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SubjectRe: Kernel rwlock design, Multicore and IGMP
On Fri, Nov 12, 2010 at 08:27:54AM +0100, Eric Dumazet wrote:
>Le vendredi 12 novembre 2010 à 15:13 +0800, Américo Wang a écrit :
>> On Fri, Nov 12, 2010 at 11:32:59AM +0800, Cypher Wu wrote:
>> >On Thu, Nov 11, 2010 at 11:23 PM, Eric Dumazet <> wrote:
>> >> Le jeudi 11 novembre 2010 à 21:49 +0800, Cypher Wu a écrit :
>> >>
>> >> Hi
>> >>
>> >> CC netdev, since you ask questions about network stuff _and_ rwlock
>> >>
>> >>
>> >>> I'm using TILEPro and its rwlock in kernel is a liitle different than
>> >>> other platforms. It have a priority for write lock that when tried it
>> >>> will block the following read lock even if read lock is hold by
>> >>> others. Its code can be read in Linux Kernel 2.6.36 in
>> >>> arch/tile/lib/spinlock_32.c.
>> >>
>> >> This seems a bug to me.
>> >>
>> >> read_lock() can be nested. We used such a schem in the past in iptables
>> >> (it can re-enter itself),
>> >> and we used instead a spinlock(), but with many discussions with lkml
>> >> and Linus himself if I remember well.
>> >>
>> >It seems not a problem that read_lock() can be nested or not since
>> >rwlock doesn't have 'owner', it's just that should we give
>> >write_lock() a priority than read_lock() since if there have a lot
>> >read_lock()s then they'll starve write_lock().
>> >We should work out a well defined behavior so all the
>> >platform-dependent raw_rwlock has to design under that principle.
>AFAIK, Lockdep allows read_lock() to be nested.
>> It is a known weakness of rwlock, it is designed like that. :)

Just for record, both Tile and X86 implement rwlock with a write-bias,
this somewhat reduces the write-starvation problem.

>> The solution is to use RCU or seqlock, but I don't think seqlock
>> is proper for this case you described. So, try RCU lock.
>In the IGMP case, it should be easy for the task owning a read_lock() to
>pass a parameter to the called function saying 'I already own the
>read_lock(), dont try to re-acquire it'
>A RCU conversion is far more complex.

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