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SubjectRe: kernel BUG at mm/truncate.c:475!
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Date
On Mon, 13 Dec 2010, Andrew Morton wrote:
> That's a pretty old bug, isn't it? 5+ years.

Probably. Not easy to trigger, though.

> > +
> > + clear_bit_unlock(AS_UNMAPPING, &mapping->flags);
> > + smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
> > + wake_up_bit(&mapping->flags, AS_UNMAPPING);
> > +
>
> I do think this was premature optimisation. The open-coded lock is
> hidden from lockdep so we won't find out if this introduces potential
> deadlocks. It would be better to add a new mutex at least temporarily,
> then look at replacing it with a MiklosLock later on, when the code is
> bedded in.
>
> At which time, replacing mutexes with MiklosLocks becomes part of a
> general "shrink the address_space" exercise in which there's no reason
> to exclusively concentrate on that new mutex!

Okay, updated patch appended.

> How hard is it to avoid adding a new lock and using an existing one,
> presumablt i_mutex? Because if we can get i_mutex coverage over
> unmap_mapping_range() then I suspect all the
> vm_truncate_count/restart_addr stuff can go away?

One place I know it's hard to get i_mutex coverage is fuse's
d_revalidate. That's because ->d_revalidate might be called with or
without i_mutex at the discretion of the VFS.

You might ask, why does fuse call invalidate_inode_pages2() from
d_revalidate? The answer is, fuse does lookup revalidation and
attribute revalidation in one go, and if it finds that the lookup is
still valid but the file contents have changed, then it will need to
invalidate the page cache.

Thanks,
Miklos


---
fs/gfs2/main.c | 9 +--------
fs/inode.c | 22 +++++++++++++++-------
fs/nilfs2/btnode.c | 5 -----
fs/nilfs2/btnode.h | 1 -
fs/nilfs2/mdt.c | 4 ++--
fs/nilfs2/page.c | 13 -------------
fs/nilfs2/page.h | 1 -
fs/nilfs2/super.c | 2 +-
include/linux/fs.h | 2 ++
mm/memory.c | 2 ++
10 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
Index: linux.git/mm/memory.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/mm/memory.c 2010-12-11 14:09:55.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/mm/memory.c 2010-12-14 11:20:47.000000000 +0100
@@ -2572,6 +2572,7 @@ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_
details.last_index = ULONG_MAX;
details.i_mmap_lock = &mapping->i_mmap_lock;

+ mutex_lock(&mapping->unmap_mutex);
spin_lock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);

/* Protect against endless unmapping loops */
@@ -2588,6 +2589,7 @@ void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_
if (unlikely(!list_empty(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear)))
unmap_mapping_range_list(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear, &details);
spin_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&mapping->unmap_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unmap_mapping_range);

Index: linux.git/fs/gfs2/main.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/gfs2/main.c 2010-11-26 10:52:16.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/gfs2/main.c 2010-12-14 11:15:53.000000000 +0100
@@ -59,14 +59,7 @@ static void gfs2_init_gl_aspace_once(voi
struct address_space *mapping = (struct address_space *)(gl + 1);

gfs2_init_glock_once(gl);
- memset(mapping, 0, sizeof(*mapping));
- INIT_RADIX_TREE(&mapping->page_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->tree_lock);
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->private_list);
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->private_lock);
- INIT_RAW_PRIO_TREE_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear);
+ address_space_init_once(mapping);
}

/**
Index: linux.git/fs/inode.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/inode.c 2010-11-26 10:52:16.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/inode.c 2010-12-14 11:21:49.000000000 +0100
@@ -280,6 +280,20 @@ static void destroy_inode(struct inode *
kmem_cache_free(inode_cachep, (inode));
}

+void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping)
+{
+ memset(mapping, 0, sizeof(*mapping));
+ INIT_RADIX_TREE(&mapping->page_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ spin_lock_init(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ spin_lock_init(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->private_list);
+ spin_lock_init(&mapping->private_lock);
+ INIT_RAW_PRIO_TREE_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear);
+ mutex_init(&mapping->unmap_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(address_space_init_once);
+
/*
* These are initializations that only need to be done
* once, because the fields are idempotent across use
@@ -293,13 +307,7 @@ void inode_init_once(struct inode *inode
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_devices);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_wb_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_lru);
- INIT_RADIX_TREE(&inode->i_data.page_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
- spin_lock_init(&inode->i_data.tree_lock);
- spin_lock_init(&inode->i_data.i_mmap_lock);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_data.private_list);
- spin_lock_init(&inode->i_data.private_lock);
- INIT_RAW_PRIO_TREE_ROOT(&inode->i_data.i_mmap);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&inode->i_data.i_mmap_nonlinear);
+ address_space_init_once(&inode->i_data);
i_size_ordered_init(inode);
#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&inode->i_fsnotify_marks);
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/btnode.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/btnode.c 2010-11-26 10:52:17.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/btnode.c 2010-12-14 11:19:52.000000000 +0100
@@ -35,11 +35,6 @@
#include "btnode.h"


-void nilfs_btnode_cache_init_once(struct address_space *btnc)
-{
- nilfs_mapping_init_once(btnc);
-}
-
static const struct address_space_operations def_btnode_aops = {
.sync_page = block_sync_page,
};
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/btnode.h
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/btnode.h 2010-10-05 18:49:12.000000000 +0200
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/btnode.h 2010-12-14 11:20:01.000000000 +0100
@@ -37,7 +37,6 @@ struct nilfs_btnode_chkey_ctxt {
struct buffer_head *newbh;
};

-void nilfs_btnode_cache_init_once(struct address_space *);
void nilfs_btnode_cache_init(struct address_space *, struct backing_dev_info *);
void nilfs_btnode_cache_clear(struct address_space *);
struct buffer_head *nilfs_btnode_create_block(struct address_space *btnc,
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/mdt.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/mdt.c 2010-11-26 10:52:17.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/mdt.c 2010-12-14 11:18:18.000000000 +0100
@@ -460,9 +460,9 @@ int nilfs_mdt_setup_shadow_map(struct in
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = inode->i_sb->s_bdi;

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&shadow->frozen_buffers);
- nilfs_mapping_init_once(&shadow->frozen_data);
+ address_space_init_once(&shadow->frozen_data);
nilfs_mapping_init(&shadow->frozen_data, bdi, &shadow_map_aops);
- nilfs_mapping_init_once(&shadow->frozen_btnodes);
+ address_space_init_once(&shadow->frozen_btnodes);
nilfs_mapping_init(&shadow->frozen_btnodes, bdi, &shadow_map_aops);
mi->mi_shadow = shadow;
return 0;
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/page.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/page.c 2010-11-26 10:52:17.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/page.c 2010-12-14 11:17:26.000000000 +0100
@@ -492,19 +492,6 @@ unsigned nilfs_page_count_clean_buffers(
return nc;
}

-void nilfs_mapping_init_once(struct address_space *mapping)
-{
- memset(mapping, 0, sizeof(*mapping));
- INIT_RADIX_TREE(&mapping->page_tree, GFP_ATOMIC);
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->tree_lock);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->private_list);
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->private_lock);
-
- spin_lock_init(&mapping->i_mmap_lock);
- INIT_RAW_PRIO_TREE_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mapping->i_mmap_nonlinear);
-}
-
void nilfs_mapping_init(struct address_space *mapping,
struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
const struct address_space_operations *aops)
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/page.h
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/page.h 2010-11-26 10:52:17.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/page.h 2010-12-14 11:17:35.000000000 +0100
@@ -61,7 +61,6 @@ void nilfs_free_private_page(struct page
int nilfs_copy_dirty_pages(struct address_space *, struct address_space *);
void nilfs_copy_back_pages(struct address_space *, struct address_space *);
void nilfs_clear_dirty_pages(struct address_space *);
-void nilfs_mapping_init_once(struct address_space *mapping);
void nilfs_mapping_init(struct address_space *mapping,
struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
const struct address_space_operations *aops);
Index: linux.git/fs/nilfs2/super.c
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/fs/nilfs2/super.c 2010-11-26 10:52:17.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/fs/nilfs2/super.c 2010-12-14 11:20:19.000000000 +0100
@@ -1262,7 +1262,7 @@ static void nilfs_inode_init_once(void *
#ifdef CONFIG_NILFS_XATTR
init_rwsem(&ii->xattr_sem);
#endif
- nilfs_btnode_cache_init_once(&ii->i_btnode_cache);
+ address_space_init_once(&ii->i_btnode_cache);
ii->i_bmap = &ii->i_bmap_data;
inode_init_once(&ii->vfs_inode);
}
Index: linux.git/include/linux/fs.h
===================================================================
--- linux.git.orig/include/linux/fs.h 2010-12-07 20:17:55.000000000 +0100
+++ linux.git/include/linux/fs.h 2010-12-14 11:21:30.000000000 +0100
@@ -645,6 +645,7 @@ struct address_space {
spinlock_t private_lock; /* for use by the address_space */
struct list_head private_list; /* ditto */
struct address_space *assoc_mapping; /* ditto */
+ struct mutex unmap_mutex; /* to protect unmapping */
} __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long))));
/*
* On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but
@@ -2205,6 +2206,7 @@ extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *fi

extern int inode_init_always(struct super_block *, struct inode *);
extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *);
+extern void address_space_init_once(struct address_space *mapping);
extern void ihold(struct inode * inode);
extern void iput(struct inode *);
extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *);

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