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Subject[PATCH 3/5] hw-breakpoints: Rewrite the hw-breakpoints layer on top of perf counters
Date
This patch rebase the implementation of the breakpoints API on top of
perf counters instances.

The core breakpoint API has changed a bit:

- register_kernel_hw_breakpoint() now takes a cpu as a parameter. For
now it doesn't support all cpu wide breakpoints but this may be
implemented soon.

- unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint() and unregister_user_hw_breakpoint()
have been unified in a single unregister_hw_breakpoint()

Each breakpoints now match a perf counter which now handles the
register scheduling, thread/cpu attachment, etc..

The new layering is now made as follows:

ptrace kgdb ftrace perf syscall
\ | / /
\ | / /
/
Core breakpoint API /
/
| /
| /
Breakpoints perf counters

|
|
Breakpoints PMU ---- Debug Register constraints handling
(Part of core breakpoint API)
|
|
Hardware debug registers

Reasons of this rewrite:

- Use the centralized/optimized pmu registers scheduling,
implying an easier arch integration
- More powerful register handling: perf attributes (pinned/flexible
events, exclusive/non-exclusive, tunable period, etc...)

Impact:

- New perf ABI: the hardware breakpoints counters
- Ptrace breakpoints setting remains tricky and still needs some per
thread breakpoints references.

Todo (in the order):

- Drop struct hw_breakpoint and store generic breakpoints fields inside
struct perf_counter_attr to have a common way to set breakpoints
parameters.
- Support breakpoints perf counter events for perf tools (ie: implement
perf_bpcounter_event())
- Support from perf tools

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Jan Kiszka <jan.kiszka@siemens.com>
Cc: Jiri Slaby <jirislaby@gmail.com>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com>
---
arch/Kconfig | 3 +
arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h | 7 -
arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h | 31 ++-
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 10 +-
arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 217 ++++++++++++---------
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 4 +-
arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c | 28 +--
arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 28 +---
arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c | 163 ++++++++++-----
arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 3 -
arch/x86/power/cpu.c | 6 -
include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h | 20 ++-
include/linux/perf_counter.h | 10 +-
kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 364 +++++++++++-----------------------
kernel/perf_counter.c | 25 +++
kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c | 151 ++++++++++----
16 files changed, 546 insertions(+), 524 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index c72f18f..c162ce6 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -115,6 +115,9 @@ config HAVE_DEFAULT_NO_SPIN_MUTEXES

config HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT
bool
+ depends on HAVE_PERF_COUNTERS
+ select ANON_INODES
+ select PERF_COUNTERS


source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
index 23439fb..1062e4a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/debugreg.h
@@ -75,13 +75,6 @@
*/
#ifdef __KERNEL__

-/* For process management */
-extern void flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
-extern int copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct task_struct *child, unsigned long clone_flags);
-
-/* For CPU management */
-extern void load_debug_registers(void);
static inline void hw_breakpoint_disable(void)
{
/* Zero the control register for HW Breakpoint */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
index 1acb4d4..425a226 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@ struct arch_hw_breakpoint {

#include <linux/kdebug.h>
#include <asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>

/* Available HW breakpoint length encodings */
#define HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1 0x40
@@ -36,20 +38,27 @@ struct arch_hw_breakpoint {
/* Total number of available HW breakpoint registers */
#define HBP_NUM 4

-extern struct hw_breakpoint *hbp_kernel[HBP_NUM];
-DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct hw_breakpoint*, this_hbp_kernel[HBP_NUM]);
-extern unsigned int hbp_user_refcount[HBP_NUM];
-
-extern void arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
-extern void arch_uninstall_thread_hw_breakpoint(void);
extern int arch_check_va_in_userspace(unsigned long va, u8 hbp_len);
extern int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
- struct task_struct *tsk);
-extern void arch_update_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk);
-extern void arch_flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
-extern void arch_update_kernel_hw_breakpoint(void *);
+ struct task_struct *tsk);
extern int hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *unused,
- unsigned long val, void *data);
+ unsigned long val, void *data);
+
+struct perf_counter;
+
+int arch_install_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter);
+void arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter);
+void hw_breakpoint_pmu_read(struct perf_counter *counter);
+void hw_breakpoint_pmu_unthrottle(struct perf_counter *counter);
+
+extern void
+arch_fill_perf_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter);
+
+unsigned long encode_dr7(int drnum, unsigned int len, unsigned int type);
+int decode_dr7(unsigned long dr7, int bpnum, unsigned *len, unsigned *type);
+
+void flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _I386_HW_BREAKPOINT_H */

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 2b03f70..007107f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -433,12 +433,10 @@ struct thread_struct {
unsigned long fs;
#endif
unsigned long gs;
- /* Hardware debugging registers: */
- unsigned long debugreg[HBP_NUM];
- unsigned long debugreg6;
- unsigned long debugreg7;
- /* Hardware breakpoint info */
- struct hw_breakpoint *hbp[HBP_NUM];
+ /* Save middle states of ptrace breakpoints */
+ struct hw_breakpoint *ptrace_bps[HBP_NUM];
+ /* Debug status used for traps, single steps, etc... */
+ unsigned long debugreg6;
/* Fault info: */
unsigned long cr2;
unsigned long trap_no;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
index 9316a9d..6d643ee 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Alan Stern
* Copyright (C) 2009 IBM Corporation
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
*/

/*
@@ -22,6 +23,7 @@
* using the CPU's debug registers.
*/

+#include <linux/perf_counter.h>
#include <linux/irqflags.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
@@ -38,26 +40,27 @@
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>

-/* Unmasked kernel DR7 value */
-static unsigned long kdr7;
+/* Per cpu debug control register value */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, dr7);

/*
- * Masks for the bits corresponding to registers DR0 - DR3 in DR7 register.
- * Used to clear and verify the status of bits corresponding to DR0 - DR3
+ * Stores the breakpoints currently in use on each breakpoint address
+ * register for each cpus
*/
-static const unsigned long dr7_masks[HBP_NUM] = {
- 0x000f0003, /* LEN0, R/W0, G0, L0 */
- 0x00f0000c, /* LEN1, R/W1, G1, L1 */
- 0x0f000030, /* LEN2, R/W2, G2, L2 */
- 0xf00000c0 /* LEN3, R/W3, G3, L3 */
-};
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hw_breakpoint *, bp_per_reg[HBP_NUM]);


+static inline
+struct arch_hw_breakpoint *counter_arch_bp(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ return &counter->hw.bp->info;
+}
+
/*
* Encode the length, type, Exact, and Enable bits for a particular breakpoint
* as stored in debug register 7.
*/
-static unsigned long encode_dr7(int drnum, unsigned int len, unsigned int type)
+unsigned long encode_dr7(int drnum, unsigned int len, unsigned int type)
{
unsigned long bp_info;

@@ -68,64 +71,86 @@ static unsigned long encode_dr7(int drnum, unsigned int len, unsigned int type)
return bp_info;
}

-void arch_update_kernel_hw_breakpoint(void *unused)
+/*
+ * Decode the length and type bits for a particular breakpoint as
+ * stored in debug register 7. Return the "enabled" status.
+ */
+int decode_dr7(unsigned long dr7, int bpnum, unsigned *len, unsigned *type)
{
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
- int i, cpu = get_cpu();
- unsigned long temp_kdr7 = 0;
-
- /* Don't allow debug exceptions while we update the registers */
- set_debugreg(0UL, 7);
+ int bp_info = dr7 >> (DR_CONTROL_SHIFT + bpnum * DR_CONTROL_SIZE);

- for (i = hbp_kernel_pos; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
- per_cpu(this_hbp_kernel[i], cpu) = bp = hbp_kernel[i];
- if (bp) {
- temp_kdr7 |= encode_dr7(i, bp->info.len, bp->info.type);
- set_debugreg(bp->info.address, i);
- }
- }
+ *len = (bp_info & 0xc) | 0x40;
+ *type = (bp_info & 0x3) | 0x80;

- /* No need to set DR6. Update the debug registers with kernel-space
- * breakpoint values from kdr7 and user-space requests from the
- * current process
- */
- kdr7 = temp_kdr7;
- set_debugreg(kdr7 | current->thread.debugreg7, 7);
- put_cpu();
+ return (dr7 >> (bpnum * DR_ENABLE_SIZE)) & 0x3;
}

/*
- * Install the thread breakpoints in their debug registers.
+ * Install a perf counter breakpoint.
+ *
+ * We seek a free debug address register and use it for this
+ * breakpoint. Eventually we enable it in the debug control register.
+ *
+ * Atomic: we hold the counter->ctx->lock and we only handle variables
+ * and registers local to this cpu.
*/
-void arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+int arch_install_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
-
- switch (hbp_kernel_pos) {
- case 4:
- set_debugreg(thread->debugreg[3], 3);
- case 3:
- set_debugreg(thread->debugreg[2], 2);
- case 2:
- set_debugreg(thread->debugreg[1], 1);
- case 1:
- set_debugreg(thread->debugreg[0], 0);
- default:
- break;
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *bp = counter_arch_bp(counter);
+ unsigned long *dr7;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint **slot = &__get_cpu_var(bp_per_reg[i]);
+
+ if (!*slot) {
+ *slot = counter->hw.bp;
+ break;
+ }
}

- /* No need to set DR6 */
- set_debugreg((kdr7 | thread->debugreg7), 7);
+ if (WARN_ONCE(i == HBP_NUM, "Can't find any breakpoint slot"))
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ set_debugreg(bp->address, i);
+
+ dr7 = &__get_cpu_var(dr7);
+ *dr7 |= encode_dr7(i, bp->len, bp->type);
+ set_debugreg(*dr7, 7);
+
+ return 0;
}

/*
- * Install the debug register values for just the kernel, no thread.
+ * Uninstall the breakpoint contained in the given counter.
+ *
+ * First we search the debug address register it uses and then we disable
+ * it.
+ *
+ * Atomic: we hold the counter->ctx->lock and we only handle variables
+ * and registers local to this cpu.
*/
-void arch_uninstall_thread_hw_breakpoint(void)
+void arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
- /* Clear the user-space portion of debugreg7 by setting only kdr7 */
- set_debugreg(kdr7, 7);
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *bp = counter_arch_bp(counter);
+ unsigned long *dr7;
+ int i;

+ for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint **slot = &__get_cpu_var(bp_per_reg[i]);
+
+ if (*slot == counter->hw.bp) {
+ *slot = NULL;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (WARN_ONCE(i == HBP_NUM, "Can't find any breakpoint slot"))
+ return;
+
+ dr7 = &__get_cpu_var(dr7);
+ *dr7 &= encode_dr7(i, bp->len, bp->type);
+ set_debugreg(*dr7, 7);
}

static int get_hbp_len(u8 hbp_len)
@@ -178,15 +203,9 @@ static int arch_check_va_in_kernelspace(unsigned long va, u8 hbp_len)
/*
* Store a breakpoint's encoded address, length, and type.
*/
-static int arch_store_info(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct task_struct *tsk)
+static int arch_store_info(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
{
/*
- * User-space requests will always have the address field populated
- * Symbol names from user-space are rejected
- */
- if (tsk && bp->info.name)
- return -EINVAL;
- /*
* For kernel-addresses, either the address or symbol name can be
* specified.
*/
@@ -202,7 +221,7 @@ static int arch_store_info(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct task_struct *tsk)
* Validate the arch-specific HW Breakpoint register settings
*/
int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
- struct task_struct *tsk)
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
{
unsigned int align;
int ret = -EINVAL;
@@ -247,7 +266,7 @@ int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
}

if (bp->triggered)
- ret = arch_store_info(bp, tsk);
+ ret = arch_store_info(bp);

if (ret < 0)
return ret;
@@ -267,31 +286,30 @@ int arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
bp->info.len))
return -EFAULT;
}
+
return 0;
}

-void arch_update_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk)
+/* start simple: just set a 1 byte length rw breakpoint to the location */
+void arch_fill_perf_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp = thread->hbp[pos];
-
- thread->debugreg7 &= ~dr7_masks[pos];
- if (bp) {
- thread->debugreg[pos] = bp->info.address;
- thread->debugreg7 |= encode_dr7(pos, bp->info.len,
- bp->info.type);
- } else
- thread->debugreg[pos] = 0;
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint *bp = counter_arch_bp(counter);
+
+ bp->address = (unsigned long)counter->attr.config;
+ bp->len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1;
+ bp->type = HW_BREAKPOINT_RW;
}

-void arch_flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+/*
+ * Release the user breakpoints used by ptrace
+ */
+void flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
int i;
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
+ struct thread_struct *t = &tsk->thread;

- thread->debugreg7 = 0;
for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++)
- thread->debugreg[i] = 0;
+ kfree(t->ptrace_bps[i]);
}

/*
@@ -325,10 +343,6 @@ static int __kprobes hw_breakpoint_handler(struct die_args *args)
if ((dr6 & DR_TRAP_BITS) == 0)
return NOTIFY_DONE;

- /* Lazy debug register switching */
- if (!test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_DEBUG))
- arch_uninstall_thread_hw_breakpoint();
-
get_debugreg(dr7, 7);
/* Disable breakpoints during exception handling */
set_debugreg(0UL, 7);
@@ -344,17 +358,18 @@ static int __kprobes hw_breakpoint_handler(struct die_args *args)
for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; ++i) {
if (likely(!(dr6 & (DR_TRAP0 << i))))
continue;
+
/*
- * Find the corresponding hw_breakpoint structure and
- * invoke its triggered callback.
+ * The counter may be concurrently released but that can only
+ * occur from a call_rcu() path. We can then safely fetch
+ * the breakpoint, use its callback, touch its counter
+ * while we are in an rcu_read_lock() path.
*/
- if (i >= hbp_kernel_pos)
- bp = per_cpu(this_hbp_kernel[i], cpu);
- else {
- bp = current->thread.hbp[i];
- if (bp)
- rc = NOTIFY_DONE;
- }
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ bp = per_cpu(bp_per_reg[i], cpu);
+ if (bp)
+ rc = NOTIFY_DONE;
/*
* Reset the 'i'th TRAP bit in dr6 to denote completion of
* exception handling
@@ -362,19 +377,23 @@ static int __kprobes hw_breakpoint_handler(struct die_args *args)
(*dr6_p) &= ~(DR_TRAP0 << i);
/*
* bp can be NULL due to lazy debug register switching
- * or due to the delay between updates of hbp_kernel_pos
- * and this_hbp_kernel.
+ * or due to concurrent perf counter removing.
*/
- if (!bp)
- continue;
+ if (!bp) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ break;
+ }

(bp->triggered)(bp, args->regs);
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
}
if (dr6 & (~DR_TRAP_BITS))
rc = NOTIFY_DONE;

set_debugreg(dr7, 7);
put_cpu();
+
return rc;
}

@@ -389,3 +408,13 @@ int __kprobes hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify(

return hw_breakpoint_handler(data);
}
+
+void hw_breakpoint_pmu_read(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+}
+
+void hw_breakpoint_pmu_unthrottle(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ /* TODO */
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index 1092a1a..a14cd67 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@ void free_thread_xstate(struct task_struct *tsk)
tsk->thread.xstate = NULL;
}
if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
- flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk);

WARN(tsk->thread.ds_ctx, "leaking DS context\n");
}
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ void flush_thread(void)
clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);

if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
- flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));
/*
* Forget coprocessor state..
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
index 00a8fe4..ae1c489 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
@@ -267,9 +267,11 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
tsk = current;
err = -ENOMEM;
- if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
- if (copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk, p, clone_flags))
- goto out;
+
+ if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG))) {
+ memset(p->thread.ptrace_bps, 0,
+ sizeof(p->thread.ptrace_bps));
+ }

if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmemdup(tsk->thread.io_bitmap_ptr,
@@ -290,13 +292,12 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
err = do_set_thread_area(p, -1,
(struct user_desc __user *)childregs->si, 0);

-out:
if (err && p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
kfree(p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr);
p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
}
if (err)
- flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(p);
+ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(p);

clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_DS_AREA_MSR);
p->thread.ds_ctx = NULL;
@@ -435,23 +436,6 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
lazy_load_gs(next->gs);

percpu_write(current_task, next_p);
- /*
- * There's a problem with moving the arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint()
- * call before current is updated. Suppose a kernel breakpoint is
- * triggered in between the two, the hw-breakpoint handler will see that
- * the 'current' task does not have TIF_DEBUG flag set and will think it
- * is leftover from an old task (lazy switching) and will erase it. Then
- * until the next context switch, no user-breakpoints will be installed.
- *
- * The real problem is that it's impossible to update both current and
- * physical debug registers at the same instant, so there will always be
- * a window in which they disagree and a breakpoint might get triggered.
- * Since we use lazy switching, we are forced to assume that a
- * disagreement means that current is correct and the exception is due
- * to lazy debug register switching.
- */
- if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_DEBUG)))
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(next_p);

return prev_p;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index 89c46f1..ca35488 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -247,8 +247,6 @@ void release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
BUG();
}
}
- if (unlikely(dead_task->thread.debugreg7))
- flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(dead_task);
}

static inline void set_32bit_tls(struct task_struct *t, int tls, u32 addr)
@@ -312,9 +310,10 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
savesegment(ds, p->thread.ds);

err = -ENOMEM;
- if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(me, TIF_DEBUG)))
- if (copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(me, p, clone_flags))
- goto out;
+ if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(me, TIF_DEBUG))) {
+ memset(p->thread.ptrace_bps, 0,
+ sizeof(p->thread.ptrace_bps));
+ }

if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(me, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmalloc(IO_BITMAP_BYTES, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -355,7 +354,7 @@ out:
p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
}
if (err)
- flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(p);
+ flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(p);

return err;
}
@@ -502,23 +501,6 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p, struct task_struct *next_p)
*/
if (tsk_used_math(next_p) && next_p->fpu_counter > 5)
math_state_restore();
- /*
- * There's a problem with moving the arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint()
- * call before current is updated. Suppose a kernel breakpoint is
- * triggered in between the two, the hw-breakpoint handler will see that
- * the 'current' task does not have TIF_DEBUG flag set and will think it
- * is leftover from an old task (lazy switching) and will erase it. Then
- * until the next context switch, no user-breakpoints will be installed.
- *
- * The real problem is that it's impossible to update both current and
- * physical debug registers at the same instant, so there will always be
- * a window in which they disagree and a breakpoint might get triggered.
- * Since we use lazy switching, we are forced to assume that a
- * disagreement means that current is correct and the exception is due
- * to lazy debug register switching.
- */
- if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_DEBUG)))
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(next_p);

return prev_p;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
index 113b892..dc1b7b2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -451,54 +451,56 @@ static int genregs_set(struct task_struct *target,
return ret;
}

-/*
- * Decode the length and type bits for a particular breakpoint as
- * stored in debug register 7. Return the "enabled" status.
- */
-static int decode_dr7(unsigned long dr7, int bpnum, unsigned *len,
- unsigned *type)
-{
- int bp_info = dr7 >> (DR_CONTROL_SHIFT + bpnum * DR_CONTROL_SIZE);
-
- *len = (bp_info & 0xc) | 0x40;
- *type = (bp_info & 0x3) | 0x80;
- return (dr7 >> (bpnum * DR_ENABLE_SIZE)) & 0x3;
-}
-
static void ptrace_triggered(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(current->thread);
int i;
+ struct thread_struct *thread = &(current->thread);

/*
* Store in the virtual DR6 register the fact that the breakpoint
* was hit so the thread's debugger will see it.
*/
- for (i = 0; i < hbp_kernel_pos; i++)
- /*
- * We will check bp->info.address against the address stored in
- * thread's hbp structure and not debugreg[i]. This is to ensure
- * that the corresponding bit for 'i' in DR7 register is enabled
- */
- if (bp->info.address == thread->hbp[i]->info.address)
+ for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
+ if (thread->ptrace_bps[i] == bp)
break;
+ }

thread->debugreg6 |= (DR_TRAP0 << i);
}

/*
+ * Walk through every ptrace breakpoints for this thread and
+ * build the dr7 value on top of their attributes.
+ *
+ */
+static unsigned long ptrace_get_dr7(struct hw_breakpoint *bp[])
+{
+ int i;
+ int dr7 = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
+ if (bp[i] && !bp[i]->inactive)
+ dr7 |= encode_dr7(i, bp[i]->info.len, bp[i]->info.len);
+ }
+
+ return dr7;
+}
+
+/*
* Handle ptrace writes to debug register 7.
*/
static int ptrace_write_dr7(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long data)
{
struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- unsigned long old_dr7 = thread->debugreg7;
+ unsigned long old_dr7;
int i, orig_ret = 0, rc = 0;
int enabled, second_pass = 0;
unsigned len, type;
struct hw_breakpoint *bp;

data &= ~DR_CONTROL_RESERVED;
+
+ old_dr7 = ptrace_get_dr7(thread->ptrace_bps);
restore:
/*
* Loop through all the hardware breakpoints, making the
@@ -506,11 +508,12 @@ restore:
*/
for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
enabled = decode_dr7(data, i, &len, &type);
- bp = thread->hbp[i];
+ bp = thread->ptrace_bps[i];

if (!enabled) {
if (bp) {
- /* Don't unregister the breakpoints right-away,
+ /*
+ * Don't unregister the breakpoints right-away,
* unless all register_user_hw_breakpoint()
* requests have succeeded. This prevents
* any window of opportunity for debug
@@ -518,26 +521,29 @@ restore:
*/
if (!second_pass)
continue;
- unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+ thread->ptrace_bps[i] = NULL;
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(bp);
kfree(bp);
}
continue;
}
+
+ /*
+ * We shoud have at least an inactive breakpoint at this
+ * slot. It means the user is writing dr7 without having
+ * written the address register first
+ */
if (!bp) {
- rc = -ENOMEM;
- bp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hw_breakpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (bp) {
- bp->info.address = thread->debugreg[i];
- bp->triggered = ptrace_triggered;
- bp->info.len = len;
- bp->info.type = type;
- rc = register_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
- if (rc)
- kfree(bp);
- }
- } else
- rc = modify_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
- if (rc)
+ rc = -EINVAL;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ bp->info.len = len;
+ bp->info.type = type;
+ bp->inactive = false;
+
+ rc = modify_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+ if (rc) /* incorrect bp, or we have a bug in bp API */
break;
}
/*
@@ -563,15 +569,68 @@ static unsigned long ptrace_get_debugreg(struct task_struct *tsk, int n)
struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
unsigned long val = 0;

- if (n < HBP_NUM)
- val = thread->debugreg[n];
- else if (n == 6)
+ if (n < HBP_NUM) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ bp = thread->ptrace_bps[n];
+ if (!bp)
+ return 0;
+ val = bp->info.address;
+ } else if (n == 6) {
val = thread->debugreg6;
- else if (n == 7)
- val = thread->debugreg7;
+ } else if (n == 7) {
+ val = ptrace_get_dr7(thread->ptrace_bps);
+ }
return val;
}

+static int ptrace_set_breakpoint_addr(struct task_struct *tsk, int nr,
+ unsigned long addr)
+{
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ struct thread_struct *t = &tsk->thread;
+ bool new = false;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!t->ptrace_bps[nr]) {
+ bp = kzalloc(sizeof(*bp), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bp)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ t->ptrace_bps[nr] = bp;
+ /*
+ * Put stub len and type to register (reserve) an inactive but
+ * correct bp
+ */
+ bp->info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1;
+ bp->info.type = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ bp->triggered = ptrace_triggered;
+ bp->inactive = true;
+ new = true;
+ } else
+ bp = t->ptrace_bps[nr];
+
+ bp->info.address = addr;
+
+ /*
+ * CHECKME: the previous code returned -EIO if the addr wasn't a
+ * valid task virtual addr. The new one will return -EINVAL in this
+ * case.
+ * -EINVAL may be what we want for in-kernel breakpoints users, but
+ * -EIO looks better for ptrace, since we refuse a register writing
+ * for the user. And anyway this is the previous behaviour.
+ */
+ if (new) {
+ ret = register_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+ if (ret) {
+ t->ptrace_bps[nr] = NULL;
+ kfree(bp);
+ }
+ } else
+ ret = modify_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* Handle PTRACE_POKEUSR calls for the debug register area.
*/
@@ -585,19 +644,13 @@ int ptrace_set_debugreg(struct task_struct *tsk, int n, unsigned long val)
return -EIO;

if (n == 6) {
- tsk->thread.debugreg6 = val;
+ thread->debugreg6 = val;
goto ret_path;
}
if (n < HBP_NUM) {
- if (thread->hbp[n]) {
- if (arch_check_va_in_userspace(val,
- thread->hbp[n]->info.len) == 0) {
- rc = -EIO;
- goto ret_path;
- }
- thread->hbp[n]->info.address = val;
- }
- thread->debugreg[n] = val;
+ rc = ptrace_set_breakpoint_addr(tsk, n, val);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
}
/* All that's left is DR7 */
if (n == 7)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
index dee0f3d..2fecda6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -63,7 +63,6 @@
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
-#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>

#include <asm/smpboot_hooks.h>
@@ -327,7 +326,6 @@ notrace static void __cpuinit start_secondary(void *unused)
setup_secondary_clock();

wmb();
- load_debug_registers();
cpu_idle();
}

@@ -1256,7 +1254,6 @@ void cpu_disable_common(void)
remove_cpu_from_maps(cpu);
unlock_vector_lock();
fixup_irqs();
- hw_breakpoint_disable();
}

int native_cpu_disable(void)
diff --git a/arch/x86/power/cpu.c b/arch/x86/power/cpu.c
index 9e63db8..92bfb09 100644
--- a/arch/x86/power/cpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/power/cpu.c
@@ -105,7 +105,6 @@ static void __save_processor_state(struct saved_context *ctxt)
ctxt->cr4 = read_cr4();
ctxt->cr8 = read_cr8();
#endif
- hw_breakpoint_disable();
}

/* Needed by apm.c */
@@ -144,11 +143,6 @@ static void fix_processor_context(void)
#endif
load_TR_desc(); /* This does ltr */
load_LDT(&current->active_mm->context); /* This does lldt */
-
- /*
- * Now maybe reload the debug registers
- */
- load_debug_registers();
}

/**
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h b/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h
index 9bf2d12..41369f1 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>

+struct perf_counter;
+
/**
* struct hw_breakpoint - unified kernel/user-space hardware breakpoint
* @triggered: callback invoked after target address access
@@ -103,6 +105,8 @@
struct hw_breakpoint {
void (*triggered)(struct hw_breakpoint *, struct pt_regs *);
struct arch_hw_breakpoint info;
+ struct perf_counter *counter;
+ bool inactive;
};

/*
@@ -123,17 +127,19 @@ struct hw_breakpoint {

extern int register_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
-extern int modify_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
-extern void unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+extern int
+modify_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
/*
* Kernel breakpoints are not associated with any particular thread.
*/
-extern int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
-extern void unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+extern int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, int cpu);
+extern int register_perf_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter);
+extern int __register_perf_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter);
+extern void unregister_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+
+struct pmu;

-extern unsigned int hbp_kernel_pos;
+extern struct pmu perf_ops_bp;

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_HW_BREAKPOINT_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/perf_counter.h b/include/linux/perf_counter.h
index 1181c24..44c78ec 100644
--- a/include/linux/perf_counter.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_counter.h
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@ enum perf_type_id {
PERF_TYPE_TRACEPOINT = 2,
PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE = 3,
PERF_TYPE_RAW = 4,
+ PERF_TYPE_BREAKPOINT = 5,

PERF_TYPE_MAX, /* non-ABI */
};
@@ -464,6 +465,10 @@ struct hw_perf_counter {
atomic64_t count;
struct hrtimer hrtimer;
};
+ struct { /* hardware breakpoint */
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ int counter;
+ };
};
atomic64_t prev_count;
u64 sample_period;
@@ -499,7 +504,6 @@ enum perf_counter_active_state {
PERF_COUNTER_STATE_OFF = -1,
PERF_COUNTER_STATE_INACTIVE = 0,
PERF_COUNTER_STATE_ACTIVE = 1,
- PERF_COUNTER_STATE_UNOPENED = 2,
};

struct file;
@@ -780,6 +784,8 @@ extern int sysctl_perf_counter_sample_rate;
extern void perf_counter_init(void);
extern void perf_tpcounter_event(int event_id, u64 addr, u64 count,
void *record, int entry_size);
+extern void
+perf_bpcounter_event(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct pt_regs *regs);

#ifndef perf_misc_flags
#define perf_misc_flags(regs) (user_mode(regs) ? PERF_EVENT_MISC_USER : \
@@ -829,6 +835,8 @@ static inline void perf_install_in_context(struct perf_counter_context *ctx,
int cpu) { }
static inline void
perf_counter_remove_from_context(struct perf_counter *counter) { }
+static inline void
+perf_bpcounter_event(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct pt_regs *regs) { }

#endif

diff --git a/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
index c1f64e6..1d6a6e8 100644
--- a/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
+++ b/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Alan Stern
* Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ * Copyright (C) 2009, Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
*/

/*
@@ -35,179 +36,130 @@
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>

+#include <linux/perf_counter.h>
+
#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86
#include <asm/debugreg.h>
#endif
-/*
- * Spinlock that protects all (un)register operations over kernel/user-space
- * breakpoint requests
- */
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(hw_breakpoint_lock);

-/* Array of kernel-space breakpoint structures */
-struct hw_breakpoint *hbp_kernel[HBP_NUM];
+static atomic_t bp_slot;

-/*
- * Per-processor copy of hbp_kernel[]. Used only when hbp_kernel is being
- * modified but we need the older copy to handle any hbp exceptions. It will
- * sync with hbp_kernel[] value after updation is done through IPIs.
- */
-DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hw_breakpoint*, this_hbp_kernel[HBP_NUM]);
+static int reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&bp_slot) == HBP_NUM) {
+ atomic_dec(&bp_slot);

-/*
- * Kernel breakpoints grow downwards, starting from HBP_NUM
- * 'hbp_kernel_pos' denotes lowest numbered breakpoint register occupied for
- * kernel-space request. We will initialise it here and not in an __init
- * routine because load_debug_registers(), which uses this variable can be
- * called very early during CPU initialisation.
- */
-unsigned int hbp_kernel_pos = HBP_NUM;
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }

-/*
- * An array containing refcount of threads using a given bkpt register
- * Accesses are synchronised by acquiring hw_breakpoint_lock
- */
-unsigned int hbp_user_refcount[HBP_NUM];
+ return 0;
+}

-/*
- * Load the debug registers during startup of a CPU.
- */
-void load_debug_registers(void)
+static void release_bp_slot(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
- unsigned long flags;
- struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+ atomic_dec(&bp_slot);
+}

- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
+int __register_perf_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp = counter->hw.bp;

- /* Prevent IPIs for new kernel breakpoint updates */
- local_irq_save(flags);
- arch_update_kernel_hw_breakpoint(NULL);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ ret = arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(bp, counter->ctx->task);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;

- if (test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG))
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ if (!bp->triggered)
+ return -EINVAL;

- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
+ return 0;
}

-/*
- * Erase all the hardware breakpoint info associated with a thread.
- *
- * If tsk != current then tsk must not be usable (for example, a
- * child being cleaned up from a failed fork).
+/**
+ * register_perf_hw_breakpoint - register a breakpoint for perf counter
+ * @counter: the breakpoint counter pre-initialized by perf
*/
-void flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+int register_perf_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_counter *counter)
{
- int i;
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
-
- /* The thread no longer has any breakpoints associated with it */
- clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
- for (i = 0; i < HBP_NUM; i++) {
- if (thread->hbp[i]) {
- hbp_user_refcount[i]--;
- kfree(thread->hbp[i]);
- thread->hbp[i] = NULL;
- }
- }
+ counter->hw.bp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hw_breakpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!counter->hw.bp)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ arch_fill_perf_breakpoint(counter);
+ counter->hw.bp->triggered = perf_bpcounter_event;

- arch_flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ counter->hw.bp->counter = counter;

- /* Actually uninstall the breakpoints if necessary */
- if (tsk == current)
- arch_uninstall_thread_hw_breakpoint();
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
+ return __register_perf_hw_breakpoint(counter);
}

/*
- * Copy the hardware breakpoint info from a thread to its cloned child.
+ * Register a breakpoint bound to a task and a given cpu.
+ * If cpu is -1, the breakpoint is active for the task in every cpu
+ * If the task is -1, the breakpoint is active for every tasks in the given
+ * cpu.
*/
-int copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct task_struct *child, unsigned long clone_flags)
-{
- /*
- * We will assume that breakpoint settings are not inherited
- * and the child starts out with no debug registers set.
- * But what about CLONE_PTRACE?
- */
- clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_DEBUG);
-
- /* We will call flush routine since the debugregs are not inherited */
- arch_flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(child);
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int __register_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+static int register_user_hw_breakpoint_cpu(pid_t pid,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
+ int cpu)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- int rc;
-
- /* Do not overcommit. Fail if kernel has used the hbp registers */
- if (pos >= hbp_kernel_pos)
- return -ENOSPC;
+ struct perf_counter_attr *attr;
+ struct perf_counter_context *ctx;
+ struct perf_counter *counter;
+ int ret;

- rc = arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(bp, tsk);
- if (rc)
- return rc;
+ attr = kzalloc(sizeof(*attr), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!attr)
+ return -ENOMEM;

- thread->hbp[pos] = bp;
- hbp_user_refcount[pos]++;
-
- arch_update_user_hw_breakpoint(pos, tsk);
+ attr->type = PERF_TYPE_BREAKPOINT;
+ attr->size = sizeof(*attr);
/*
- * Does it need to be installed right now?
- * Otherwise it will get installed the next time tsk runs
+ * Such breakpoints are used by debuggers to trigger signals when
+ * we hit the excepted memory op. We can't miss such events, they
+ * must be pinned.
*/
- if (tsk == current)
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ attr->pinned = 1;

- return rc;
-}
+ if (bp->inactive)
+ attr->disabled = 1;

-/*
- * Modify the address of a hbp register already in use by the task
- * Do not invoke this in-lieu of a __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint()
- */
-static int __modify_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
-{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
+ ctx = find_get_context(pid, cpu);
+ if (IS_ERR(ctx)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(ctx);
+ goto fail_ctx;
+ }

- if ((pos >= hbp_kernel_pos) || (arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(bp, tsk)))
- return -EINVAL;
+ /* This is not called from perf syscall, build the counter ourself */
+ counter = kzalloc(sizeof(*counter), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!counter) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto fail_counter;
+ }

- if (thread->hbp[pos] == NULL)
- return -EINVAL;
+ counter->hw.bp = bp;
+ bp->counter = counter;

- thread->hbp[pos] = bp;
- /*
- * 'pos' must be that of a hbp register already used by 'tsk'
- * Otherwise arch_modify_user_hw_breakpoint() will fail
- */
- arch_update_user_hw_breakpoint(pos, tsk);
+ ret = __perf_counter_init(counter, attr, cpu, ctx, NULL, NULL);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail_init;

- if (tsk == current)
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ perf_install_in_context(counter->ctx, counter, counter->cpu);

return 0;
-}
-
-static void __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk)
-{
- hbp_user_refcount[pos]--;
- tsk->thread.hbp[pos] = NULL;

- arch_update_user_hw_breakpoint(pos, tsk);
+fail_init:
+ kfree(counter);
+ bp->counter = NULL;
+fail_counter:
+ put_ctx(ctx);
+fail_ctx:
+ kfree(attr);

- if (tsk == current)
- arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ return ret;
}

/**
@@ -220,149 +172,64 @@ static void __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(int pos, struct task_struct *tsk)
*
*/
int register_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- int i, rc = -ENOSPC;
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
-
- for (i = 0; i < hbp_kernel_pos; i++) {
- if (!thread->hbp[i]) {
- rc = __register_user_hw_breakpoint(i, tsk, bp);
- break;
- }
- }
- if (!rc)
- set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
-
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- return rc;
+ return register_user_hw_breakpoint_cpu(tsk->pid, bp, -1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_user_hw_breakpoint);

/**
* modify_user_hw_breakpoint - modify a user-space hardware breakpoint
- * @tsk: pointer to 'task_struct' of the process to which the address belongs
- * @bp: the breakpoint structure to unregister
+ * @bp: the breakpoint structure to modify
*
*/
int modify_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk, struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- int i, ret = -ENOENT;
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- for (i = 0; i < hbp_kernel_pos; i++) {
- if (bp == thread->hbp[i]) {
- ret = __modify_user_hw_breakpoint(i, tsk, bp);
- break;
- }
- }
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- return ret;
+ /*
+ * FIXME: do it without unregistering
+ * - We don't want to lose our slot
+ * - If the new bp is incorrect, don't lose the older one
+ */
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+
+ return register_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(modify_user_hw_breakpoint);

/**
- * unregister_user_hw_breakpoint - unregister a user-space hardware breakpoint
- * @tsk: pointer to 'task_struct' of the process to which the address belongs
+ * unregister_hw_breakpoint - unregister a user-space hardware breakpoint
* @bp: the breakpoint structure to unregister
*
+ * If you want to release the breakpoint structure after that, do it
+ * through call_rcu or after synchronize_rcu() to ensure every pending
+ * breakpoint triggered callbacks have been completed.
*/
-void unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
- struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+void unregister_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
{
- struct thread_struct *thread = &(tsk->thread);
- int i, pos = -1, hbp_counter = 0;
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- for (i = 0; i < hbp_kernel_pos; i++) {
- if (thread->hbp[i])
- hbp_counter++;
- if (bp == thread->hbp[i])
- pos = i;
- }
- if (pos >= 0) {
- __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(pos, tsk);
- hbp_counter--;
- }
- if (!hbp_counter)
- clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
+ if (!bp->counter)
+ return;

- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
+ perf_counter_remove_from_context(bp->counter);
+ free_counter(bp->counter);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_user_hw_breakpoint);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_hw_breakpoint);
+

/**
- * register_kernel_hw_breakpoint - register a hardware breakpoint for kernel space
+ * register_kernel_hw_breakpoint - register a cpu wide breakpoint in the kernel
* @bp: the breakpoint structure to register
+ * @cpu: cpu in which we want this breakpoint to be set
*
* @bp.info->name or @bp.info->address, @bp.info->len, @bp.info->type and
* @bp->triggered must be set properly before invocation
*
*/
-int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, int cpu)
{
- int rc;
-
- rc = arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(bp, NULL);
- if (rc)
- return rc;
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
-
- rc = -ENOSPC;
- /* Check if we are over-committing */
- if ((hbp_kernel_pos > 0) && (!hbp_user_refcount[hbp_kernel_pos-1])) {
- hbp_kernel_pos--;
- hbp_kernel[hbp_kernel_pos] = bp;
- on_each_cpu(arch_update_kernel_hw_breakpoint, NULL, 1);
- rc = 0;
- }
-
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- return rc;
+ return register_user_hw_breakpoint_cpu(-1, bp, cpu);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kernel_hw_breakpoint);

-/**
- * unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint - unregister a HW breakpoint for kernel space
- * @bp: the breakpoint structure to unregister
- *
- * Uninstalls and unregisters @bp.
- */
-void unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
-{
- int i, j;
-
- spin_lock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
-
- /* Find the 'bp' in our list of breakpoints for kernel */
- for (i = hbp_kernel_pos; i < HBP_NUM; i++)
- if (bp == hbp_kernel[i])
- break;
-
- /* Check if we did not find a match for 'bp'. If so return early */
- if (i == HBP_NUM) {
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * We'll shift the breakpoints one-level above to compact if
- * unregistration creates a hole
- */
- for (j = i; j > hbp_kernel_pos; j--)
- hbp_kernel[j] = hbp_kernel[j-1];
-
- hbp_kernel[hbp_kernel_pos] = NULL;
- on_each_cpu(arch_update_kernel_hw_breakpoint, NULL, 1);
- hbp_kernel_pos++;
-
- spin_unlock_bh(&hw_breakpoint_lock);
-}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint);

static struct notifier_block hw_breakpoint_exceptions_nb = {
.notifier_call = hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify,
@@ -374,5 +241,14 @@ static int __init init_hw_breakpoint(void)
{
return register_die_notifier(&hw_breakpoint_exceptions_nb);
}
-
core_initcall(init_hw_breakpoint);
+
+
+struct pmu perf_ops_bp = {
+ .enable = arch_install_hw_breakpoint,
+ .disable = arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint,
+ .read = hw_breakpoint_pmu_read,
+ .unthrottle = hw_breakpoint_pmu_unthrottle,
+ .open = reserve_bp_slot,
+ .close = release_bp_slot
+};
diff --git a/kernel/perf_counter.c b/kernel/perf_counter.c
index de62fab..5e05fd7 100644
--- a/kernel/perf_counter.c
+++ b/kernel/perf_counter.c
@@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/perf_counter.h>

+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>

/*
@@ -3953,6 +3954,26 @@ static const struct pmu *tp_perf_counter_init(struct perf_counter *counter)
}
#endif

+static const struct pmu *bp_perf_counter_init(struct perf_counter *counter)
+{
+ /*
+ * The breakpoint is already filled if we haven't created the counter
+ * through perf syscall
+ */
+ if (!counter->hw.bp)
+ register_perf_hw_breakpoint(counter);
+ else
+ __register_perf_hw_breakpoint(counter);
+
+ return &perf_ops_bp;
+}
+
+void
+perf_bpcounter_event(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /* TODO (need to know where we encode the id of the bp counter) */
+}
+
atomic_t perf_swcounter_enabled[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX];

static void sw_perf_counter_destroy(struct perf_counter *counter)
@@ -4085,6 +4106,10 @@ int __perf_counter_init(struct perf_counter *counter,
pmu = tp_perf_counter_init(counter);
break;

+ case PERF_TYPE_BREAKPOINT:
+ pmu = bp_perf_counter_init(counter);
+ break;
+
default:
break;
}
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
index 6d5609c..f0835a6 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_ksym.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
*/

#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
@@ -182,6 +183,7 @@ int process_new_ksym_entry(char *ksymname, int op, unsigned long addr)
{
struct trace_ksym *entry;
int ret = -ENOMEM;
+ int cpu;

if (ksym_filter_entry_count >= KSYM_TRACER_MAX) {
printk(KERN_ERR "ksym_tracer: Maximum limit:(%d) reached. No"
@@ -194,36 +196,53 @@ int process_new_ksym_entry(char *ksymname, int op, unsigned long addr)
if (!entry)
return -ENOMEM;

- entry->ksym_hbp = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hw_breakpoint), GFP_KERNEL);
+ entry->ksym_hbp = alloc_percpu(typeof(*entry->ksym_hbp));
if (!entry->ksym_hbp)
- goto err;
+ goto err_bp;

- entry->ksym_hbp->info.name = kstrdup(ksymname, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!entry->ksym_hbp->info.name)
- goto err;
+ entry->ksym_addr = addr;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+
+ bp->info.name = kstrdup(ksymname, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!bp->info.name)
+ goto err_bp_cpu;

- entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
- entry->ksym_addr = entry->ksym_hbp->info.address = addr;
#ifdef CONFIG_X86
- entry->ksym_hbp->info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+ bp->info.type = op;
+ bp->info.address = addr;
+ bp->info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+ bp->triggered = ksym_hbp_handler;
#endif
- entry->ksym_hbp->triggered = (void *)ksym_hbp_handler;
-
- ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
- if (ret < 0) {
- printk(KERN_INFO "ksym_tracer request failed. Try again"
- " later!!\n");
- ret = -EAGAIN;
- goto err;
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(bp, cpu);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "ksym_tracer request failed. Try again"
+ " later!!\n");
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ goto err_bp_cpu;
+ }
}
+
hlist_add_head_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist), &ksym_filter_head);
ksym_filter_entry_count++;
+
return 0;
-err:
- if (entry->ksym_hbp)
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+
+err_bp_cpu:
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ kfree(bp->info.name);
+#endif
+ }
+
+ free_percpu(entry->ksym_hbp);
+err_bp:
kfree(entry);
+
return ret;
}

@@ -243,15 +262,29 @@ static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_read(struct file *filp, char __user *ubuf,

mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
- ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%s:", entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
- if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE)
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp = NULL;
+ int cpu;
+
+ /* take the first valid cpu breakpoint */
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (!bp)
+ continue;
+
+ ret = trace_seq_printf(s, "%s:", bp->info.name);
+ if (bp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE)
ret = trace_seq_puts(s, "-w-\n");
- else if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_RW)
+ else if (bp->info.type == HW_BREAKPOINT_RW)
ret = trace_seq_puts(s, "rw-\n");
+
WARN_ON_ONCE(!ret);
}
-
+#endif
cnt = simple_read_from_buffer(ubuf, count, ppos, s->buffer, s->len);

mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
@@ -269,12 +302,19 @@ static void __ksym_trace_reset(void)
mutex_lock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
hlist_for_each_entry_safe(entry, node, node1, &ksym_filter_head,
ksym_hlist) {
- unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+ kfree(bp->info.name);
+ }
+
ksym_filter_entry_count--;
hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
synchronize_rcu();
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ free_percpu(entry->ksym_hbp);
kfree(entry);
}
mutex_unlock(&ksym_tracer_mutex);
@@ -326,27 +366,42 @@ static ssize_t ksym_trace_filter_write(struct file *file,
ret = -EINVAL;
hlist_for_each_entry(entry, node, &ksym_filter_head, ksym_hlist) {
if (entry->ksym_addr == ksym_addr) {
- /* Check for malformed request: (6) */
- if (entry->ksym_hbp->info.type != op)
- changed = 1;
- else
- goto out;
- break;
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+
+ bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+
+ /* Check for malformed request: (6) */
+ if (bp->info.type != op)
+ changed = 1;
+ else
+ goto out;
+ break;
+ }
}
}
if (changed) {
- unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
- entry->ksym_hbp->info.type = op;
- if (op > 0) {
- ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(entry->ksym_hbp);
- if (ret == 0)
- goto out;
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+
+ bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+ unregister_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+ bp->info.type = op;
+ if (op > 0) {
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(bp, 0);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ kfree(bp->info.name);
}
ksym_filter_entry_count--;
hlist_del_rcu(&(entry->ksym_hlist));
synchronize_rcu();
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp->info.name);
- kfree(entry->ksym_hbp);
+ free_percpu(entry->ksym_hbp);
kfree(entry);
ret = 0;
goto out;
@@ -487,11 +542,21 @@ static int ksym_tracer_stat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
struct trace_ksym *entry;
int access_type = 0;
char fn_name[KSYM_NAME_LEN];
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp = NULL;
+ int cpu;

entry = hlist_entry(stat, struct trace_ksym, ksym_hlist);
+ if (!entry->ksym_hbp)
+ return 0;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ bp = per_cpu_ptr(entry->ksym_hbp, cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!bp)
+ return 0;

- if (entry->ksym_hbp)
- access_type = entry->ksym_hbp->info.type;
+ access_type = bp->info.type;

switch (access_type) {
case HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE:
--
1.6.2.3


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