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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/14] mm,migration: Allow the migration of PageSwapCache pages
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On Thu, 2010-04-22 at 23:23 +0900, Minchan Kim wrote:
> On Thu, 2010-04-22 at 19:51 +0900, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki wrote:
> > On Thu, 22 Apr 2010 19:31:06 +0900
> > KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> >
> > > On Thu, 22 Apr 2010 19:13:12 +0900
> > > Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Thu, Apr 22, 2010 at 6:46 PM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
> > > > <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > > Hmm..in my test, the case was.
> > > > >
> > > > > Before try_to_unmap:
> > > > > mapcount=1, SwapCache, remap_swapcache=1
> > > > > After remap
> > > > > mapcount=0, SwapCache, rc=0.
> > > > >
> > > > > So, I think there may be some race in rmap_walk() and vma handling or
> > > > > anon_vma handling. migration_entry isn't found by rmap_walk.
> > > > >
> > > > > Hmm..it seems this kind patch will be required for debug.
> > > >
> >
> > Ok, here is my patch for _fix_. But still testing...
> > Running well at least for 30 minutes, where I can see bug in 10minutes.
> > But this patch is too naive. please think about something better fix.
> >
> > ==
> > From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> >
> > At adjust_vma(), vma's start address and pgoff is updated under
> > write lock of mmap_sem. This means the vma's rmap information
> > update is atoimic only under read lock of mmap_sem.
> >
> >
> > Even if it's not atomic, in usual case, try_to_ummap() etc...
> > just fails to decrease mapcount to be 0. no problem.
> >
> > But at page migration's rmap_walk(), it requires to know all
> > migration_entry in page tables and recover mapcount.
> >
> > So, this race in vma's address is critical. When rmap_walk meet
> > the race, rmap_walk will mistakenly get -EFAULT and don't call
> > rmap_one(). This patch adds a lock for vma's rmap information.
> > But, this is _very slow_.
> > We need something sophisitcated, light-weight update for this..
> >
> >
> > Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
> > ---
> > include/linux/mm_types.h | 1 +
> > kernel/fork.c | 1 +
> > mm/mmap.c | 11 ++++++++++-
> > mm/rmap.c | 3 +++
> > 4 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > Index: linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/include/linux/mm_types.h
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1.orig/include/linux/mm_types.h
> > +++ linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/include/linux/mm_types.h
> > @@ -183,6 +183,7 @@ struct vm_area_struct {
> > #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> > struct mempolicy *vm_policy; /* NUMA policy for the VMA */
> > #endif
> > + spinlock_t adjust_lock;
> > };
> >
> > struct core_thread {
> > Index: linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/mm/mmap.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1.orig/mm/mmap.c
> > +++ linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/mm/mmap.c
> > @@ -584,13 +584,20 @@ again: remove_next = 1 + (end > next->
> > if (adjust_next)
> > vma_prio_tree_remove(next, root);
> > }
> > -
> > + /*
> > + * changing all params in atomic. If not, vma_address in rmap.c
> > + * can see wrong result.
> > + */
> > + spin_lock(&vma->adjust_lock);
> > vma->vm_start = start;
> > vma->vm_end = end;
> > vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
> > + spin_unlock(&vma->adjust_lock);
> > if (adjust_next) {
> > + spin_lock(&next->adjust_lock);
> > next->vm_start += adjust_next << PAGE_SHIFT;
> > next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next;
> > + spin_unlock(&next->adjust_lock);
> > }
> >
> > if (root) {
> > @@ -1939,6 +1946,7 @@ static int __split_vma(struct mm_struct
> > *new = *vma;
> >
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new->anon_vma_chain);
> > + spin_lock_init(&new->adjust_lock);
> >
> > if (new_below)
> > new->vm_end = addr;
> > @@ -2338,6 +2346,7 @@ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct v
> > if (IS_ERR(pol))
> > goto out_free_vma;
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&new_vma->anon_vma_chain);
> > + spin_lock_init(&new_vma->adjust_lock);
> > if (anon_vma_clone(new_vma, vma))
> > goto out_free_mempol;
> > vma_set_policy(new_vma, pol);
> > Index: linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/kernel/fork.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1.orig/kernel/fork.c
> > +++ linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/kernel/fork.c
> > @@ -350,6 +350,7 @@ static int dup_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm
> > goto fail_nomem;
> > *tmp = *mpnt;
> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp->anon_vma_chain);
> > + spin_lock_init(&tmp->adjust_lock);
> > pol = mpol_dup(vma_policy(mpnt));
> > retval = PTR_ERR(pol);
> > if (IS_ERR(pol))
> > Index: linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/mm/rmap.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1.orig/mm/rmap.c
> > +++ linux-2.6.34-rc4-mm1/mm/rmap.c
> > @@ -332,11 +332,14 @@ vma_address(struct page *page, struct vm
> > pgoff_t pgoff = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
> > unsigned long address;
> >
> > + spin_lock(&vma->adjust_lock);
> > address = vma->vm_start + ((pgoff - vma->vm_pgoff) << PAGE_SHIFT);
> > if (unlikely(address < vma->vm_start || address >= vma->vm_end)) {
> > + spin_unlock(&vma->adjust_lock);
> > /* page should be within @vma mapping range */
> > return -EFAULT;
> > }
> > + spin_unlock(&vma->adjust_lock);
> > return address;
> > }
> >
>
> Nice Catch, Kame. :)
>
> For further optimization, we can hold vma->adjust_lock if vma_address
> returns -EFAULT. But I hope we redesigns it without new locking.
> But I don't have good idea, now. :(

How about this?
I just merged ideas of Mel and Kame.:)

It just shows the concept, not formal patch.


diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index f90ea92..61ea742 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -578,6 +578,8 @@ again: remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);
}
}

+ if (vma->anon_vma)
+ spin_lock(&vma->anon_vma->lock);
if (root) {
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
vma_prio_tree_remove(vma, root);
@@ -619,7 +621,8 @@ again: remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);

if (mapping)
spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
-
+ if (vma->anon_vma)
+ spin_unlock(&vma->anon_vma->lock);
if (remove_next) {
if (file) {
fput(file);
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 3a53d9f..8075057 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -1359,9 +1359,22 @@ static int rmap_walk_anon(struct page *page, int (*rmap_one)(struct page *,
spin_lock(&anon_vma->lock);
list_for_each_entry(avc, &anon_vma->head, same_anon_vma) {
struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma;
- unsigned long address = vma_address(page, vma);
- if (address == -EFAULT)
+ struct anon_vma *tmp_anon_vma = vma->anon_vma;
+ unsigned long address;
+ int tmp_vma_lock = 0;
+
+ if (tmp_anon_vma != anon_vma) {
+ spin_lock(&tmp_anon_vma->lock);
+ tmp_vma_lock = 1;
+ }
+ address = vma_address(page, vma);
+ if (address == -EFAULT) {
+ if (tmp_vma_lock)
+ spin_unlock(&tmp_anon_vma->lock);
continue;
+ }
+ if (tmp_vma_lock)
+ spin_unlock(&tmp_anon_vma->lock);
ret = rmap_one(page, vma, address, arg);
if (ret != SWAP_AGAIN)
break;
--
1.7.0.5


--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim




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