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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Help Resource Counters Scale better (v4.1)
From
Balbir Singh wrote:
> Hi, Andrew,
>
> Does this look better, could you please replace the older patch with
> this one.
>
> 1. I did a quick compile test
> 2. Ran scripts/checkpatch.pl
>

In general, seems reasonable to me as quick hack for root cgroup.
thank you.

Reviewed-by: KAMEAZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>

Finally, we'll have to do some rework for light-weight res_counter.
But yes, it will take some amount of time.
My only concern is account leak, but, if some leak, it's current code's
bug, not this patch.

And..hmm...I like following style other than open-coded.
==
int mem_coutner_charge(struct mem_cgroup *mem)
{
if (mem_cgroup_is_root(mem))
return 0; // always success
return res_counter_charge(....)
}
==
But maybe nitpick.
Thanks,
-Kame


>
>
> From: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> Enhancement: Remove the overhead of root based resource counter accounting
>
> This patch reduces the resource counter overhead (mostly spinlock)
> associated with the root cgroup. This is a part of the several
> patches to reduce mem cgroup overhead. I had posted other
> approaches earlier (including using percpu counters). Those
> patches will be a natural addition and will be added iteratively
> on top of these.
>
> The patch stops resource counter accounting for the root cgroup.
> The data for display is derived from the statisitcs we maintain
> via mem_cgroup_charge_statistics (which is more scalable).
> What happens today is that, we do double accounting, once using
> res_counter_charge() and once using memory_cgroup_charge_statistics().
> For the root, since we don't implement limits any more, we don't
> need to track every charge via res_counter_charge() and check
> for limit being exceeded and reclaim.
>
> The main mem->res usage_in_bytes can be derived by summing
> the cache and rss usage data from memory statistics
> (MEM_CGRUP_STAT_RSS and MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE). However, for
> memsw->res usage_in_bytes, we need additional data about
> swapped out memory. This patch adds a MEM_CGROUP_STAT_SWAPOUT
> and uses that along with MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS and MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE
> to derive the memsw data.
>
> The tests results I see on a 24 way show that
>
> 1. The lock contention disappears from /proc/lock_stats
> 2. The results of the test are comparable to running with
> cgroup_disable=memory.
>
> Here is a sample of my program runs
>
> Without Patch
>
> Performance counter stats for '/home/balbir/parallel_pagefault':
>
> 7192804.124144 task-clock-msecs # 23.937 CPUs
> 424691 context-switches # 0.000 M/sec
> 267 CPU-migrations # 0.000 M/sec
> 28498113 page-faults # 0.004 M/sec
> 5826093739340 cycles # 809.989 M/sec
> 408883496292 instructions # 0.070 IPC
> 7057079452 cache-references # 0.981 M/sec
> 3036086243 cache-misses # 0.422 M/sec
>
> 300.485365680 seconds time elapsed
>
> With cgroup_disable=memory
>
> Performance counter stats for '/home/balbir/parallel_pagefault':
>
> 7182183.546587 task-clock-msecs # 23.915 CPUs
> 425458 context-switches # 0.000 M/sec
> 203 CPU-migrations # 0.000 M/sec
> 92545093 page-faults # 0.013 M/sec
> 6034363609986 cycles # 840.185 M/sec
> 437204346785 instructions # 0.072 IPC
> 6636073192 cache-references # 0.924 M/sec
> 2358117732 cache-misses # 0.328 M/sec
>
> 300.320905827 seconds time elapsed
>
> With this patch applied
>
> Performance counter stats for '/home/balbir/parallel_pagefault':
>
> 7191619.223977 task-clock-msecs # 23.955 CPUs
> 422579 context-switches # 0.000 M/sec
> 88 CPU-migrations # 0.000 M/sec
> 91946060 page-faults # 0.013 M/sec
> 5957054385619 cycles # 828.333 M/sec
> 1058117350365 instructions # 0.178 IPC
> 9161776218 cache-references # 1.274 M/sec
> 1920494280 cache-misses # 0.267 M/sec
>
> 300.218764862 seconds time elapsed
>
>
> Data from Prarit (kernel compile with make -j64 on a 64
> CPU/32G machine)
>
> For a single run
>
> Without patch
>
> real 27m8.988s
> user 87m24.916s
> sys 382m6.037s
>
> With patch
>
> real 4m18.607s
> user 84m58.943s
> sys 50m52.682s
>
>
> With config turned off
>
> real 4m54.972s
> user 90m13.456s
> sys 50m19.711s
>
> NOTE: The data looks counterintuitive due to the increased performance
> with the patch, even over the config being turned off. We probably need
> more runs, but so far all testing has shown that the patches definitely
> help.
>
>
> Signed-off-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
>
> mm/memcontrol.c | 89
> +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> 1 files changed, 70 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
>
>
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index 48a38e1..4f51885 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -70,6 +70,7 @@ enum mem_cgroup_stat_index {
> MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGIN_COUNT, /* # of pages paged in */
> MEM_CGROUP_STAT_PGPGOUT_COUNT, /* # of pages paged out */
> MEM_CGROUP_STAT_EVENTS, /* sum of pagein + pageout for internal use */
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_SWAPOUT, /* # of pages, swapped out */
>
> MEM_CGROUP_STAT_NSTATS,
> };
> @@ -478,6 +479,19 @@ mem_cgroup_largest_soft_limit_node(struct
> mem_cgroup_tree_per_zone *mctz)
> return mz;
> }
>
> +static void mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> + bool charge)
> +{
> + int val = (charge) ? 1 : -1;
> + struct mem_cgroup_stat *stat = &mem->stat;
> + struct mem_cgroup_stat_cpu *cpustat;
> + int cpu = get_cpu();
> +
> + cpustat = &stat->cpustat[cpu];
> + __mem_cgroup_stat_add_safe(cpustat, MEM_CGROUP_STAT_SWAPOUT, val);
> + put_cpu();
> +}
> +
> static void mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(struct mem_cgroup *mem,
> struct page_cgroup *pc,
> bool charge)
> @@ -1281,9 +1295,11 @@ static int __mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct
> *mm,
> VM_BUG_ON(css_is_removed(&mem->css));
>
> while (1) {
> - int ret;
> + int ret = 0;
> unsigned long flags = 0;
>
> + if (mem_cgroup_is_root(mem))
> + goto done;
> ret = res_counter_charge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, &fail_res,
> &soft_fail_res);
> if (likely(!ret)) {
> @@ -1343,6 +1359,7 @@ static int __mem_cgroup_try_charge(struct mm_struct
> *mm,
> if (mem_cgroup_soft_limit_check(mem_over_soft_limit))
> mem_cgroup_update_tree(mem_over_soft_limit, page);
> }
> +done:
> return 0;
> nomem:
> css_put(&mem->css);
> @@ -1415,9 +1432,12 @@ static void __mem_cgroup_commit_charge(struct
> mem_cgroup *mem,
> lock_page_cgroup(pc);
> if (unlikely(PageCgroupUsed(pc))) {
> unlock_page_cgroup(pc);
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> - if (do_swap_account)
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (do_swap_account)
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE,
> + NULL);
> + }
> css_put(&mem->css);
> return;
> }
> @@ -1494,7 +1514,8 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_account(struct
> page_cgroup *pc,
> if (pc->mem_cgroup != from)
> goto out;
>
> - res_counter_uncharge(&from->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(from))
> + res_counter_uncharge(&from->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(from, pc, false);
>
> page = pc->page;
> @@ -1513,7 +1534,7 @@ static int mem_cgroup_move_account(struct
> page_cgroup *pc,
> 1);
> }
>
> - if (do_swap_account)
> + if (do_swap_account && !mem_cgroup_is_root(from))
> res_counter_uncharge(&from->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> css_put(&from->css);
>
> @@ -1584,9 +1605,11 @@ uncharge:
> /* drop extra refcnt by try_charge() */
> css_put(&parent->css);
> /* uncharge if move fails */
> - res_counter_uncharge(&parent->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> - if (do_swap_account)
> - res_counter_uncharge(&parent->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(parent)) {
> + res_counter_uncharge(&parent->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (do_swap_account)
> + res_counter_uncharge(&parent->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + }
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -1775,7 +1798,10 @@ __mem_cgroup_commit_charge_swapin(struct page
> *page, struct mem_cgroup *ptr,
> * This recorded memcg can be obsolete one. So, avoid
> * calling css_tryget
> */
> - res_counter_uncharge(&memcg->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg))
> + res_counter_uncharge(&memcg->memsw, PAGE_SIZE,
> + NULL);
> + mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(memcg, false);
> mem_cgroup_put(memcg);
> }
> rcu_read_unlock();
> @@ -1800,9 +1826,11 @@ void mem_cgroup_cancel_charge_swapin(struct
> mem_cgroup *mem)
> return;
> if (!mem)
> return;
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> - if (do_swap_account)
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (do_swap_account)
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + }
> css_put(&mem->css);
> }
>
> @@ -1855,9 +1883,14 @@ __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common(struct page *page,
> enum charge_type ctype)
> break;
> }
>
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, &soft_limit_excess);
> - if (do_swap_account && (ctype != MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT))
> - res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->res, PAGE_SIZE, &soft_limit_excess);
> + if (do_swap_account &&
> + (ctype != MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT))
> + res_counter_uncharge(&mem->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + }
> + if (ctype == MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_SWAPOUT && mem_cgroup_is_root(mem))
> + mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(mem, true);
> mem_cgroup_charge_statistics(mem, pc, false);
>
> ClearPageCgroupUsed(pc);
> @@ -1948,7 +1981,9 @@ void mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap(swp_entry_t ent)
> * We uncharge this because swap is freed.
> * This memcg can be obsolete one. We avoid calling css_tryget
> */
> - res_counter_uncharge(&memcg->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + if (!mem_cgroup_is_root(memcg))
> + res_counter_uncharge(&memcg->memsw, PAGE_SIZE, NULL);
> + mem_cgroup_swap_statistics(memcg, false);
> mem_cgroup_put(memcg);
> }
> rcu_read_unlock();
> @@ -2461,10 +2496,26 @@ static u64 mem_cgroup_read(struct cgroup *cont,
> struct cftype *cft)
> name = MEMFILE_ATTR(cft->private);
> switch (type) {
> case _MEM:
> - val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, name);
> + if (name == RES_USAGE && mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + val = mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat,
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE);
> + val += mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat,
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS);
> + val <<= PAGE_SHIFT;
> + } else
> + val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->res, name);
> break;
> case _MEMSWAP:
> - val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, name);
> + if (name == RES_USAGE && mem_cgroup_is_root(mem)) {
> + val = mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat,
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_CACHE);
> + val += mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat,
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_RSS);
> + val += mem_cgroup_read_stat(&mem->stat,
> + MEM_CGROUP_STAT_SWAPOUT);
> + val <<= PAGE_SHIFT;
> + } else
> + val = res_counter_read_u64(&mem->memsw, name);
> break;
> default:
> BUG();
>
> --
> Balbir
>
> --
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