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SubjectRe: "x86: allocate space within a region top-down" causes bar0 access issue
On Fri, Dec 17, 2010 at 04:17:54PM -0800, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Friday, December 17, 2010 04:12:11 pm Jon Mason wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 17, 2010 at 12:16:12PM -0800, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > On Friday, December 17, 2010 12:44:58 pm Jon Mason wrote:
> > > > The following patch is causing problem with the vxge driver/adapter on
> > > > HP x86-64 systems. Reads to bar0 to return 0xffffffffffffffff instead
> > > > of their intended value. This prevents the vxge module from loading
> > > > by failing sanity checks in the driver for certain values in bar0. We
> > > > are not seeing any issues with this patch on non-HP systems in our
> > > > lab.
> > > >
> > > > Can this patch be removed from 2.6.37 until a better solution can be
> > > > found?
> > >
> > > There were several issues related to that patch, and it's about to
> > > be reverted. I am curious about the failure you're seeing, though,
> > > and I'd like to understand the cause and make sure it's one of the
> > > issues I've already investigated.
> > >
> > > Can you send me the complete dmesg log of a failing boot?
> >
> > Below is the dmesg of a failing system.
>
> Thanks. This is interesting. All the reported PCI windows are below 4GB:
>
> > ACPI: PCI Root Bridge [PCI0] (domain 0000 [bus 00-ff])
> > pci_root PNP0A08:00: host bridge window [io 0x0000-0x0bff]
> > pci_root PNP0A08:00: host bridge window [io 0x0d00-0xffff]
> > pci_root PNP0A08:00: host bridge window [mem 0x000a0000-0x000bffff]
> > pci_root PNP0A08:00: host bridge window [mem 0x000d0000-0x000dffff]
> > pci_root PNP0A08:00: host bridge window [mem 0xf0000000-0xffffffff]
>
> But the BIOS configured many devices *above* 4GB (and they probably
> work fine there), so we complain about them, zero out their resources,
> then think they conflict with some PNP devices (which they really
> don't):
>
> > pci 0000:00:1f.3: reg 10: [mem 0xffffffc00-0xffffffcff 64bit]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: reg 10: [mem 0xfff000000-0xfff7fffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: reg 18: [mem 0xfffcfe000-0xfffcfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: reg 20: [mem 0xfffcfc000-0xfffcfdfff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:00:06.0: PCI bridge to [bus 05-05]
> > pci 0000:00:06.0: bridge window [mem 0xfff000000-0xfffcfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:00:1c.0: PCI bridge to [bus 09-0b]
> > pci 0000:00:1c.0: bridge window [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: reg 10: [mem 0xfffef8000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: reg 18: [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffdfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: reg 20: [mem 0xfffef7800-0xfffef7fff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:09:00.0: PCI bridge to [bus 0b-0b]
> > pci 0000:09:00.0: bridge window [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> ...
> > pci 0000:00:06.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfff000000-0xfffcfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:00:1c.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:09:00.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:00:1f.3: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xffffffc00-0xffffffcff 64bit]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfff000000-0xfff7fffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffcfe000-0xfffcfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffcfc000-0xfffcfdfff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffef8000-0xfffefffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffd00000-0xfffdfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:0b:04.0: no compatible bridge window for [mem 0xfffef7800-0xfffef7fff 64bit pref]
> ...
> > pnp 00:0e: disabling [mem 0x00000000-0x0009ffff] because it overlaps 0000:05:00.0 BAR 0 [mem 0x00000000-0x007fffff 64bit pref]
> > pnp 00:0e: disabling [mem 0x000c0000-0x000cffff] because it overlaps 0000:05:00.0 BAR 0 [mem 0x00000000-0x007fffff 64bit pref]
>
> ACPI helpfully tells us that the high 6MB below 4GB is reserved, but
> we don't handle that correctly:
>
> > pnp 00:08: [mem 0xffa00000-0xfffffffe]
> > system 00:08: [mem 0xffa00000-0xfffffffe] could not be reserved
>
> And finally, we drop some of those PCI devices, including the vxge
> device on top of that ACPI PNP0C02 device, which of course doesn't
> work:
>
> > pci 0000:00:06.0: BAR 9: assigned [mem 0xff000000-0xffbfffff 64bit pref]
> > pci 0000:05:00.0: BAR 0: assigned [mem 0xff000000-0xff7fffff 64bit pref]
> > vxge: Reading of hardware info failed.Please try upgrading the firmware.
> > vxge: probe of 0000:05:00.0 failed with error -22
>
> So there's probably a BIOS bug (not reporting the windows above 4GB),
> and definitely a Linux bus (allowing PCI to allocate things on top
> of ACPI devices).
>
> This is a known Linux issue, and the top-down allocation scheme made
> it much more likely that we'd run into problems like this. Reverting
> to bottom-up allocation doesn't fix the problem, but makes it much less
> likely that we'll trip over it.
>
> Thanks a lot for reporting this and collecting the dmesg!

Thanks for taking a look at it. Let me know if there is anything I
can do to help resolve this issue.

Thanks,
Jon

>
> Bjorn

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