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Subject[tip:perfcounters/urgent] perf report: Add "Fractal" mode output - support callchains with relative overhead rate
Commit-ID:  805d127d62472f17c7d79baa001a7651afe2fa47
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/805d127d62472f17c7d79baa001a7651afe2fa47
Author: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
AuthorDate: Sun, 5 Jul 2009 07:39:21 +0200
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
CommitDate: Sun, 5 Jul 2009 10:30:23 +0200

perf report: Add "Fractal" mode output - support callchains with relative overhead rate

The current callchain displays the overhead rates as absolute:
relative to the total overhead.

This patch provides relative overhead percentage, in which each
branch of the callchain tree is a independant instrumentated object.

This provides a 'fractal' view of the call-chain profile: each
sub-graph looks like a profile in itself - relative to its parent.

You can produce such output by using the "fractal" mode
that you can abbreviate via f, fr, fra, frac, etc...

./perf report -s sym -c fractal

Example:

8.46% [k] copy_user_generic_string
|
|--52.01%-- generic_file_aio_read
| do_sync_read
| vfs_read
| |
| |--97.20%-- sys_pread64
| | system_call_fastpath
| | pread64
| |
| --2.81%-- sys_read
| system_call_fastpath
| __read
|
|--39.85%-- generic_file_buffered_write
| __generic_file_aio_write_nolock
| generic_file_aio_write
| do_sync_write
| reiserfs_file_write
| vfs_write
| |
| |--97.05%-- sys_pwrite64
| | system_call_fastpath
| | __pwrite64
| |
| --2.95%-- sys_write
| system_call_fastpath
| __write_nocancel
[...]
Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org>
Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
LKML-Reference: <1246772361-9960-5-git-send-email-fweisbec@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


---
tools/perf/builtin-report.c | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++----------
tools/perf/util/callchain.c | 84 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
tools/perf/util/callchain.h | 21 ++++++++---
3 files changed, 124 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-report.c b/tools/perf/builtin-report.c
index 8bd5865..4e5cc26 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-report.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-report.c
@@ -59,10 +59,15 @@ static regex_t parent_regex;

static int exclude_other = 1;

-static char callchain_default_opt[] = "graph,0.5";
+static char callchain_default_opt[] = "fractal,0.5";
+
static int callchain;
-static enum chain_mode callchain_mode;
-static double callchain_min_percent = 0.5;
+
+static
+struct callchain_param callchain_param = {
+ .mode = CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS,
+ .min_percent = 0.5
+};

static u64 sample_type;

@@ -846,9 +851,15 @@ callchain__fprintf_graph(FILE *fp, struct callchain_node *self,
struct callchain_node *child;
struct callchain_list *chain;
int new_depth_mask = depth_mask;
+ u64 new_total;
size_t ret = 0;
int i;

+ if (callchain_param.mode == CHAIN_GRAPH_REL)
+ new_total = self->cumul_hit;
+ else
+ new_total = total_samples;
+
node = rb_first(&self->rb_root);
while (node) {
child = rb_entry(node, struct callchain_node, rb_node);
@@ -873,10 +884,10 @@ callchain__fprintf_graph(FILE *fp, struct callchain_node *self,
continue;
ret += ipchain__fprintf_graph(fp, chain, depth,
new_depth_mask, i++,
- total_samples,
+ new_total,
child->cumul_hit);
}
- ret += callchain__fprintf_graph(fp, child, total_samples,
+ ret += callchain__fprintf_graph(fp, child, new_total,
depth + 1,
new_depth_mask | (1 << depth));
node = next;
@@ -925,13 +936,18 @@ hist_entry_callchain__fprintf(FILE *fp, struct hist_entry *self,

chain = rb_entry(rb_node, struct callchain_node, rb_node);
percent = chain->hit * 100.0 / total_samples;
- if (callchain_mode == FLAT) {
+ switch (callchain_param.mode) {
+ case CHAIN_FLAT:
ret += percent_color_fprintf(fp, " %6.2f%%\n",
percent);
ret += callchain__fprintf_flat(fp, chain, total_samples);
- } else if (callchain_mode == GRAPH) {
+ break;
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS: /* Falldown */
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_REL:
ret += callchain__fprintf_graph(fp, chain,
total_samples, 1, 1);
+ default:
+ break;
}
ret += fprintf(fp, "\n");
rb_node = rb_next(rb_node);
@@ -1219,14 +1235,9 @@ static void output__insert_entry(struct hist_entry *he, u64 min_callchain_hits)
struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
struct hist_entry *iter;

- if (callchain) {
- if (callchain_mode == FLAT)
- sort_chain_flat(&he->sorted_chain, &he->callchain,
- min_callchain_hits);
- else if (callchain_mode == GRAPH)
- sort_chain_graph(&he->sorted_chain, &he->callchain,
- min_callchain_hits);
- }
+ if (callchain)
+ callchain_param.sort(&he->sorted_chain, &he->callchain,
+ min_callchain_hits, &callchain_param);

while (*p != NULL) {
parent = *p;
@@ -1249,7 +1260,7 @@ static void output__resort(u64 total_samples)
struct rb_root *tree = &hist;
u64 min_callchain_hits;

- min_callchain_hits = total_samples * (callchain_min_percent / 100);
+ min_callchain_hits = total_samples * (callchain_param.min_percent / 100);

if (sort__need_collapse)
tree = &collapse_hists;
@@ -1829,22 +1840,31 @@ parse_callchain_opt(const struct option *opt __used, const char *arg,

/* get the output mode */
if (!strncmp(tok, "graph", strlen(arg)))
- callchain_mode = GRAPH;
+ callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS;

else if (!strncmp(tok, "flat", strlen(arg)))
- callchain_mode = FLAT;
+ callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_FLAT;
+
+ else if (!strncmp(tok, "fractal", strlen(arg)))
+ callchain_param.mode = CHAIN_GRAPH_REL;
+
else
return -1;

/* get the min percentage */
tok = strtok(NULL, ",");
if (!tok)
- return 0;
+ goto setup;

- callchain_min_percent = strtod(tok, &endptr);
+ callchain_param.min_percent = strtod(tok, &endptr);
if (tok == endptr)
return -1;

+setup:
+ if (register_callchain_param(&callchain_param) < 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Can't register callchain params\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
return 0;
}

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/callchain.c b/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
index 5d244af..9d3c814 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/callchain.c
@@ -32,13 +32,14 @@ rb_insert_callchain(struct rb_root *root, struct callchain_node *chain,
rnode = rb_entry(parent, struct callchain_node, rb_node);

switch (mode) {
- case FLAT:
+ case CHAIN_FLAT:
if (rnode->hit < chain->hit)
p = &(*p)->rb_left;
else
p = &(*p)->rb_right;
break;
- case GRAPH:
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS: /* Falldown */
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_REL:
if (rnode->cumul_hit < chain->cumul_hit)
p = &(*p)->rb_left;
else
@@ -53,43 +54,96 @@ rb_insert_callchain(struct rb_root *root, struct callchain_node *chain,
rb_insert_color(&chain->rb_node, root);
}

+static void
+__sort_chain_flat(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *node,
+ u64 min_hit)
+{
+ struct callchain_node *child;
+
+ chain_for_each_child(child, node)
+ __sort_chain_flat(rb_root, child, min_hit);
+
+ if (node->hit && node->hit >= min_hit)
+ rb_insert_callchain(rb_root, node, CHAIN_FLAT);
+}
+
/*
* Once we get every callchains from the stream, we can now
* sort them by hit
*/
-void sort_chain_flat(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *node,
- u64 min_hit)
+static void
+sort_chain_flat(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *node,
+ u64 min_hit, struct callchain_param *param __used)
+{
+ __sort_chain_flat(rb_root, node, min_hit);
+}
+
+static void __sort_chain_graph_abs(struct callchain_node *node,
+ u64 min_hit)
{
struct callchain_node *child;

- chain_for_each_child(child, node)
- sort_chain_flat(rb_root, child, min_hit);
+ node->rb_root = RB_ROOT;

- if (node->hit && node->hit >= min_hit)
- rb_insert_callchain(rb_root, node, FLAT);
+ chain_for_each_child(child, node) {
+ __sort_chain_graph_abs(child, min_hit);
+ if (child->cumul_hit >= min_hit)
+ rb_insert_callchain(&node->rb_root, child,
+ CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS);
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+sort_chain_graph_abs(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *chain_root,
+ u64 min_hit, struct callchain_param *param __used)
+{
+ __sort_chain_graph_abs(chain_root, min_hit);
+ rb_root->rb_node = chain_root->rb_root.rb_node;
}

-static void __sort_chain_graph(struct callchain_node *node, u64 min_hit)
+static void __sort_chain_graph_rel(struct callchain_node *node,
+ double min_percent)
{
struct callchain_node *child;
+ u64 min_hit;

node->rb_root = RB_ROOT;
+ min_hit = node->cumul_hit * min_percent / 100.0;

chain_for_each_child(child, node) {
- __sort_chain_graph(child, min_hit);
+ __sort_chain_graph_rel(child, min_percent);
if (child->cumul_hit >= min_hit)
- rb_insert_callchain(&node->rb_root, child, GRAPH);
+ rb_insert_callchain(&node->rb_root, child,
+ CHAIN_GRAPH_REL);
}
}

-void
-sort_chain_graph(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *chain_root,
- u64 min_hit)
+static void
+sort_chain_graph_rel(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *chain_root,
+ u64 min_hit __used, struct callchain_param *param)
{
- __sort_chain_graph(chain_root, min_hit);
+ __sort_chain_graph_rel(chain_root, param->min_percent);
rb_root->rb_node = chain_root->rb_root.rb_node;
}

+int register_callchain_param(struct callchain_param *param)
+{
+ switch (param->mode) {
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS:
+ param->sort = sort_chain_graph_abs;
+ break;
+ case CHAIN_GRAPH_REL:
+ param->sort = sort_chain_graph_rel;
+ break;
+ case CHAIN_FLAT:
+ param->sort = sort_chain_flat;
+ break;
+ default:
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* Create a child for a parent. If inherit_children, then the new child
* will become the new parent of it's parent children
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/callchain.h b/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
index f3e4776..7812122 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/callchain.h
@@ -7,8 +7,9 @@
#include "symbol.h"

enum chain_mode {
- FLAT,
- GRAPH
+ CHAIN_FLAT,
+ CHAIN_GRAPH_ABS,
+ CHAIN_GRAPH_REL
};

struct callchain_node {
@@ -23,6 +24,17 @@ struct callchain_node {
u64 cumul_hit; /* hit + hits of children */
};

+struct callchain_param;
+
+typedef void (*sort_chain_func_t)(struct rb_root *, struct callchain_node *,
+ u64, struct callchain_param *);
+
+struct callchain_param {
+ enum chain_mode mode;
+ double min_percent;
+ sort_chain_func_t sort;
+};
+
struct callchain_list {
u64 ip;
struct symbol *sym;
@@ -36,10 +48,7 @@ static inline void callchain_init(struct callchain_node *node)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->val);
}

+int register_callchain_param(struct callchain_param *param);
void append_chain(struct callchain_node *root, struct ip_callchain *chain,
struct symbol **syms);
-void sort_chain_flat(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *node,
- u64 min_hit);
-void sort_chain_graph(struct rb_root *rb_root, struct callchain_node *node,
- u64 min_hit);
#endif

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