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Subject[RFC][PATCH 5/6] kcore: check physical memory range in correct way.
From: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>

For /proc/kcore, each arch registers its memory range by kclist_add().
In usual,
- range of physical memory
- range of vmalloc area
- text, etc...
are registered but "range of physical memory" has some troubles.

It doesn't updated at memory hotplug and it tend to include
unnecessary memory holes. Now, /proc/iomem (kernel/resource.c)
includes required physical memory range information and it's
properly updated at memory hotplug. Then, it's good to avoid
using its own code(duplicating information) and to rebuild
kclist for physical memory based on /proc/iomem.

Note: IIUC, /proc/iomem information is used for kdump.

Changelog: v2 -> v3
- fixed HIGHMEM codes.(At least, no compile error)
- enhnanced sanity chesk in !HIGHMEM codes. (See kclist_add_private())
- after this, x86-32, ia64, sh, powerpc has no private kclist codes.
x86-64 and mips still have some.

Changelog: v1 -> v2
- removed -EBUSY at memory hotplug in read_kcore()
(continue reading is no problem in general.)
- fixed initial value of kcore_need_update to be 1.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
---
arch/mips/mm/init.c | 2
arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c | 32 -------
arch/powerpc/mm/init_64.c | 26 ------
arch/sh/mm/init.c | 4
arch/x86/mm/init_32.c | 4
arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 3
fs/proc/kcore.c | 174 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/ioport.h | 8 +
include/linux/memory_hotplug.h | 7 -
kernel/resource.c | 2
10 files changed, 172 insertions(+), 90 deletions(-)
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/fs/proc/kcore.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/fs/proc/kcore.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/fs/proc/kcore.c
@@ -21,6 +21,9 @@
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/ioport.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>

#define CORE_STR "CORE"
@@ -31,17 +34,6 @@

static struct proc_dir_entry *proc_root_kcore;

-static int open_kcore(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
-{
- return capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ? 0 : -EPERM;
-}
-
-static ssize_t read_kcore(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
-
-static const struct file_operations proc_kcore_operations = {
- .read = read_kcore,
- .open = open_kcore,
-};

#ifndef kc_vaddr_to_offset
#define kc_vaddr_to_offset(v) ((v) - PAGE_OFFSET)
@@ -61,6 +53,7 @@ struct memelfnote

static LIST_HEAD(kclist_head);
static DEFINE_RWLOCK(kclist_lock);
+static int kcore_need_update = 1;

void
kclist_add(struct kcore_list *new, void *addr, size_t size, int type)
@@ -99,6 +92,122 @@ static size_t get_kcore_size(int *nphdr,
return size + *elf_buflen;
}

+static void free_kclist_ents(struct list_head *head)
+{
+ struct kcore_list *tmp, *pos;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, tmp, head, list) {
+ list_del(&pos->list);
+ kfree(pos);
+ }
+}
+/*
+ * Replace all KCORE_RAM information with passed list.
+ */
+static void __kcore_update_ram(struct list_head *list)
+{
+ struct kcore_list *tmp, *pos;
+ LIST_HEAD(garbage);
+
+ write_lock(&kclist_lock);
+ if (kcore_need_update) {
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, tmp, &kclist_head, list) {
+ if (pos->type == KCORE_RAM)
+ list_move(&pos->list, &garbage);
+ }
+ list_splice(list, &kclist_head);
+ } else
+ list_splice(list, &garbage);
+ kcore_need_update = 0;
+ write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
+
+ free_kclist_ents(&garbage);
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+/*
+ * If no highmem, we can assume [0...max_low_pfn) continuous range of memory
+ * because memory hole is not as big as !HIGHMEM case.
+ * (HIGHMEM is special because part of memory is _invisible_ from the kernel.)
+ */
+static int kcore_update_ram(void)
+{
+ LIST_HEAD(head);
+ struct kcore_list *ent;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ent)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ ent->addr = (unsigned long)__va(0);
+ ent->size = max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ ent->type = KCORE_RAM;
+ list_add(&ent->list, &head);
+ __kcore_update_ram(&head);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_HIGHMEM */
+
+static int
+kclist_add_private(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg)
+{
+ struct list_head *head = (struct list_head *)arg;
+ struct kcore_list *ent;
+
+ ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ent)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ ent->addr = (unsigned long)__va((pfn << PAGE_SHIFT));
+ ent->size = nr_pages << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ /* Sanity check: Can happen in 32bit arch...maybe */
+ if (ent->addr < (unsigned long) __va(0))
+ goto free_out;
+
+ /* cut not-mapped area. ....from ppc-32 code. */
+ if (ULONG_MAX - ent->addr < ent->size)
+ ent->size = ULONG_MAX - ent->addr;
+
+ /* cut when vmalloc() area is higher than direct-map area */
+ if (VMALLOC_START > __va(0)) {
+ if (ent->addr > VMALLOC_START)
+ goto free_out;
+ if (VMALLOC_START - ent->addr < ent->size)
+ ent->size = VMALLOC_START - ent->addr;
+ }
+
+ ent->type = KCORE_RAM;
+ list_add(&ent->list, head);
+ return 0;
+free_out:
+ kfree(ent);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int kcore_update_ram(void)
+{
+ int nid, ret;
+ unsigned long end_pfn;
+ LIST_HEAD(head);
+
+ /* Not inialized....update now */
+ /* find out "max pfn" */
+ end_pfn = 0;
+ for_each_node_state(nid, N_HIGH_MEMORY)
+ if (end_pfn < node_end_pfn(nid))
+ end_pfn = node_end_pfn(nid);
+ /* scan 0 to max_pfn */
+ ret = walk_memory_resource(0, end_pfn, &head, kclist_add_private);
+ if (ret) {
+ free_kclist_ents(&head);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ __kcore_update_ram(&head);
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_HIGHMEM */

/*****************************************************************************/
/*
@@ -407,6 +516,39 @@ read_kcore(struct file *file, char __use
return acc;
}

+
+static int open_kcore(struct inode * inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+ return -EPERM;
+ if (kcore_need_update)
+ kcore_update_ram();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+static const struct file_operations proc_kcore_operations = {
+ .read = read_kcore,
+ .open = open_kcore,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
+/* just remember that we have to update kcore */
+static int __meminit kcore_callback(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *arg)
+{
+ switch (action) {
+ case MEM_ONLINE:
+ case MEM_OFFLINE:
+ write_lock(&kclist_lock);
+ kcore_need_update = 1;
+ write_unlock(&kclist_lock);
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+#endif
+
+
static struct kcore_list kcore_vmalloc;

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_PROC_KCORE_TEXT
@@ -427,10 +569,18 @@ static void __init proc_kcore_text_init(

static int __init proc_kcore_init(void)
{
- proc_root_kcore = proc_create("kcore", S_IRUSR, NULL, &proc_kcore_operations);
+ proc_root_kcore = proc_create("kcore", S_IRUSR, NULL,
+ &proc_kcore_operations);
+ /* Store text area if it's special */
proc_kcore_text_init();
+ /* Store vmalloc area */
kclist_add(&kcore_vmalloc, (void *)VMALLOC_START,
VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START, KCORE_VMALLOC);
+ /* Store direct-map area from physical memory map */
+ kcore_update_ram();
+ hotplug_memory_notifier(kcore_callback, 0);
+ /* Other special area, area-for-module etc is arch specific. */
+
return 0;
}
module_init(proc_kcore_init);
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/include/linux/ioport.h
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/include/linux/ioport.h
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/include/linux/ioport.h
@@ -186,5 +186,13 @@ extern void __devm_release_region(struct
extern int iomem_map_sanity_check(resource_size_t addr, unsigned long size);
extern int iomem_is_exclusive(u64 addr);

+/*
+ * Walk through all SYSTEM_RAM which is registered as resource.
+ * arg is (start_pfn, nr_pages, private_arg_pointer)
+ */
+extern int walk_memory_resource(unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg,
+ int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *));
+
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_IOPORT_H */
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/include/linux/memory_hotplug.h
@@ -191,13 +191,6 @@ static inline void register_page_bootmem

#endif /* ! CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */

-/*
- * Walk through all memory which is registered as resource.
- * arg is (start_pfn, nr_pages, private_arg_pointer)
- */
-extern int walk_memory_resource(unsigned long start_pfn,
- unsigned long nr_pages, void *arg,
- int (*func)(unsigned long, unsigned long, void *));

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTREMOVE

Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/kernel/resource.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/kernel/resource.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/kernel/resource.c
@@ -234,7 +234,7 @@ int release_resource(struct resource *ol

EXPORT_SYMBOL(release_resource);

-#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) && !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_WALK_MEMORY)
+#if !defined(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_WALK_MEMORY)
/*
* Finds the lowest memory reosurce exists within [res->start.res->end)
* the caller must specify res->start, res->end, res->flags.
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
@@ -857,8 +857,6 @@ static void __init test_wp_bit(void)
}
}

-static struct kcore_list kcore_mem;
-
void __init mem_init(void)
{
int codesize, reservedpages, datasize, initsize;
@@ -886,8 +884,6 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
datasize = (unsigned long) &_edata - (unsigned long) &_etext;
initsize = (unsigned long) &__init_end - (unsigned long) &__init_begin;

- kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, KCORE_RAM);
-
printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%dk kernel code, "
"%dk reserved, %dk data, %dk init, %ldk highmem)\n",
(unsigned long) nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -647,7 +647,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(memory_add_physaddr_to

#endif /* CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG */

-static struct kcore_list kcore_mem, kcore_modules, kcore_vsyscall;
+static struct kcore_list kcore_modules, kcore_vsyscall;

void __init mem_init(void)
{
@@ -676,7 +676,6 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
initsize = (unsigned long) &__init_end - (unsigned long) &__init_begin;

/* Register memory areas for /proc/kcore */
- kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, KCORE_RAM);
kclist_add(&kcore_modules, (void *)MODULES_VADDR, MODULES_LEN,
KCORE_OTHER);
kclist_add(&kcore_vsyscall, (void *)VSYSCALL_START,
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/mips/mm/init.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/mips/mm/init.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/mips/mm/init.c
@@ -352,7 +352,6 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
free_area_init_nodes(max_zone_pfns);
}

-static struct kcore_list kcore_mem;
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
static struct kcore_list kcore_kseg0;
#endif
@@ -412,7 +411,6 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
kclist_add(&kcore_kseg0, (void *) CKSEG0,
0x80000000 - 4, KCORE_TEXT);
#endif
- kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, KCORE_RAM);

printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%ldk kernel code, "
"%ldk reserved, %ldk data, %ldk init, %ldk highmem)\n",
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/powerpc/mm/init_32.c
@@ -244,35 +244,3 @@ void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start
}
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_KCORE
-
-static int __init setup_kcore(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < lmb.memory.cnt; i++) {
- unsigned long base;
- unsigned long size;
- struct kcore_list *kcore_mem;
-
- base = lmb.memory.region[i].base;
- size = lmb.memory.region[i].size;
-
- kcore_mem = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kcore_list), GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (!kcore_mem)
- panic("%s: kmalloc failed\n", __func__);
-
- /* must stay under 32 bits */
- if ( 0xfffffffful - (unsigned long)__va(base) < size) {
- size = 0xfffffffful - (unsigned long)(__va(base));
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "setup_kcore: restrict size=%lx\n",
- size);
- }
-
- kclist_add(kcore_mem, __va(base), size, KCORE_RAM);
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-module_init(setup_kcore);
-#endif
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/powerpc/mm/init_64.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/powerpc/mm/init_64.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/powerpc/mm/init_64.c
@@ -109,32 +109,6 @@ void free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start
}
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_KCORE
-
-static int __init setup_kcore(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i=0; i < lmb.memory.cnt; i++) {
- unsigned long base, size;
- struct kcore_list *kcore_mem;
-
- base = lmb.memory.region[i].base;
- size = lmb.memory.region[i].size;
-
- /* GFP_ATOMIC to avoid might_sleep warnings during boot */
- kcore_mem = kmalloc(sizeof(struct kcore_list), GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (!kcore_mem)
- panic("%s: kmalloc failed\n", __func__);
-
- kclist_add(kcore_mem, __va(base), size, KCORE_RAM);
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-module_init(setup_kcore);
-#endif
-
static void pgd_ctor(void *addr)
{
memset(addr, 0, PGD_TABLE_SIZE);
Index: mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/sh/mm/init.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16.orig/arch/sh/mm/init.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.31-Jul16/arch/sh/mm/init.c
@@ -181,8 +181,6 @@ void __init paging_init(void)
set_fixmap_nocache(FIX_UNCACHED, __pa(&__uncached_start));
}

-static struct kcore_list kcore_mem;
-
void __init mem_init(void)
{
int codesize, datasize, initsize;
@@ -218,8 +216,6 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
datasize = (unsigned long) &_edata - (unsigned long) &_etext;
initsize = (unsigned long) &__init_end - (unsigned long) &__init_begin;

- kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, KCORE_RAM);
-
printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%dk kernel code, "
"%dk data, %dk init)\n",
(unsigned long) nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),


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