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Subject[PATCH 1/6] Adds a read-only "procs" file similar to "tasks" that shows only unique tgids
Date
Adds a read-only "procs" file similar to "tasks" that shows only unique tgids

struct cgroup used to have a bunch of fields for keeping track of the pidlist
for the tasks file. Those are now separated into a new struct cgroup_pidlist,
of which two are had, one for procs and one for tasks. The way the seq_file
operations are set up is changed so that just the pidlist struct gets passed
around as the private data.

Interface example: Suppose a multithreaded process has pid 1000 and other
threads with ids 1001, 1002, 1003:
$ cat tasks
1000
1001
1002
1003
$ cat cgroup.procs
1000
$

Signed-off-by: Ben Blum <bblum@google.com>

---
include/linux/cgroup.h | 22 ++--
kernel/cgroup.c | 278 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
2 files changed, 186 insertions(+), 114 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup.h b/include/linux/cgroup.h
index 665fa70..8a3a3ac 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup.h
@@ -141,6 +141,17 @@ enum {
CGRP_WAIT_ON_RMDIR,
};

+struct cgroup_pidlist {
+ /* protects the other fields */
+ struct rw_semaphore mutex;
+ /* array of xids */
+ pid_t *list;
+ /* how many elements the above list has */
+ int length;
+ /* how many files are using the current array */
+ int use_count;
+};
+
struct cgroup {
unsigned long flags; /* "unsigned long" so bitops work */

@@ -179,14 +190,9 @@ struct cgroup {
*/
struct list_head release_list;

- /* pids_mutex protects the fields below */
- struct rw_semaphore pids_mutex;
- /* Array of process ids in the cgroup */
- pid_t *tasks_pids;
- /* How many files are using the current tasks_pids array */
- int pids_use_count;
- /* Length of the current tasks_pids array */
- int pids_length;
+ /* we will have two separate pidlists, one for pids (the tasks file)
+ * and one for tgids (the procs file). */
+ struct cgroup_pidlist tasks, procs;

/* For RCU-protected deletion */
struct rcu_head rcu_head;
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index 3737a68..4ceee3f 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -960,7 +960,8 @@ static void init_cgroup_housekeeping(struct cgroup *cgrp)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->children);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->css_sets);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&cgrp->release_list);
- init_rwsem(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
+ init_rwsem(&(cgrp->tasks.mutex));
+ init_rwsem(&(cgrp->procs.mutex));
}
static void init_cgroup_root(struct cgroupfs_root *root)
{
@@ -1408,15 +1409,6 @@ static int cgroup_tasks_write(struct cgroup *cgrp, struct cftype *cft, u64 pid)
return ret;
}

-/* The various types of files and directories in a cgroup file system */
-enum cgroup_filetype {
- FILE_ROOT,
- FILE_DIR,
- FILE_TASKLIST,
- FILE_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE,
- FILE_RELEASE_AGENT,
-};
-
/**
* cgroup_lock_live_group - take cgroup_mutex and check that cgrp is alive.
* @cgrp: the cgroup to be checked for liveness
@@ -2114,7 +2106,7 @@ int cgroup_scan_tasks(struct cgroup_scanner *scan)
}

/*
- * Stuff for reading the 'tasks' file.
+ * Stuff for reading the 'tasks'/'procs' files.
*
* Reading this file can return large amounts of data if a cgroup has
* *lots* of attached tasks. So it may need several calls to read(),
@@ -2124,27 +2116,106 @@ int cgroup_scan_tasks(struct cgroup_scanner *scan)
*/

/*
- * Load into 'pidarray' up to 'npids' of the tasks using cgroup
- * 'cgrp'. Return actual number of pids loaded. No need to
- * task_lock(p) when reading out p->cgroup, since we're in an RCU
- * read section, so the css_set can't go away, and is
- * immutable after creation.
+ * pidlist_uniq - given a kmalloc()ed list, strip out all duplicate entries
+ * If the new stripped list is sufficiently smaller and there's enough memory
+ * to allocate a new buffer, will let go of the unneeded memory. Returns the
+ * number of unique elements.
*/
-static int pid_array_load(pid_t *pidarray, int npids, struct cgroup *cgrp)
+/* is the size difference enough that we should re-allocate the array? */
+#define PIDLIST_REALLOC_DIFFERENCE(old, new) ((old) - PAGE_SIZE >= (new))
+static int pidlist_uniq(pid_t **p, int length)
{
- int n = 0, pid;
+ int src, dest = 1;
+ pid_t *list = *p;
+ pid_t *newlist;
+
+ /*
+ * we presume the 0th element is unique, so i starts at 1. trivial
+ * edge cases first; no work needs to be done for either
+ */
+ if (length == 0 || length == 1)
+ return length;
+ /* src and dest walk down the list; dest counts unique elements */
+ for (src = 1; src < length; src++) {
+ /* find next unique element */
+ while (list[src] == list[src-1]) {
+ src++;
+ if (src == length)
+ goto after;
+ }
+ /* dest always points to where the next unique element goes */
+ list[dest] = list[src];
+ dest++;
+ }
+after:
+ /*
+ * if the length difference is large enough, we want to allocate a
+ * smaller buffer to save memory. if this fails due to out of memory,
+ * we'll just stay with what we've got.
+ */
+ if (PIDLIST_REALLOC_DIFFERENCE(length, dest)) {
+ newlist = krealloc(list, dest * sizeof(pid_t), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (newlist)
+ *p = newlist;
+ }
+ return dest;
+}
+
+static int cmppid(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ return *(pid_t *)a - *(pid_t *)b;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Load a cgroup's pidarray with either procs' tgids or tasks' pids
+ */
+static int pidlist_array_load(struct cgroup *cgrp, bool procs)
+{
+ pid_t *array;
+ int length;
+ int pid, n = 0; /* used for populating the array */
struct cgroup_iter it;
struct task_struct *tsk;
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l;
+
+ /*
+ * If cgroup gets more users after we read count, we won't have
+ * enough space - tough. This race is indistinguishable to the
+ * caller from the case that the additional cgroup users didn't
+ * show up until sometime later on.
+ */
+ length = cgroup_task_count(cgrp);
+ array = kmalloc(length * sizeof(pid_t), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!array)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ /* now, populate the array */
cgroup_iter_start(cgrp, &it);
while ((tsk = cgroup_iter_next(cgrp, &it))) {
- if (unlikely(n == npids))
+ if (unlikely(n == length))
break;
- pid = task_pid_vnr(tsk);
- if (pid > 0)
- pidarray[n++] = pid;
+ /* get tgid or pid for procs or tasks file respectively */
+ pid = (procs ? task_tgid_vnr(tsk) : task_pid_vnr(tsk));
+ if (pid > 0) /* make sure to only use valid results */
+ array[n++] = pid;
}
cgroup_iter_end(cgrp, &it);
- return n;
+ length = n;
+ /* now sort & (if procs) strip out duplicates */
+ sort(array, length, sizeof(pid_t), cmppid, NULL);
+ if (procs) {
+ length = pidlist_uniq(&array, length);
+ l = &(cgrp->procs);
+ } else {
+ l = &(cgrp->tasks);
+ }
+ /* store array in cgroup, freeing old if necessary */
+ down_write(&l->mutex);
+ kfree(l->list);
+ l->list = array;
+ l->length = length;
+ l->use_count++;
+ up_write(&l->mutex);
+ return 0;
}

/**
@@ -2201,19 +2272,14 @@ err:
return ret;
}

-static int cmppid(const void *a, const void *b)
-{
- return *(pid_t *)a - *(pid_t *)b;
-}
-

/*
- * seq_file methods for the "tasks" file. The seq_file position is the
+ * seq_file methods for the tasks/procs files. The seq_file position is the
* next pid to display; the seq_file iterator is a pointer to the pid
- * in the cgroup->tasks_pids array.
+ * in the cgroup->l->list array.
*/

-static void *cgroup_tasks_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos)
+static void *cgroup_pidlist_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos)
{
/*
* Initially we receive a position value that corresponds to
@@ -2221,46 +2287,45 @@ static void *cgroup_tasks_start(struct seq_file *s, loff_t *pos)
* after a seek to the start). Use a binary-search to find the
* next pid to display, if any
*/
- struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l = s->private;
int index = 0, pid = *pos;
int *iter;

- down_read(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
+ down_read(&l->mutex);
if (pid) {
- int end = cgrp->pids_length;
+ int end = l->length;

while (index < end) {
int mid = (index + end) / 2;
- if (cgrp->tasks_pids[mid] == pid) {
+ if (l->list[mid] == pid) {
index = mid;
break;
- } else if (cgrp->tasks_pids[mid] <= pid)
+ } else if (l->list[mid] <= pid)
index = mid + 1;
else
end = mid;
}
}
/* If we're off the end of the array, we're done */
- if (index >= cgrp->pids_length)
+ if (index >= l->length)
return NULL;
/* Update the abstract position to be the actual pid that we found */
- iter = cgrp->tasks_pids + index;
+ iter = l->list + index;
*pos = *iter;
return iter;
}

-static void cgroup_tasks_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
+static void cgroup_pidlist_stop(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
- struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
- up_read(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l = s->private;
+ up_read(&l->mutex);
}

-static void *cgroup_tasks_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+static void *cgroup_pidlist_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
- struct cgroup *cgrp = s->private;
- int *p = v;
- int *end = cgrp->tasks_pids + cgrp->pids_length;
-
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l = s->private;
+ pid_t *p = v;
+ pid_t *end = l->list + l->length;
/*
* Advance to the next pid in the array. If this goes off the
* end, we're done
@@ -2274,98 +2339,94 @@ static void *cgroup_tasks_next(struct seq_file *s, void *v, loff_t *pos)
}
}

-static int cgroup_tasks_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
+static int cgroup_pidlist_show(struct seq_file *s, void *v)
{
return seq_printf(s, "%d\n", *(int *)v);
}

-static struct seq_operations cgroup_tasks_seq_operations = {
- .start = cgroup_tasks_start,
- .stop = cgroup_tasks_stop,
- .next = cgroup_tasks_next,
- .show = cgroup_tasks_show,
+/*
+ * seq_operations functions for iterating on pidlists through seq_file -
+ * independent of whether it's tasks or procs
+ */
+static const struct seq_operations cgroup_pidlist_seq_operations = {
+ .start = cgroup_pidlist_start,
+ .stop = cgroup_pidlist_stop,
+ .next = cgroup_pidlist_next,
+ .show = cgroup_pidlist_show,
};

-static void release_cgroup_pid_array(struct cgroup *cgrp)
+static void cgroup_release_pid_array(struct cgroup_pidlist *l)
{
- down_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
- BUG_ON(!cgrp->pids_use_count);
- if (!--cgrp->pids_use_count) {
- kfree(cgrp->tasks_pids);
- cgrp->tasks_pids = NULL;
- cgrp->pids_length = 0;
+ down_write(&l->mutex);
+ BUG_ON(!l->use_count);
+ if (!--l->use_count) {
+ kfree(l->list);
+ l->list = NULL;
+ l->length = 0;
}
- up_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
+ up_write(&l->mutex);
}

-static int cgroup_tasks_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+static int cgroup_pidlist_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
- struct cgroup *cgrp = __d_cgrp(file->f_dentry->d_parent);
-
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l;
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ))
return 0;
-
- release_cgroup_pid_array(cgrp);
+ /*
+ * the seq_file will only be initialized if the file was opened for
+ * reading; hence we check if it's not null only in that case.
+ */
+ l = ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private;
+ cgroup_release_pid_array(l);
return seq_release(inode, file);
}

-static struct file_operations cgroup_tasks_operations = {
+static const struct file_operations cgroup_pidlist_operations = {
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.write = cgroup_file_write,
- .release = cgroup_tasks_release,
+ .release = cgroup_pidlist_release,
};

/*
- * Handle an open on 'tasks' file. Prepare an array containing the
- * process id's of tasks currently attached to the cgroup being opened.
+ * The following functions handle opens on a file that displays a pidlist
+ * (tasks or procs). Prepare an array of the process/thread IDs of whoever's
+ * in the cgroup.
*/
-
-static int cgroup_tasks_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
+/* helper function for the two below it */
+static int cgroup_pidlist_open(struct file *file, bool procs)
{
struct cgroup *cgrp = __d_cgrp(file->f_dentry->d_parent);
- pid_t *pidarray;
- int npids;
+ struct cgroup_pidlist *l = (procs ? &cgrp->procs : &cgrp->tasks);
int retval;

/* Nothing to do for write-only files */
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ))
return 0;

- /*
- * If cgroup gets more users after we read count, we won't have
- * enough space - tough. This race is indistinguishable to the
- * caller from the case that the additional cgroup users didn't
- * show up until sometime later on.
- */
- npids = cgroup_task_count(cgrp);
- pidarray = kmalloc(npids * sizeof(pid_t), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!pidarray)
- return -ENOMEM;
- npids = pid_array_load(pidarray, npids, cgrp);
- sort(pidarray, npids, sizeof(pid_t), cmppid, NULL);
-
- /*
- * Store the array in the cgroup, freeing the old
- * array if necessary
- */
- down_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
- kfree(cgrp->tasks_pids);
- cgrp->tasks_pids = pidarray;
- cgrp->pids_length = npids;
- cgrp->pids_use_count++;
- up_write(&cgrp->pids_mutex);
-
- file->f_op = &cgroup_tasks_operations;
+ /* have the array populated */
+ retval = pidlist_array_load(cgrp, procs);
+ if (retval)
+ return retval;
+ /* configure file information */
+ file->f_op = &cgroup_pidlist_operations;

- retval = seq_open(file, &cgroup_tasks_seq_operations);
+ retval = seq_open(file, &cgroup_pidlist_seq_operations);
if (retval) {
- release_cgroup_pid_array(cgrp);
+ cgroup_release_pid_array(l);
return retval;
}
- ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private = cgrp;
+ ((struct seq_file *)file->private_data)->private = l;
return 0;
}
+static int cgroup_tasks_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
+{
+ return cgroup_pidlist_open(file, false);
+}
+static int cgroup_procs_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
+{
+ return cgroup_pidlist_open(file, true);
+}

static u64 cgroup_read_notify_on_release(struct cgroup *cgrp,
struct cftype *cft)
@@ -2388,21 +2449,27 @@ static int cgroup_write_notify_on_release(struct cgroup *cgrp,
/*
* for the common functions, 'private' gives the type of file
*/
+/* for hysterical raisins, we can't put this on the older files */
+#define CGROUP_FILE_GENERIC_PREFIX "cgroup."
static struct cftype files[] = {
{
.name = "tasks",
.open = cgroup_tasks_open,
.write_u64 = cgroup_tasks_write,
- .release = cgroup_tasks_release,
- .private = FILE_TASKLIST,
+ .release = cgroup_pidlist_release,
.mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
},
-
+ {
+ .name = CGROUP_FILE_GENERIC_PREFIX "procs",
+ .open = cgroup_procs_open,
+ /* .write_u64 = cgroup_procs_write, TODO */
+ .release = cgroup_pidlist_release,
+ .mode = S_IRUGO,
+ },
{
.name = "notify_on_release",
.read_u64 = cgroup_read_notify_on_release,
.write_u64 = cgroup_write_notify_on_release,
- .private = FILE_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE,
},
};

@@ -2411,7 +2478,6 @@ static struct cftype cft_release_agent = {
.read_seq_string = cgroup_release_agent_show,
.write_string = cgroup_release_agent_write,
.max_write_len = PATH_MAX,
- .private = FILE_RELEASE_AGENT,
};

static int cgroup_populate_dir(struct cgroup *cgrp)


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