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SubjectRe: mdadm software raid + ext4, capped at ~350MiB/s limitation/bug?
On Sat, 27 Feb 2010 08:47:48 -0500 (EST)
Justin Piszcz <jpiszcz@lucidpixels.com> wrote:

> Hello,
>
> I have two separate systems and with ext4 I cannot get speeds greater than
> ~350MiB/s when using ext4 as the filesystem on top of a raid5 or raid0.
> It appears to be a bug with ext4 (or its just that ext4 is slower for this
> test)?
>
> Each system runs 2.6.33 x86_64.

Could be related to the recent implementation of IO barriers in md.
Can you try mounting your filesystem with
-o barrier=0

and see how that changes the result.

NeilBrown


>
> Can someone please confirm?
>
> Here is ext4:
>
> # dd if=/dev/zero of=bigfile bs=1M count=10240
> 10240+0 records in
> 10240+0 records out
> 10737418240 bytes (11 GB) copied, 29.8556 s, 360 MB/s
>
> The result is the same regardless of the RAID type (RAID-5 or RAID-0)
>
> Note, this is not a bandwidth problem:
>
> # dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/md0 bs=1M count=10240
> 10240+0 records in
> 10240+0 records out
> 10737418240 bytes (11 GB) copied, 17.6871 s, 607 MB/s
>
> With XFS:
>
> p63:~# mkfs.xfs -f /dev/md0
> p63:~# mount /dev/md0 /r1
> p63:~# cd /r1
> 10240+0 records in
> 10240+0 records out
> 10737418240 bytes (11 GB) copied, 17.6078 s, 610 MB/s
>
> NOTE: With a HW raid controller (OR using XFS), I can get > 500 MiB/s,
> this problem only occurs with SW raid (Linux/mdadm).
>
> Example (3ware 9650SE-16PML RAID-6, 15 drives (using EXT4)
> $ dd if=/dev/zero of=bigfile bs=1M count=10240
> 10240+0 records in
> 10240+0 records out
> 10737418240 bytes (11 GB) copied, 21.1729 s, 507 MB/s
>
> Justin.
> --
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