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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/8] mm: follow_hugetlb_page flags
On Wed, 9 Sep 2009, Mel Gorman wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 07, 2009 at 10:37:14PM +0100, Hugh Dickins wrote:
> >
> > (Alternatively, since hugetlb pages aren't swapped out under pressure,
> > you could save more dump space by arguing that a page not yet faulted
> > into this process cannot be relevant to the dump; but that would be
> > more surprising.)
>
> It would be more surprising. It's an implementation detail that hugetlb
> pages cannot be swapped out and someone reading the dump shouldn't have
> to be aware of it. It's better to treat non-faulted pages as if they
> were zero-filled.

Oh sure, I did mean that the non-faulted pages should be zero-filled,
just stored (on those filesystems which support them) by holes in the
file instead of zero-filled blocks (just as the dump tries to do with
other zero pages). It would mess up the alignment with ELF headers
to leave them out completely.

But it would still be a change in convention which might surprise
someone (pages of hugetlb file in the dump appearing as zeroed where
the underlying hugetlb file is known to contain non-zero data), and
there's already hugetlb dump filters for saving space on those areas.
So I'm not anxious to pursue that parenthetical alternative, just
admitting that we've got a choice of what to do here.

> > @@ -2016,6 +2016,23 @@ static struct page *hugetlbfs_pagecache_
> > return find_lock_page(mapping, idx);
> > }
> >
> > +/* Return whether there is a pagecache page to back given address within VMA */
> > +static bool hugetlbfs_backed(struct hstate *h,
> > + struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
> > +{
> > + struct address_space *mapping;
> > + pgoff_t idx;
> > + struct page *page;
> > +
> > + mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
> > + idx = vma_hugecache_offset(h, vma, address);
> > +
> > + page = find_get_page(mapping, idx);
> > + if (page)
> > + put_page(page);
> > + return page != NULL;
> > +}
> > +
>
> It's a total nit-pick, but this is very similar to
> hugetlbfs_pagecache_page(). It would have been nice to have them nearby

Indeed! That's why I placed it just after hugetlbfs_pagecache_page ;)

> and called something like hugetlbfs_pagecache_present()

Can call it that if you prefer, either name suits me.

> or else reuse
> the function and have the caller unlock_page but it's probably not worth
> addressing.

I did originally want to do it that way, but the caller is holding
page_table_lock, so cannot lock_page there.

> > int follow_hugetlb_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > struct page **pages, struct vm_area_struct **vmas,
> > unsigned long *position, int *length, int i,
> > - int write)
> > + unsigned int flags)
>
> Total aside, but in line with gfp_t flags, is there a case for having
> foll_t type for FOLL_* ?

Perhaps some case, but it's the wrong side of my boredom threshold!
Even get_user_pages is much less widely used than the functions where
gfp flags and page order were getting muddled up. (foll_t itself
would not have helped, but maybe such a change would have saved me time
debugging the hang in an earlier version of this patch: eventually I saw
I was passing VM_FAULT_WRITE instead of FAULT_FLAG_WRITE to hugetlb_fault.)

> > + /*
> > + * When coredumping, it suits get_dump_page if we just return
> > + * an error if there's a hole and no huge pagecache to back it.
> > + */
> > + if (absent &&
> > + ((flags & FOLL_DUMP) && !hugetlbfs_backed(h, vma, vaddr))) {
> > + remainder = 0;
> > + break;
> > + }
>
> Does this break an assumption of get_user_pages() whereby when there are
> holes, the corresponding pages are NULL but the following pages are still
> checked? I guess the caller is informed ultimately that the read was only
> partial but offhand I don't know if that's generally expected or not.

Sorry, I don't understand. get_user_pages() doesn't return any NULL
pages within the count it says was successful - Kamezawa-san had a patch
and flag which did so, and we might go that way, but it's not the case
at present is it? And follow_hugetlb_page() seems to be setting every
pages[i] within the count to something non-NULL.

>
> Or is your comment saying that because the only caller using FOLL_DUMP is
> get_dump_page() using an array of one page, it doesn't care and the case is
> just not worth dealing with?

Yes, that's more like it, but what case? Oh, the case where first pages
are okay, then we hit a hole. Right, that case doesn't actually arise
with FOLL_DUMP because of its sole user.

Perhaps my comment confuses because at first I had BUG_ON(remainder != 1)
in there, and wrote that comment, and returned -EFAULT; then later moved
the "i? i: -EFAULT" business down to the bottom and couldn't see any need
to assume remainder 1 any more. But the comment on "error" rather than
"error or short count" remains. But if I do change that to "error or
short count" it'll be a bit odd, because in practice it is always error.

But it does seem that we've confused each other: what to say instead?

Hugh


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