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SubjectRe: [PATCH v21 00/100] Kernel based checkpoint/restart

Forgot to mention - based on 2.6.34-rc5.

Oren.

Oren Laadan wrote:
> Hi Andrew,
>
> Here is the next version of the checkpoint/restart patchset. This
> version moves portions of checkpoint code closer to where they belong.
>
> As a convenience we've collected a rough table of contents showing
> places to start for some reviewers with limited time and/or scope
> (see below).
>
> Thanks to Jamie, Nick, Andreas, and all who helped review the last few
> versions, and thanks in advance for comments on this version.
>
> We'll be very grateful if this can get a spin in -mm to get some wider
> testing in the meantime.
>
> Thanks,
>
> The Checkpoint/Restart developers.
>
> ---
>
> Linux Checkpoint-Restart:
> web, wiki: http://www.linux-cr.org
> bug track: https://www.linux-cr.org/redmine
>
> The repositories for the project are in:
> kernel: http://www.linux-cr.org/git/?p=linux-cr.git;a=summary
> user tools: http://www.linux-cr.org/git/?p=user-cr.git;a=summary
> tests suite: http://www.linux-cr.org/git/?p=tests-cr.git;a=summary
>
> ---
>
> TABLE OF CONTENTS
>
> Patches Area/Role
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------
> 11,20 Documentation (eclone, c/r)
> 8-11,21,22,27,28 Syscall gluey bits
>
> 12 Arch Maintainers
> 8,22-24 x86-32/64
> 9,58,60 s390
> 10,84-88 powerpc
>
> 14,61-63,69,70, Security
> 71,89-92,
>
> 33,34,35 Generic c/r
> (shared "object" hash, leak detection, deferqueues)
>
> 25,27-31 Processes
> 5-7 fork (eclone)
> 39-41,45,46 memory
> 13,18,51,52,54, namespaces
> 81-83,94
> 53-57 ipc
> 64-67 signals
> 1-4,70,83 pids, pgids, tids, tgids (eclone or pidns)
> 14,61,62,69 creds, capabilities, uids, gids
> 71 sockets
> 76-78 terminals (specifically pty)
> 27,28,32 futexes (27,28 relate to futex syscalls restart)
>
> 39-41,45,46,55 mm (basically process memory)
>
> 15-17 Cgroups
>
> 71-75,93-99 Networking
>
> 19,36-38,42-44, Filesystems (also pseudo-filesystems, anon_inodes)
> 47-50,63,76-77,
> 79-82
>
> Some patches show up in multiple places because they are functionally
> related even though they cross Area/Role boundaries. While we've done our
> best to make the table above comprehensive, it's entirely conceivable that
> we've neglected a small piece of a largely unrelated patch. Please feel
> free to point these out to Matt Helsley <matthltc@us.ibm.com> since he's
> largely responsible for this table.
>
> ---
>
> CHANGELOG:
>
> [2010-Apr-30] v21
> - Add relevant maintainers/lists as Cc: in patch descriptions
> - Reorganize code: move checkpoint/* to kernel/checkpoint/*
> - Reorganize filesystem code into fs/*
> - Merge files dump/restore into a single patch
> - Merge mm dump/restore into a single patch
> - Move utsns c/r code from checkpoint/namespace.c to kernel/utsname*.c
> - [Matt Helsley] Move the signal c/r changes to kernel/signal.c
> - Move userns c/r code from to kernel/{user,cred,user_namespace}.c
> - Assorted fixes to bisectability of patchset
> - Do not include checkpoint_hdr.h explicitly
> - Subsystems/modules register shared objects types for c/r
> - [Serge Hallyn] CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES has been gone awhile
> - [Dan Smith] Unbreak compiling with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT=n or CONFIG_NET_NS=n
> - [Dan Smith] Clean up the error path in restore_veth()
> - [Dan Smith] Fix acquiring socket lock before reading RTNETLINK response
> - [Dan Smith] Skip down interfaces (v2)
> - [Dan Smith] Export net checkpoint fns
> - [Dan Smith] Add CHECKPOINT_NETNS flag
> - [Dan Smith] Netdev restore function dispatching from a table
> - [Dan Smith] Comment on controverial determination of "initial netns"
> - [Dan Smith] Simplify the E2BIG error handling in netdev c/r
> - [Dan Smith] Remove a redundant check for checkpoint support per-device
> - [Nathan Lynch] powerpc: fix build break with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT=n
> - [Matt Helsley] Eventfd: add missing spin locks around eventfd checkpoint
> - [Matt Helsley] Put file_ops->checkpoint under CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
> - [Dan Smith] Fix build when CONFIG_INET=n
> - [Dan Smith] Disable softirqs when taking the socket queue lock
> - Replace __initcall() with late_initcall()
> - [Serge Hallyn] Remove [] following individual ops definitions.
> - [Serge Hallyn] Fix compilation for when CONFIG_USER_NS=y
> - [Serge Hallyn] handle CONFIG_{SYSVIPC,SYSVIPC,POSIX_MQUEUE}=n
> - [Serge Hallyn] Remove namespace.o from kernel/checkpoint/Makefile
> - [Stanislav O. Bezzubtsev] Fix omitted parameter name error
> - Put file_ops->checkpoint under CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
> - [Serge] Print out full path of file which crossed mnt_ns
> - Update Documentation/filesystem/vfs.txt
> - Restore_obj() to tolerate a preexisting object in the hash
> - Add ckpt_obj_del() to objhash for handling error conditions
> - [Serge Hallyn] Replace BUG_ON() in obj_new with error returns
> - [Matt Helsley] Move CKPT_CTX_ERROR* definitions to first use.
> - [Nathan Lynch] x86: use task_user_gs to checkpoint gs
> - Complain if checkpoint_hdr.h included without CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
> - Introduce kernel_write(), fix kernel_read()
> - Consolidate ckpt_read/write with kernel_read/write
> - [Christoffer Dall] Fix trivial bug in ckpt_msg macro
> - [Serge Hallyn] user/group: address dhowells feedback
>
> [2010-Mar-16] v20
> BUG FIXES (only)
> - [Serge Hallyn] Fix unlabeled restore case
> - [Serge Hallyn] Always restore msg_msg label
> - [Serge Hallyn] Selinux prevents msgrcv on restore message queues?
> - [Serge Hallyn] save_access_regs for self-checkpoint
> - [Serge Hallyn] send uses_interp=1 to arch_setup_additional_pages
> - Fix "scheduling in atomic" while restoring ipc (sem, shm, msg)
> - Cleanup: no need to restore perm->{id,key,seq}
> - Fix sysvipc=n compile
> - Make uts_ns=n compile
> - Only use arch_setup_additional_pages() if supported by arch
> - Export key symbols to enable c/r from kernel modules
> - Avoid crash if incoming object doesn't have .restore
> - Replace error_sem with an event completion
> - [Serge Hallyn] Change sysctl and default for unprivileged use
> - [Nathan Lynch] Use syscall_get_error
> - Add entry for checkpoint/restart in MAINTAINERS
>
> [2010-Feb-19] v19
> NEW FEATURES
> - Support for x86-64 architecture
> - Support for c/r of LSM (smack, selinux)
> - Support for c/r of task fs_root and pwd
> - Support for c/r of epoll
> - Support for c/r of eventfd
> - Enable C/R while executing over NFS
> - Preliminary c/r of mounts namespace
> - Add @logfd argument to sys_{checkpoint,restart} prototypes
> - Define new api for error and debug logging
> - Restart to handle checkpoint images lacking {uts,ipc}-ns
> - Refuse to checkpoint if monitoring directories with dnotify
> - Refuse to checkpoint if file locks and leases are held
> - Refuse to checkpoint files with f_owner
> OTHER CHANGES
> - Rebase to kernel 2.6.33-rc8
> - Settled version of new sys_eclone()
> - [Serge Hallyn] Fix potential use-before-set return (vdso)
> - Update documentation and examples for new syscalls API (doc)
> - [Liu Alexander] Fix typos (doc)
> - [Serge Hallyn] Update checkpoint image format (doc)
> - [Serge Hallyn] Use ckpt_err() to for bad header values
> - sys_{checkpoint,restart} to use ptregs prototype
> - Set ctx->errno in do_ckpt_msg() if needed
> - Fix up headers so we can munge them for use by userspace
> - Multiple fixes to _ckpt_write_err() and friends
> - [Matt Helsley] Add cpp definitions for enums
> - [Serge Hallyn] Add global section container to image format
> - [Matt Helsley] Fix total byte read/write count for large images
> - ckpt_read_buf_type() to accept max payload (excludes ckpt_hdr)
> - [Serge Hallyn] Use ckpt_err() for arch incompatbilities
> - Introduce walk_task_subtree() to iterate through descendants
> - Call restore_notify_error for restart (not checkpoint !)
> - Make kread/kwrite() abort if CKPT_CTX_ERROR is set
> - [Serge Hallyn] Move init_completion(&ctx->complete) to ctx_alloc
> - Simplify logic of tracking restarting tasks (->ctx)
> - Coordinator kills descendants on failure for proper cleanup
> - Prepare descendants needs PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH permissions
> - Threads wait for entire thread group before restoring
> - Add debug process-tree status during restart
> - Fix handling of bogus pid arg to sys_restart
> - In reparent_thread() test for PF_RESTARTING on parent
> - Keep __u32s in even groups for 32-64 bit compatibility
> - Define ckpt_obj_try_fetch
> - Disallow zero or negative objref during restart
> - Check for valid destructor before calling it (deferqueue)
> - Fix false negative of test for unlinked files at checkpoint
> - [Serge Hallyn] Rename fs_mnt to root_fs_path
> - Restore thread/cpu state early
> - Ensure null-termination of file names read from image
> - Fix compile warning in restore_open_fname()
> - Introduce FOLL_DIRTY to follow_page() for "dirty" pages
> - [Serge Hallyn] Checkpoint saved_auxv as u64s
> - Export filemap_checkpoint()
> - [Serge Hallyn] Disallow checkpoint of tasks with aio requests
> - Fix compilation failure when !CONFIG_CHEKCPOINT (regression)
> - Expose page write functions
> - Do not hold mmap_sem while checkpointing vma's
> - Do not hold mmap_sem when reading memory pages on restart
> - Move consider_private_page() to mm/memory.c:__get_dirty_page()
> - [Serge Hallyn] move destroy_mm into mmap.c and remove size check
> - [Serge Hallyn] fill vdso (syscall32_setup_pages) for TIF_IA32/x86_64
> - [Serge Hallyn] Fix return value of read_pages_contents()
> - [Serge Hallyn] Change m_type to long, not int (ipc)
> - Don't free sma if it's an error on restore
> - Use task->saves_sigmask and drop task->checkpoint_data
> - [Serge Hallyn] Handle saved_sigmask at checkpoint
> - Defer restore of blocked signals mask during restart
> - Self-restart to tolerate missing PGIDs
> - [Serge Hallyn] skb->tail can be offset
> - Export and leverage sock_alloc_file()
> - [Nathan Lynch] Fix net/checkpoint.c for 64-bit
> - [Dan Smith] Unify skb read/write functions and handle fragmented buffers
> - [Dan Smith] Update buffer restore code to match the new format
> - [Dan Smith] Fix compile issue with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT=n
> - [Dan Smith] Remove an unnecessary check on socket restart
> - [Dan Smith] Pass the stored sock->protocol into sock_create() on restore
> - Relax tcp.window_clamp value in INET restore
> - Restore gso_type fields on sockets and buffers for proper operation
> - Fix broken compilation for no-c/r architectures
> - Return -EBUSY (not BUG_ON) if fd is gone on restart
> - Fix the chunk size instead of auto-tune (epoll)
> ARCH: x86 (32,64)
> - Use PTREGSCALL4 for sys_{checkpoint,restart}
> - Remove debug-reg support (need to redo with perf_events)
> - [Serge Hallyn] Support for ia32 (checkpoint, restart)
> - Split arch/x86/checkpoint.c to generic and 32bit specific parts
> - sys_{checkpoint,restore} to use ptregs
> - Allow X86_EFLAGS_RF on restart
> - [Serge Hallyn] Only allow 'restart' with same bit-ness as image.
> - Move checkpoint.c from arch/x86/mm->arch/x86/kernel
> ARCH: s390 [Serge Hallyn]
> - Define s390x sys_restart wrapper
> - Fixes to restart-blocks logic and signal path
> - Fix checkpoint and restart compat wrappers
> - sys_{checkpoint,restore} to use ptregs
> - Use simpler test_task_thread to test current ti flags
> - Fix 31-bit s390 checkpoint/restart wrappers
> - Update sys_checkpoint (do_sys_checkpoint on all archs)
> - [Oren Laadan] Move checkpoint.c from arch/s390/mm->arch/s390/kernel
> ARCH: powerpc [Nathan Lynch]
> - [Serge Hallyn] Add hook task_has_saved_sigmask()
> - Warn if full register state unavailable
> - Fix up checkpoint syscall, tidy restart
> - [Oren Laadan] Move checkpoint.c from arch/powerpc/{mm->kernel}
>
> [2009-Sep-22] v18
> NEW FEATURES
> - [Nathan Lynch] Re-introduce powerpc support
> - Save/restore pseudo-terminals
> - Save/restore (pty) controlling terminals
> - Save/restore restore PGIDs
> - [Dan Smith] Save/restore unix domain sockets
> - Save/restore FIFOs
> - Save/restore pending signals
> - Save/restore rlimits
> - Save/restore itimers
> - [Matt Helsley] Handle many non-pseudo file-systems
> OTHER CHANGES
> - Rename headerless struct ckpt_hdr_* to struct ckpt_*
> - [Nathan Lynch] discard const from struct cred * where appropriate
> - [Serge Hallyn][s390] Set return value for self-checkpoint
> - Handle kmalloc failure in restore_sem_array()
> - [IPC] Collect files used by shm objects
> - [IPC] Use file (not inode) as shared object on checkpoint of shm
> - More ckpt_write_err()s to give information on checkpoint failure
> - Adjust format of pipe buffer to include the mandatory pre-header
> - [LEAKS] Mark the backing file as visited at chekcpoint
> - Tighten checks on supported vma to checkpoint or restart
> - [Serge Hallyn] Export filemap_checkpoint() (used for ext4)
> - Introduce ckpt_collect_file() that also uses file->collect method
> - Use ckpt_collect_file() instead of ckpt_obj_collect() for files
> - Fix leak-detection issue in collect_mm() (test for first-time obj)
> - Invoke set_close_on_exec() unconditionally on restart
> - [Dan Smith] Export fill_fname() as ckpt_fill_fname()
> - Interface to pass simple pointers as data with deferqueue
> - [Dan Smith] Fix ckpt_obj_lookup_add() leak detection logic
> - Replace EAGAIN with EBUSY where necessary
> - Introduce CKPT_OBJ_VISITED in leak detection
> - ckpt_obj_collect() returns objref for new objects, 0 otherwise
> - Rename ckpt_obj_checkpointed() to ckpt_obj_visited()
> - Introduce ckpt_obj_visit() to mark objects as visited
> - Set the CHECKPOINTED flag on objects before calling checkpoint
> - Introduce ckpt_obj_reserve()
> - Change ref_drop() to accept a @lastref argument (for cleanup)
> - Disallow multiple objects with same objref in restart
> - Allow _ckpt_read_obj_type() to read header only (w/o payload)
> - Fix leak of ckpt_ctx when restoring zombie tasks
> - Fix race of prepare_descendant() with an ongoing fork()
> - Track and report the first error if restart fails
> - Tighten logic to protect against bogus pids in input
> - [Matt Helsley] Improve debug output from ckpt_notify_error()
> - [Nathan Lynch] fix compilation errors with CONFIG_COMPAT=y
> - Detect error-headers in input data on restart, and abort.
> - Standard format for checkpoint error strings (and documentation)
> - [Dan Smith] Add an errno validation function
> - Add ckpt_read_payload(): read a variable-length object (no header)
> - Add ckpt_read_string(): same for strings (ensures null-terminated)
> - Add ckpt_read_consume(): consumes next object without processing
> - [John Dykstra] Fix no-dot-config-targets pattern in linux/Makefile
>
> [2009-Jul-21] v17
> - Introduce syscall clone_with_pids() to restore original pids
> - Support threads and zombies
> - Save/restore task->files
> - Save/restore task->sighand
> - Save/restore futex
> - Save/restore credentials
> - Introduce PF_RESTARTING to skip notifications on task exit
> - restart(2) allow caller to ask to freeze tasks after restart
> - restart(2) isn't idempotent: return -EINTR if interrupted
> - Improve debugging output handling
> - Make multi-process restart logic more robust and complete
> - Correctly select return value for restarting tasks on success
> - Tighten ptrace test for checkpoint to PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH
> - Use CHECKPOINTING state for frozen checkpointed tasks
> - Fix compilation without CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
> - Fix compilation with CONFIG_COMPAT
> - Fix headers includes and exports
> - Leak detection performed in two steps
> - Detect "inverse" leaks of objects (dis)appearing unexpectedly
> - Memory: save/restore mm->{flags,def_flags,saved_auxv}
> - Memory: only collect sub-objects of mm once (leak detection)
> - Files: validate f_mode after restore
> - Namespaces: leak detection for nsproxy sub-components
> - Namespaces: proper restart from namespace(s) without namespace(s)
> - Save global constants in header instead of per-object
> - IPC: replace sys_unshare() with create_ipc_ns()
> - IPC: restore objects in suitable namespace
> - IPC: correct behavior under !CONFIG_IPC_NS
> - UTS: save/restore all fields
> - UTS: replace sys_unshare() with create_uts_ns()
> - X86_32: sanitize cpu, debug, and segment registers on restart
> - cgroup_freezer: add CHECKPOINTING state to safeguard checkpoint
> - cgroup_freezer: add interface to freeze a cgroup (given a task)
>
> [2009-May-27] v16
> - Privilege checks for IPC checkpoint
> - Fix error string generation during checkpoint
> - Use kzalloc for header allocation
> - Restart blocks are arch-independent
> - Redo pipe c/r using splice
> - Fixes to s390 arch
> - Remove powerpc arch (temporary)
> - Explicitly restore ->nsproxy
> - All objects in image are precedeed by 'struct ckpt_hdr'
> - Fix leaks detection (and leaks)
> - Reorder of patchset
> - Misc bugs and compilation fixes
>
> [2009-Apr-12] v15
> - Minor fixes
>
> [2009-Apr-28] v14
> - Tested against kernel v2.6.30-rc3 on x86_32.
> - Refactor files chekpoint to use f_ops (file operations)
> - Refactor mm/vma to use vma_ops
> - Explicitly handle VDSO vma (and require compat mode)
> - Added code to c/r restat-blocks (restart timeout related syscalls)
> - Added code to c/r namespaces: uts, ipc (with Dan Smith)
> - Added code to c/r sysvipc (shm, msg, sem)
> - Support for VM_CLONE shared memory
> - Added resource leak detection for whole-container checkpoint
> - Added sysctl gauge to allow unprivileged restart/checkpoint
> - Improve and simplify the code and logic of shared objects
> - Rework image format: shared objects appear prior to their use
> - Merge checkpoint and restart functionality into same files
> - Massive renaming of functions: prefix "ckpt_" for generics,
> "checkpoint_" for checkpoint, and "restore_" for restart.
> - Report checkpoint errors as a valid (string record) in the output
> - Merged PPC architecture (by Nathan Lunch),
> - Requires updates to userspace tools too.
> - Misc nits and bug fixes
>
> [2009-Mar-31] v14-rc2
> - Change along Dave's suggestion to use f_ops->checkpoint() for files
> - Merge patch simplifying Kconfig, with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_SUPPORT
> - Merge support for PPC arch (Nathan Lynch)
> - Misc cleanups and fixes in response to comments
>
> [2009-Mar-20] v14-rc1:
> - The 'h.parent' field of 'struct cr_hdr' isn't used - discard
> - Check whether calls to cr_hbuf_get() succeed or fail.
> - Fixed of pipe c/r code
> - Prevent deadlock by refusing c/r when a pipe inode == ctx->file inode
> - Refuse non-self checkpoint if a task isn't frozen
> - Use unsigned fields in checkpoint headers unless otherwise required
> - Rename functions in files c/r to better reflect their role
> - Add support for anonymous shared memory
> - Merge support for s390 arch (Dan Smith, Serge Hallyn)
>
> [2008-Dec-03] v13:
> - Cleanups of 'struct cr_ctx' - remove unused fields
> - Misc fixes for comments
>
> [2008-Dec-17] v12:
> - Fix re-alloc/reset of pgarr chain to correctly reuse buffers
> (empty pgarr are saves in a separate pool chain)
> - Add a couple of missed calls to cr_hbuf_put()
> - cr_kwrite/cr_kread() again use vfs_read(), vfs_write() (safer)
> - Split cr_write/cr_read() to two parts: _cr_write/read() helper
> - Befriend with sparse: explicit conversion to 'void __user *'
> - Redrefine 'pr_fmt' ind replace cr_debug() with pr_debug()
>
> [2008-Dec-05] v11:
> - Use contents of 'init->fs->root' instead of pointing to it
> - Ignore symlinks (there is no such thing as an open symlink)
> - cr_scan_fds() retries from scratch if it hits size limits
> - Add missing test for VM_MAYSHARE when dumping memory
> - Improve documentation about: behavior when tasks aren't fronen,
> life span of the object hash, references to objects in the hash
>
> [2008-Nov-26] v10:
> - Grab vfs root of container init, rather than current process
> - Acquire dcache_lock around call to __d_path() in cr_fill_name()
> - Force end-of-string in cr_read_string() (fix possible DoS)
> - Introduce cr_write_buffer(), cr_read_buffer() and cr_read_buf_type()
>
> [2008-Nov-10] v9:
> - Support multiple processes c/r
> - Extend checkpoint header with archtiecture dependent header
> - Misc bug fixes (see individual changelogs)
> - Rebase to v2.6.28-rc3.
>
> [2008-Oct-29] v8:
> - Support "external" checkpoint
> - Include Dave Hansen's 'deny-checkpoint' patch
> - Split docs in Documentation/checkpoint/..., and improve contents
>
> [2008-Oct-17] v7:
> - Fix save/restore state of FPU
> - Fix argument given to kunmap_atomic() in memory dump/restore
>
> [2008-Oct-07] v6:
> - Balance all calls to cr_hbuf_get() with matching cr_hbuf_put()
> (even though it's not really needed)
> - Add assumptions and what's-missing to documentation
> - Misc fixes and cleanups
>
> [2008-Sep-11] v5:
> - Config is now 'def_bool n' by default
> - Improve memory dump/restore code (following Dave Hansen's comments)
> - Change dump format (and code) to allow chunks of <vaddrs, pages>
> instead of one long list of each
> - Fix use of follow_page() to avoid faulting in non-present pages
> - Memory restore now maps user pages explicitly to copy data into them,
> instead of reading directly to user space; got rid of mprotect_fixup()
> - Remove preempt_disable() when restoring debug registers
> - Rename headers files s/ckpt/checkpoint/
> - Fix misc bugs in files dump/restore
> - Fixes and cleanups on some error paths
> - Fix misc coding style
>
> [2008-Sep-09] v4:
> - Various fixes and clean-ups
> - Fix calculation of hash table size
> - Fix header structure alignment
> - Use stand list_... for cr_pgarr
>
> [2008-Aug-29] v3:
> - Various fixes and clean-ups
> - Use standard hlist_... for hash table
> - Better use of standard kmalloc/kfree
>
> [2008-Aug-20] v2:
> - Added Dump and restore of open files (regular and directories)
> - Added basic handling of shared objects, and improve handling of
> 'parent tag' concept
> - Added documentation
> - Improved ABI, 64bit padding for image data
> - Improved locking when saving/restoring memory
> - Added UTS information to header (release, version, machine)
> - Cleanup extraction of filename from a file pointer
> - Refactor to allow easier reviewing
> - Remove requirement for CAPS_SYS_ADMIN until we come up with a
> security policy (this means that file restore may fail)
> - Other cleanup and response to comments for v1
>
> [2008-Jul-29] v1:
> - Initial version: support a single task with address space of only
> private anonymous or file-mapped VMAs; syscalls ignore pid/crid
> argument and act on current process.
>
>


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