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Subject[PWM PATCH 2/7] Emulates PWM hardware using a high-resolution timer and a GPIO pin
Date

Signed-off-by: Bill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>
---
drivers/pwm/gpio.c | 312 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 312 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/gpio.c

diff --git a/drivers/pwm/gpio.c b/drivers/pwm/gpio.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..151536b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/gpio.c
@@ -0,0 +1,312 @@
+/*
+ * drivers/pwm/gpio.c
+ *
+ * Models a single-channel PWM device using a kernel interval timer
+ * and a GPIO pin.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Bill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you may redistribute and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License Version 2, as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307
+ * USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/platform_device.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/gpio.h>
+#include <linux/pwm/pwm.h>
+
+struct gpio_pwm {
+ struct pwm_device pwm;
+ struct hrtimer t;
+ struct work_struct work;
+ pwm_callback_t callback;
+ int gpio;
+ unsigned long polarity : 1;
+ unsigned long active : 1;
+};
+
+static inline struct gpio_pwm *to_gpio_pwm(const struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ return container_of(p->pwm, struct gpio_pwm, pwm);
+}
+
+static void
+gpio_pwm_work (struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = container_of(work, struct gpio_pwm, work);
+
+ if (gp->active)
+ gpio_direction_output(gp->gpio, gp->polarity ? 1 : 0);
+ else
+ gpio_direction_output(gp->gpio, gp->polarity ? 0 : 1);
+}
+
+static enum hrtimer_restart
+gpio_pwm_timeout(struct hrtimer *t)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = container_of(t, struct gpio_pwm, t);
+
+ if (unlikely(gp->pwm.channels[0].duty_ticks == 0))
+ gp->active = 0;
+ else if (unlikely(gp->pwm.channels[0].duty_ticks
+ == gp->pwm.channels[0].period_ticks))
+ gp->active = 1;
+ else
+ gp->active ^= 1;
+
+ if (gpio_cansleep(gp->gpio))
+ schedule_work(&gp->work);
+ else
+ gpio_pwm_work(&gp->work);
+
+ if (!gp->active && gp->pwm.channels[0].callback)
+ gp->pwm.channels[0].callback(&gp->pwm.channels[0]);
+
+ if (unlikely(!gp->active &&
+ (gp->pwm.channels[0].flags & BIT(FLAG_STOP)))) {
+ clear_bit(FLAG_STOP, &gp->pwm.channels[0].flags);
+ complete_all(&gp->pwm.channels[0].complete);
+ return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+ }
+
+ if (gp->active)
+ hrtimer_start(&gp->t,
+ ktime_set(0, gp->pwm.channels[0].duty_ticks),
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ else
+ hrtimer_start(&gp->t,
+ ktime_set(0,gp->pwm.channels[0].period_ticks
+ - gp->pwm.channels[0].duty_ticks),
+ HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
+}
+
+static void gpio_pwm_start(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = to_gpio_pwm(p);
+
+ gp->active = 0;
+ gpio_pwm_timeout(&gp->t);
+ pr_debug("%s:%d start, %lu ticks\n",
+ dev_name(p->pwm->dev), p->chan, p->duty_ticks);
+}
+
+static int
+gpio_pwm_config_nosleep(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = to_gpio_pwm(p);
+ int ret = 0;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&p->lock, flags);
+
+ switch (c->config_mask) {
+
+ case PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS:
+ p->duty_ticks = c->duty_ticks;
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, ":%d duty_ticks %lu\n",
+ p->chan, p->duty_ticks);
+ break;
+
+ case PWM_CONFIG_START:
+ if (!hrtimer_active(&gp->t)) {
+ gpio_pwm_start(p);
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->lock, flags);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int
+gpio_pwm_stop_sync(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = to_gpio_pwm(p);
+ int ret;
+ int was_on = hrtimer_active(&gp->t);
+
+ if (was_on) {
+ do {
+ init_completion(&p->complete);
+ set_bit(FLAG_STOP, &p->flags);
+
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, ":%d waiting on stop_sync completion...\n",
+ p->chan);
+
+ ret = wait_for_completion_interruptible(&p->complete);
+
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, ":%d stop_sync complete (%d)\n",
+ p->chan, ret);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ } while (p->flags & BIT(FLAG_STOP));
+ }
+
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, ":%d stop_sync returning %d\n",
+ p->chan, was_on);
+
+ return was_on;
+}
+
+static int
+gpio_pwm_config(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = to_gpio_pwm(p);
+ int was_on = 0;
+
+ if (p->pwm->config_nosleep) {
+ if (!p->pwm->config_nosleep(p, c))
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ might_sleep();
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, ":%d config_mask %x\n",
+ p->chan, c->config_mask);
+
+ was_on = gpio_pwm_stop_sync(p);
+ if (was_on < 0)
+ return was_on;
+
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS)
+ p->period_ticks = c->period_ticks;
+
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS)
+ p->duty_ticks = c->duty_ticks;
+
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_POLARITY)
+ gp->polarity = c->polarity ? 1 : 0;
+
+ if ((c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_START)
+ || (was_on && !(c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_STOP)))
+ gpio_pwm_start(p);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+gpio_pwm_set_callback(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ pwm_callback_t callback)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = to_gpio_pwm(p);
+ gp->callback = callback;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int
+gpio_pwm_request(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ p->tick_hz = 1000000000UL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __devinit
+gpio_pwm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp;
+ struct gpio_pwm_platform_data *gpd = pdev->dev.platform_data;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ /* TODO: create configfs entries, so users can assign GPIOs to
+ * PWMs at runtime instead of creating a platform_device
+ * specification and rebuilding their kernel */
+
+ if (!gpd || gpio_request(gpd->gpio, dev_name(&pdev->dev)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ gp = kzalloc(sizeof(*gp), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!gp) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_alloc;
+ }
+
+ platform_set_drvdata(pdev, gp);
+
+ gp->pwm.dev = &pdev->dev;
+ gp->pwm.bus_id = dev_name(&pdev->dev);
+ gp->pwm.nchan = 1;
+ gp->gpio = gpd->gpio;
+
+ INIT_WORK(&gp->work, gpio_pwm_work);
+
+ hrtimer_init(&gp->t, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
+ gp->t.function = gpio_pwm_timeout;
+
+ gp->pwm.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+ gp->pwm.config_nosleep = gpio_pwm_config_nosleep;
+ gp->pwm.config = gpio_pwm_config;
+ gp->pwm.request = gpio_pwm_request;
+ gp->pwm.set_callback = gpio_pwm_set_callback;
+
+ ret = pwm_register(&gp->pwm);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_pwm_register;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_pwm_register:
+ kfree(gp);
+err_alloc:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int __devexit
+gpio_pwm_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
+{
+ struct gpio_pwm *gp = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = pwm_unregister(&gp->pwm);
+ hrtimer_cancel(&gp->t);
+ cancel_work_sync(&gp->work);
+ kfree(gp);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct platform_driver gpio_pwm_driver = {
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "gpio_pwm",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ },
+ .probe = gpio_pwm_probe,
+ .remove = __devexit_p(gpio_pwm_remove),
+};
+
+static int __init gpio_pwm_init(void)
+{
+ return platform_driver_register(&gpio_pwm_driver);
+}
+module_init(gpio_pwm_init);
+
+static void __exit gpio_pwm_exit(void)
+{
+ platform_driver_unregister(&gpio_pwm_driver);
+}
+module_exit(gpio_pwm_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Bill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("PWM output using GPIO and a high-resolution timer");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_ALIAS("platform:gpio_pwm");
--
1.6.5


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