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Subject[PATCH 03/11] mm: Share the anon_vma ref counts between KSM and page migration
Date
For clarity of review, KSM and page migration have separate refcounts on
the anon_vma. While clear, this is a waste of memory. This patch gets
KSM and page migration to share their toys in a spirit of harmony.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
---
include/linux/rmap.h | 50 ++++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
mm/ksm.c | 4 ++--
mm/migrate.c | 4 ++--
mm/rmap.c | 6 ++----
4 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/rmap.h b/include/linux/rmap.h
index 567d43f..7721674 100644
--- a/include/linux/rmap.h
+++ b/include/linux/rmap.h
@@ -26,11 +26,17 @@
*/
struct anon_vma {
spinlock_t lock; /* Serialize access to vma list */
-#ifdef CONFIG_KSM
- atomic_t ksm_refcount;
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
- atomic_t migrate_refcount;
+#if defined(CONFIG_KSM) || defined(CONFIG_MIGRATION)
+
+ /*
+ * The external_refcount is taken by either KSM or page migration
+ * to take a reference to an anon_vma when there is no
+ * guarantee that the vma of page tables will exist for
+ * the duration of the operation. A caller that takes
+ * the reference is responsible for clearing up the
+ * anon_vma if they are the last user on release
+ */
+ atomic_t external_refcount;
#endif
/*
* NOTE: the LSB of the head.next is set by
@@ -64,46 +70,26 @@ struct anon_vma_chain {
};

#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
-#ifdef CONFIG_KSM
-static inline void ksm_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
+#if defined(CONFIG_KSM) || defined(CONFIG_MIGRATION)
+static inline void anonvma_external_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
{
- atomic_set(&anon_vma->ksm_refcount, 0);
+ atomic_set(&anon_vma->external_refcount, 0);
}

-static inline int ksm_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
+static inline int anonvma_external_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
{
- return atomic_read(&anon_vma->ksm_refcount);
+ return atomic_read(&anon_vma->external_refcount);
}
#else
-static inline void ksm_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
+static inline void anonvma_external_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
{
}

-static inline int ksm_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
+static inline int anonvma_external_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_KSM */
-#ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
-static inline void migrate_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
-{
- atomic_set(&anon_vma->migrate_refcount, 0);
-}
-
-static inline int migrate_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
-{
- return atomic_read(&anon_vma->migrate_refcount);
-}
-#else
-static inline void migrate_refcount_init(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
-{
-}
-
-static inline int migrate_refcount(struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-#endif /* CONFIG_MIGRATE */

static inline struct anon_vma *page_anon_vma(struct page *page)
{
diff --git a/mm/ksm.c b/mm/ksm.c
index a93f1b7..e45ec98 100644
--- a/mm/ksm.c
+++ b/mm/ksm.c
@@ -318,14 +318,14 @@ static void hold_anon_vma(struct rmap_item *rmap_item,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
{
rmap_item->anon_vma = anon_vma;
- atomic_inc(&anon_vma->ksm_refcount);
+ atomic_inc(&anon_vma->external_refcount);
}

static void drop_anon_vma(struct rmap_item *rmap_item)
{
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = rmap_item->anon_vma;

- if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&anon_vma->ksm_refcount, &anon_vma->lock)) {
+ if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&anon_vma->external_refcount, &anon_vma->lock)) {
int empty = list_empty(&anon_vma->head);
spin_unlock(&anon_vma->lock);
if (empty)
diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
index 6eb1efe..e395115 100644
--- a/mm/migrate.c
+++ b/mm/migrate.c
@@ -618,7 +618,7 @@ static int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page, unsigned long private,

rcu_locked = 1;
anon_vma = page_anon_vma(page);
- atomic_inc(&anon_vma->migrate_refcount);
+ atomic_inc(&anon_vma->external_refcount);
}

/*
@@ -660,7 +660,7 @@ skip_unmap:
rcu_unlock:

/* Drop an anon_vma reference if we took one */
- if (anon_vma && atomic_dec_and_lock(&anon_vma->migrate_refcount, &anon_vma->lock)) {
+ if (anon_vma && atomic_dec_and_lock(&anon_vma->external_refcount, &anon_vma->lock)) {
int empty = list_empty(&anon_vma->head);
spin_unlock(&anon_vma->lock);
if (empty)
diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
index 578d0fe..af35b75 100644
--- a/mm/rmap.c
+++ b/mm/rmap.c
@@ -248,8 +248,7 @@ static void anon_vma_unlink(struct anon_vma_chain *anon_vma_chain)
list_del(&anon_vma_chain->same_anon_vma);

/* We must garbage collect the anon_vma if it's empty */
- empty = list_empty(&anon_vma->head) && !ksm_refcount(anon_vma) &&
- !migrate_refcount(anon_vma);
+ empty = list_empty(&anon_vma->head) && !anonvma_external_refcount(anon_vma);
spin_unlock(&anon_vma->lock);

if (empty)
@@ -273,8 +272,7 @@ static void anon_vma_ctor(void *data)
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = data;

spin_lock_init(&anon_vma->lock);
- ksm_refcount_init(anon_vma);
- migrate_refcount_init(anon_vma);
+ anonvma_external_refcount_init(anon_vma);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&anon_vma->head);
}

--
1.6.5


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