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Subject[PWM PATCH 1/5] API to consolidate PWM devices behind a common user and kernel interface
Date

Signed-off-by: Bill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>
---
Documentation/pwm.txt | 260 +++++++++++++++++++
drivers/pwm/pwm.c | 633 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/pwm.h | 31 ---
include/linux/pwm/pwm.h | 170 +++++++++++++
4 files changed, 1063 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/pwm.txt
create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/pwm.c
delete mode 100644 include/linux/pwm.h
create mode 100644 include/linux/pwm/pwm.h
diff --git a/Documentation/pwm.txt b/Documentation/pwm.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2c41ca5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/pwm.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,260 @@
+ Generic PWM Device API
+
+ February 1, 2010
+ Bill Gatliff
+ <bgat@billgatliff.com>
+
+
+
+The code in drivers/pwm and include/linux/pwm/ implements an API for
+applications involving pulse-width-modulation signals. This document
+describes how the API implementation facilitates both PWM-generating
+devices, and users of those devices.
+
+
+
+Motivation
+
+The primary goals for implementing the "generic PWM API" are to
+consolidate the various PWM implementations within a consistent and
+redundancy-reducing framework, and to facilitate the use of
+hotpluggable PWM devices.
+
+Previous PWM-related implementations within the Linux kernel achieved
+their consistency via cut-and-paste, but did not need to (and didn't)
+facilitate more than one PWM-generating device within the system---
+hotplug or otherwise. The Generic PWM Device API might be most
+appropriately viewed as an update to those implementations, rather
+than a complete rewrite.
+
+
+
+Challenges
+
+One of the difficulties in implementing a generic PWM framework is the
+fact that pulse-width-modulation applications involve real-world
+signals, which often must be carefully managed to prevent destruction
+of hardware that is linked to those signals. A DC motor that
+experiences a brief interruption in the PWM signal controlling it
+might destructively overheat; it could suddenly change speed, losing
+synchronization with a sensor; it could even suddenly change direction
+or torque, breaking the mechanical device connected to it.
+
+(A generic PWM device framework is not directly responsible for
+preventing the above scenarios: that responsibility lies with the
+hardware designer, and the application and driver authors. But it
+must to the greatest extent possible make it easy to avoid such
+problems).
+
+A generic PWM device framework must accommodate the substantial
+differences between available PWM-generating hardware devices, without
+becoming sub-optimal for any of them.
+
+Finally, a generic PWM device framework must be relatively
+lightweight, computationally speaking. Some PWM users demand
+high-speed outputs, plus the ability to regulate those outputs
+quickly. A device framework must be able to "keep up" with such
+hardware, while still leaving time to do real work.
+
+The Generic PWM Device API is an attempt to meet all of the above
+requirements. At its initial publication, the API was already in use
+managing small DC motors, sensors and solenoids through a
+custom-designed, optically-isolated H-bridge driver.
+
+
+
+Functional Overview
+
+The Generic PWM Device API framework is implemented in
+include/linux/pwm/pwm.h and drivers/pwm/pwm.c. The functions therein
+use information from pwm_device, pwm_channel and pwm_channel_config
+structures to invoke services in PWM peripheral device drivers.
+Consult drivers/pwm/atmel-pwm.c for an example driver.
+
+There are two classes of adopters of the PWM framework:
+
+ "Users" -- those wishing to employ the API merely to produce PWM
+ signals; once they have identified the appropriate physical output
+ on the platform in question, they don't care about the details of
+ the underlying hardware
+
+ "Driver authors" -- those wishing to bind devices that can generate
+ PWM signals to the Generic PWM Device API, so that the services of
+ those devices become available to users. Assuming the hardware can
+ support the needs of a user, driver authors don't care about the
+ details of the user's application
+
+Generally speaking, users will first invoke pwm_request() to obtain a
+handle to a PWM device. They will then pass that handle to functions
+like pwm_duty_ns() and pwm_period_ns() to set the duty cycle and
+period of the PWM signal, respectively. They will also invoke
+pwm_start() and pwm_stop() to turn the signal on and off.
+
+The Generic PWM API framework also provides a sysfs interface to PWM
+devices, which is adequate for basic application needs and testing.
+
+Driver authors fill out a pwm_device structure, which describes the
+capabilities of the PWM hardware being constructed--- including the
+number of distinct output "channels" the peripheral offers. They then
+invoke pwm_register() (usually from within their device's probe()
+handler) to make the PWM API aware of their device. The framework
+will call back to the methods described in the pwm_device structure as
+users begin to configure and utilize the hardware.
+
+Note that PWM signals can be produced by a variety of peripherals,
+beyond the true "PWM hardware" offered by many system-on-chip devices.
+Other possibilities include timer/counters with compare-match
+capabilities, carefully-programmed synchronous serial ports
+(e.g. SPI), and GPIO pins driven by kernel interval timers. With a
+proper pwm_device structure, these devices and pseudo-devices can all
+be accommodated by the Generic PWM Device API framework.
+
+
+
+Using the API to Generate PWM Signals -- Basic Functions for Users
+
+
+pwm_request() -- Returns a pwm_channel pointer, which is subsequently
+passed to the other user-related PWM functions. Once requested, a PWM
+channel is marked as in-use and subsequent requests prior to
+pwm_free() will fail.
+
+The names used to refer to PWM devices are defined by driver authors.
+Typically they are platform device bus identifiers, and this
+convention is encouraged for consistency.
+
+
+pwm_free() -- Marks a PWM channel as no longer in use. The PWM device
+is stopped before it is released by the API.
+
+
+pwm_period_ns() -- Specifies the PWM signal's period, in nanoseconds.
+
+
+pwm_duty_ns() -- Specifies the PWM signal's active duration, in nanoseconds.
+
+
+pwm_duty_percent() -- Specifies the PWM signal's active duration, as a
+percentage of the current period of the signal. NOTE: this value is
+not recalculated if the period of the signal is subsequently changed.
+
+
+pwm_start(), pwm_stop() -- Turns the PWM signal on and off. Except
+where stated otherwise by a driver author, signals are stopped at the
+end of the current period, at which time the output is set to its
+inactive state.
+
+
+pwm_polarity() -- Defines whether the PWM signal output's active
+region is "1" or "0". A 10% duty-cycle, polarity=1 signal will
+conventionally be at 5V (or 3.3V, or 1000V, or whatever the platform
+hardware does) for 10% of the period. The same configuration of a
+polarity=0 signal will be at 5V (or 3.3V, or ...) for 90% of the
+period.
+
+
+
+Using the API to Generate PWM Signals -- Advanced Functions
+
+
+pwm_config() -- Passes a pwm_channel_config structure to the
+associated device driver. This function is invoked by pwm_start(),
+pwm_duty_ns(), etc. and is one of two main entry points to the PWM
+driver for the hardware being used. The configuration change is
+guaranteed atomic if multiple configuration changes are specified.
+This function might sleep, depending on what the device driver has to
+do to satisfy the request. All PWM device drivers must support this
+entry point.
+
+
+pwm_config_nosleep() -- Passes a pwm_channel_config structure to the
+associated device driver. If the driver must sleep in order to
+implement the requested configuration change, -EWOULDBLOCK is
+returned. Users may call this function from interrupt handlers, for
+example. This is the other main entry point into the PWM hardware
+driver, but not all device drivers support this entry point.
+
+
+pwm_synchronize(), pwm_unsynchronize() -- "Synchronizes" two or more
+PWM channels, if the underlying hardware permits. (If it doesn't, the
+framework facilitates emulating this capability but it is not yet
+implemented). Synchronized channels will start and stop
+simultaneously when any single channel in the group is started or
+stopped. Use pwm_unsynchronize(..., NULL) to completely detach a
+channel from any other synchronized channels. By default, all PWM
+channels are unsynchronized.
+
+
+pwm_set_handler() -- Defines an end-of-period callback. The indicated
+function will be invoked in a worker thread at the end of each PWM
+period, and can subsequently invoke pwm_config(), etc. Must be used
+with extreme care for high-speed PWM outputs. Set the handler
+function to NULL to un-set the handler.
+
+
+
+Implementing a PWM Device API Driver -- Functions for Driver Authors
+
+
+Fill out the appropriate fields in a pwm_device structure, and submit
+to pwm_register():
+
+
+bus_id -- the plain-text name of the device. Users will bind to a
+channel on the device using this name plus the channel number. For
+example, the Atmel PWMC's bus_id is "atmel_pwmc", the same as used by
+the platform device driver (recommended). The first device registered
+thereby receives bus_id "atmel_pwmc.0", which is what you put in
+pwm_device.bus_id. Channels are then named "atmel_pwmc.0:[0-3]".
+(Hint: just use pdev->dev.bus_id in your probe() method).
+
+
+nchan -- the number of distinct output channels provided by the device.
+
+
+request -- (optional) Invoked each time a user requests a channel.
+Use to turn on clocks, clean up register states, etc. The framework
+takes care of device locking/unlocking; you will see only successful
+requests.
+
+
+free -- (optional) Callback for each time a user relinquishes a
+channel. The framework will have already stopped, unsynchronized and
+un-handled the channel. Use to turn off clocks, etc. as necessary.
+
+
+synchronize, unsynchronize -- (optional) Callbacks to
+synchronize/unsynchronize channels. Some devices provide this
+capability in hardware; for others, it can be emulated (see
+atmel_pwmc.c's sync_mask for an example).
+
+
+set_callback -- (optional) Invoked when a user requests a handler. If
+the hardware supports an end-of-period interrupt, invoke the function
+indicated during your interrupt handler. The callback function itself
+is always internal to the API, and does not map directly to the user's
+callback function.
+
+
+config -- Invoked to change the device configuration, always from a
+sleep-capable context. All the changes indicated must be performed
+atomically, ideally synchronized to an end-of-period event (so that
+you avoid short or long output pulses). You may sleep, etc. as
+necessary within this function.
+
+
+config_nosleep -- (optional) Invoked to change device configuration
+from within a context that is not allowed to sleep. If you cannot
+perform the requested configuration changes without sleeping, return
+-EWOULDBLOCK.
+
+
+
+Acknowledgements
+
+
+The author expresses his gratitude to the countless developers who
+have reviewed and submitted feedback on the various versions of the
+Generic PWM Device API code, and those who have submitted drivers and
+applications that use the framework. You know who you are. ;)
+
diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f369384
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,633 @@
+/*
+ * drivers/pwm/pwm.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Bill Gatliff <bgat@billgatliff.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you may redistribute and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307
+ * USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/pwm/pwm.h>
+
+static int __pwm_create_sysfs(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+
+static LIST_HEAD(pwm_device_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(device_list_mutex);
+static struct class pwm_class;
+static struct workqueue_struct *pwm_handler_workqueue;
+
+int pwm_register(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p;
+ int wchan;
+ int ret;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&pwm->list_lock);
+
+ p = kcalloc(pwm->nchan, sizeof(*p), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!p)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (wchan = 0; wchan < pwm->nchan; wchan++) {
+ spin_lock_init(&p[wchan].lock);
+ init_completion(&p[wchan].complete);
+ p[wchan].chan = wchan;
+ p[wchan].pwm = pwm;
+ }
+
+ pwm->channels = p;
+
+ mutex_lock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ list_add_tail(&pwm->list, &pwm_device_list);
+ ret = __pwm_create_sysfs(pwm);
+ if (ret) {
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+ goto err_create_sysfs;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ dev_info(pwm->dev, "%d channel%s\n", pwm->nchan,
+ pwm->nchan > 1 ? "s" : "");
+ return 0;
+
+err_create_sysfs:
+ kfree(p);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_register);
+
+static int __match_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ return dev_get_drvdata(dev) == data;
+}
+
+int pwm_unregister(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ int wchan;
+ struct device *dev;
+
+ mutex_lock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ for (wchan = 0; wchan < pwm->nchan; wchan++) {
+ if (pwm->channels[wchan].flags & FLAG_REQUESTED) {
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (wchan = 0; wchan < pwm->nchan; wchan++) {
+ dev = class_find_device(&pwm_class, NULL,
+ &pwm->channels[wchan],
+ __match_device);
+ if (dev) {
+ put_device(dev);
+ device_unregister(dev);
+ }
+ }
+
+ kfree(pwm->channels);
+ list_del(&pwm->list);
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_unregister);
+
+static struct pwm_device *
+__pwm_find_device(const char *bus_id)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *p;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(p, &pwm_device_list, list) {
+ if (!strcmp(bus_id, p->bus_id))
+ return p;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int
+__pwm_request_channel(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ const char *requester)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &p->flags))
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ if (p->pwm->request) {
+ ret = p->pwm->request(p);
+ if (ret) {
+ clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &p->flags);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ p->requester = requester;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct pwm_channel *
+pwm_request(const char *bus_id,
+ int chan,
+ const char *requester)
+{
+ struct pwm_device *p;
+ int ret;
+
+ mutex_lock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ p = __pwm_find_device(bus_id);
+ if (!p || chan >= p->nchan)
+ goto err_no_device;
+
+ if (!try_module_get(p->owner))
+ goto err_module_get_failed;
+
+ ret = __pwm_request_channel(&p->channels[chan], requester);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_request_failed;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+ return &p->channels[chan];
+
+err_request_failed:
+ module_put(p->owner);
+err_module_get_failed:
+err_no_device:
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+ return NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_request);
+
+void pwm_free(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ if (!test_and_clear_bit(FLAG_REQUESTED, &p->flags))
+ goto done;
+
+ pwm_stop(p);
+ pwm_unsynchronize(p, NULL);
+ pwm_set_handler(p, NULL, NULL);
+
+ if (p->pwm->free)
+ p->pwm->free(p);
+ module_put(p->pwm->owner);
+done:
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_free);
+
+unsigned long pwm_ns_to_ticks(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ unsigned long nsecs)
+{
+ unsigned long long ticks;
+
+ ticks = nsecs;
+ ticks *= p->tick_hz;
+ do_div(ticks, 1000000000);
+ return ticks;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_ns_to_ticks);
+
+unsigned long pwm_ticks_to_ns(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ unsigned long ticks)
+{
+ unsigned long long ns;
+
+ if (!p->tick_hz)
+ return 0;
+
+ ns = ticks;
+ ns *= 1000000000UL;
+ do_div(ns, p->tick_hz);
+ return ns;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_ticks_to_ns);
+
+static void
+pwm_config_ns_to_ticks(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_NS) {
+ c->period_ticks = pwm_ns_to_ticks(p, c->period_ns);
+ c->config_mask &= ~PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_NS;
+ c->config_mask |= PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS;
+ }
+
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_NS) {
+ c->duty_ticks = pwm_ns_to_ticks(p, c->duty_ns);
+ c->config_mask &= ~PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_NS;
+ c->config_mask |= PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS;
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+pwm_config_percent_to_ticks(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_PERCENT) {
+ if (c->config_mask & PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS)
+ c->duty_ticks = c->period_ticks;
+ else
+ c->duty_ticks = p->period_ticks;
+
+ c->duty_ticks *= c->duty_percent;
+ c->duty_ticks /= 100;
+ c->config_mask &= ~PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_PERCENT;
+ c->config_mask |= PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS;
+ }
+}
+
+int pwm_config_nosleep(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ if (!p->pwm->config_nosleep)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pwm_config_ns_to_ticks(p, c);
+ pwm_config_percent_to_ticks(p, c);
+
+ return p->pwm->config_nosleep(p, c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_config_nosleep);
+
+int pwm_config(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (unlikely(!p->pwm->config))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ pwm_config_ns_to_ticks(p, c);
+ pwm_config_percent_to_ticks(p, c);
+
+ switch (c->config_mask & (PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS
+ | PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS)) {
+ case PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS:
+ if (p->duty_ticks > c->period_ticks) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ break;
+ case PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS:
+ if (p->period_ticks < c->duty_ticks) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ break;
+ case PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS | PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS:
+ if (c->duty_ticks > c->period_ticks) {
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto err;
+ }
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+err:
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, "%s: config_mask %d period_ticks %lu duty_ticks %lu"
+ " polarity %d duty_ns %lu period_ns %lu duty_percent %d\n",
+ __func__, c->config_mask, c->period_ticks, c->duty_ticks,
+ c->polarity, c->duty_ns, c->period_ns, c->duty_percent);
+
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ return p->pwm->config(p, c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_config);
+
+int pwm_set_period_ns(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ unsigned long period_ns)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS,
+ .period_ticks = pwm_ns_to_ticks(p, period_ns),
+ };
+
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_set_period_ns);
+
+unsigned long pwm_get_period_ns(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ return pwm_ticks_to_ns(p, p->period_ticks);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_get_period_ns);
+
+int pwm_set_duty_ns(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ unsigned long duty_ns)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS,
+ .duty_ticks = pwm_ns_to_ticks(p, duty_ns),
+ };
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_set_duty_ns);
+
+unsigned long pwm_get_duty_ns(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ return pwm_ticks_to_ns(p, p->duty_ticks);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_get_duty_ns);
+
+int pwm_set_duty_percent(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ int percent)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_PERCENT,
+ .duty_percent = percent,
+ };
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_set_duty_percent);
+
+int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ int active_high)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_POLARITY,
+ .polarity = active_high,
+ };
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_set_polarity);
+
+int pwm_start(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_START,
+ };
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_start);
+
+int pwm_stop(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel_config c = {
+ .config_mask = PWM_CONFIG_STOP,
+ };
+ return pwm_config(p, &c);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_stop);
+
+int pwm_synchronize(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *to_p)
+{
+ if (p->pwm != to_p->pwm) {
+ /* TODO: support cross-device synchronization */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!p->pwm->synchronize)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return p->pwm->synchronize(p, to_p);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_synchronize);
+
+int pwm_unsynchronize(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *from_p)
+{
+ if (from_p && (p->pwm != from_p->pwm)) {
+ /* TODO: support cross-device synchronization */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!p->pwm->unsynchronize)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return p->pwm->unsynchronize(p, from_p);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_unsynchronize);
+
+static void pwm_handler(struct work_struct *w)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = container_of(w, struct pwm_channel,
+ handler_work);
+ if (p->handler && p->handler(p, p->handler_data))
+ pwm_stop(p);
+}
+
+static void __pwm_callback(struct pwm_channel *p)
+{
+ queue_work(pwm_handler_workqueue, &p->handler_work);
+ dev_dbg(p->pwm->dev, "handler %p scheduled with data %p\n",
+ p->handler, p->handler_data);
+}
+
+int pwm_set_handler(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ pwm_handler_t handler,
+ void *data)
+{
+ if (p->pwm->set_callback) {
+ p->handler_data = data;
+ p->handler = handler;
+ INIT_WORK(&p->handler_work, pwm_handler);
+ return p->pwm->set_callback(p, handler ? __pwm_callback : NULL);
+ }
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(pwm_set_handler);
+
+static ssize_t pwm_run_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ if (sysfs_streq(buf, "1"))
+ pwm_start(p);
+ else if (sysfs_streq(buf, "0"))
+ pwm_stop(p);
+ return len;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(run, 0200, NULL, pwm_run_store);
+
+static ssize_t pwm_duty_ns_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", pwm_get_duty_ns(p));
+}
+
+static ssize_t pwm_duty_ns_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ unsigned long duty_ns;
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (1 == sscanf(buf, "%lu", &duty_ns))
+ pwm_set_duty_ns(p, duty_ns);
+ return len;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(duty_ns, 0644, pwm_duty_ns_show, pwm_duty_ns_store);
+
+static ssize_t pwm_period_ns_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%lu\n", pwm_get_period_ns(p));
+}
+
+static ssize_t pwm_period_ns_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ unsigned long period_ns;
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (1 == sscanf(buf, "%lu", &period_ns))
+ pwm_set_period_ns(p, period_ns);
+ return len;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(period_ns, 0644, pwm_period_ns_show, pwm_period_ns_store);
+
+static ssize_t pwm_polarity_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", p->active_low ? 0 : 1);
+}
+
+static ssize_t pwm_polarity_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ int polarity;
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+
+ if (1 == sscanf(buf, "%d", &polarity))
+ pwm_set_polarity(p, polarity);
+ return len;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(polarity, 0644, pwm_polarity_show, pwm_polarity_store);
+
+static ssize_t pwm_request_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ mutex_lock(&device_list_mutex);
+ __pwm_request_channel(p, "sysfs");
+ mutex_unlock(&device_list_mutex);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", p->requester);
+}
+
+static ssize_t pwm_request_store(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr,
+ const char *buf,
+ size_t len)
+{
+ struct pwm_channel *p = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ pwm_free(p);
+ return len;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(request, 0644, pwm_request_show, pwm_request_store);
+
+static const struct attribute *pwm_attrs[] =
+{
+ &dev_attr_run.attr,
+ &dev_attr_polarity.attr,
+ &dev_attr_duty_ns.attr,
+ &dev_attr_period_ns.attr,
+ &dev_attr_request.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group pwm_device_attr_group = {
+ .attrs = (struct attribute **)pwm_attrs,
+};
+
+static int __pwm_create_sysfs(struct pwm_device *pwm)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+ struct device *dev;
+ int wchan;
+
+ for (wchan = 0; wchan < pwm->nchan; wchan++) {
+ dev = device_create(&pwm_class, pwm->dev, MKDEV(0, 0),
+ pwm->channels + wchan,
+ "%s:%d", pwm->bus_id, wchan);
+ if (!dev)
+ goto err_dev_create;
+ ret = sysfs_create_group(&dev->kobj, &pwm_device_attr_group);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_dev_create;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+
+err_dev_create:
+ for (wchan = 0; wchan < pwm->nchan; wchan++) {
+ dev = class_find_device(&pwm_class, NULL,
+ &pwm->channels[wchan],
+ __match_device);
+ if (dev) {
+ put_device(dev);
+ device_unregister(dev);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static struct class_attribute pwm_class_attrs[] = {
+ __ATTR_NULL,
+};
+
+static struct class pwm_class = {
+ .name = "pwm",
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+
+ .class_attrs = pwm_class_attrs,
+};
+
+static int __init pwm_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* TODO: how to deal with devices that register very early? */
+
+ ret = class_register(&pwm_class);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ pwm_handler_workqueue = create_workqueue("pwmd");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+postcore_initcall(pwm_init);
diff --git a/include/linux/pwm.h b/include/linux/pwm.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 7c77575..0000000
--- a/include/linux/pwm.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,31 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef __LINUX_PWM_H
-#define __LINUX_PWM_H
-
-struct pwm_device;
-
-/*
- * pwm_request - request a PWM device
- */
-struct pwm_device *pwm_request(int pwm_id, const char *label);
-
-/*
- * pwm_free - free a PWM device
- */
-void pwm_free(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-
-/*
- * pwm_config - change a PWM device configuration
- */
-int pwm_config(struct pwm_device *pwm, int duty_ns, int period_ns);
-
-/*
- * pwm_enable - start a PWM output toggling
- */
-int pwm_enable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-
-/*
- * pwm_disable - stop a PWM output toggling
- */
-void pwm_disable(struct pwm_device *pwm);
-
-#endif /* __LINUX_PWM_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/pwm/pwm.h b/include/linux/pwm/pwm.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..848cd76
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/pwm/pwm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,170 @@
+#ifndef __LINUX_PWM_H
+#define __LINUX_PWM_H
+
+/*
+ * include/linux/pwm.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Bill Gatliff
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+
+enum {
+ PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_TICKS = BIT(0),
+ PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_TICKS = BIT(1),
+ PWM_CONFIG_POLARITY = BIT(2),
+ PWM_CONFIG_START = BIT(3),
+ PWM_CONFIG_STOP = BIT(4),
+
+ PWM_CONFIG_HANDLER = BIT(5),
+
+ PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_NS = BIT(6),
+ PWM_CONFIG_DUTY_PERCENT = BIT(7),
+ PWM_CONFIG_PERIOD_NS = BIT(8),
+};
+
+struct pwm_channel;
+struct work_struct;
+
+typedef int (*pwm_handler_t)(struct pwm_channel *p, void *data);
+typedef void (*pwm_callback_t)(struct pwm_channel *p);
+
+struct pwm_channel_config {
+ int config_mask;
+ unsigned long duty_ticks;
+ unsigned long period_ticks;
+ int polarity;
+
+ pwm_handler_t handler;
+
+ unsigned long duty_ns;
+ unsigned long period_ns;
+ int duty_percent;
+};
+
+struct pwm_device {
+ struct list_head list;
+ spinlock_t list_lock;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct module *owner;
+ struct pwm_channel *channels;
+
+ const char *bus_id;
+ int nchan;
+
+ int (*request) (struct pwm_channel *p);
+ void (*free) (struct pwm_channel *p);
+ int (*config) (struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c);
+ int (*config_nosleep)(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c);
+ int (*synchronize) (struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *to_p);
+ int (*unsynchronize)(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *from_p);
+ int (*set_callback) (struct pwm_channel *p,
+ pwm_callback_t callback);
+};
+
+int pwm_register(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+int pwm_unregister(struct pwm_device *pwm);
+
+enum {
+ FLAG_REQUESTED = 0,
+ FLAG_STOP = 1,
+};
+
+struct pwm_channel {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct pwm_device *pwm;
+ const char *requester;
+ int chan;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ unsigned long tick_hz;
+
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct completion complete;
+
+ pwm_callback_t callback;
+
+ struct work_struct handler_work;
+ pwm_handler_t handler;
+ void *handler_data;
+
+ int active_low;
+ unsigned long period_ticks;
+ unsigned long duty_ticks;
+};
+
+struct gpio_pwm_platform_data {
+ int gpio;
+};
+
+struct pwm_channel *
+pwm_request(const char *bus_id, int chan,
+ const char *requester);
+
+void pwm_free(struct pwm_channel *pwm);
+
+int pwm_config_nosleep(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c);
+
+int pwm_config(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ struct pwm_channel_config *c);
+
+unsigned long pwm_ns_to_ticks(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ unsigned long nsecs);
+
+unsigned long pwm_ticks_to_ns(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ unsigned long ticks);
+
+int pwm_set_period_ns(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ unsigned long period_ns);
+
+unsigned long int pwm_get_period_ns(struct pwm_channel *pwm);
+
+int pwm_set_duty_ns(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ unsigned long duty_ns);
+
+int pwm_set_duty_percent(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ int percent);
+
+unsigned long pwm_get_duty_ns(struct pwm_channel *pwm);
+
+int pwm_set_polarity(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ int active_high);
+
+int pwm_start(struct pwm_channel *pwm);
+
+int pwm_stop(struct pwm_channel *pwm);
+
+int pwm_set_handler(struct pwm_channel *pwm,
+ pwm_handler_t handler,
+ void *data);
+
+int pwm_synchronize(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *to_p);
+
+
+int pwm_unsynchronize(struct pwm_channel *p,
+ struct pwm_channel *from_p);
+
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_PWM_H */
--
1.6.5


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