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    Subject[RFC PATCH 1/2] vmscan don't isolate too many pages in a zone
    When way too many processes go into direct reclaim, it is possible
    for all of the pages to be taken off the LRU. One result of this
    is that the next process in the page reclaim code thinks there are
    no reclaimable pages left and triggers an out of memory kill.

    One solution to this problem is to never let so many processes into
    the page reclaim path that the entire LRU is emptied. Limiting the
    system to only having half of each inactive list isolated for
    reclaim should be safe.

    Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
    ---
    On Wed, 8 Jul 2009 11:19:01 +0800
    Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> wrote:

    > > I guess I should mail out my (ugly) approach, so we can
    > > compare the two :)
    >
    > And it helps to be aware of all the alternatives, now and future :)

    Here is the per-zone alternative to Kosaki's patch.

    I believe Kosaki's patch will result in better performance
    and is more elegant overall, but here it is :)

    mm/vmscan.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
    1 file changed, 25 insertions(+)

    Index: mmotm/mm/vmscan.c
    ===================================================================
    --- mmotm.orig/mm/vmscan.c 2009-07-08 21:37:01.000000000 -0400
    +++ mmotm/mm/vmscan.c 2009-07-08 21:39:02.000000000 -0400
    @@ -1035,6 +1035,27 @@ int isolate_lru_page(struct page *page)
    }

    /*
    + * Are there way too many processes in the direct reclaim path already?
    + */
    +static int too_many_isolated(struct zone *zone, int file)
    +{
    + unsigned long inactive, isolated;
    +
    + if (current_is_kswapd())
    + return 0;
    +
    + if (file) {
    + inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
    + isolated = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_FILE);
    + } else {
    + inactive = zone_page_state(zone, NR_INACTIVE_ANON);
    + isolated = zone_page_state(zone, NR_ISOLATED_ANON);
    + }
    +
    + return isolated > inactive;
    +}
    +
    +/*
    * shrink_inactive_list() is a helper for shrink_zone(). It returns the number
    * of reclaimed pages
    */
    @@ -1049,6 +1070,10 @@ static unsigned long shrink_inactive_lis
    struct zone_reclaim_stat *reclaim_stat = get_reclaim_stat(zone, sc);
    int lumpy_reclaim = 0;

    + while (unlikely(too_many_isolated(zone, file))) {
    + schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ/10);
    + }
    +
    /*
    * If we need a large contiguous chunk of memory, or have
    * trouble getting a small set of contiguous pages, we

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