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Subject[PATCH 10/10] vm: Add an tuning knob for vm.max_writeback_pages
Date
From: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>

Originally, MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES was hard-coded to 1024 because of a
concern of not holding I_SYNC for too long. (At least, that was the
comment previously.) This doesn't make sense now because the only
time we wait for I_SYNC is if we are calling sync or fsync, and in
that case we need to write out all of the data anyway. Previously
there may have been other code paths that waited on I_SYNC, but not
any more.

According to Christoph, the current writeback size is way too small,
and XFS had a hack that bumped out nr_to_write to four times the value
sent by the VM to be able to saturate medium-sized RAID arrays. This
value was also problematic for ext4 as well, as it caused large files
to be come interleaved on disk by in 8 megabyte chunks (we bumped up
the nr_to_write by a factor of two).

So, in this patch, we make the MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES a tunable, and
change the default to be 32768 blocks.

http://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=13930

Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
fs/fs-writeback.c | 15 +++------------
include/linux/writeback.h | 1 +
kernel/sysctl.c | 8 ++++++++
mm/page-writeback.c | 6 ++++++
4 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 12a8dfd..915ed94 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -268,15 +268,6 @@ void bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct super_block *sb,
}
}

-/*
- * The maximum number of pages to writeout in a single bdi flush/kupdate
- * operation. We do this so we don't hold I_SYNC against an inode for
- * enormous amounts of time, which would block a userspace task which has
- * been forced to throttle against that inode. Also, the code reevaluates
- * the dirty each time it has written this many pages.
- */
-#define MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES 1024
-
static inline bool over_bground_thresh(void)
{
unsigned long background_thresh, dirty_thresh;
@@ -329,11 +320,11 @@ static long wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,

wbc.more_io = 0;
wbc.encountered_congestion = 0;
- wbc.nr_to_write = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
+ wbc.nr_to_write = max_writeback_pages;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
generic_sync_wb_inodes(wb, sb, &wbc);
- nr_pages -= MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES - wbc.nr_to_write;
- wrote += MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES - wbc.nr_to_write;
+ nr_pages -= max_writeback_pages - wbc.nr_to_write;
+ wrote += max_writeback_pages - wbc.nr_to_write;
/*
* If we ran out of stuff to write, bail unless more_io got set
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index e070b91..a27fc00 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ extern int vm_dirty_ratio;
extern unsigned long vm_dirty_bytes;
extern unsigned int dirty_writeback_interval;
extern unsigned int dirty_expire_interval;
+extern unsigned int max_writeback_pages;
extern int vm_highmem_is_dirtyable;
extern int block_dump;
extern int laptop_mode;
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 58be760..06d1c4c 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -1104,6 +1104,14 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
},
{
+ .ctl_name = CTL_UNNUMBERED,
+ .procname = "max_writeback_pages",
+ .data = &max_writeback_pages,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(max_writeback_pages),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = &proc_dointvec,
+ },
+ {
.ctl_name = VM_NR_PDFLUSH_THREADS,
.procname = "nr_pdflush_threads",
.data = &nr_pdflush_threads,
diff --git a/mm/page-writeback.c b/mm/page-writeback.c
index a897147..79d9c4a 100644
--- a/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ b/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -55,6 +55,12 @@ static inline long sync_writeback_pages(void)
/* The following parameters are exported via /proc/sys/vm */

/*
+ * The maximum number of pages to write out in a single bdflush/kupdate
+ * operation.
+ */
+unsigned int max_writeback_pages = 32768;
+
+/*
* Start background writeback (via pdflush) at this percentage
*/
int dirty_background_ratio = 10;
--
1.6.4.1.207.g68ea


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