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Subject[PATCH 2/4] x86: clear XD_DISABLED flag on Intel to regain NX
This change will clear the MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE bit so that NX
cannot be inappropriately controlled by the BIOS on Intel CPUs. If, under
very strange hardware configurations, NX actually needs to be disabled,
"noexec=off" can be used to restore the prior behavior.

Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <kees.cook@canonical.com>
---
arch/x86/kernel/verify_cpu.S | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
1 files changed, 40 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/verify_cpu.S b/arch/x86/kernel/verify_cpu.S
index 56a8c2a..ccb4136 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/verify_cpu.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/verify_cpu.S
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
* Copyright (c) 2007 Andi Kleen (ak@suse.de)
* Copyright (c) 2007 Eric Biederman (ebiederm@xmission.com)
* Copyright (c) 2007 Vivek Goyal (vgoyal@in.ibm.com)
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 Kees Cook (kees.cook@canonical.com)
*
* This source code is licensed under the GNU General Public License,
* Version 2. See the file COPYING for more details.
@@ -14,18 +15,16 @@
* This is a common code for verification whether CPU supports
* long mode and SSE or not. It is not called directly instead this
* file is included at various places and compiled in that context.
- * Following are the current usage.
+ * This file is expected to run in 32bit code. Currently:
*
- * This file is included by both 16bit and 32bit code.
+ * arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/head_64.S: Boot cpu verification
+ * arch/x86_64/kernel/trampoline_64.S: secondary processor verfication
*
- * arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S : Boot cpu verification (16bit)
- * arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/head.S: Boot cpu verification (32bit)
- * arch/x86_64/kernel/trampoline.S: secondary processor verfication (16bit)
- * arch/x86_64/kernel/acpi/wakeup.S:Verfication at resume (16bit)
- *
- * verify_cpu, returns the status of cpu check in register %eax.
+ * verify_cpu, returns the status of longmode and SSE in register %eax.
* 0: Success 1: Failure
*
+ * On Intel, the XD_DISABLE flag will be cleared as a side-effect.
+ *
* The caller needs to check for the error code and take the action
* appropriately. Either display a message or halt.
*/
@@ -62,8 +61,41 @@ verify_cpu:
cmpl $0x444d4163,%ecx
jnz verify_cpu_noamd
mov $1,%di # cpu is from AMD
+ jmp verify_cpu_check

verify_cpu_noamd:
+ cmpl $0x756e6547,%ebx # GenuineIntel?
+ jnz verify_cpu_check
+ cmpl $0x49656e69,%edx
+ jnz verify_cpu_check
+ cmpl $0x6c65746e,%ecx
+ jnz verify_cpu_check
+
+ # only call IA32_MISC_ENABLE when:
+ # family > 6 || (family == 6 && model >= 0xd)
+ movl $0x1, %eax # check CPU family and model
+ cpuid
+ movl %eax, %ecx
+
+ andl $0x0ff00f00, %eax # mask family and extended family
+ shrl $8, %eax
+ cmpl $6, %eax
+ ja verify_cpu_clear_xd # family > 6, ok
+ jb verify_cpu_check # family < 6, skip
+
+ andl $0x000f00f0, %ecx # mask model and extended model
+ shrl $4, %ecx
+ cmpl $0xd, %ecx
+ jb verify_cpu_check # family == 6, model < 0xd, skip
+
+verify_cpu_clear_xd:
+ movl $MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, %ecx
+ rdmsr
+ btrl $2, %edx # clear MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE
+ jnc verify_cpu_check # only write MSR if bit was changed
+ wrmsr
+
+verify_cpu_check:
movl $0x1,%eax # Does the cpu have what it takes
cpuid
andl $REQUIRED_MASK0,%edx
--
1.7.2.3

--
Kees Cook
Ubuntu Security Team


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