
+ KDB frontend for kernel
+
endif # KGDB
--
1.6.3.3


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