lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jun]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [KVM PATCH v3 3/3] KVM: Fix races in irqfd using new eventfd_kref_get interface
On Mon, Jun 22, 2009 at 01:31:29PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 22, 2009 at 12:05:57PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >
> >> This patch fixes all known races in irqfd, and paves the way to restore
> >> DEASSIGN support. For details of the eventfd races, please see the patch
> >> presumably commited immediately prior to this one.
> >>
> >> In a nutshell, we use eventfd_kref_get/put() to properly manage the
> >> lifetime of the underlying eventfd. We also use careful coordination
> >> with our workqueue to ensure that all irqfd objects have terminated
> >> before we allow kvm to shutdown. The logic used for shutdown walks
> >> all open irqfds and releases them. This logic can be generalized in
> >> the future to allow a subset of irqfds to be released, thus allowing
> >> DEASSIGN support.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
> >>
> >
> > I think this patch is a shade too tricky. Some explanation why below.
> >
> > But I think irqfd_pop is a good idea.
> >
>
> Yeah, next we can add something like "irqfd_remove(gsi)" in a similar
> way to do DEASSIGN.
>
> > Here's an alternative design sketch: add a list of irqfds to be shutdown
> > in kvm, and create a single-threaded workqueue. To kill an irqfd, move
> > it from list of live irqfds to list of dead irqfds, then schedule work
> > on a workqueue that walks this list and kills irqfds.
> >
>
> Yeah, I actually thought of that too, and I think that will work. But
> then I realized flush_schedule_work does the same thing and its much
> less code. Perhaps it is also much less clear, too ;) At the very
> least, you have made me realize I need to comment better.

Not really, it's impossible to document all races one have thought
about and avoided.

> >
> >> ---
> >>
> >> virt/kvm/eventfd.c | 144 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
> >> 1 files changed, 110 insertions(+), 34 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/virt/kvm/eventfd.c b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> >> index 9656027..67985cd 100644
> >> --- a/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> >> +++ b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
> >> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
> >> #include <linux/file.h>
> >> #include <linux/list.h>
> >> #include <linux/eventfd.h>
> >> +#include <linux/kref.h>
> >>
> >> /*
> >> * --------------------------------------------------------------------
> >> @@ -36,26 +37,68 @@
> >> * Credit goes to Avi Kivity for the original idea.
> >> * --------------------------------------------------------------------
> >> */
> >> +
> >> +enum {
> >> + irqfd_flags_shutdown,
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> struct _irqfd {
> >> struct kvm *kvm;
> >> + struct kref *eventfd;
> >>
> >
> >
> > Yay, kref.
> >
> >
> >> int gsi;
> >> struct list_head list;
> >> poll_table pt;
> >> wait_queue_head_t *wqh;
> >> wait_queue_t wait;
> >> - struct work_struct inject;
> >> + struct work_struct work;
> >> + unsigned long flags;
> >>
> >
> > Just make it "int shutdown"?
> >
>
> Yep, that is probably fine but we will have to use an explicit wmb in
> lieu of a set_bit operation. NBD.
>
> >
> >> };
> >>
> >> static void
> >> -irqfd_inject(struct work_struct *work)
> >> +irqfd_release(struct _irqfd *irqfd)
> >> +{
> >> + eventfd_kref_put(irqfd->eventfd);
> >> + kfree(irqfd);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void
> >> +irqfd_work(struct work_struct *work)
> >> {
> >> - struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(work, struct _irqfd, inject);
> >> + struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(work, struct _irqfd, work);
> >> struct kvm *kvm = irqfd->kvm;
> >>
> >> - mutex_lock(&kvm->irq_lock);
> >> - kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 1);
> >> - kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 0);
> >> - mutex_unlock(&kvm->irq_lock);
> >> + if (!test_bit(irqfd_flags_shutdown, &irqfd->flags)) {
> >>
> >
> > Why is it safe to test this bit outside of any lock?
> >
> Because the ordering is guaranteed to set_bit(), schedule_work(). All
> we need to do is make sure that the work-queue runs at least one more
> time after the flag has been set. (Of course, I could have screwed up
> too, but that was my rationale).
>
> >
> >> + /* Inject an interrupt */
> >> + mutex_lock(&kvm->irq_lock);
> >> + kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 1);
> >> + kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 0);
> >> + mutex_unlock(&kvm->irq_lock);
> >> + } else {
> >>
> >
> >
> > Not much shared code here - create a separate showdown work struct?
> > They are cheap ...
> >
>
> We can't because we need to ensure that all inject-jobs complete before
> release-jobs. Reading the work-queue code, it would be a deadlock for
> the release-job to do a flush_work(inject-job). Therefore, both
> workloads are encapsulated into a single job, and we ensure that the job
> is launched at least one more time after the flag has been set.

AFAIK schedule_work does not give you in-order guarantees - it's
multithreaded. you will have to create a single-threaded workqueue
if you want in order execution.

> Of course, now that I wrote that, I realize it was clear-as-mud in the
> code and needs some commenting ;)
>
> >
> >> + /* shutdown the irqfd */
> >> + struct _irqfd *_irqfd = NULL;
> >> +
> >> + mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> >> +
> >> + if (!list_empty(&irqfd->list))
> >> + _irqfd = irqfd;
> >> +
> >> + if (_irqfd)
> >> + list_del(&_irqfd->list);
> >> +
> >> + mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> >> +
> >> + /*
> >> + * If the item is not currently on the irqfds list, we know
> >> + * we are running concurrently with the KVM side trying to
> >> + * remove this item as well.
> >>
> >
> > We do? How? As far as I can see list is only empty after it has been
> > created. Generally, it would be better to either use a flag or use
> > list_empty as an indication of going down, but not both.
> >
>
> I think you are mis-reading that. list_empty(&irqfd->list) is the
> individual irqfd list-item, not the kvm->irqfds list itself. This
> conditional is telling us whether the irqfd in question is on or off the
> list (its effectively an irqfd-specific flag), not whether the global
> list is empty. Again, poor commenting on my part.

Yes, but you do INIT_LIST_HEAD in a single place. Once you add
irqfd->list to a list, it won't be empty until you init it again.

> >
> >> Since the KVM side should be
> >> + * holding the reference now, and will block behind a
> >> + * flush_work(), lets just let them do the release() for us
> >> + */
> >> + if (!_irqfd)
> >> + return;
> >> +
> >> + irqfd_release(_irqfd);
> >> + }
> >> }
> >>
> >> static int
> >> @@ -65,25 +108,20 @@ irqfd_wakeup(wait_queue_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key)
> >> unsigned long flags = (unsigned long)key;
> >>
> >> /*
> >> - * Assume we will be called with interrupts disabled
> >> + * called with interrupts disabled
> >> */
> >> - if (flags & POLLIN)
> >> - /*
> >> - * Defer the IRQ injection until later since we need to
> >> - * acquire the kvm->lock to do so.
> >> - */
> >> - schedule_work(&irqfd->inject);
> >> -
> >> if (flags & POLLHUP) {
> >> /*
> >> - * for now, just remove ourselves from the list and let
> >> - * the rest dangle. We will fix this up later once
> >> - * the races in eventfd are fixed
> >> + * ordering is important: shutdown flag must be visible
> >> + * before we schedule
> >> */
> >> __remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> >> - irqfd->wqh = NULL;
> >> + set_bit(irqfd_flags_shutdown, &irqfd->flags);
> >>
> >
> > So what happens if a previously scheduled work runs on irqfd
> > and sees this flag?
> My original thought was "thats ok", but now that you mention it I am not
> so sure. Ill give it some more thought because maybe you are on to
> something.
>
> > And note that multiple works can run on irqfd
> > in parallel.
> >
>
> They can? I thought work-queue items were guaranteed to only schedule
> once? If what you say is true, its broken, I agree, and Ill need to
> revisit. Let me get back to you.
> >
> >> }
> >>
> >> + if (flags & (POLLHUP | POLLIN))
> >> + schedule_work(&irqfd->work);
> >> +
> >> return 0;
> >> }
> >>
> >> @@ -102,6 +140,7 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> >> {
> >> struct _irqfd *irqfd;
> >> struct file *file = NULL;
> >> + struct kref *kref = NULL;
> >> int ret;
> >> unsigned int events;
> >>
> >> @@ -112,7 +151,7 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> >> irqfd->kvm = kvm;
> >> irqfd->gsi = gsi;
> >> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&irqfd->list);
> >> - INIT_WORK(&irqfd->inject, irqfd_inject);
> >> + INIT_WORK(&irqfd->work, irqfd_work);
> >>
> >> file = eventfd_fget(fd);
> >> if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> >> @@ -133,11 +172,13 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> >> list_add_tail(&irqfd->list, &kvm->irqfds);
> >> mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> >>
> >> - /*
> >> - * Check if there was an event already queued
> >> - */
> >> - if (events & POLLIN)
> >> - schedule_work(&irqfd->inject);
> >> + kref = eventfd_kref_get(file);
> >> + if (IS_ERR(file)) {
> >> + ret = PTR_ERR(file);
> >> + goto fail;
> >> + }
> >> +
> >> + irqfd->eventfd = kref;
> >>
> >> /*
> >> * do not drop the file until the irqfd is fully initialized, otherwise
> >> @@ -145,9 +186,18 @@ kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
> >> */
> >> fput(file);
> >>
> >> + /*
> >> + * Check if there was an event already queued
> >> + */
> >>
> >
> > This comment seems to confuse more that it clarifies:
> > queued where? eventfd only counts... Just kill the comment?
> >
> >
> non-zero values in eventfd are "queued" as a signal. This test just
> checks if an interrupt was already injected before we registered.

After have understood the code I see what you mean, but the comment
wasn't helpful and is better left out.

> >> + if (events & POLLIN)
> >> + schedule_work(&irqfd->work);
> >> +
> >> return 0;
> >>
> >> fail:
> >> + if (kref && !IS_ERR(kref))
> >> + eventfd_kref_put(kref);
> >> +
> >> if (file && !IS_ERR(file))
> >> fput(file);
> >>
> >
> > let's add a couple more labels and avoid the kref/file check
> > and the initialization above?
> >
>
> I think that just makes it more confusing, personally. But I will give
> it some thought.
>
> >
> >>
> >> @@ -161,21 +211,47 @@ kvm_irqfd_init(struct kvm *kvm)
> >> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->irqfds);
> >> }
> >>
> >> +static struct _irqfd *
> >> +irqfd_pop(struct kvm *kvm)
> >> +{
> >> + struct _irqfd *irqfd = NULL;
> >> +
> >> + mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> >> +
> >> + if (!list_empty(&kvm->irqfds)) {
> >> + irqfd = list_first_entry(&kvm->irqfds, struct _irqfd, list);
> >> + list_del(&irqfd->list);
> >> + }
> >> +
> >> + mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> >> +
> >> + return irqfd;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> void
> >> kvm_irqfd_release(struct kvm *kvm)
> >> {
> >> - struct _irqfd *irqfd, *tmp;
> >> + struct _irqfd *irqfd;
> >>
> >> - list_for_each_entry_safe(irqfd, tmp, &kvm->irqfds, list) {
> >> - if (irqfd->wqh)
> >> - remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> >> + while ((irqfd = irqfd_pop(kvm))) {
> >>
> >> - flush_work(&irqfd->inject);
> >> + remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
> >>
> >> - mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
> >> - list_del(&irqfd->list);
> >> - mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
> >> + /*
> >> + * We guarantee there will be no more notifications after
> >> + * the remove_wait_queue returns. Now lets make sure we
> >> + * synchronize behind any outstanding work items before
> >> + * releasing the resources
> >> + */
> >> + flush_work(&irqfd->work);
> >>
> >> - kfree(irqfd);
> >> + irqfd_release(irqfd);
> >> }
> >> +
> >> + /*
> >> + * We need to wait in case there are any outstanding work-items
> >> + * in flight that had already removed themselves from the list
> >> + * prior to entry to this function
> >> + */
> >>
> >
> > Looks scary. Why doesn't the flush above cover all cases?
> >
>
> The path inside the while() is for when KVM wins the race and finds the
> item in the list. It atomically removes it, and is responsible for
> freeing it in a coordinated way. In this case, we must block with the
> flush_work() before we can irqfd_release() so that we do not yank the
> memory out from under a running work-item.
>
> The flush_scheduled_work() is for when eventfd wins the race and has
> already removed itself from the list in the "shutdown" path in the
> work-item. We want to make sure that kvm_irqfd_release() cannot return
> until all work-items have exited to prevent something like the kvm.ko
> module unloading while the work-item is still in flight.
> Thanks Michael,
> -Greg
> >
> >> + flush_scheduled_work();
> >> }
> >>
> > --
> > To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> > Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
> >
>
>




\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-06-22 19:49    [W:0.091 / U:8.100 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site