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SubjectRe: [PATCH 05/11] Export unusable free space index via /proc/unusable_index
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Hi, Kame.

On Wed, Mar 24, 2010 at 9:03 AM, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
<kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> wrote:
> On Tue, 23 Mar 2010 12:25:40 +0000
> Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> wrote:
>
>> Unusable free space index is a measure of external fragmentation that
>> takes the allocation size into account. For the most part, the huge page
>> size will be the size of interest but not necessarily so it is exported
>> on a per-order and per-zone basis via /proc/unusable_index.
>>
>> The index is a value between 0 and 1. It can be expressed as a
>> percentage by multiplying by 100 as documented in
>> Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
>> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
>> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
>> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>  Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt |   13 ++++-
>>  mm/vmstat.c                        |  120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  2 files changed, 132 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
>> index 5e132b5..5c4b0fb 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
>> @@ -452,6 +452,7 @@ Table 1-5: Kernel info in /proc
>>   sys         See chapter 2
>>   sysvipc     Info of SysVIPC Resources (msg, sem, shm)               (2.4)
>>   tty      Info of tty drivers
>> + unusable_index Additional page allocator information (see text)(2.5)
>>   uptime      System uptime
>>   version     Kernel version
>>   video            bttv info of video resources                       (2.4)
>> @@ -609,7 +610,7 @@ ZONE_DMA, 4 chunks of 2^1*PAGE_SIZE in ZONE_DMA, 101 chunks of 2^4*PAGE_SIZE
>>  available in ZONE_NORMAL, etc...
>>
>>  More information relevant to external fragmentation can be found in
>> -pagetypeinfo.
>> +pagetypeinfo and unusable_index
>>
>>  > cat /proc/pagetypeinfo
>>  Page block order: 9
>> @@ -650,6 +651,16 @@ unless memory has been mlock()'d. Some of the Reclaimable blocks should
>>  also be allocatable although a lot of filesystem metadata may have to be
>>  reclaimed to achieve this.
>>
>> +> cat /proc/unusable_index
>> +Node 0, zone      DMA 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.005 0.013 0.021 0.037 0.037 0.101 0.230
>> +Node 0, zone   Normal 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.005 0.015 0.028 0.028 0.054
>> +
>> +The unusable free space index measures how much of the available free
>> +memory cannot be used to satisfy an allocation of a given size and is a
>> +value between 0 and 1. The higher the value, the more of free memory is
>> +unusable and by implication, the worse the external fragmentation is. This
>> +can be expressed as a percentage by multiplying by 100.
>> +
>>  ..............................................................................
>>
>>  meminfo:
>> diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
>> index 7f760cb..ca42e10 100644
>> --- a/mm/vmstat.c
>> +++ b/mm/vmstat.c
>> @@ -453,6 +453,106 @@ static int frag_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
>>       return 0;
>>  }
>>
>> +
>> +struct contig_page_info {
>> +     unsigned long free_pages;
>> +     unsigned long free_blocks_total;
>> +     unsigned long free_blocks_suitable;
>> +};
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * Calculate the number of free pages in a zone, how many contiguous
>> + * pages are free and how many are large enough to satisfy an allocation of
>> + * the target size. Note that this function makes to attempt to estimate
>> + * how many suitable free blocks there *might* be if MOVABLE pages were
>> + * migrated. Calculating that is possible, but expensive and can be
>> + * figured out from userspace
>> + */
>> +static void fill_contig_page_info(struct zone *zone,
>> +                             unsigned int suitable_order,
>> +                             struct contig_page_info *info)
>> +{
>> +     unsigned int order;
>> +
>> +     info->free_pages = 0;
>> +     info->free_blocks_total = 0;
>> +     info->free_blocks_suitable = 0;
>> +
>> +     for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
>> +             unsigned long blocks;
>> +
>> +             /* Count number of free blocks */
>> +             blocks = zone->free_area[order].nr_free;
>> +             info->free_blocks_total += blocks;
>
> ....for what this free_blocks_total is ?

It's used by fragmentation_index in [06/11].

>
> Thanks,
> -Kame
>
>



--
Kind regards,
Minchan Kim
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