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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/4] RFC: jump label - (tracepoint optimizations)
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On Mon, 2009-09-07 at 13:06 -0400, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> * Mathieu Desnoyers (mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca) wrote:
> > * Jason Baron (jbaron@redhat.com) wrote:
> [...]
> > > Solution:
> > >
> > > In discussing this problem with Roland McGrath and Richard Henderson, we came
> > > up with a new 'asm goto' statement that allows branching to a label. Thus, this
> > > patch set introdues a 'STATIC_JUMP_IF()' macro as follows:
> > >
> > > #ifdef HAVE_STATIC_JUMP
> > >
> > > #define STATIC_JUMP_IF(tag, label, cond) \
> > > asm goto ("1:" /* 5-byte insn */ \
> > > P6_NOP5 \
> >
> > Hrm, be careful there. P6_NOP5 is not always a single instruction. If
> > you are preempted in the middle of it, bad things could happen, even
> > with stop_machine, if you iret in the middle the of the new jump
> > instruction. It could cause an illegal instruction fault. You should use
> > an atomic nop5. I think the function tracer already does, since I
> > told Steven about this exact issue.
> >
>
> Just to clarify this statement:
>
> P6_NOP5 happens to be an atomic nop, but nothing states this requirement
> in arch/x86/include/asm/nops.h. Other 5-bytes nops are defined as
> multiple instructions (e.g. 2 bytes + 3 bytes nops). So I recommend to
> create a family of ATOMIC_P6_NOP5 (and other ATOMIC_*_NOP5 defines) to
> document this atomicity requirement.

Although I agree that we probably should place a comment in that file, I
highly doubt anyone will change that. But who knows?

>
> Ftrace could probably handle this more gracefully than it does at the
> moment. It basically assumes that P6_NOP5 is atomic, and falls back on a
> 5-bytes jmp if it detects that P6_NOP5 faults.
>
> That's coherent with the
> "TODO: check the cpuid to determine the best nop."
>
> present in x86 ftrace.c.
>
> So, at the very least, if we rely on nops.h having a single-instruction
> P6_NOP5 5 bytes nop, a comment to that effect should be added to nops.h.

I might as well go add one.

-- Steve




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