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Subject[PATCHv6 05/16] pps: access pps device by direct pointer
Date
Using device index as a pointer needs some unnecessary work to be done
every time the pointer is needed (in irq handler for example).
Using a direct pointer is much more easy (and safe as well).

Acked-by: Rodolfo Giometti <giometti@linux.it>
Signed-off-by: Alexander Gordeev <lasaine@lvk.cs.msu.su>
---
drivers/pps/clients/pps-ktimer.c | 30 ++++-----
drivers/pps/clients/pps-ldisc.c | 41 ++++++++-----
drivers/pps/kapi.c | 124 +++++++++-----------------------------
drivers/pps/pps.c | 22 ++-----
include/linux/pps_kernel.h | 23 +++----
5 files changed, 82 insertions(+), 158 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ktimer.c b/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ktimer.c
index e1bdd8b..966ead1 100644
--- a/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ktimer.c
+++ b/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ktimer.c
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@
* Global variables
*/

-static int source;
+static struct pps_device *pps;
static struct timer_list ktimer;

/*
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ static void pps_ktimer_event(unsigned long ptr)

pr_info("PPS event at %lu\n", jiffies);

- pps_event(source, &ts, PPS_CAPTUREASSERT, NULL);
+ pps_event(pps, &ts, PPS_CAPTUREASSERT, NULL);

mod_timer(&ktimer, jiffies + HZ);
}
@@ -56,12 +56,11 @@ static void pps_ktimer_event(unsigned long ptr)
* The echo function
*/

-static void pps_ktimer_echo(int source, int event, void *data)
+static void pps_ktimer_echo(struct pps_device *pps, int event, void *data)
{
- pr_info("echo %s %s for source %d\n",
+ dev_info(pps->dev, "echo %s %s\n",
event & PPS_CAPTUREASSERT ? "assert" : "",
- event & PPS_CAPTURECLEAR ? "clear" : "",
- source);
+ event & PPS_CAPTURECLEAR ? "clear" : "");
}

/*
@@ -84,30 +83,27 @@ static struct pps_source_info pps_ktimer_info = {

static void __exit pps_ktimer_exit(void)
{
- del_timer_sync(&ktimer);
- pps_unregister_source(source);
+ dev_info(pps->dev, "ktimer PPS source unregistered\n");

- pr_info("ktimer PPS source unregistered\n");
+ del_timer_sync(&ktimer);
+ pps_unregister_source(pps);
}

static int __init pps_ktimer_init(void)
{
- int ret;
-
- ret = pps_register_source(&pps_ktimer_info,
+ pps = pps_register_source(&pps_ktimer_info,
PPS_CAPTUREASSERT | PPS_OFFSETASSERT);
- if (ret < 0) {
+ if (pps == NULL) {
printk(KERN_ERR "cannot register ktimer source\n");
- return ret;
+ return -ENOMEM;
}
- source = ret;

setup_timer(&ktimer, pps_ktimer_event, 0);
mod_timer(&ktimer, jiffies + HZ);

- pr_info("ktimer PPS source registered at %d\n", source);
+ dev_info(pps->dev, "ktimer PPS source registered\n");

- return 0;
+ return 0;
}

module_init(pps_ktimer_init);
diff --git a/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ldisc.c b/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ldisc.c
index 20fc9f7..1517f54 100644
--- a/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ldisc.c
+++ b/drivers/pps/clients/pps-ldisc.c
@@ -29,7 +29,7 @@
static void pps_tty_dcd_change(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int status,
struct pps_event_time *ts)
{
- int id = (long)tty->disc_data;
+ struct pps_device *pps = (struct pps_device *)tty->disc_data;
struct pps_event_time __ts;

/* First of all we get the time stamp... */
@@ -39,12 +39,14 @@ static void pps_tty_dcd_change(struct tty_struct *tty, unsigned int status,
if (!ts) /* No. Do it ourself! */
ts = &__ts;

+ BUG_ON(pps == NULL);
+
/* Now do the PPS event report */
- pps_event(id, ts, status ? PPS_CAPTUREASSERT : PPS_CAPTURECLEAR,
- NULL);
+ pps_event(pps, ts, status ? PPS_CAPTUREASSERT :
+ PPS_CAPTURECLEAR, NULL);

- pr_debug("PPS %s at %lu on source #%d\n",
- status ? "assert" : "clear", jiffies, id);
+ dev_dbg(pps->dev, "PPS %s at %lu\n",
+ status ? "assert" : "clear", jiffies);
}

static int (*alias_n_tty_open)(struct tty_struct *tty);
@@ -54,6 +56,7 @@ static int pps_tty_open(struct tty_struct *tty)
struct pps_source_info info;
struct tty_driver *drv = tty->driver;
int index = tty->index + drv->name_base;
+ struct pps_device *pps;
int ret;

info.owner = THIS_MODULE;
@@ -64,34 +67,42 @@ static int pps_tty_open(struct tty_struct *tty)
PPS_OFFSETASSERT | PPS_OFFSETCLEAR | \
PPS_CANWAIT | PPS_TSFMT_TSPEC;

- ret = pps_register_source(&info, PPS_CAPTUREBOTH | \
+ pps = pps_register_source(&info, PPS_CAPTUREBOTH | \
PPS_OFFSETASSERT | PPS_OFFSETCLEAR);
- if (ret < 0) {
+ if (pps == NULL) {
pr_err("cannot register PPS source \"%s\"\n", info.path);
- return ret;
+ return -ENOMEM;
}
- tty->disc_data = (void *)(long)ret;
+ tty->disc_data = pps;

/* Should open N_TTY ldisc too */
ret = alias_n_tty_open(tty);
- if (ret < 0)
- pps_unregister_source((long)tty->disc_data);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ pr_err("cannot open tty ldisc \"%s\"\n", info.path);
+ goto err_unregister;
+ }

- pr_info("PPS source #%d \"%s\" added\n", ret, info.path);
+ dev_info(pps->dev, "source \"%s\" added\n", info.path);

return 0;
+
+err_unregister:
+ tty->disc_data = NULL;
+ pps_unregister_source(pps);
+ return ret;
}

static void (*alias_n_tty_close)(struct tty_struct *tty);

static void pps_tty_close(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
- int id = (long)tty->disc_data;
+ struct pps_device *pps = (struct pps_device *)tty->disc_data;

- pps_unregister_source(id);
alias_n_tty_close(tty);

- pr_info("PPS source #%d removed\n", id);
+ tty->disc_data = NULL;
+ dev_info(pps->dev, "removed\n");
+ pps_unregister_source(pps);
}

static struct tty_ldisc_ops pps_ldisc_ops;
diff --git a/drivers/pps/kapi.c b/drivers/pps/kapi.c
index b431d83..98d4012 100644
--- a/drivers/pps/kapi.c
+++ b/drivers/pps/kapi.c
@@ -32,11 +32,11 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>

/*
- * Global variables
+ * Local variables
*/

-DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pps_idr_lock);
-DEFINE_IDR(pps_idr);
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pps_idr_lock);
+static DEFINE_IDR(pps_idr);

/*
* Local functions
@@ -60,60 +60,6 @@ static void pps_add_offset(struct pps_ktime *ts, struct pps_ktime *offset)
* Exported functions
*/

-/* pps_get_source - find a PPS source
- * @source: the PPS source ID.
- *
- * This function is used to find an already registered PPS source into the
- * system.
- *
- * The function returns NULL if found nothing, otherwise it returns a pointer
- * to the PPS source data struct (the refcounter is incremented by 1).
- */
-
-struct pps_device *pps_get_source(int source)
-{
- struct pps_device *pps;
- unsigned long flags;
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&pps_idr_lock, flags);
-
- pps = idr_find(&pps_idr, source);
- if (pps != NULL)
- atomic_inc(&pps->usage);
-
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pps_idr_lock, flags);
-
- return pps;
-}
-
-/* pps_put_source - free the PPS source data
- * @pps: a pointer to the PPS source.
- *
- * This function is used to free a PPS data struct if its refcount is 0.
- */
-
-void pps_put_source(struct pps_device *pps)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&pps_idr_lock, flags);
- BUG_ON(atomic_read(&pps->usage) == 0);
-
- if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&pps->usage)) {
- pps = NULL;
- goto exit;
- }
-
- /* No more reference to the PPS source. We can safely remove the
- * PPS data struct.
- */
- idr_remove(&pps_idr, pps->id);
-
-exit:
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pps_idr_lock, flags);
- kfree(pps);
-}
-
/* pps_register_source - add a PPS source in the system
* @info: the PPS info struct
* @default_params: the default PPS parameters of the new source
@@ -122,10 +68,11 @@ exit:
* source is described by info's fields and it will have, as default PPS
* parameters, the ones specified into default_params.
*
- * The function returns, in case of success, the PPS source ID.
+ * The function returns, in case of success, the PPS device. Otherwise NULL.
*/

-int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info, int default_params)
+struct pps_device *pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info,
+ int default_params)
{
struct pps_device *pps;
int id;
@@ -168,7 +115,6 @@ int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info, int default_params)

init_waitqueue_head(&pps->queue);
spin_lock_init(&pps->lock);
- atomic_set(&pps->usage, 1);

/* Get new ID for the new PPS source */
if (idr_pre_get(&pps_idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0) {
@@ -211,7 +157,7 @@ int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info, int default_params)

pr_info("new PPS source %s at ID %d\n", info->name, id);

- return id;
+ return pps;

free_idr:
spin_lock_irq(&pps_idr_lock);
@@ -224,38 +170,33 @@ kfree_pps:
pps_register_source_exit:
printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: unable to register source\n", info->name);

- return err;
+ return NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_register_source);

/* pps_unregister_source - remove a PPS source from the system
- * @source: the PPS source ID
+ * @pps: the PPS source
*
* This function is used to remove a previously registered PPS source from
* the system.
*/

-void pps_unregister_source(int source)
+void pps_unregister_source(struct pps_device *pps)
{
- struct pps_device *pps;
+ unsigned int id = pps->id;

- spin_lock_irq(&pps_idr_lock);
- pps = idr_find(&pps_idr, source);
+ pps_unregister_cdev(pps);

- if (!pps) {
- BUG();
- spin_unlock_irq(&pps_idr_lock);
- return;
- }
+ spin_lock_irq(&pps_idr_lock);
+ idr_remove(&pps_idr, pps->id);
spin_unlock_irq(&pps_idr_lock);

- pps_unregister_cdev(pps);
- pps_put_source(pps);
+ kfree(pps);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_unregister_source);

/* pps_event - register a PPS event into the system
- * @source: the PPS source ID
+ * @pps: the PPS device
* @ts: the event timestamp
* @event: the event type
* @data: userdef pointer
@@ -263,30 +204,24 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_unregister_source);
* This function is used by each PPS client in order to register a new
* PPS event into the system (it's usually called inside an IRQ handler).
*
- * If an echo function is associated with the PPS source it will be called
+ * If an echo function is associated with the PPS device it will be called
* as:
- * pps->info.echo(source, event, data);
+ * pps->info.echo(pps, event, data);
*/
-
-void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data)
+void pps_event(struct pps_device *pps, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event,
+ void *data)
{
- struct pps_device *pps;
unsigned long flags;
int captured = 0;
struct pps_ktime ts_real;

if ((event & (PPS_CAPTUREASSERT | PPS_CAPTURECLEAR)) == 0) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "pps: unknown event (%x) for source %d\n",
- event, source);
+ dev_err(pps->dev, "unknown event (%x)\n", event);
return;
}

- pps = pps_get_source(source);
- if (!pps)
- return;
-
- pr_debug("PPS event on source %d at %ld.%09ld\n",
- pps->id, ts->ts_real.tv_sec, ts->ts_real.tv_nsec);
+ dev_dbg(pps->dev, "PPS event at %ld.%09ld\n",
+ ts->ts_real.tv_sec, ts->ts_real.tv_nsec);

timespec_to_pps_ktime(&ts_real, ts->ts_real);

@@ -294,7 +229,7 @@ void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data)

/* Must call the echo function? */
if ((pps->params.mode & (PPS_ECHOASSERT | PPS_ECHOCLEAR)))
- pps->info.echo(source, event, data);
+ pps->info.echo(pps, event, data);

/* Check the event */
pps->current_mode = pps->params.mode;
@@ -308,8 +243,8 @@ void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data)
/* Save the time stamp */
pps->assert_tu = ts_real;
pps->assert_sequence++;
- pr_debug("capture assert seq #%u for source %d\n",
- pps->assert_sequence, source);
+ dev_dbg(pps->dev, "capture assert seq #%u\n",
+ pps->assert_sequence);

captured = ~0;
}
@@ -323,8 +258,8 @@ void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data)
/* Save the time stamp */
pps->clear_tu = ts_real;
pps->clear_sequence++;
- pr_debug("capture clear seq #%u for source %d\n",
- pps->clear_sequence, source);
+ dev_dbg(pps->dev, "capture clear seq #%u\n",
+ pps->clear_sequence);

captured = ~0;
}
@@ -338,8 +273,5 @@ void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data)
}

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pps->lock, flags);
-
- /* Now we can release the PPS source for (possible) deregistration */
- pps_put_source(pps);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pps_event);
diff --git a/drivers/pps/pps.c b/drivers/pps/pps.c
index dc7e66c..1922f27 100644
--- a/drivers/pps/pps.c
+++ b/drivers/pps/pps.c
@@ -204,12 +204,6 @@ static int pps_cdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct pps_device *pps = container_of(inode->i_cdev,
struct pps_device, cdev);
- int found;
-
- found = pps_get_source(pps->id) != 0;
- if (!found)
- return -ENODEV;
-
file->private_data = pps;

return 0;
@@ -217,11 +211,6 @@ static int pps_cdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)

static int pps_cdev_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
- struct pps_device *pps = file->private_data;
-
- /* Free the PPS source and wake up (possible) deregistration */
- pps_put_source(pps);
-
return 0;
}

@@ -242,22 +231,23 @@ static const struct file_operations pps_cdev_fops = {
int pps_register_cdev(struct pps_device *pps)
{
int err;
+ dev_t devt;
+
+ devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);

- pps->devno = MKDEV(MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
cdev_init(&pps->cdev, &pps_cdev_fops);
pps->cdev.owner = pps->info.owner;

- err = cdev_add(&pps->cdev, pps->devno, 1);
+ err = cdev_add(&pps->cdev, devt, 1);
if (err) {
printk(KERN_ERR "pps: %s: failed to add char device %d:%d\n",
pps->info.name, MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
return err;
}
- pps->dev = device_create(pps_class, pps->info.dev, pps->devno, NULL,
+ pps->dev = device_create(pps_class, pps->info.dev, devt, pps,
"pps%d", pps->id);
if (IS_ERR(pps->dev))
goto del_cdev;
- dev_set_drvdata(pps->dev, pps);

pr_debug("source %s got cdev (%d:%d)\n", pps->info.name,
MAJOR(pps_devt), pps->id);
@@ -272,7 +262,7 @@ del_cdev:

void pps_unregister_cdev(struct pps_device *pps)
{
- device_destroy(pps_class, pps->devno);
+ device_destroy(pps_class, pps->dev->devt);
cdev_del(&pps->cdev);
}

diff --git a/include/linux/pps_kernel.h b/include/linux/pps_kernel.h
index 32aa676..1aedf50 100644
--- a/include/linux/pps_kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/pps_kernel.h
@@ -31,13 +31,16 @@
* Global defines
*/

+struct pps_device;
+
/* The specific PPS source info */
struct pps_source_info {
char name[PPS_MAX_NAME_LEN]; /* simbolic name */
char path[PPS_MAX_NAME_LEN]; /* path of connected device */
int mode; /* PPS's allowed mode */

- void (*echo)(int source, int event, void *data); /* PPS echo function */
+ void (*echo)(struct pps_device *pps,
+ int event, void *data); /* PPS echo function */

struct module *owner;
struct device *dev;
@@ -65,35 +68,27 @@ struct pps_device {
unsigned int id; /* PPS source unique ID */
struct cdev cdev;
struct device *dev;
- int devno;
struct fasync_struct *async_queue; /* fasync method */
spinlock_t lock;
-
- atomic_t usage; /* usage count */
};

/*
* Global variables
*/

-extern spinlock_t pps_idr_lock;
-extern struct idr pps_idr;
-
extern struct device_attribute pps_attrs[];

/*
* Exported functions
*/

-struct pps_device *pps_get_source(int source);
-extern void pps_put_source(struct pps_device *pps);
-extern int pps_register_source(struct pps_source_info *info,
- int default_params);
-extern void pps_unregister_source(int source);
+extern struct pps_device *pps_register_source(
+ struct pps_source_info *info, int default_params);
+extern void pps_unregister_source(struct pps_device *pps);
extern int pps_register_cdev(struct pps_device *pps);
extern void pps_unregister_cdev(struct pps_device *pps);
-extern void pps_event(int source, struct pps_event_time *ts, int event,
- void *data);
+extern void pps_event(struct pps_device *pps,
+ struct pps_event_time *ts, int event, void *data);

static inline void timespec_to_pps_ktime(struct pps_ktime *kt,
struct timespec ts)
--
1.7.2.3


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