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SubjectRe: [PATCH 22/35] writeback: trace global dirty page states
On Fri, Dec 17, 2010 at 02:52:50PM +0800, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> On Fri, 17 Dec 2010, Wu Fengguang wrote:
> > On Mon, Dec 13, 2010 at 10:47:08PM +0800, Wu, Fengguang wrote:
> >
> > > + TP_fast_assign(
> > > + strlcpy(__entry->bdi,
> > > + dev_name(mapping->backing_dev_info->dev), 32);
> > > + __entry->ino = mapping->host->i_ino;
> >
> > I got an oops against the above line on shmem. Can be fixed by the
> > below patch, but still not 100% confident..
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Fengguang
> > ---
> > Subject: writeback fix dereferencing NULL shmem mapping->host
> > Date: Thu Dec 16 22:22:00 CST 2010
> >
> > The oops happens when doing "cp /proc/vmstat /dev/shm". It seems to be
> > triggered on accessing host->i_ino, since the offset of i_ino is exactly
> > 0x50. However I'm afraid the problem is not fully understand
> >
> > 1) it's not normal that tmpfs will have mapping->host == NULL
> >
> > 2) I tried removing the dereference as the below diff, however it
> > didn't stop the oops. This is very weird.
> >
> > TRACE_EVENT balance_dirty_state:
> >
> > TP_fast_assign(
> > strlcpy(__entry->bdi,
> > dev_name(mapping->backing_dev_info->dev), 32);
>
> I believe this line above is actually the problem: you can imagine that
> tmpfs leaves backing_dev_info->dev NULL, and dev_name() appears to

Ah, I didn't notice that obvious fact in shmem_backing_dev_info..

> access dev->init_name at 64-bit offset 0x50 down struct device.

And it's such a coincident that the two lines accessed different
struct members both with offset 0x50 :)

> > - __entry->ino = mapping->host->i_ino;
> > __entry->nr_dirty = nr_dirty;
> > __entry->nr_writeback = nr_writeback;
> > __entry->nr_unstable = nr_unstable;
> ...
> >
> > CC: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk>
>
> I prefer hughd@google.com, but the tiscali address survived unexpectedly.

OK, just updated my alias db.

> > Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
> > ---
> > mm/page-writeback.c | 3 +++
> > 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> >
> > --- linux-next.orig/mm/page-writeback.c 2010-12-17 09:30:11.000000000 +0800
> > +++ linux-next/mm/page-writeback.c 2010-12-17 09:31:05.000000000 +0800
> > @@ -907,6 +907,9 @@ void balance_dirty_pages_ratelimited_nr(
> > {
> > struct backing_dev_info *bdi = mapping->backing_dev_info;
> >
> > + if (!mapping_cap_writeback_dirty(mapping))
> > + return;
> > +
> > current->nr_dirtied += nr_pages_dirtied;
> >
> > if (unlikely(!current->nr_dirtied_pause))
>
> That would not really be the right patch to fix your oops, but it

Then it will also avoid oops in another tracepoint balance_dirty_pages.
([PATCH 21/35] writeback: trace balance_dirty_pages() in this series)

I skipped the backing_dev_info->dev check partly because it's also
referenced in tracepoint balance_dirty_pages. So I did this cure-all
change that makes sense in itself :)

> or something like would be a very sensible patch in its own right:
> looking back through old patches I never got around to sending in,
> I can see I had a very similar one two years ago, to save wasting
> time on dirty page accounting here when it's inappropriate.

It's a pity you didn't submit it.

> Though mine was testing !mapping_cap_account_dirty(mapping).

Sorry I didn't check whether to use mapping_cap_writeback_dirty() or
mapping_cap_account_dirty() -- I just used a random one of them.

Some double checking shows that the end results are the same as for
now: all related parts set both flags at the same time with
BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK. However it does look more sane to use
bdi_cap_account_dirty(bdi). I'll switch to it. Thank you!

Thanks,
Fengguang


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