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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH] introduce sys_membarrier(): process-wide memory barrier (v5)
* Mathieu Desnoyers (mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca) wrote:
> * Peter Zijlstra (peterz@infradead.org) wrote:
> > On Thu, 2010-01-14 at 11:26 -0500, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> >
> > > It's this scenario that is causing problem. Let's consider this
> > > execution:
> > >
>
> (slightly augmented)
>
> CPU 0 (membarrier) CPU 1 (another mm -> our mm)
> <user-space>
> <kernel-space>
> switch_mm()
> smp_mb()
> clear_mm_cpumask()
> set_mm_cpumask()
> smp_mb() (by load_cr3() on x86)
> switch_to()
> memory access before membarrier
> <call sys_membarrier()>
> smp_mb()
> mm_cpumask includes CPU 1
> rcu_read_lock()
> if (CPU 1 mm != our mm)
> skip CPU 1.
> rcu_read_unlock()
> smp_mb()
> <return to user-space>
> current = next (1)
> <switch back to user-space>
> urcu read lock()
> read gp
> store local gp (2)
> barrier()
> access critical section data (3)
> memory access after membarrier
>
> So if we don't have any memory barrier between (1) and (3), the memory
> operations can be reordered in such a way that CPU 0 will not send IPI
> to a CPU that would need to have it's barrier() promoted into a
> smp_mb().
>
> >
> > I'm still not getting it, sure we don't send an IPI, but it will have
> > done an mb() in switch_mm() to become our mm, so even without the IPI it
> > will have executed that mb we were after.
>
> The augmented race window above shows that it would be possible for (2)
> and (3) to be reordered across the barrier(), and therefore the critical
> section access could spill over a rcu-unlocked state.

To make this painfully clear, I'll reorder the accesses to match that of
the CPU to memory:

CPU 0 (membarrier) CPU 1 (another mm -our mm)
<user-space>
<kernel-space>
switch_mm()
smp_mb()
clear_mm_cpumask()
set_mm_cpumask()
smp_mb() (by load_cr3() on x86)
switch_to()
<buffered current = next>
<switch back to user-space>
urcu read lock()
access critical section data (3)
memory access before membarrier
<call sys_membarrier()>
smp_mb()
mm_cpumask includes CPU 1
rcu_read_lock()
if (CPU 1 mm != our mm)
skip CPU 1.
rcu_read_unlock()
smp_mb()
<return to user-space>
memory access after membarrier
current = next (1) (buffer flush)
read gp
store local gp (2)
This should make the problem a bit more evident. Access (3) is done
outside of the read-side C.S. as far as the userspace synchronize_rcu()
is concerned.

Thanks,

Mathieu


--
Mathieu Desnoyers
OpenPGP key fingerprint: 8CD5 52C3 8E3C 4140 715F BA06 3F25 A8FE 3BAE 9A68


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