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SubjectRe: [tip:core/rcu] rcu: Add diagnostic check for a possible CPU-hotplug race
On Mon, Aug 03, 2009 at 05:56:18AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 03, 2009 at 09:04:58AM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> >
> > i've attached the full serial bootlog with the warning in it. This
> > should address your question about what the order of initialization
> > is, right?
>
> It does, thank you! This problem really is happening during boot.
>
> > Let me know if you still would like me to run your diagnostic patch
> > too.
>
> Now that you mention it, you should probably let me test it a bit first.

And here is a tested and debugged version. Diagnostic only, not for
inclusion, based on tip/core/rcu as of today (August 5th).

Gautham, have you been able to reproduce on your machines? Still cannot
here.

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------
Create an rcu_cpu_notified() API that checks to see whether RCU's
CPU-hotplug notifier is registered. This is used in three WARN_ON_ONCE()
calls, the first of which should trigger, and the second two of
which should not -- but I suspect that the WARN_ON_ONCE() located in
__rcu_process_callbacks() will in fact trigger on the machine suffering
from this bug. ;-)

Any code path that executes after rcu_init() should have RCU CPU-hotplug
notifiers registered, so any triggering of the following WARN_ON_ONCE()
after rcu_init() is a bug:

WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_cpu_notified());

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/cpu.h | 3 +++
include/linux/rcupdate.h | 1 +
kernel/cpu.c | 5 +++++
kernel/notifier.c | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
kernel/rcupdate.c | 9 ++++++++-
kernel/rcutree.c | 1 +
6 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/cpu.h b/include/linux/cpu.h
index 4d668e0..d9b3c18 100644
--- a/include/linux/cpu.h
+++ b/include/linux/cpu.h
@@ -51,6 +51,9 @@ struct notifier_block;
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
extern int register_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
extern void unregister_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
+extern int cpu_notified(int (*fn)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *));
+extern int raw_notifier_chain_is_registered(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
+ int (*fn)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *));
#else

#ifndef MODULE
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 3c89d6a..f790f3c 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -65,6 +65,7 @@ extern void rcu_init(void);
extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
extern int rcu_scheduler_active;
+extern int rcu_cpu_notified(void);

#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 8ce1004..5aa736a 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -133,6 +133,11 @@ int __ref register_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
return ret;
}

+int cpu_notified(int (*fn)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *))
+{
+ return raw_notifier_chain_is_registered(&cpu_chain, fn);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_cpu_notifier);
diff --git a/kernel/notifier.c b/kernel/notifier.c
index 61d5aa5..d72c0b8 100644
--- a/kernel/notifier.c
+++ b/kernel/notifier.c
@@ -59,6 +59,29 @@ static int notifier_chain_unregister(struct notifier_block **nl,
return -ENOENT;
}

+static int notifier_chain_is_registered(struct notifier_block *nl,
+ int (*fn)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *))
+{
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ /* printk(KERN_ALERT "notifier_chain_is_registered looking for: %pS\n", fn); */
+ while (nl != NULL) {
+ /* printk(KERN_ALERT "notifier_chain_is_registered: %pS\n", rcu_dereference(nl)->notifier_call); */
+ if (rcu_dereference(nl)->notifier_call == fn) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return 1;
+ }
+ nl = (rcu_dereference(nl)->next);
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int raw_notifier_chain_is_registered(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
+ int (*fn)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *))
+{
+ return notifier_chain_is_registered(nh->head, fn);
+}
+
/**
* notifier_call_chain - Informs the registered notifiers about an event.
* @nl: Pointer to head of the blocking notifier chain
diff --git a/kernel/rcupdate.c b/kernel/rcupdate.c
index 9f0584e..57a4626 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupdate.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupdate.c
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ static void rcu_migrate_callback(struct rcu_head *notused)
extern int rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu);

-static int __cpuinit rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug(struct notifier_block *self,
+int __cpuinit rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
rcu_cpu_notify(self, action, hcpu);
@@ -246,12 +246,19 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug(struct notifier_block *self,
return NOTIFY_OK;
}

+int rcu_cpu_notified(void)
+{
+ return cpu_notified(rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug);
+}
+
void __init rcu_init(void)
{
int i;

__rcu_init();
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_cpu_notified()); /* this one expected to trigger. */
hotcpu_notifier(rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug, 0);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_cpu_notified());

/*
* We don't need protection against CPU-hotplug here because
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index b9b1928..a0bfc93 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -1133,6 +1133,7 @@ __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
unsigned long flags;

WARN_ON_ONCE(rdp->beenonline == 0);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_cpu_notified());

/*
* If an RCU GP has gone long enough, go check for dyntick

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