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SubjectRe: [PATCH 05/11] Export unusable free space index via /proc/unusable_index
On Fri, 12 Mar 2010 16:41:21 +0000
Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> wrote:
> Unusable free space index is a measure of external fragmentation that
> takes the allocation size into account. For the most part, the huge page
> size will be the size of interest but not necessarily so it is exported
> on a per-order and per-zone basis via /proc/unusable_index.
>
> The index is a value between 0 and 1. It can be expressed as a
> percentage by multiplying by 100 as documented in
> Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
> ---
> Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 13 ++++-
> mm/vmstat.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 132 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> index 5e132b5..5c4b0fb 100644
> --- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
> @@ -452,6 +452,7 @@ Table 1-5: Kernel info in /proc
> sys See chapter 2
> sysvipc Info of SysVIPC Resources (msg, sem, shm) (2.4)
> tty Info of tty drivers
> + unusable_index Additional page allocator information (see text)(2.5)
> uptime System uptime
> version Kernel version
> video bttv info of video resources (2.4)
> @@ -609,7 +610,7 @@ ZONE_DMA, 4 chunks of 2^1*PAGE_SIZE in ZONE_DMA, 101 chunks of 2^4*PAGE_SIZE
> available in ZONE_NORMAL, etc...
>
> More information relevant to external fragmentation can be found in
> -pagetypeinfo.
> +pagetypeinfo and unusable_index
>
> > cat /proc/pagetypeinfo
> Page block order: 9
> @@ -650,6 +651,16 @@ unless memory has been mlock()'d. Some of the Reclaimable blocks should
> also be allocatable although a lot of filesystem metadata may have to be
> reclaimed to achieve this.
>
> +> cat /proc/unusable_index
> +Node 0, zone DMA 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.005 0.013 0.021 0.037 0.037 0.101 0.230
> +Node 0, zone Normal 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.005 0.015 0.028 0.028 0.054
> +
> +The unusable free space index measures how much of the available free
> +memory cannot be used to satisfy an allocation of a given size and is a
> +value between 0 and 1. The higher the value, the more of free memory is
> +unusable and by implication, the worse the external fragmentation is. This
> +can be expressed as a percentage by multiplying by 100.
> +

I'm sorry but how this information is different from buddyinfo ?

Thanks,
-Kame



> ..............................................................................
>
> meminfo:
> diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
> index 7f760cb..ca42e10 100644
> --- a/mm/vmstat.c
> +++ b/mm/vmstat.c
> @@ -453,6 +453,106 @@ static int frag_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +
> +struct contig_page_info {
> + unsigned long free_pages;
> + unsigned long free_blocks_total;
> + unsigned long free_blocks_suitable;
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Calculate the number of free pages in a zone, how many contiguous
> + * pages are free and how many are large enough to satisfy an allocation of
> + * the target size. Note that this function makes to attempt to estimate
> + * how many suitable free blocks there *might* be if MOVABLE pages were
> + * migrated. Calculating that is possible, but expensive and can be
> + * figured out from userspace
> + */
> +static void fill_contig_page_info(struct zone *zone,
> + unsigned int suitable_order,
> + struct contig_page_info *info)
> +{
> + unsigned int order;
> +
> + info->free_pages = 0;
> + info->free_blocks_total = 0;
> + info->free_blocks_suitable = 0;
> +
> + for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) {
> + unsigned long blocks;
> +
> + /* Count number of free blocks */
> + blocks = zone->free_area[order].nr_free;
> + info->free_blocks_total += blocks;
> +
> + /* Count free base pages */
> + info->free_pages += blocks << order;
> +
> + /* Count the suitable free blocks */
> + if (order >= suitable_order)
> + info->free_blocks_suitable += blocks <<
> + (order - suitable_order);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Return an index indicating how much of the available free memory is
> + * unusable for an allocation of the requested size.
> + */
> +static int unusable_free_index(unsigned int order,
> + struct contig_page_info *info)
> +{
> + /* No free memory is interpreted as all free memory is unusable */
> + if (info->free_pages == 0)
> + return 1000;
> +
> + /*
> + * Index should be a value between 0 and 1. Return a value to 3
> + * decimal places.
> + *
> + * 0 => no fragmentation
> + * 1 => high fragmentation
> + */
> + return ((info->free_pages - (info->free_blocks_suitable << order)) * 1000) / info->free_pages;
> +
> +}
> +
> +static void unusable_show_print(struct seq_file *m,
> + pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone)
> +{
> + unsigned int order;
> + int index;
> + struct contig_page_info info;
> +
> + seq_printf(m, "Node %d, zone %8s ",
> + pgdat->node_id,
> + zone->name);
> + for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; ++order) {
> + fill_contig_page_info(zone, order, &info);
> + index = unusable_free_index(order, &info);
> + seq_printf(m, "%d.%03d ", index / 1000, index % 1000);
> + }
> +
> + seq_putc(m, '\n');
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Display unusable free space index
> + * XXX: Could be a lot more efficient, but it's not a critical path
> + */
> +static int unusable_show(struct seq_file *m, void *arg)
> +{
> + pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t *)arg;
> +
> + /* check memoryless node */
> + if (!node_state(pgdat->node_id, N_HIGH_MEMORY))
> + return 0;
> +
> + walk_zones_in_node(m, pgdat, unusable_show_print);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> static void pagetypeinfo_showfree_print(struct seq_file *m,
> pg_data_t *pgdat, struct zone *zone)
> {
> @@ -603,6 +703,25 @@ static const struct file_operations pagetypeinfo_file_ops = {
> .release = seq_release,
> };
>
> +static const struct seq_operations unusable_op = {
> + .start = frag_start,
> + .next = frag_next,
> + .stop = frag_stop,
> + .show = unusable_show,
> +};
> +
> +static int unusable_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> + return seq_open(file, &unusable_op);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations unusable_file_ops = {
> + .open = unusable_open,
> + .read = seq_read,
> + .llseek = seq_lseek,
> + .release = seq_release,
> +};
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
> #define TEXT_FOR_DMA(xx) xx "_dma",
> #else
> @@ -947,6 +1066,7 @@ static int __init setup_vmstat(void)
> #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
> proc_create("buddyinfo", S_IRUGO, NULL, &fragmentation_file_operations);
> proc_create("pagetypeinfo", S_IRUGO, NULL, &pagetypeinfo_file_ops);
> + proc_create("unusable_index", S_IRUGO, NULL, &unusable_file_ops);
> proc_create("vmstat", S_IRUGO, NULL, &proc_vmstat_file_operations);
> proc_create("zoneinfo", S_IRUGO, NULL, &proc_zoneinfo_file_operations);
> #endif
> --
> 1.6.5
>
> --
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