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    SubjectRe: libATA SATA errors on DVD bad sectors...
    On 09/22/2009 07:11 AM, Mikael Pettersson wrote:
    > (cc: linux-ide added)
    >
    > =?UTF-8?Q?Maciej_=C5=BBenczykowski?= writes:
    > > I'm getting the following on bad sectors on a pretty badly scratched DVD:
    > >
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: ata12.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0
    > > SErr 0x0 action 0x6
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: ata12.00: port_status 0x20280000
    >
    > Later you write that ata12 connects to a Promise SATA300 TX4.
    > In that case, port_status 0x20280000 means:
    > - Overrun Error
    > - Drive Error
    > - Packet Command Cycle
    > which means that the drive set its error status flag and raised an interrupt
    > which prematurely terminated a data transfer.
    >
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: ata12.00: cmd
    > > a0/01:00:00:00:08/00:00:00:00:00/a0 tag 0 dma 2048 in
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: cdb a8 00 00 16 02 6c 00 00 00
    > > 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: res
    > > 51/30:03:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/e0 Emask 0x2 (HSM violation)
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: ata12.00: status: { DRDY ERR }
    > > Sep 21 20:23:20 zeus kernel: ata12: hard resetting link
    > > Sep 21 20:23:21 zeus kernel: ata12: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113
    > > SControl 300)
    > > Sep 21 20:23:21 zeus kernel: ata12.00: configured for UDMA/100
    > > Sep 21 20:23:21 zeus kernel: ata12: EH complete
    > >
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0
    > > SErr 0x0 action 0x6
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12.00: port_status 0x20280000
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12.00: cmd
    > > a0/01:00:00:00:08/00:00:00:00:00/a0 tag 0 dma 2048 in
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: cdb a8 00 00 16 02 6d 00 00 00
    > > 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: res
    > > 51/30:03:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/e0 Emask 0x2 (HSM violation)
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12.00: status: { DRDY ERR }
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12: hard resetting link
    > > Sep 21 20:23:24 zeus kernel: ata12: SATA link up 1.5 Gbps (SStatus 113
    > > SControl 300)
    > > Sep 21 20:23:25 zeus kernel: ata12.00: configured for UDMA/100
    > > Sep 21 20:23:25 zeus kernel: ata12: EH complete
    > >
    > > The command being run is:
    > > sg_dd blk_sgio=1 bpt=1 bs=2048 cdbsz=12 coe=0 coe_limit=0 if=/dev/srX
    > > odir of=badsector.bin count=1 skip=$i
    > >
    > > on a Fedora 11 box:
    > > Linux zeus 2.6.30.5-43.fc11.x86_64 #1 SMP Thu Aug 27 21:39:52 EDT 2009
    > > x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
    > >
    > > These only seem to show up when the DVD is inserted into /dev/sr1.
    > > /dev/sr0 doesn't seem to spew this crap (although both drives fail to
    > > read the sector).
    > >
    > > /sys/block/sr0 ->
    > > ../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1f.2/host0/target0:0:0/0:0:0:0/block/sr0
    > > /sys/block/sr1 ->
    > > ../devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1e.0/0000:03:09.0/host11/target11:0:0/11:0:0:0/block/sr1
    > >
    > > ata1.00: HL-DT-ST BD-RE GGW-H20L YL05 UDMA/133
    > > ata12.00: LITE-ON DVDRW LH-20A1L BL06 UDMA/100
    > >
    > > # lspci [-n] | egrep '1e.0|1f.2|3:09'
    > > 00:1f.2 0106: 8086:2922 SATA controller: Intel Corporation
    > > 82801IR/IO/IH (ICH9R/DO/DH) 6 port SATA AHCI Controller (rev 02)
    > > 00:1e.0 0604: 8086:244e PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 82801 PCI Bridge (rev 92)
    > > 03:09.0 0180: 105a:3d17 Mass storage controller: Promise Technology,
    > > Inc. PDC40718 (SATA 300 TX4) (rev 02)
    > >
    > > ie. the Lite-On drive on the promise TX4 controller has issues, while
    > > the LG on the intel AHCI controller seems fine...
    >
    > The obvious next experiment would be to swap the drives and see how
    > the Lite-On behaves on the ICH9 and the LG behaves on the TX4.
    >
    > > Would it make sense to add this somewhere into the code as a 'bad
    > > sector' error condition and not perform a hard reset?
    >
    > The sata_promise driver upon seeing the port_status above sets
    > AC_ERR_HSM and AC_ERR_DEV, and performs a soft reset. Apparently
    > libata-eh follows up with a hard(er) reset, which doesn't surprise
    > me given the HSM and DEV errors.

    This port status likely should not be an HSM error if it can occur as a
    result of a normal media error. HSM error is supposed to be for cases
    where the drive indicates a status that's illegal or makes no sense,
    etc. and will trigger a reset which shouldn't be needed in this case..

    >
    > > It may be worth pointing out that the LiteOn drive is significantly
    > > faster in dealing with the bad sectors, and actually successfully
    > > reads a far larger number of them (about 15% of the sectors that the
    > > LG can't read, the Lite-On can, and in about 2/3 of the time). I
    > > would guess that if it didn't have to hard reset the bus, it'd be even
    > > faster...
    >
    > So things actually work Ok with the Lite-On on the TX4, and you're mainly
    > concerned about log messages and potential performance loss?
    >
    > /Mikael
    > --
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    >



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