lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2010]   [Mar]   [1]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCHv2 5/6] pps: add parallel port PPS signal generator
On Wed, Feb 24, 2010 at 03:28:16PM +0300, Alexander Gordeev wrote:
> Add PPS signal generator which utilizes STROBE pin of a parallel port to
> send PPS signals. It uses parport abstraction layer and hrtimers to
> precisely control the signal.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Gordeev <lasaine@lvk.cs.msu.su>
> ---
> drivers/pps/Kconfig | 2 +
> drivers/pps/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig | 17 ++
> drivers/pps/generators/Makefile | 9 +
> drivers/pps/generators/pps_gen_parport.c | 264 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 293 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig
> create mode 100644 drivers/pps/generators/Makefile
> create mode 100644 drivers/pps/generators/pps_gen_parport.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pps/Kconfig b/drivers/pps/Kconfig
> index 2bd4f65..f3b14cd 100644
> --- a/drivers/pps/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/pps/Kconfig
> @@ -31,4 +31,6 @@ config PPS_DEBUG
> messages to the system log. Select this if you are having a
> problem with PPS support and want to see more of what is going on.
>
> +source drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig
> +
> endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/pps/Makefile b/drivers/pps/Makefile
> index 19ea582..b299814 100644
> --- a/drivers/pps/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/pps/Makefile
> @@ -4,5 +4,6 @@
>
> pps_core-y := pps.o kapi.o sysfs.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PPS) := pps_core.o
> +obj-y += generators/

I suppose this patch doesn't apply on top of my latest PPS patchset,
does it?

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel/954152

Generators support should be added after PPS clients one.

>
> ccflags-$(CONFIG_PPS_DEBUG) := -DDEBUG
> diff --git a/drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig b/drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..9cc1118
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/pps/generators/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
> +#
> +# PPS clients configuration
> +#

s/clients/generators

> +
> +if PPS
> +
> +comment "PPS generators support"
> +
> +config PPS_GENERATOR_PARPORT
> + tristate "Parallel port PPS signal generator"
> + depends on PARPORT != n && GENERIC_TIME
> + help
> + If you say yes here you get support for a PPS signal generator which
> + utilizes STROBE pin of a parallel port to send PPS signals. It uses
> + parport abstraction layer and hrtimers to precisely control the signal.
> +
> +endif
> diff --git a/drivers/pps/generators/Makefile b/drivers/pps/generators/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..303304a
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/pps/generators/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
> +#
> +# Makefile for PPS generators.
> +#
> +
> +obj-$(CONFIG_PPS_GENERATOR_PARPORT) += pps_gen_parport.o
> +
> +ifeq ($(CONFIG_PPS_DEBUG),y)
> +EXTRA_CFLAGS += -DDEBUG
> +endif
> diff --git a/drivers/pps/generators/pps_gen_parport.c b/drivers/pps/generators/pps_gen_parport.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..e7cce30
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/pps/generators/pps_gen_parport.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,264 @@
> +/*
> + * pps_gen_parport.c -- kernel parallel port PPS signal generator
> + *
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2009 Alexander Gordeev <lasaine@lvk.cs.msu.su>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
> + * (at your option) any later version.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
> + * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
> + */
> +
> +
> +/*
> + * TODO:
> + * 1. module parameters
> + * 2. check that local interrupts are blocked in hrtimer handler
> + * 3. fix issues when realtime clock is adjusted in a leap
> + * 4. test under heavy load
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/time.h>
> +#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> +#include <linux/parport.h>
> +
> +#define DRVNAME "pps_gen_parport"
> +#define DRVDESC "parallel port PPS signal generator"
> +
> +#define SIGNAL 0
> +#define NO_SIGNAL PARPORT_CONTROL_STROBE
> +
> +#define SEND_DELAY 30000 /* delay between setting and
> + dropping the signal (ns) */
> +#define SAFETY_INTERVAL 3000 /* set the hrtimer earlier for safety (ns) */
> +
> +/* internal per port structure */
> +struct pps_generator_pp {
> + struct pardevice *pardev; /* parport device */
> + struct hrtimer timer;
> + long port_write_time; /* calibrated port write time (ns) */
> +};
> +
> +static struct pps_generator_pp device = {
> + .pardev = NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static int attached;
> +
> +/* calibrated time between a hrtimer event and the reaction */
> +static long hrtimer_error = SAFETY_INTERVAL;
> +
> +/* the kernel hrtimer event */
> +static enum hrtimer_restart hrtimer_event(struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> + struct timespec expire_time, ts1, ts2, ts3, dts;
> + struct pps_generator_pp *dev;
> + struct parport *port;
> + long lim, delta;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + /* NB: approx time with blocked interrupts =
> + SEND_DELAY + 3 * SAFETY_INTERVAL */
> + local_irq_save(flags);
> +
> + /* first of all we get the time stamp... */
> + getnstimeofday(&ts1);
> + expire_time = ktime_to_timespec(timer->_expires);
> + dev = container_of(timer, struct pps_generator_pp, timer);
> + lim = NSEC_PER_SEC - SEND_DELAY - dev->port_write_time;
> +
> + /* check if we are late */
> + if (expire_time.tv_sec != ts1.tv_sec || ts1.tv_nsec > lim) {
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> + pr_err(DRVNAME ": we are late this time %ld.%09ld\n",
> + ts1.tv_sec, ts1.tv_nsec);
> + goto done;
> + }
> +
> + /* busy loop until the time is right for an assert edge */
> + do {
> + getnstimeofday(&ts2);
> + } while (expire_time.tv_sec == ts2.tv_sec && ts2.tv_nsec < lim);
> +
> + /* set the signal */
> + port = dev->pardev->port;
> + port->ops->write_control(port, SIGNAL);
> +
> + /* busy loop until the time is right for a clear edge */
> + lim = NSEC_PER_SEC - dev->port_write_time;
> + do {
> + getnstimeofday(&ts2);
> + } while (expire_time.tv_sec == ts2.tv_sec && ts2.tv_nsec < lim);
> +
> + /* unset the signal */
> + port->ops->write_control(port, NO_SIGNAL);
> +
> + getnstimeofday(&ts3);
> +
> + local_irq_restore(flags);
> +
> + /* update calibrated port write time */
> + dts = timespec_sub(ts3, ts2);
> + dev->port_write_time =
> + (dev->port_write_time + timespec_to_ns(&dts)) >> 1;
> +
> +done:
> + /* update calibrated hrtimer error */
> + dts = timespec_sub(ts1, expire_time);
> + delta = timespec_to_ns(&dts);
> + /* If the new error value is bigger then the old, use the new
> + * value, if not then slowly move towards the new value. This
> + * way it should be safe in bad conditions and efficient in
> + * good conditions.
> + */
> + if (delta >= hrtimer_error)
> + hrtimer_error = delta;
> + else
> + hrtimer_error = (3 * hrtimer_error + delta) >> 2;
> +
> + /* update the hrtimer expire time */
> + hrtimer_set_expires(timer,
> + ktime_set(expire_time.tv_sec + 1,
> + NSEC_PER_SEC - (SEND_DELAY +
> + dev->port_write_time + SAFETY_INTERVAL +
> + 2 * hrtimer_error)));
> +
> + return HRTIMER_RESTART;
> +}
> +
> +/* calibrate port write time */
> +#define PORT_NTESTS_SHIFT 5
> +static void calibrate_port(struct pps_generator_pp *dev)
> +{
> + struct parport *port = dev->pardev->port;
> + int i;
> + long acc = 0;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < (1 << PORT_NTESTS_SHIFT); i++) {
> + struct timespec a, b;
> + unsigned long irq_flags;
> +
> + local_irq_save(irq_flags);
> + getnstimeofday(&a);
> + port->ops->write_control(port, NO_SIGNAL);
> + getnstimeofday(&b);
> + local_irq_restore(irq_flags);
> +
> + b = timespec_sub(b, a);
> + acc += timespec_to_ns(&b);
> + }
> +
> + dev->port_write_time = acc >> PORT_NTESTS_SHIFT;
> + pr_info(DRVNAME ": port write takes %ldns\n", dev->port_write_time);
> +}
> +
> +static inline ktime_t next_intr_time(struct pps_generator_pp *dev)
> +{
> + struct timespec ts;
> +
> + getnstimeofday(&ts);
> +
> + return ktime_set(ts.tv_sec +
> + ((ts.tv_nsec > 990 * NSEC_PER_MSEC) ? 1 : 0),
> + NSEC_PER_SEC - (SEND_DELAY +
> + dev->port_write_time + 3 * SAFETY_INTERVAL));
> +}
> +
> +static void parport_attach(struct parport *port)
> +{
> + if (attached) {
> + /* we already have a port */
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + device.pardev = parport_register_device(port, DRVNAME,
> + NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, &device);
> + if (!device.pardev) {
> + pr_err(DRVNAME ": couldn't register with %s\n", port->name);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + if (parport_claim_or_block(device.pardev) < 0) {
> + pr_err(DRVNAME ": couldn't claim %s\n", port->name);
> + goto err_unregister_dev;
> + }
> +
> + pr_info(DRVNAME ": attached to %s\n", port->name);
> + attached = 1;
> +
> + calibrate_port(&device);
> +
> + hrtimer_init(&device.timer, CLOCK_REALTIME, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
> + device.timer.function = hrtimer_event;
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RT
> + /* hrtimer interrupt will run in the interrupt context with this */
> + device.timer.irqsafe = 1;
> +#endif
> +
> + hrtimer_start(&device.timer, next_intr_time(&device), HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
> +
> + return;
> +
> +err_unregister_dev:
> + parport_unregister_device(device.pardev);
> +}
> +
> +static void parport_detach(struct parport *port)
> +{
> + if (port->cad != device.pardev)
> + /* not our port */
> + return;

Please use:

if (port->cad != device.pardev)
return; /* not our port */
> +
> + hrtimer_cancel(&device.timer);
> + parport_release(device.pardev);
> + parport_unregister_device(device.pardev);
> +}
> +
> +static struct parport_driver pps_gen_parport_driver = {
> + .name = DRVNAME,
> + .attach = parport_attach,
> + .detach = parport_detach,
> +};
> +
> +/* module staff */
> +
> +static int __init pps_gen_parport_init(void)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + pr_info(DRVNAME ": " DRVDESC "\n");
> +
> + ret = parport_register_driver(&pps_gen_parport_driver);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_err(DRVNAME ": unable to register with parport\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit pps_gen_parport_exit(void)
> +{
> + parport_unregister_driver(&pps_gen_parport_driver);
> + pr_info(DRVNAME ": hrtimer avg error is %ldns\n", hrtimer_error);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(pps_gen_parport_init);
> +module_exit(pps_gen_parport_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Alexander Gordeev <lasaine@lvk.cs.msu.su>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRVDESC);
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> --
> 1.6.6.1
>

--

GNU/Linux Solutions e-mail: giometti@enneenne.com
Linux Device Driver giometti@linux.it
Embedded Systems phone: +39 349 2432127
UNIX programming skype: rodolfo.giometti
Freelance ICT Italia - Consulente ICT Italia - www.consulenti-ict.it


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2010-03-01 09:41    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans