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Subject[C/R v20][PATCH 59/96] c/r: support share-memory sysv-ipc
Date
Checkpoint of sysvipc shared memory is performed in two steps: first,
the entire ipc namespace is dumped as a whole by iterating through all
shm objects and dumping the contents of each one. The shmem inode is
registered in the objhash. Second, for each vma that refers to ipc
shared memory we find the inode in the objhash, and save the objref.

(If we find a new inode, that indicates that the ipc namespace is not
entirely frozen and someone must have manipulated it since step 1).

Handling of shm objects that have been deleted (via IPC_RMID) is left
to a later patch in this series.

Changelog[v20]:
Fix "scheduling in atomic" while restoring ipc shm
Changelog[v19-rc3]:
- Rebase to kernel 2.6.33
Changelog[v19-rc1]:
- [Matt Helsley] Add cpp definitions for enums
Changelog[v18]:
- Collect files used by shm objects
- Use file instead of inode as shared object during checkpoint
Changelog[v17]:
- Restore objects in the right namespace
- Properly initialize ctx->deferqueue
- Fix compilation with CONFIG_CHECKPOINT=n

Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
Acked-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
Tested-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h | 21 +++
ipc/Makefile | 3 +-
ipc/checkpoint.c | 2 +-
ipc/checkpoint_msg.c | 380 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
ipc/msg.c | 10 +-
ipc/msgutil.c | 8 -
ipc/util.h | 13 ++
7 files changed, 420 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 ipc/checkpoint_msg.c
diff --git a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
index 1b2ffef..07e918e 100644
--- a/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
+++ b/include/linux/checkpoint_hdr.h
@@ -114,6 +114,8 @@ enum {
#define CKPT_HDR_IPC_SHM CKPT_HDR_IPC_SHM
CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG,
#define CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG
+ CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG_MSG,
+#define CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG_MSG CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG_MSG
CKPT_HDR_IPC_SEM,
#define CKPT_HDR_IPC_SEM CKPT_HDR_IPC_SEM

@@ -473,6 +475,25 @@ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_shm {
__u32 objref;
} __attribute__((aligned(8)));

+struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_perms perms;
+ __u64 q_stime;
+ __u64 q_rtime;
+ __u64 q_ctime;
+ __u64 q_cbytes;
+ __u64 q_qnum;
+ __u64 q_qbytes;
+ __s32 q_lspid;
+ __s32 q_lrpid;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+
+struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg_msg {
+ struct ckpt_hdr h;
+ __s64 m_type;
+ __u32 m_ts;
+} __attribute__((aligned(8)));
+

#define CKPT_TST_OVERFLOW_16(a, b) \
((sizeof(a) > sizeof(b)) && ((a) > SHORT_MAX))
diff --git a/ipc/Makefile b/ipc/Makefile
index db4b076..71a257f 100644
--- a/ipc/Makefile
+++ b/ipc/Makefile
@@ -9,4 +9,5 @@ obj_mq-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat_mq.o
obj-$(CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE) += mqueue.o msgutil.o $(obj_mq-y)
obj-$(CONFIG_IPC_NS) += namespace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE_SYSCTL) += mq_sysctl.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_SYSVIPC_CHECKPOINT) += checkpoint.o checkpoint_shm.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SYSVIPC_CHECKPOINT) += checkpoint.o \
+ checkpoint_shm.o checkpoint_msg.o
diff --git a/ipc/checkpoint.c b/ipc/checkpoint.c
index 7a3a9ca..6b1ec0b 100644
--- a/ipc/checkpoint.c
+++ b/ipc/checkpoint.c
@@ -130,11 +130,11 @@ static int do_checkpoint_ipc_ns(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,

ret = checkpoint_ipc_any(ctx, ipc_ns, IPC_SHM_IDS,
CKPT_HDR_IPC_SHM, checkpoint_ipc_shm);
-#if 0 /* NEXT FEW PATCHES */
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ret = checkpoint_ipc_any(ctx, ipc_ns, IPC_MSG_IDS,
CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG, checkpoint_ipc_msg);
+#if 0 /* NEXT FEW PATCHES */
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
ret = checkpoint_ipc_any(ctx, ipc_ns, IPC_SEM_IDS,
diff --git a/ipc/checkpoint_msg.c b/ipc/checkpoint_msg.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..16ebbb5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ipc/checkpoint_msg.c
@@ -0,0 +1,380 @@
+/*
+ * Checkpoint/restart - dump state of sysvipc msg
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+/* default debug level for output */
+#define CKPT_DFLAG CKPT_DIPC
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/msg.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/ipc_namespace.h>
+
+#include "util.h"
+
+#include <linux/checkpoint.h>
+#include <linux/checkpoint_hdr.h>
+
+/************************************************************************
+ * ipc checkpoint
+ */
+
+/* called with the msgids->rw_mutex is read-held */
+static int fill_ipc_msg_hdr(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg *h,
+ struct msg_queue *msq)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = checkpoint_fill_ipc_perms(&h->perms, &msq->q_perm);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ipc_lock_by_ptr(&msq->q_perm);
+ h->q_stime = msq->q_stime;
+ h->q_rtime = msq->q_rtime;
+ h->q_ctime = msq->q_ctime;
+ h->q_cbytes = msq->q_cbytes;
+ h->q_qnum = msq->q_qnum;
+ h->q_qbytes = msq->q_qbytes;
+ h->q_lspid = msq->q_lspid;
+ h->q_lrpid = msq->q_lrpid;
+ ipc_unlock(&msq->q_perm);
+
+ ckpt_debug("msg: lspid %d rspid %d qnum %lld qbytes %lld\n",
+ h->q_lspid, h->q_lrpid, h->q_qnum, h->q_qbytes);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int checkpoint_msg_contents(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct msg_msg *msg)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg_msg *h;
+ struct msg_msgseg *seg;
+ int total, len;
+ int ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG_MSG);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ h->m_type = msg->m_type;
+ h->m_ts = msg->m_ts;
+
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->h);
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ total = msg->m_ts;
+ len = min(total, (int) DATALEN_MSG);
+ ret = ckpt_write_buffer(ctx, (msg + 1), len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ seg = msg->next;
+ total -= len;
+
+ while (total) {
+ len = min(total, (int) DATALEN_SEG);
+ ret = ckpt_write_buffer(ctx, (seg + 1), len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ seg = seg->next;
+ total -= len;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int checkpoint_msg_queue(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct msg_queue *msq)
+{
+ struct list_head messages;
+ struct msg_msg *msg;
+ int ret = -EBUSY;
+
+ /*
+ * Scanning the msq requires the lock, but then we can't write
+ * data out from inside. Instead, we grab the lock, remove all
+ * messages to our own list, drop the lock, write the messages,
+ * and finally re-attach the them to the msq with the lock taken.
+ */
+ ipc_lock_by_ptr(&msq->q_perm);
+ if (!list_empty(&msq->q_receivers))
+ goto unlock;
+ if (!list_empty(&msq->q_senders))
+ goto unlock;
+ if (list_empty(&msq->q_messages))
+ goto unlock;
+ /* temporarily take out all messages */
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&messages);
+ list_splice_init(&msq->q_messages, &messages);
+ unlock:
+ ipc_unlock(&msq->q_perm);
+
+ list_for_each_entry(msg, &messages, m_list) {
+ ret = checkpoint_msg_contents(ctx, msg);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* put all the messages back in */
+ ipc_lock_by_ptr(&msq->q_perm);
+ list_splice(&messages, &msq->q_messages);
+ ipc_unlock(&msq->q_perm);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* called with the msgids->rw_mutex is read-held */
+int checkpoint_ipc_msg(int id, void *p, void *data)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg *h;
+ struct ckpt_ctx *ctx = (struct ckpt_ctx *) data;
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *perm = (struct kern_ipc_perm *) p;
+ struct msg_queue *msq;
+ int ret;
+
+ msq = container_of(perm, struct msg_queue, q_perm);
+
+ h = ckpt_hdr_get_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG);
+ if (!h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ ret = fill_ipc_msg_hdr(ctx, h, msq);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = ckpt_write_obj(ctx, &h->h);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (h->q_qnum)
+ ret = checkpoint_msg_queue(ctx, msq);
+ out:
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+
+/************************************************************************
+ * ipc restart
+ */
+
+/* called with the msgids->rw_mutex is write-held */
+static int load_ipc_msg_hdr(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx,
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg *h,
+ struct msg_queue *msq)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ret = restore_load_ipc_perms(&h->perms, &msq->q_perm);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ ckpt_debug("msq: lspid %d lrpid %d qnum %lld qbytes %lld\n",
+ h->q_lspid, h->q_lrpid, h->q_qnum, h->q_qbytes);
+
+ if (h->q_lspid < 0 || h->q_lrpid < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ msq->q_stime = h->q_stime;
+ msq->q_rtime = h->q_rtime;
+ msq->q_ctime = h->q_ctime;
+ msq->q_lspid = h->q_lspid;
+ msq->q_lrpid = h->q_lrpid;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct msg_msg *restore_msg_contents_one(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, int *clen)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg_msg *h;
+ struct msg_msg *msg = NULL;
+ struct msg_msgseg *seg, **pseg;
+ int total, len;
+ int ret;
+
+ h = ckpt_read_obj_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG_MSG);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return (struct msg_msg *) h;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (h->m_type < 1)
+ goto out;
+ if (h->m_ts > current->nsproxy->ipc_ns->msg_ctlmax)
+ goto out;
+
+ total = h->m_ts;
+ len = min(total, (int) DATALEN_MSG);
+ msg = kmalloc(sizeof(*msg) + len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!msg) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ msg->next = NULL;
+ pseg = &msg->next;
+
+ ret = _ckpt_read_buffer(ctx, (msg + 1), len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ total -= len;
+ while (total) {
+ len = min(total, (int) DATALEN_SEG);
+ seg = kmalloc(sizeof(*seg) + len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!seg) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ seg->next = NULL;
+ *pseg = seg;
+ pseg = &seg->next;
+
+ ret = _ckpt_read_buffer(ctx, (seg + 1), len);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ total -= len;
+ }
+
+ msg->m_type = h->m_type;
+ msg->m_ts = h->m_ts;
+ *clen = h->m_ts;
+ ret = security_msg_msg_alloc(msg);
+ out:
+ if (ret < 0 && msg) {
+ free_msg(msg);
+ msg = ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return msg;
+}
+
+static inline void free_msg_list(struct list_head *queue)
+{
+ struct msg_msg *msg, *tmp;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(msg, tmp, queue, m_list)
+ free_msg(msg);
+}
+
+static int restore_msg_contents(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct list_head *queue,
+ unsigned long qnum, unsigned long *cbytes)
+{
+ struct msg_msg *msg;
+ int clen = 0;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(queue);
+
+ *cbytes = 0;
+ while (qnum--) {
+ msg = restore_msg_contents_one(ctx, &clen);
+ if (IS_ERR(msg))
+ goto fail;
+ list_add_tail(&msg->m_list, queue);
+ *cbytes += clen;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ fail:
+ ret = PTR_ERR(msg);
+ free_msg_list(queue);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int restore_ipc_msg(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct ipc_namespace *ns)
+{
+ struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_msg *h;
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc;
+ struct msg_queue *msq;
+ struct ipc_ids *msg_ids = &ns->ids[IPC_MSG_IDS];
+ struct list_head messages;
+ unsigned long cbytes;
+ int msgflag;
+ int ret;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&messages);
+
+ h = ckpt_read_obj_type(ctx, sizeof(*h), CKPT_HDR_IPC_MSG);
+ if (IS_ERR(h))
+ return PTR_ERR(h);
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (h->perms.id < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* read queued messages into temporary queue */
+ ret = restore_msg_contents(ctx, &messages, h->q_qnum, &cbytes);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ if (h->q_cbytes != cbytes)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* restore the message queue */
+ msgflag = h->perms.mode | IPC_CREAT | IPC_EXCL;
+ ckpt_debug("msg: do_msgget key %d flag %#x id %d\n",
+ h->perms.key, msgflag, h->perms.id);
+ ret = do_msgget(ns, h->perms.key, msgflag, h->perms.id);
+ ckpt_debug("msg: do_msgget ret %d\n", ret);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ down_write(&msg_ids->rw_mutex);
+
+ /*
+ * We are the sole owners/users of this brand new ipc-ns, so:
+ *
+ * 1) The msgid could not have been deleted between its creation
+ * and taking the rw_mutex above.
+ *
+ * 2) No unauthorized task will have attempted to gain access
+ * to it either, not even until we restore the security bit
+ * further below, so the theoretical security race is void.
+ *
+ * If/when we allow to restore the ipc state within the parent's
+ * ipc-ns, we will need to re-examine this.
+ */
+ ipc = ipc_lock(msg_ids, h->perms.id);
+ BUG_ON(IS_ERR(ipc));
+
+ msq = container_of(ipc, struct msg_queue, q_perm);
+ BUG_ON(!list_empty(&msq->q_messages));
+
+ /* attach queued messages we read before */
+ list_splice_init(&messages, &msq->q_messages);
+
+ /* adjust msq and namespace statistics */
+ atomic_add(h->q_cbytes, &ns->msg_bytes);
+ atomic_add(h->q_qnum, &ns->msg_hdrs);
+ msq->q_cbytes = h->q_cbytes;
+ msq->q_qbytes = h->q_qbytes;
+ msq->q_qnum = h->q_qnum;
+
+ /* this is safe because no unauthorized access is possible */
+ ipc_unlock(ipc);
+
+ ret = load_ipc_msg_hdr(ctx, h, msq);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ ckpt_debug("msq: need to remove (%d)\n", ret);
+ ipc_lock_by_ptr(&msq->q_perm);
+ freeque(ns, ipc);
+ ipc_unlock(ipc);
+ }
+ up_write(&msg_ids->rw_mutex);
+ out:
+ free_msg_list(&messages); /* no-op if all ok, else cleanup msgs */
+ ckpt_hdr_put(ctx, h);
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/ipc/msg.c b/ipc/msg.c
index 9230e7c..7711c77 100644
--- a/ipc/msg.c
+++ b/ipc/msg.c
@@ -72,7 +72,6 @@ struct msg_sender {

#define msg_unlock(msq) ipc_unlock(&(msq)->q_perm)

-static void freeque(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *);
static int newque(struct ipc_namespace *, struct ipc_params *, int);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
static int sysvipc_msg_proc_show(struct seq_file *s, void *it);
@@ -279,7 +278,7 @@ static void expunge_all(struct msg_queue *msq, int res)
* msg_ids.rw_mutex (writer) and the spinlock for this message queue are held
* before freeque() is called. msg_ids.rw_mutex remains locked on exit.
*/
-static void freeque(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
+void freeque(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
{
struct list_head *tmp;
struct msg_queue *msq = container_of(ipcp, struct msg_queue, q_perm);
@@ -312,14 +311,11 @@ static inline int msg_security(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, int msgflg)
return security_msg_queue_associate(msq, msgflg);
}

-int do_msgget(key_t key, int msgflg, int req_id)
+int do_msgget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, key_t key, int msgflg, int req_id)
{
- struct ipc_namespace *ns;
struct ipc_ops msg_ops;
struct ipc_params msg_params;

- ns = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
-
msg_ops.getnew = newque;
msg_ops.associate = msg_security;
msg_ops.more_checks = NULL;
@@ -332,7 +328,7 @@ int do_msgget(key_t key, int msgflg, int req_id)

SYSCALL_DEFINE2(msgget, key_t, key, int, msgflg)
{
- return do_msgget(key, msgflg, -1);
+ return do_msgget(current->nsproxy->ipc_ns, key, msgflg, -1);
}

static inline unsigned long
diff --git a/ipc/msgutil.c b/ipc/msgutil.c
index f095ee2..e119243 100644
--- a/ipc/msgutil.c
+++ b/ipc/msgutil.c
@@ -36,14 +36,6 @@ struct ipc_namespace init_ipc_ns = {

atomic_t nr_ipc_ns = ATOMIC_INIT(1);

-struct msg_msgseg {
- struct msg_msgseg* next;
- /* the next part of the message follows immediately */
-};
-
-#define DATALEN_MSG (PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msg))
-#define DATALEN_SEG (PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msgseg))
-
struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, int len)
{
struct msg_msg *msg;
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index e0007dc..8a223f0 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -141,6 +141,14 @@ extern void free_msg(struct msg_msg *msg);
extern struct msg_msg *load_msg(const void __user *src, int len);
extern int store_msg(void __user *dest, struct msg_msg *msg, int len);

+struct msg_msgseg {
+ struct msg_msgseg *next;
+ /* the next part of the message follows immediately */
+};
+
+#define DATALEN_MSG (PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msg))
+#define DATALEN_SEG (PAGE_SIZE-sizeof(struct msg_msgseg))
+
extern void recompute_msgmni(struct ipc_namespace *);

static inline int ipc_buildid(int id, int seq)
@@ -182,6 +190,8 @@ int do_shmget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, key_t key, size_t size, int shmflg,
int req_id);
void do_shm_rmid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp);

+int do_msgget(struct ipc_namespace *ns, key_t key, int msgflg, int req_id);
+void freeque(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp);

#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT
extern int checkpoint_fill_ipc_perms(struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_perms *h,
@@ -192,6 +202,9 @@ extern int restore_load_ipc_perms(struct ckpt_hdr_ipc_perms *h,
extern int ckpt_collect_ipc_shm(int id, void *p, void *data);
extern int checkpoint_ipc_shm(int id, void *p, void *data);
extern int restore_ipc_shm(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct ipc_namespace *ns);
+
+extern int checkpoint_ipc_msg(int id, void *p, void *data);
+extern int restore_ipc_msg(struct ckpt_ctx *ctx, struct ipc_namespace *ns);
#endif

#endif
--
1.6.3.3


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