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SubjectRe: [KVM-RFC PATCH 1/2] eventfd: add an explicit srcu based notifier interface
On Tue, Jun 16, 2009 at 10:11:08AM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Mon, Jun 15, 2009 at 10:29:56PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >
> >> irqfd and its underlying implementation, eventfd, currently utilize
> >> the embedded wait-queue in eventfd for signal notification. The nice thing
> >> about this design decision is that it re-uses the existing
> >> eventfd/wait-queue code and it generally works well....with several
> >> limitations.
> >>
> >> One of the limitations is that notification callbacks are always called
> >> inside a spin_lock_irqsave critical section. Another limitation is
> >> that it is very difficult to build a system that can recieve release
> >> notification without being racy.
> >>
> >> Therefore, we introduce a new registration interface that is SRCU based
> >> instead of wait-queue based, and implement the internal wait-queue
> >> infrastructure in terms of this new interface. We then convert irqfd
> >> to use this new interface instead of the existing wait-queue code.
> >>
> >> The end result is that we now have the opportunity to run the interrupt
> >> injection code serially to the callback (when the signal is raised from
> >> process-context, at least) instead of always deferring the injection to a
> >> work-queue.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
> >> CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >> CC: Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org>
> >> ---
> >>
> >> fs/eventfd.c | 115 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> >> include/linux/eventfd.h | 30 ++++++++++++
> >> virt/kvm/eventfd.c | 114 +++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
> >> 3 files changed, 188 insertions(+), 71 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/fs/eventfd.c b/fs/eventfd.c
> >> index 72f5f8d..505d5de 100644
> >> --- a/fs/eventfd.c
> >> +++ b/fs/eventfd.c
> >> @@ -30,8 +30,47 @@ struct eventfd_ctx {
> >> */
> >> __u64 count;
> >> unsigned int flags;
> >> + struct srcu_struct srcu;
> >> + struct list_head nh;
> >> + struct eventfd_notifier notifier;
> >> };
> >>
> >> +static void _eventfd_wqh_notify(struct eventfd_notifier *en)
> >> +{
> >> + struct eventfd_ctx *ctx = container_of(en,
> >> + struct eventfd_ctx,
> >> + notifier);
> >> +
> >> + if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->wqh))
> >> + wake_up_poll(&ctx->wqh, POLLIN);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void _eventfd_notify(struct eventfd_ctx *ctx)
> >> +{
> >> + struct eventfd_notifier *en;
> >> + int idx;
> >> +
> >> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&ctx->srcu);
> >> +
> >> + /*
> >> + * The goal here is to allow the notification to be preemptible
> >> + * as often as possible. We cannot achieve this with the basic
> >> + * wqh mechanism because it requires the wqh->lock. Therefore
> >> + * we have an internal srcu list mechanism of which the wqh is
> >> + * a client.
> >> + *
> >> + * Not all paths will invoke this function in process context.
> >> + * Callers should check for suitable state before assuming they
> >> + * can sleep (such as with preemptible()). Paul McKenney assures
> >> + * me that srcu_read_lock is compatible with in-atomic, as long as
> >> + * the code within the critical section is also compatible.
> >> + */
> >> + list_for_each_entry_rcu(en, &ctx->nh, list)
> >> + en->ops->signal(en);
> >> +
> >> + srcu_read_unlock(&ctx->srcu, idx);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> /*
> >> * Adds "n" to the eventfd counter "count". Returns "n" in case of
> >> * success, or a value lower then "n" in case of coutner overflow.
> >>
> >
> > This is ugly, isn't it? With CONFIG_PREEMPT=no preemptible() is always false.
> >
> > Further, to do useful things it might not be enough that you can sleep:
> > with iofd you also want to access current task with e.g. copy from user.
> >
> > Here's an idea: let's pass a flag to ->signal, along the lines of
> > signal_is_task, that tells us that it is safe to use current, and add
> > eventfd_signal_task() which is the same as eventfd_signal but lets everyone
> > know that it's safe to both sleep and use current->mm.
> >
> > Makes sense?
> >
>
> It does make sense, yes. What I am not clear on is how would eventfd
> detect this state such as to populate such flags, and why cant the
> ->signal() CB do the same?
>
> Thanks Michael,
> -Greg
>

eventfd can't detect this state. But the callers know in what context they are.
So the *caller* of eventfd_signal_task makes sure of this: if you are in a task,
you can call eventfd_signal_task() if not, you must call eventfd_signal.


--
MST


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