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SubjectRe: [RFC][v7][PATCH 9/9]: Document clone2() syscall
Sukadev Bhattiprolu wrote:
>
> Subject: [RFC][v7][PATCH 9/9]: Document clone2() syscall
>
> This gives a brief overview of the clone2() system call. We should
> eventually describe more details in existing clone(2) man page or in
> a new man page.

Hi,

We have a separate mailing list (linux-api@vger.kernel.org)
where new kernel APIs are (or were?) meant to be discussed/checked/tested.

Maybe Michael Kerrisk would care (or would have cared?) about this.

I don't see linux-api@vger.kernel.org listed in MAINTAINERS,
but it is referred to in Documentation/HOWTO and Documentation/SubmitChecklist.
Does it need to be listed in MAINTAINERS?
(oh, you didn't read Documentation/SubmitChecklist ??)

Anyway, please cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org on future patches like this
series.


> Changelog[v7]:
> - Rename clone_with_pids() to clone2()
> - Changes to reflect new prototype of clone2() (using clone_struct).
>
> Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@vnet.linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> Documentation/clone2 | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)
>
> Index: linux-2.6/Documentation/clone2
> ===================================================================
> --- /dev/null 1970-01-01 00:00:00.000000000 +0000
> +++ linux-2.6/Documentation/clone2 2009-09-18 18:48:00.000000000 -0700
> @@ -0,0 +1,85 @@
> +
> +struct clone_struct {
> + u64 flags;
> + u64 child_stack;
> + u32 nr_pids;
> + u32 parent_tid;
> + u32 child_tid;
> + u32 reserved1;
> + u64 reserved2;
> +};
> +
> +clone2(struct clone_struct * __user clone_args, pid_t * __user pids)
> +
> + In addition to doing everything that clone() system call does,
> + the clone2() system call:
> +
> + - allows additional clone flags (all 32 bits in the flags
> + parameter to clone() are in use)
> +
> + - allows user to specify a pid for the child process in its
> + active and ancestor pid name spaces.
> +
> + This system call is meant to be used when restarting an application
> + from a checkpoint. Such restart requires that the processes in the
> + application have the same pids they had when the application was
> + checkpointed. When containers are nested, the processes within the
> + containers exist in multiple pid namespaces and hence have multiple
> + pids to specify during restart.
> +
> + The @pids defines the set of pids that should be assigned to the child
> + process in its active and ancestor pid name spaces. The descendant pid
> + namespaces do not matter since a process does not have a pid in
> + descendant namespaces, unless the process is in a new pid namespace
> + in which case the process is a container-init (and must have the pid 1
> + in that namespace).
> +
> + See CLONE_NEWPID section of clone(2) man page for details about pid
> + namespaces.
> +
> + The order pids in @pids corresponds to the nesting order of pid-
> + namespaces, with @pids[0] corresponding to the init_pid_ns.
> +
> + If a pid in the @pids list is 0, the kernel will assign the next
> + available pid in the pid namespace, for the process.
> +
> + If a pid in the @pids list is non-zero, the kernel tries to assign
> + the specified pid in that namespace. If that pid is already in use
> + by another process, the system call fails with -EBUSY.
> +
> + On success, the system call returns the pid of the child process in
> + the parent's active pid namespace.
> +
> + On failure, clone2() returns -1 and sets 'errno' to one of following
> + values (the child process is not created).
> +
> + EPERM Caller does not have the SYS_ADMIN privilege needed to excute
> + this call.
> +
> + EINVAL The number of pids specified in 'clone_args.nr_pids' exceeds
> + the current nesting level of parent process
> +
> + EBUSY A requested pid is in use by another process in that name space.
> +
> +Example:
> +
> + pid_t pids[] = { 77, 99 };
> + struct clone_struct cs;
> +
> + cs.flags = (u64) SIGCHLD;
> + cs.child_stack = (u64) setup_child_stack();
> + cs.nr_pids = 2;
> + cs.parent_tid = 0;
> + cs.child_tid = 0;
> +
> + rc = syscall(__NR_clone2, &cs, pids);
> +
> + if (rc < 0) {
> + perror("clone2()");
> + exit(1);
> + } else if (rc) {
> + /* Parent */
> + } else {
> + /* Child */
> + }
> +



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