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SubjectRe: s390 && user_enable_single_step() (Was: odd utrace testing results on s390x)
On Wed,  6 Jan 2010 13:08:12 -0800 (PST)
Roland McGrath <> wrote:

> > Oh, I am not sure. But I don't understand TIF_SINGLE_STEP on s390,
> > absolutely.
> >
> > For example, why do_signal() sets TIF_SINGLE_STEP? Why can't we do
> I think we could. That would be more consistent with other machines. On
> s390, once we set TIF_SINGLE_STEP, we are going to post a SIGTRAP
> eventually before going to user mode. But then tracehook_signal_handler()
> also gets stepping=1 and the expected meaning of this is that the arch code
> is not itself simulating a single-step for the handler setup. So the
> tracehook (i.e. ptrace/utrace) code does what it does for "need a fake
> single-step".

Hmm, command for tracehook_signal_handler say this for stepping:
@stepping: nonzero if debugger single-step or block-step in

> In ptrace (including utrace-based ptrace), this winds up with sending a
> SIGTRAP. So when we finally do get out of do_signal and TIF_SINGLE_STEP
> causes a second SIGTRAP, it's already pending and the second one makes no
> difference.

So we have been lucky so far.

> But for the general case of utrace, we'll have the UTRACE_SIGNAL_HANDLER
> report, followed by a SIGTRAP that appears to be an authentic single-step
> trap, but takes place on the same instruction. If the resumption after the
> UTRACE_SIGNAL_HANDLER report didn't use stepping, then this is an entirely
> unexpected extra SIGTRAP. If we do continue stepping, then we are
> expecting the SIGTRAP, but this gets us a spurious and errnoeous report
> that looks like the instruction right before the handler's entry point in
> memory was just executed.
> [Martin:]
> > The reason why we set the TIF_SINGLE_STEP bit in do_signal is that we
> > want to be able to stop the debugged program before the first
> > instruction of the signal handler has been executed. The PER single
> > step causes a trap after an instruction has been executed. That first
> > instruction can do bad things to the arguments of the signal handler..
> That's what tracehook_signal_handler is for. You're both doing it yourself
> in the arch code (by setting TIF_SINGLE_STEP), and then telling the generic
> code to do it (by passing stepping=1 to tracehook_signal_handler).

Ok, so with the full utrace the semantics of tracehook_signal_handler
is more than just causing a SIGTRAP. It is an indication for a signal
AND a SIGTRAP if single-stepping is active. To make both cases work we
should stop setting TIF_SINGLE_STEP in do_signal and pass
current->thread.per_info.single_step to tracehook_signal_handler
instead of test_thread_flag(TIF_SINGLE_STEP).

blue skies,

"Reality continues to ruin my life." - Calvin.

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