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    SubjectRe: NMI between switch_mm and switch_to

    * Peter Zijlstra <> wrote:

    > On Tue, 2009-07-28 at 14:49 +1000, Paul Mackerras wrote:
    > > Ben H. suggested there might be a problem if we get a PMU
    > > interrupt and try to do a stack trace of userspace in the
    > > interval between when we call switch_mm() from
    > > sched.c:context_switch() and when we call switch_to(). If we
    > > get an NMI in that interval and do a stack trace of userspace,
    > > we'll see the registers of the old task but when we peek at user
    > > addresses we'll see the memory image for the new task, so the
    > > stack trace we get will be completely bogus.
    > >
    > > Is this in fact also a problem on x86, or is there some subtle
    > > reason why it can't happen there?
    > I can't spot one, maybe Ingo can when he's back :-)
    > So I think this is very good spotting from Ben.


    > We could use preempt notifiers (or put in our own hooks) to
    > disable callchains during the context switch I suppose.

    I think we should only disable user call-chains i think - the
    in-kernel call-chain is still reliable.

    Also, i think we dont need preempt notifiers, we can use a simple
    check like this:

    if (current->mm &&
    cpu_isset(smp_processor_id(), &current->mm->cpu_vm_mask) {


    In the user-call-chain code. We'd only touch the user memory image
    if that bit is set. cpu_vm_mask is maintained atomically and before
    we switch the MM, so it should be race-free.


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