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Subject[PATCH 29/49] vcs: add poll/fasync support
Date
From: Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net>

The /dev/vcs* devices are used, amongst other things, by accessibility
applications such as BRLTTY to display the screen content onto refreshable
braille displays. Currently this is performed by constantly reading from
/dev/vcsa0 whether or not the screen content has changed. Given the
default braille refresh rate of 25 times per second, this easily qualifies
as the biggest source of wake-up events preventing laptops from entering
deeper power saving states.

To avoid this periodic polling, let's add support for select()/poll() and
SIGIO with the /dev/vcs* devices. The implemented semantic is to report
data availability whenever the corresponding vt has seen some update after
the last read() operation. The application still has to lseek() back
as usual in order to read() the new data.

Not to create unwanted overhead, the needed data structure is allocated
and the vt notification callback is registered only when the poll or
fasync method is invoked for the first time per file instance.

Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@canonical.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Alan Cox <alan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
---
drivers/char/vc_screen.c | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 files changed, 133 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/char/vc_screen.c b/drivers/char/vc_screen.c
index bcce46c..6f7054e 100644
--- a/drivers/char/vc_screen.c
+++ b/drivers/char/vc_screen.c
@@ -35,6 +35,12 @@
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
@@ -45,6 +51,86 @@
#undef addr
#define HEADER_SIZE 4

+struct vcs_poll_data {
+ struct notifier_block notifier;
+ unsigned int cons_num;
+ bool seen_last_update;
+ wait_queue_head_t waitq;
+ struct fasync_struct *fasync;
+};
+
+static int
+vcs_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long code, void *_param)
+{
+ struct vt_notifier_param *param = _param;
+ struct vc_data *vc = param->vc;
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll =
+ container_of(nb, struct vcs_poll_data, notifier);
+ int currcons = poll->cons_num;
+
+ if (code != VT_UPDATE)
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ if (currcons == 0)
+ currcons = fg_console;
+ else
+ currcons--;
+ if (currcons != vc->vc_num)
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+
+ poll->seen_last_update = false;
+ wake_up_interruptible(&poll->waitq);
+ kill_fasync(&poll->fasync, SIGIO, POLL_IN);
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static void
+vcs_poll_data_free(struct vcs_poll_data *poll)
+{
+ unregister_vt_notifier(&poll->notifier);
+ kfree(poll);
+}
+
+static struct vcs_poll_data *
+vcs_poll_data_get(struct file *file)
+{
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll = file->private_data;
+
+ if (poll)
+ return poll;
+
+ poll = kzalloc(sizeof(*poll), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!poll)
+ return NULL;
+ poll->cons_num = iminor(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode) & 127;
+ init_waitqueue_head(&poll->waitq);
+ poll->notifier.notifier_call = vcs_notifier;
+ if (register_vt_notifier(&poll->notifier) != 0) {
+ kfree(poll);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * This code may be called either through ->poll() or ->fasync().
+ * If we have two threads using the same file descriptor, they could
+ * both enter this function, both notice that the structure hasn't
+ * been allocated yet and go ahead allocating it in parallel, but
+ * only one of them must survive and be shared otherwise we'd leak
+ * memory with a dangling notifier callback.
+ */
+ spin_lock(&file->f_lock);
+ if (!file->private_data) {
+ file->private_data = poll;
+ } else {
+ /* someone else raced ahead of us */
+ vcs_poll_data_free(poll);
+ poll = file->private_data;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&file->f_lock);
+
+ return poll;
+}
+
static int
vcs_size(struct inode *inode)
{
@@ -102,6 +188,7 @@ vcs_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
struct inode *inode = file->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
unsigned int currcons = iminor(inode);
struct vc_data *vc;
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll;
long pos;
long viewed, attr, read;
int col, maxcol;
@@ -134,6 +221,9 @@ vcs_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
ret = -EINVAL;
if (pos < 0)
goto unlock_out;
+ poll = file->private_data;
+ if (count && poll)
+ poll->seen_last_update = true;
read = 0;
ret = 0;
while (count) {
@@ -457,6 +547,37 @@ unlock_out:
return ret;
}

+static unsigned int
+vcs_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
+{
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll = vcs_poll_data_get(file);
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (poll) {
+ poll_wait(file, &poll->waitq, wait);
+ if (!poll->seen_last_update)
+ ret = POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int
+vcs_fasync(int fd, struct file *file, int on)
+{
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll = file->private_data;
+
+ if (!poll) {
+ /* don't allocate anything if all we want is disable fasync */
+ if (!on)
+ return 0;
+ poll = vcs_poll_data_get(file);
+ if (!poll)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ return fasync_helper(fd, file, on, &poll->fasync);
+}
+
static int
vcs_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
@@ -470,11 +591,23 @@ vcs_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
return ret;
}

+static int vcs_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct vcs_poll_data *poll = file->private_data;
+
+ if (poll)
+ vcs_poll_data_free(poll);
+ return 0;
+}
+
static const struct file_operations vcs_fops = {
.llseek = vcs_lseek,
.read = vcs_read,
.write = vcs_write,
+ .poll = vcs_poll,
+ .fasync = vcs_fasync,
.open = vcs_open,
+ .release = vcs_release,
};

static struct class *vc_class;
--
1.7.2


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