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Subject[PATCH RFC tip/core/rcu 03/20] rcu: priority boosting for TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
Date
From: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>

Add priority boosting, but only for TINY_PREEMPT_RCU. This is enabled
by the default-off RCU_BOOST kernel parameter. The priority to which to
boost preempted RCU readers is controlled by the RCU_BOOST_PRIO kernel
parameter (defaulting to real-time priority 1) and the time to wait
before boosting the readers blocking a given grace period is controlled
by the RCU_BOOST_DELAY kernel parameter (defaulting to 500 milliseconds).

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paul.mckenney@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/init_task.h | 9 ++-
include/linux/sched.h | 11 ++-
init/Kconfig | 39 +++++++++
kernel/rcutiny.c | 66 ++++++---------
kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h | 208 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
5 files changed, 280 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index 2fea6c8..69f91aa 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -81,6 +81,12 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
*/
# define CAP_INIT_BSET CAP_FULL_SET

+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST() \
+ .rcu_boost_mutex = NULL,
+#else
+#define INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST()
+#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT() \
.rcu_blocked_node = NULL,
@@ -92,7 +98,8 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
.rcu_read_lock_nesting = 0, \
.rcu_read_unlock_special = 0, \
.rcu_node_entry = LIST_HEAD_INIT(tsk.rcu_node_entry), \
- INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT()
+ INIT_TASK_RCU_TREE_PREEMPT() \
+ INIT_TASK_RCU_BOOST()
#else
#define INIT_TASK_RCU_PREEMPT(tsk)
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index e18473f..ed1a9bc 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1210,6 +1210,9 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
struct rcu_node *rcu_blocked_node;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ struct rt_mutex *rcu_boost_mutex;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */

#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
struct sched_info sched_info;
@@ -1745,7 +1748,8 @@ extern void thread_group_times(struct task_struct *p, cputime_t *ut, cputime_t *
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU

#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BLOCKED (1 << 0) /* blocked while in RCU read-side. */
-#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS (1 << 1) /* RCU core needs CPU response. */
+#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED (1 << 1) /* boosted while in RCU read-side. */
+#define RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS (1 << 2) /* RCU core needs CPU response. */

static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
@@ -1753,7 +1757,10 @@ static inline void rcu_copy_process(struct task_struct *p)
p->rcu_read_unlock_special = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
p->rcu_blocked_node = NULL;
-#endif
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ p->rcu_boost_mutex = NULL;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rcu_node_entry);
}

diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index a619a1a..48efefc 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -450,6 +450,45 @@ config TREE_RCU_TRACE
TREE_PREEMPT_RCU implementations, permitting Makefile to
trivially select kernel/rcutree_trace.c.

+config RCU_BOOST
+ bool "Enable RCU priority boosting"
+ depends on RT_MUTEXES && TINY_PREEMPT_RCU
+ default n
+ help
+ This option boosts the priority of preempted RCU readers that
+ block the current preemptible RCU grace period for too long.
+ This option also prevents heavy loads from blocking RCU
+ callback invocation for all flavors of RCU.
+
+ Say Y here if you are working with real-time apps or heavy loads
+ Say N here if you are unsure.
+
+config RCU_BOOST_PRIO
+ int "Real-time priority to boost RCU readers to"
+ range 1 99
+ depends on RCU_BOOST
+ default 1
+ help
+ This option specifies the real-time priority to which preempted
+ RCU readers are to be boosted. If you are working with CPU-bound
+ real-time applications, you should specify a priority higher then
+ the highest-priority CPU-bound application.
+
+ Specify the real-time priority, or take the default if unsure.
+
+config RCU_BOOST_DELAY
+ int "Milliseconds to delay boosting after RCU grace-period start"
+ range 0 3000
+ depends on RCU_BOOST
+ default 500
+ help
+ This option specifies the time to wait after the beginning of
+ a given grace period before priority-boosting preempted RCU
+ readers blocking that grace period. Note that any RCU reader
+ blocking an expedited RCU grace period is boosted immediately.
+
+ Accept the default if unsure.
+
endmenu # "RCU Subsystem"

config IKCONFIG
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
index 86eef29..93d1665 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -36,38 +36,16 @@
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>

-/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
-struct rcu_ctrlblk {
- struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
- struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
- struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
-};
-
-/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
-static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
- .donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
- .curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
-};
-
-static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
- .donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
- .curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
-};
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
-
-/* Controls for rcu_cbs() kthread, replacing RCU_SOFTIRQ used previously. */
-static struct task_struct *rcu_cbs_task;
-static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_cbs_wq);
-static unsigned long have_rcu_cbs;
-static void invoke_rcu_cbs(void);
+/* Controls for rcu_kthread() kthread, replacing RCU_SOFTIRQ used previously. */
+static struct task_struct *rcu_kthread_task;
+static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_kthread_wq);
+static unsigned long have_rcu_kthread_work;
+static void invoke_rcu_kthread(void);

/* Forward declarations for rcutiny_plugin.h. */
+struct rcu_ctrlblk;
static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
-static int rcu_cbs(void *arg);
+static int rcu_kthread(void *arg);
static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp);
@@ -130,7 +108,7 @@ void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
{
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk) +
rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
- invoke_rcu_cbs();
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -139,7 +117,7 @@ void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
{
if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
- invoke_rcu_cbs();
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -201,37 +179,41 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
* This is a kthread, but it is never stopped, at least not until
* the system goes down.
*/
-static int rcu_cbs(void *arg)
+static int rcu_kthread(void *arg)
{
unsigned long work;
+ unsigned long morework;
unsigned long flags;

for (;;) {
- wait_event(rcu_cbs_wq, have_rcu_cbs != 0);
+ wait_event(rcu_kthread_wq, have_rcu_kthread_work != 0);
+ morework = rcu_boost();
local_irq_save(flags);
- work = have_rcu_cbs;
- have_rcu_cbs = 0;
+ work = have_rcu_kthread_work;
+ have_rcu_kthread_work = morework;
local_irq_restore(flags);
if (work) {
rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_sched_ctrlblk);
rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
rcu_preempt_process_callbacks();
}
+ schedule_timeout_interruptible(1); /* Leave CPU for others. */
}

return 0; /* Not reached, but needed to shut gcc up. */
}

/*
- * Wake up rcu_cbs() to process callbacks now eligible for invocation.
+ * Wake up rcu_kthread() to process callbacks now eligible for invocation
+ * or to boost readers.
*/
-static void invoke_rcu_cbs(void)
+static void invoke_rcu_kthread(void)
{
unsigned long flags;

local_irq_save(flags);
- have_rcu_cbs = 1;
- wake_up(&rcu_cbs_wq);
+ have_rcu_kthread_work = 1;
+ wake_up(&rcu_kthread_wq);
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

@@ -327,7 +309,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);
*/
static int __init rcu_spawn_kthreads(void)
{
- rcu_cbs_task = kthread_run(rcu_cbs, NULL, "rcu_cbs");
+ struct sched_param sp;
+
+ rcu_kthread_task = kthread_run(rcu_kthread, NULL, "rcu_kthread");
+ sp.sched_priority = RCU_BOOST_PRIO;
+ sched_setscheduler_nocheck(rcu_kthread_task, SCHED_FIFO, &sp);
return 0;
}
early_initcall(rcu_spawn_kthreads);
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
index 95f9239..24f4316 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny_plugin.h
@@ -24,6 +24,29 @@

#include <linux/kthread.h>

+/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
+struct rcu_ctrlblk {
+ struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
+ struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
+ struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
+};
+
+/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_sched_ctrlblk = {
+ .donetail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_sched_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
+ .donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+int rcu_scheduler_active __read_mostly;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_scheduler_active);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU

#include <linux/delay.h>
@@ -48,17 +71,27 @@ struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk {
struct list_head *gp_tasks;
/* Pointer to the first task blocking the */
/* current grace period, or NULL if there */
- /* is not such task. */
+ /* is no such task. */
struct list_head *exp_tasks;
/* Pointer to first task blocking the */
/* current expedited grace period, or NULL */
/* if there is no such task. If there */
/* is no current expedited grace period, */
/* then there cannot be any such task. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ struct list_head *boost_tasks;
+ /* Pointer to first task that needs to be */
+ /* priority-boosted, or NULL if no priority */
+ /* boosting is needed. If there is no */
+ /* current or expedited grace period, there */
+ /* can be no such task. */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
u8 gpnum; /* Current grace period. */
u8 gpcpu; /* Last grace period blocked by the CPU. */
u8 completed; /* Last grace period completed. */
/* If all three are equal, RCU is idle. */
+ s8 boosted_this_gp; /* Has boosting already happened? */
+ unsigned long boost_time; /* When to start boosting (jiffies) */
};

static struct rcu_preempt_ctrlblk rcu_preempt_ctrlblk = {
@@ -124,6 +157,130 @@ static int rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress(void)
}

/*
+ * Advance a ->blkd_tasks-list pointer to the next entry, instead
+ * returning NULL if at the end of the list.
+ */
+static struct list_head *rcu_next_node_entry(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+ struct list_head *np;
+
+ np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
+ if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
+ np = NULL;
+ return np;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+
+#include "rtmutex_common.h"
+
+/*
+ * Carry out RCU priority boosting on the task indicated by ->boost_tasks,
+ * and advance ->boost_tasks to the next task in the ->blkd_tasks list.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rt_mutex mtx;
+ struct list_head *np;
+ struct task_struct *t;
+
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL)
+ return 0; /* Nothing to boost. */
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp++;
+ t = container_of(rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks, struct task_struct,
+ rcu_node_entry);
+ np = rcu_next_node_entry(t);
+ rt_mutex_init_proxy_locked(&mtx, t);
+ t->rcu_boost_mutex = &mtx;
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special |= RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED;
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+ rt_mutex_lock(&mtx);
+ rt_mutex_unlock(&mtx);
+ return rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks != NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check to see if it is now time to start boosting RCU readers blocking
+ * the current grace period, and, if so, tell the rcu_kthread_task to
+ * start boosting them. If there is an expedited boost in progress,
+ * we wait for it to complete.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_boost(void)
+{
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks != NULL &&
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks == NULL &&
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp == 0 &&
+ ULONG_CMP_GE(jiffies, rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time)) {
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks;
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initiate boosting for an expedited grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_expedited_boost(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ raw_local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (!list_empty(&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)) {
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks =
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp = -1;
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
+ }
+ raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+#define RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES DIV_ROUND_UP(CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_DELAY * HZ, 1000);
+
+/*
+ * Do priority-boost accounting for the start of a new grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
+{
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_time = jiffies + RCU_BOOST_DELAY_JIFFIES;
+ if (rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp > 0)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boosted_this_gp = 0;
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't boost.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't initiate boosting.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_boost(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, we don't initiate expedited boosting.
+ */
+static void rcu_initiate_expedited_boost(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * If there is no RCU priority boosting, nothing to do at grace-period start.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+
+/*
* Record a preemptible-RCU quiescent state for the specified CPU. Note
* that this just means that the task currently running on the CPU is
* in a quiescent state. There might be any number of tasks blocked
@@ -150,12 +307,14 @@ static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpcpu = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
current->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_NEED_QS;

- /*
- * If there is no GP, or if blocked readers are still blocking GP,
- * then there is nothing more to do.
- */
+ /* If there is no GP then there is nothing more to do. */
if (!rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() || rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp())
return;
+ /* If there are blocked readers, go check up on boosting. */
+ if (rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp()) {
+ rcu_initiate_boost();
+ return;
+ }

/* Advance callbacks. */
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.completed = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gpnum;
@@ -168,7 +327,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_cpu_qs(void)

/* If there are done callbacks, cause them to be invoked. */
if (*rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail != NULL)
- invoke_rcu_cbs();
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
}

/*
@@ -186,6 +345,9 @@ static void rcu_preempt_start_gp(void)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks =
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks.next;

+ /* Set up for RCU priority boosting. */
+ rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp();
+
/* If there is no running reader, CPU is done with GP. */
if (!rcu_preempt_running_reader())
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
@@ -306,14 +468,16 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
*/
empty = !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp();
empty_exp = rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL;
- np = t->rcu_node_entry.next;
- if (np == &rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.blkd_tasks)
- np = NULL;
+ np = rcu_next_node_entry(t);
list_del(&t->rcu_node_entry);
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.gp_tasks = np;
if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks)
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks = np;
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ if (&t->rcu_node_entry == rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks)
+ rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.boost_tasks = np;
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&t->rcu_node_entry);

/*
@@ -333,6 +497,14 @@ static void rcu_read_unlock_special(struct task_struct *t)
if (!empty_exp && rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.exp_tasks == NULL)
rcu_report_exp_done();
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+ /* Unboost self if was boosted. */
+ if (special & RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED) {
+ t->rcu_read_unlock_special &= ~RCU_READ_UNLOCK_BOOSTED;
+ rt_mutex_unlock(t->rcu_boost_mutex);
+ t->rcu_boost_mutex = NULL;
+ }
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
local_irq_restore(flags);
}

@@ -376,7 +548,7 @@ static void rcu_preempt_check_callbacks(void)
rcu_preempt_cpu_qs();
if (&rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.rcucblist !=
rcu_preempt_ctrlblk.rcb.donetail)
- invoke_rcu_cbs();
+ invoke_rcu_kthread();
if (rcu_preempt_gp_in_progress() &&
rcu_cpu_blocking_cur_gp() &&
rcu_preempt_running_reader())
@@ -534,6 +706,7 @@ void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)

/* Wait for tail of ->blkd_tasks list to drain. */
if (rcu_preempted_readers_exp())
+ rcu_initiate_expedited_boost();
wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
!rcu_preempted_readers_exp());

@@ -575,6 +748,15 @@ void exit_rcu(void)
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TINY_PREEMPT_RCU */

/*
+ * Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it is never necessary to
+ * boost preempted RCU readers.
+ */
+static int rcu_boost(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Because preemptible RCU does not exist, it never has any callbacks
* to check.
*/
@@ -614,3 +796,9 @@ void __init rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
}

#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST
+#define RCU_BOOST_PRIO CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_PRIO
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#define RCU_BOOST_PRIO 1
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
--
1.7.3.2


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