lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2010]   [Dec]   [15]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH] rtmutex: ensure only the top waiter or higher priority task can take the lock and reduce unrelated boosting
From
Date
On Wed, 2010-12-15 at 16:09 +0800, Lai Jiangshan wrote:

Some English updates.

>
> Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
> ---
> kernel/futex.c | 26 +---
> kernel/rtmutex.c | 306 ++++++++++++++++--------------------------------
> kernel/rtmutex_common.h | 16 --
> 3 files changed, 116 insertions(+), 232 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
> index 6c683b3..5f4ea5f 100644
> --- a/kernel/futex.c
> +++ b/kernel/futex.c
> @@ -775,18 +775,10 @@ static int wake_futex_pi(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, struct futex_q *this)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> raw_spin_lock(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
> + /* set new owner to the most possible owner(top waiter). */

"most possible owner" sounds very strange. Lets say what it actually is.

/* set new owner to the highest prio waiter (top waiter) */

> new_owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
>
> /*
> - * This happens when we have stolen the lock and the original
> - * pending owner did not enqueue itself back on the rt_mutex.
> - * Thats not a tragedy. We know that way, that a lock waiter
> - * is on the fly. We make the futex_q waiter the pending owner.
> - */
> - if (!new_owner)
> - new_owner = this->task;
> -
> - /*
> * We pass it to the next owner. (The WAITERS bit is always
> * kept enabled while there is PI state around. We must also
> * preserve the owner died bit.)
> @@ -1508,8 +1500,8 @@ static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_q *q,
>
> /*
> * We are here either because we stole the rtmutex from the
> - * pending owner or we are the pending owner which failed to
> - * get the rtmutex. We have to replace the pending owner TID
> + * most possible owner or we are the most possible owner which
> + * failed to get the rtmutex. We have to replace the newowner TID
> * in the user space variable. This must be atomic as we have
> * to preserve the owner died bit here.


/*
* We are here either because we stole the rtmutex from the
* previous highest prio waiter or we are the highest prio
* waiter but failed to get the rtmutex the first time.
* We have to replace ...

> *
> @@ -1560,7 +1552,7 @@ retry:
>
> /*
> * To handle the page fault we need to drop the hash bucket
> - * lock here. That gives the other task (either the pending
> + * lock here. That gives the other task (either the most possible
> * owner itself or the task which stole the rtmutex) the

* ... That gives the other task (either the highest prio waiter
* itself or the ...

> * chance to try the fixup of the pi_state. So once we are
> * back from handling the fault we need to check the pi_state
> @@ -1647,18 +1639,20 @@ static int fixup_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, int fshared, struct futex_q *q,
> /*
> * pi_state is incorrect, some other task did a lock steal and
> * we returned due to timeout or signal without taking the
> - * rt_mutex. Too late. We can access the rt_mutex_owner without
> - * locking, as the other task is now blocked on the hash bucket
> - * lock. Fix the state up.
> + * rt_mutex. Too late.

You cut off the entire "We can access the rt_mutex_owner..." but I don't
see how this change is in the code.


> */
> + raw_spin_lock(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
> owner = rt_mutex_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
> + if (!owner)
> + owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
> + raw_spin_unlock(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
> ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, owner, fshared);
> goto out;
> }
>
> /*
> * Paranoia check. If we did not take the lock, then we should not be
> - * the owner, nor the pending owner, of the rt_mutex.
> + * the owner of the rt_mutex.
> */
> if (rt_mutex_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex) == current)
> printk(KERN_ERR "fixup_owner: ret = %d pi-mutex: %p "
> diff --git a/kernel/rtmutex.c b/kernel/rtmutex.c
> index a960481..53b9b49 100644
> --- a/kernel/rtmutex.c
> +++ b/kernel/rtmutex.c
> @@ -20,41 +20,29 @@
> /*
> * lock->owner state tracking:
> *
> - * lock->owner holds the task_struct pointer of the owner. Bit 0 and 1
> - * are used to keep track of the "owner is pending" and "lock has
> - * waiters" state.
> + * lock->owner holds the task_struct pointer of the owner. Bit 0
> + * are used to keep track of the "lock has waiters" state.

s/are/is/

"Bit 0 is used to ..."

> *
> - * owner bit1 bit0
> - * NULL 0 0 lock is free (fast acquire possible)
> - * NULL 0 1 invalid state
> - * NULL 1 0 Transitional State*
> - * NULL 1 1 invalid state
> - * taskpointer 0 0 lock is held (fast release possible)
> - * taskpointer 0 1 task is pending owner
> - * taskpointer 1 0 lock is held and has waiters
> - * taskpointer 1 1 task is pending owner and lock has more waiters
> - *
> - * Pending ownership is assigned to the top (highest priority)
> - * waiter of the lock, when the lock is released. The thread is woken
> - * up and can now take the lock. Until the lock is taken (bit 0
> - * cleared) a competing higher priority thread can steal the lock
> - * which puts the woken up thread back on the waiters list.
> + * owner bit0
> + * NULL 0 lock is free (fast acquire possible)
> + * NULL 1 lock is free and has waiters and the top waiter
> + * is going to take the lock*
> + * taskpointer 0 lock is held (fast release possible)
> + * taskpointer 1 lock is held and has waiters

* taskpointer 1 lock is held and has waiters*


> *
> * The fast atomic compare exchange based acquire and release is only
> - * possible when bit 0 and 1 of lock->owner are 0.
> + * possible when bit 0 of lock->owner are 0.

s/are/is/

> *
> - * (*) There's a small time where the owner can be NULL and the
> - * "lock has waiters" bit is set. This can happen when grabbing the lock.
> - * To prevent a cmpxchg of the owner releasing the lock, we need to set this
> - * bit before looking at the lock, hence the reason this is a transitional
> - * state.
> + * (*) It also can be a transitional state when grabbing the lock
> + * with ->wait_lock is held. To prevent any fast path cmpxchg to the lock,
> + * we need to set the bit0 before looking at the lock, and the owner may be
> + * NULL in this small time, hence this can be a transitional state.


* (*) There is a small time when bit 0 is set but there are no
* waiters. This can happen when grabbing the lock in the slow path.
* To prevent a cmpxchg of the owner releasing the lock, we need to
* set this bit before looking at the lock.


> */
>
> static void
> -rt_mutex_set_owner(struct rt_mutex *lock, struct task_struct *owner,
> - unsigned long mask)
> +rt_mutex_set_owner(struct rt_mutex *lock, struct task_struct *owner)
> {
> - unsigned long val = (unsigned long)owner | mask;
> + unsigned long val = (unsigned long)owner;
>
> if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock))
> val |= RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS;
> @@ -203,15 +191,14 @@ static int rt_mutex_adjust_prio_chain(struct task_struct *task,
> * reached or the state of the chain has changed while we
> * dropped the locks.
> */
> - if (!waiter || !waiter->task)
> + if (!waiter)
> goto out_unlock_pi;
>
> /*
> * Check the orig_waiter state. After we dropped the locks,
> * the previous owner of the lock might have released the lock

s/lock/lock./

> - * and made us the pending owner:
> */
> - if (orig_waiter && !orig_waiter->task)
> + if (orig_waiter && !rt_mutex_owner(orig_lock))
> goto out_unlock_pi;
>
> /*
> @@ -254,6 +241,17 @@ static int rt_mutex_adjust_prio_chain(struct task_struct *task,
>
> /* Release the task */
> raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->pi_lock, flags);
> + if (!rt_mutex_owner(lock)) {
> + /*
> + * If the requeue above changed the top waiter, then we need
> + * to wake the new top waiter up to try to get the lock.
> + */
> +
> + if (top_waiter != rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock))
> + wake_up_process(rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock)->task);
> + raw_spin_unlock(&lock->wait_lock);
> + goto out_put_task;
> + }
> put_task_struct(task);
>
> /* Grab the next task */
> @@ -296,78 +294,16 @@ static int rt_mutex_adjust_prio_chain(struct task_struct *task,
> }
>
> /*
> - * Optimization: check if we can steal the lock from the
> - * assigned pending owner [which might not have taken the
> - * lock yet]:
> - */
> -static inline int try_to_steal_lock(struct rt_mutex *lock,
> - struct task_struct *task)
> -{
> - struct task_struct *pendowner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
> - struct rt_mutex_waiter *next;
> - unsigned long flags;
> -
> - if (!rt_mutex_owner_pending(lock))
> - return 0;
> -
> - if (pendowner == task)
> - return 1;
> -
> - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pendowner->pi_lock, flags);
> - if (task->prio >= pendowner->prio) {
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pendowner->pi_lock, flags);
> - return 0;
> - }
> -
> - /*
> - * Check if a waiter is enqueued on the pending owners
> - * pi_waiters list. Remove it and readjust pending owners
> - * priority.
> - */
> - if (likely(!rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock))) {
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pendowner->pi_lock, flags);
> - return 1;
> - }
> -
> - /* No chain handling, pending owner is not blocked on anything: */
> - next = rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock);
> - plist_del(&next->pi_list_entry, &pendowner->pi_waiters);
> - __rt_mutex_adjust_prio(pendowner);
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pendowner->pi_lock, flags);
> -
> - /*
> - * We are going to steal the lock and a waiter was
> - * enqueued on the pending owners pi_waiters queue. So
> - * we have to enqueue this waiter into
> - * task->pi_waiters list. This covers the case,
> - * where task is boosted because it holds another
> - * lock and gets unboosted because the booster is
> - * interrupted, so we would delay a waiter with higher
> - * priority as task->normal_prio.
> - *
> - * Note: in the rare case of a SCHED_OTHER task changing
> - * its priority and thus stealing the lock, next->task
> - * might be task:
> - */
> - if (likely(next->task != task)) {
> - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&task->pi_lock, flags);
> - plist_add(&next->pi_list_entry, &task->pi_waiters);
> - __rt_mutex_adjust_prio(task);
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->pi_lock, flags);
> - }
> - return 1;
> -}
> -
> -/*
> * Try to take an rt-mutex
> *
> - * This fails
> - * - when the lock has a real owner
> - * - when a different pending owner exists and has higher priority than current
> - *
> * Must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
> + *
> + * @lock: the lock to be acquired.
> + * @task: the task which want to acquire the lock

"the task which wants to acquire the lock"

> + * @waiter: the waiter queued to the lock's wait list. (could be NULL)

"the waiter that is queued to the ..."

Is this always current's waiter?

> */
> -static int try_to_take_rt_mutex(struct rt_mutex *lock)
> +static int try_to_take_rt_mutex(struct rt_mutex *lock, struct task_struct *task,
> + struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
> {
> /*
> * We have to be careful here if the atomic speedups are
> @@ -390,15 +326,52 @@ static int try_to_take_rt_mutex(struct rt_mutex *lock)
> */
> mark_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
>
> - if (rt_mutex_owner(lock) && !try_to_steal_lock(lock, current))
> + if (rt_mutex_owner(lock))
> return 0;
>
> + /*
> + * It will get the lock because at least one of these conditions:

* It will get the lock because of one of these conditions:

> + * 1) there is no waiter
> + * 2) higher priority than waiters
> + * 3) it is top waiter
> + */
> + if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
> + if (task->prio >= rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock)->list_entry.prio) {
> + if (!waiter || waiter != rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock))
> + return 0;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + if (waiter || rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
> + unsigned long flags;
> + struct rt_mutex_waiter *top;
> +
> + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&task->pi_lock, flags);
> +
> + /* remove the queued waiter. */
> + if (waiter) {
> + plist_del(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
> + task->pi_blocked_on = NULL;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * We have to enqueue the top waiter(if have) into

... top waiter (if it exists) ...


> + * task->pi_waiters list and would get boost from it.

s/ and would get boost from it//
-- Steve

> + */
> + if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
> + top = rt_mutex_top_waiter(lock);
> + top->pi_list_entry.prio = top->list_entry.prio;
> + plist_add(&top->pi_list_entry, &task->pi_waiters);
> + }
> + raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task->pi_lock, flags);
> + }
> +
> /* We got the lock. */
> debug_rt_mutex_lock(lock);




\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2010-12-15 16:07    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site