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Subject[PATCH 08/15] writeback: support > 1 flusher thread per bdi
Date
Build on the bdi_writeback support by allowing registration of
more than 1 flusher thread. File systems can call bdi_add_flusher_task(bdi)
to add more flusher threads to the device. If they do so, they must also
provide a super_operations function to return the suitable bdi_writeback
struct from any given inode.

Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
---
fs/fs-writeback.c | 445 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/linux/backing-dev.h | 34 +++-
include/linux/fs.h | 3 +
include/linux/writeback.h | 1 +
mm/backing-dev.c | 242 +++++++++++++++++++-----
5 files changed, 592 insertions(+), 133 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 8a1a60c..a652693 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -34,80 +34,249 @@
*/
int nr_pdflush_threads;

-/**
- * writeback_acquire - attempt to get exclusive writeback access to a device
- * @bdi: the device's backing_dev_info structure
- *
- * It is a waste of resources to have more than one pdflush thread blocked on
- * a single request queue. Exclusion at the request_queue level is obtained
- * via a flag in the request_queue's backing_dev_info.state.
- *
- * Non-request_queue-backed address_spaces will share default_backing_dev_info,
- * unless they implement their own. Which is somewhat inefficient, as this
- * may prevent concurrent writeback against multiple devices.
+static void generic_sync_wb_inodes(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct super_block *sb,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc);
+
+/*
+ * Work items for the bdi_writeback threads
*/
-static int writeback_acquire(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+struct bdi_work {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct list_head wait_list;
+ struct rcu_head rcu_head;
+
+ unsigned long seen;
+ atomic_t pending;
+
+ unsigned long sb_data;
+ unsigned long nr_pages;
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode;
+
+ unsigned long state;
+};
+
+static struct super_block *bdi_work_sb(struct bdi_work *work)
{
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+ return (struct super_block *) (work->sb_data & ~1UL);
+}
+
+static inline bool bdi_work_on_stack(struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ return work->sb_data & 1UL;
+}

- return !test_and_set_bit(wb->nr, &bdi->wb_active);
+static inline void bdi_work_init(struct bdi_work *work, struct super_block *sb,
+ unsigned long nr_pages,
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+{
+ INIT_RCU_HEAD(&work->rcu_head);
+ work->sb_data = (unsigned long) sb;
+ work->nr_pages = nr_pages;
+ work->sync_mode = sync_mode;
+ work->state = 1;
+}
+
+static inline void bdi_work_init_on_stack(struct bdi_work *work,
+ struct super_block *sb,
+ unsigned long nr_pages,
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+{
+ bdi_work_init(work, sb, nr_pages, sync_mode);
+ work->sb_data |= 1UL;
}

/**
* writeback_in_progress - determine whether there is writeback in progress
* @bdi: the device's backing_dev_info structure.
*
- * Determine whether there is writeback in progress against a backing device.
+ * Determine whether there is writeback waiting to be handled against a
+ * backing device.
*/
int writeback_in_progress(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
- return bdi->wb_active != 0;
+ return !list_empty(&bdi->work_list);
}

-/**
- * writeback_release - relinquish exclusive writeback access against a device.
- * @bdi: the device's backing_dev_info structure
- */
-static void writeback_release(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+static void bdi_work_clear(struct bdi_work *work)
{
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+ clear_bit(0, &work->state);
+ smp_mb__after_clear_bit();
+ wake_up_bit(&work->state, 0);
+}

- wb->nr_pages = 0;
- wb->sb = NULL;
- clear_bit(wb->nr, &bdi->wb_active);
+static void bdi_work_free(struct rcu_head *head)
+{
+ struct bdi_work *work = container_of(head, struct bdi_work, rcu_head);
+
+ if (!bdi_work_on_stack(work))
+ kfree(work);
+ else
+ bdi_work_clear(work);
}

-static void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct super_block *sb,
- long nr_pages,
- enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+static void wb_work_complete(struct bdi_work *work)
{
- if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb))
- return;
+ const enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode = work->sync_mode;

- if (writeback_acquire(wb)) {
- wb->nr_pages = nr_pages;
- wb->sb = sb;
- wb->sync_mode = sync_mode;
+ /*
+ * For allocated work, we can clear the done/seen bit right here.
+ * For on-stack work, we need to postpone both the clear and free
+ * to after the RCU grace period, since the stack could be invalidated
+ * as soon as bdi_work_clear() has done the wakeup.
+ */
+ if (!bdi_work_on_stack(work))
+ bdi_work_clear(work);
+ if (sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE || bdi_work_on_stack(work))
+ call_rcu(&work->rcu_head, bdi_work_free);
+}

- if (wb->task)
- wake_up_process(wb->task);
+static void wb_clear_pending(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ /*
+ * The caller has retrieved the work arguments from this work,
+ * drop our reference. If this is the last ref, delete and free it
+ */
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&work->pending)) {
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ list_del_rcu(&work->list);
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+
+ wb_work_complete(work);
}
}

-int bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct super_block *sb,
- long nr_pages, enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+static void wb_start_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct bdi_work *work)
{
/*
- * This only happens the first time someone kicks this bdi, so put
- * it out-of-line.
+ * If we failed allocating the bdi work item, wake up the wb thread
+ * always. As a safety precaution, it'll flush out everything
*/
- if (unlikely(!bdi->wb.task)) {
+ if (!wb_has_dirty_io(wb) && work)
+ wb_clear_pending(wb, work);
+ else if (wb->task)
+ wake_up_process(wb->task);
+}
+
+static void bdi_queue_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ if (work) {
+ work->seen = bdi->wb_mask;
+ BUG_ON(!work->seen);
+ atomic_set(&work->pending, bdi->wb_cnt);
+ BUG_ON(!bdi->wb_cnt);
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure stores are seen before it appears on the list
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&work->list, &bdi->work_list);
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+static void bdi_sched_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ if (!bdi_wblist_needs_lock(bdi))
+ wb_start_writeback(&bdi->wb, work);
+ else {
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ int idx;
+
+ idx = srcu_read_lock(&bdi->srcu);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list)
+ wb_start_writeback(wb, work);
+
+ srcu_read_unlock(&bdi->srcu, idx);
+ }
+}
+
+static void __bdi_start_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ /*
+ * If the default thread isn't there, make sure we add it. When
+ * it gets created and wakes up, we'll run this work.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(list_empty_careful(&bdi->wb_list)))
bdi_add_default_flusher_task(bdi);
- return 1;
+ else
+ bdi_sched_work(bdi, work);
+}
+
+static void bdi_start_work(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ /*
+ * If the default thread isn't there, make sure we add it. When
+ * it gets created and wakes up, we'll run this work.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(list_empty_careful(&bdi->wb_list))) {
+ mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
+ bdi_add_default_flusher_task(bdi);
+ mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+ } else
+ bdi_sched_work(bdi, work);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Used for on-stack allocated work items. The caller needs to wait until
+ * the wb threads have acked the work before it's safe to continue.
+ */
+static void bdi_wait_on_work_clear(struct bdi_work *work)
+{
+ wait_on_bit(&work->state, 0, bdi_sched_wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+}
+
+static struct bdi_work *bdi_alloc_work(struct super_block *sb, long nr_pages,
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+{
+ struct bdi_work *work;
+
+ work = kmalloc(sizeof(*work), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (work)
+ bdi_work_init(work, sb, nr_pages, sync_mode);
+
+ return work;
+}
+
+void bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct super_block *sb,
+ long nr_pages, enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
+{
+ const bool must_wait = sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL;
+ struct bdi_work work_stack, *work = NULL;
+
+ if (!must_wait)
+ work = bdi_alloc_work(sb, nr_pages, sync_mode);
+
+ if (!work) {
+ work = &work_stack;
+ bdi_work_init_on_stack(work, sb, nr_pages, sync_mode);
}

- wb_start_writeback(&bdi->wb, sb, nr_pages, sync_mode);
- return 0;
+ bdi_queue_work(bdi, work);
+ bdi_start_work(bdi, work);
+
+ /*
+ * If the sync mode is WB_SYNC_ALL, block waiting for the work to
+ * complete. If not, we only need to wait for the work to be started,
+ * if we allocated it on-stack. We use the same mechanism, if the
+ * wait bit is set in the bdi_work struct, then threads will not
+ * clear pending until after they are done.
+ *
+ * Note that work == &work_stack if must_wait is true, so we don't
+ * need to do call_rcu() here ever, since the completion path will
+ * have done that for us.
+ */
+ if (must_wait || work == &work_stack) {
+ bdi_wait_on_work_clear(work);
+ if (work != &work_stack)
+ call_rcu(&work->rcu_head, bdi_work_free);
+ }
}

/*
@@ -157,7 +326,7 @@ static void wb_kupdated(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
wbc.more_io = 0;
wbc.encountered_congestion = 0;
wbc.nr_to_write = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
- generic_sync_bdi_inodes(NULL, &wbc);
+ generic_sync_wb_inodes(wb, NULL, &wbc);
if (wbc.nr_to_write > 0)
break; /* All the old data is written */
nr_to_write -= MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
@@ -174,22 +343,19 @@ static inline bool over_bground_thresh(void)
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS) >= background_thresh);
}

-static void generic_sync_wb_inodes(struct bdi_writeback *wb,
- struct super_block *sb,
- struct writeback_control *wbc);
-
-static void wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+static void __wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb, long nr_pages,
+ struct super_block *sb,
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode)
{
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.bdi = wb->bdi,
- .sync_mode = wb->sync_mode,
+ .sync_mode = sync_mode,
.older_than_this = NULL,
.range_cyclic = 1,
};
- long nr_pages = wb->nr_pages;

for (;;) {
- if (wbc.sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE && nr_pages <= 0 &&
+ if (sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE && nr_pages <= 0 &&
!over_bground_thresh())
break;

@@ -197,7 +363,7 @@ static void wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
wbc.encountered_congestion = 0;
wbc.nr_to_write = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
- generic_sync_wb_inodes(wb, wb->sb, &wbc);
+ generic_sync_wb_inodes(wb, sb, &wbc);
nr_pages -= MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES - wbc.nr_to_write;
/*
* If we ran out of stuff to write, bail unless more_io got set
@@ -211,6 +377,82 @@ static void wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
}

/*
+ * Return the next bdi_work struct that hasn't been processed by this
+ * wb thread yet
+ */
+static struct bdi_work *get_next_work_item(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ struct bdi_work *work, *ret = NULL;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(work, &bdi->work_list, list) {
+ if (!test_and_clear_bit(wb->nr, &work->seen))
+ continue;
+
+ ret = work;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Retrieve work items and do the writeback they describe
+ */
+static void wb_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+ struct bdi_work *work;
+
+ while ((work = get_next_work_item(bdi, wb)) != NULL) {
+ struct super_block *sb = bdi_work_sb(work);
+ long nr_pages = work->nr_pages;
+ enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode = work->sync_mode;
+
+ /*
+ * If this isn't a data integrity operation, just notify
+ * that we have seen this work and we are now starting it.
+ */
+ if (sync_mode == WB_SYNC_NONE)
+ wb_clear_pending(wb, work);
+
+ __wb_writeback(wb, nr_pages, sb, sync_mode);
+
+ /*
+ * This is a data integrity writeback, so only do the
+ * notification when we have completed the work.
+ */
+ if (sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL)
+ wb_clear_pending(wb, work);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This will be inlined in bdi_writeback_task() once we get rid of any
+ * dirty inodes on the default_backing_dev_info
+ */
+void wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
+{
+ /*
+ * We get here in two cases:
+ *
+ * schedule_timeout() returned because the dirty writeback
+ * interval has elapsed. If that happens, the work item list
+ * will be empty and we will proceed to do kupdated style writeout.
+ *
+ * Someone called bdi_start_writeback(), which put one/more work
+ * items on the work_list. Process those.
+ */
+ if (list_empty(&wb->bdi->work_list))
+ wb_kupdated(wb);
+ else
+ wb_writeback(wb);
+}
+
+/*
* Handle writeback of dirty data for the device backed by this bdi. Also
* wakes up periodically and does kupdated style flushing.
*/
@@ -219,49 +461,69 @@ int bdi_writeback_task(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
unsigned long wait_jiffies;

+ wb_do_writeback(wb);
+
wait_jiffies = msecs_to_jiffies(dirty_writeback_interval * 10);
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_timeout(wait_jiffies);
try_to_freeze();
-
- /*
- * We get here in two cases:
- *
- * schedule_timeout() returned because the dirty writeback
- * interval has elapsed. If that happens, we will be able
- * to acquire the writeback lock and will proceed to do
- * kupdated style writeout.
- *
- * Someone called bdi_start_writeback(), which will acquire
- * the writeback lock. This means our writeback_acquire()
- * below will fail and we call into bdi_pdflush() for
- * pdflush style writeout.
- *
- */
- if (writeback_acquire(wb))
- wb_kupdated(wb);
- else
- wb_writeback(wb);
-
- writeback_release(wb);
}

return 0;
}

+/*
+ * Schedule writeback for all backing devices. Expensive! If this is a data
+ * integrity operation, writeback will be complete when this returns. If
+ * we are simply called for WB_SYNC_NONE, then writeback will merely be
+ * scheduled to run.
+ */
void bdi_writeback_all(struct super_block *sb, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
+ const bool must_wait = wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL;
struct backing_dev_info *bdi, *tmp;
+ struct bdi_work *work;
+ LIST_HEAD(list);

mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);

list_for_each_entry_safe(bdi, tmp, &bdi_list, bdi_list) {
+ struct bdi_work *work;
+
if (!bdi_has_dirty_io(bdi))
continue;
- bdi_start_writeback(bdi, sb, wbc->nr_to_write, wbc->sync_mode);
+
+ /*
+ * If work allocation fails, do the writes inline. An
+ * alternative approach would be too fall back to an on-stack
+ * allocation of work. For that we need to drop the bdi_lock
+ * and restart the scan afterwards, though.
+ */
+ work = bdi_alloc_work(sb, wbc->nr_to_write, wbc->sync_mode);
+ if (!work) {
+ wbc->bdi = bdi;
+ generic_sync_bdi_inodes(sb, wbc);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (must_wait)
+ list_add_tail(&work->wait_list, &list);
+
+ bdi_queue_work(bdi, work);
+ __bdi_start_work(bdi, work);
}

mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * If this is for WB_SYNC_ALL, wait for pending work to complete
+ * before returning.
+ */
+ while (!list_empty(&list)) {
+ work = list_entry(list.next, struct bdi_work, wait_list);
+ list_del(&work->wait_list);
+ bdi_wait_on_work_clear(work);
+ call_rcu(&work->rcu_head, bdi_work_free);
+ }
}

static noinline void block_dump___mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode)
@@ -287,11 +549,18 @@ static noinline void block_dump___mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode)
}

/*
- * We have only a single wb per bdi, so just return that.
+ * If the filesystem didn't provide a way to map an inode to a dedicated
+ * flusher thread, it doesn't support more than 1 thread. So we know it's
+ * the default thread, return that.
*/
static inline struct bdi_writeback *inode_get_wb(struct inode *inode)
{
- return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
+ const struct super_operations *sop = inode->i_sb->s_op;
+
+ if (!sop->inode_get_wb)
+ return &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
+
+ return sop->inode_get_wb(inode);
}

/**
@@ -728,8 +997,24 @@ void generic_sync_bdi_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wbc->bdi;
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;

- generic_sync_wb_inodes(&bdi->wb, sb, wbc);
+ /*
+ * Common case is just a single wb thread and that is embedded in
+ * the bdi, so it doesn't need locking
+ */
+ if (!bdi_wblist_needs_lock(bdi))
+ generic_sync_wb_inodes(&bdi->wb, sb, wbc);
+ else {
+ int idx;
+
+ idx = srcu_read_lock(&bdi->srcu);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list)
+ generic_sync_wb_inodes(wb, sb, wbc);
+
+ srcu_read_unlock(&bdi->srcu, idx);
+ }
}

/*
@@ -756,7 +1041,7 @@ void generic_sync_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
if (wbc->bdi)
- generic_sync_bdi_inodes(sb, wbc);
+ bdi_start_writeback(wbc->bdi, sb, wbc->nr_to_write, wbc->sync_mode);
else
bdi_writeback_all(sb, wbc);

diff --git a/include/linux/backing-dev.h b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
index 1845625..74d29bc 100644
--- a/include/linux/backing-dev.h
+++ b/include/linux/backing-dev.h
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
#include <linux/proportions.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>

@@ -26,6 +28,7 @@ struct dentry;
enum bdi_state {
BDI_pending, /* On its way to being activated */
BDI_wb_alloc, /* Default embedded wb allocated */
+ BDI_wblist_lock, /* bdi->wb_list now needs locking */
BDI_async_congested, /* The async (write) queue is getting full */
BDI_sync_congested, /* The sync queue is getting full */
BDI_unused, /* Available bits start here */
@@ -42,6 +45,8 @@ enum bdi_stat_item {
#define BDI_STAT_BATCH (8*(1+ilog2(nr_cpu_ids)))

struct bdi_writeback {
+ struct list_head list; /* hangs off the bdi */
+
struct backing_dev_info *bdi; /* our parent bdi */
unsigned int nr;

@@ -49,13 +54,12 @@ struct bdi_writeback {
struct list_head b_dirty; /* dirty inodes */
struct list_head b_io; /* parked for writeback */
struct list_head b_more_io; /* parked for more writeback */
-
- unsigned long nr_pages;
- struct super_block *sb;
- enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode;
};

+#define BDI_MAX_FLUSHERS 32
+
struct backing_dev_info {
+ struct srcu_struct srcu; /* for wb_list read side protection */
struct list_head bdi_list;
unsigned long ra_pages; /* max readahead in PAGE_CACHE_SIZE units */
unsigned long state; /* Always use atomic bitops on this */
@@ -74,8 +78,12 @@ struct backing_dev_info {
unsigned int max_ratio, max_prop_frac;

struct bdi_writeback wb; /* default writeback info for this bdi */
- unsigned long wb_active; /* bitmap of active tasks */
- unsigned long wb_mask; /* number of registered tasks */
+ spinlock_t wb_lock; /* protects update side of wb_list */
+ struct list_head wb_list; /* the flusher threads hanging off this bdi */
+ unsigned long wb_mask; /* bitmask of registered tasks */
+ unsigned int wb_cnt; /* number of registered tasks */
+
+ struct list_head work_list;

struct device *dev;

@@ -92,16 +100,22 @@ int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
const char *fmt, ...);
int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev);
void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
-int bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct super_block *sb,
+void bdi_start_writeback(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct super_block *sb,
long nr_pages, enum writeback_sync_modes sync_mode);
int bdi_writeback_task(struct bdi_writeback *wb);
void bdi_writeback_all(struct super_block *sb, struct writeback_control *wbc);
void bdi_add_default_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
+void bdi_add_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);
int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi);

extern struct mutex bdi_lock;
extern struct list_head bdi_list;

+static inline int bdi_wblist_needs_lock(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return test_bit(BDI_wblist_lock, &bdi->state);
+}
+
static inline int wb_has_dirty_io(struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
return !list_empty(&wb->b_dirty) ||
@@ -313,4 +327,10 @@ static inline bool mapping_cap_swap_backed(struct address_space *mapping)
return bdi_cap_swap_backed(mapping->backing_dev_info);
}

+static inline int bdi_sched_wait(void *word)
+{
+ schedule();
+ return 0;
+}
+
#endif /* _LINUX_BACKING_DEV_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 1a8fe89..366aa9d 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1544,11 +1544,14 @@ extern ssize_t vfs_readv(struct file *, const struct iovec __user *,
extern ssize_t vfs_writev(struct file *, const struct iovec __user *,
unsigned long, loff_t *);

+struct bdi_writeback;
+
struct super_operations {
struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb);
void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *);

void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *);
+ struct bdi_writeback *(*inode_get_wb) (struct inode *);
int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, int);
void (*drop_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*delete_inode) (struct inode *);
diff --git a/include/linux/writeback.h b/include/linux/writeback.h
index 6e416a9..35aee4c 100644
--- a/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ b/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -68,6 +68,7 @@ struct writeback_control {
void writeback_inodes(struct writeback_control *wbc);
int inode_wait(void *);
void sync_inodes_sb(struct super_block *, int wait);
+void wb_do_writeback(struct bdi_writeback *wb);

/* writeback.h requires fs.h; it, too, is not included from here. */
static inline void wait_on_inode(struct inode *inode)
diff --git a/mm/backing-dev.c b/mm/backing-dev.c
index e6c316a..0a1091d 100644
--- a/mm/backing-dev.c
+++ b/mm/backing-dev.c
@@ -213,52 +213,100 @@ static int __init default_bdi_init(void)
}
subsys_initcall(default_bdi_init);

-static void bdi_wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static int wb_assign_nr(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));
+ unsigned long mask = BDI_MAX_FLUSHERS - 1;
+ unsigned int nr;

- wb->bdi = bdi;
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
-}
+ do {
+ if ((bdi->wb_mask & mask) == mask)
+ return 1;
+
+ nr = find_first_zero_bit(&bdi->wb_mask, BDI_MAX_FLUSHERS);
+ } while (test_and_set_bit(nr, &bdi->wb_mask));
+
+ wb->nr = nr;
+
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ bdi->wb_cnt++;
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);

-static int wb_assign_nr(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
-{
- set_bit(0, &bdi->wb_mask);
- wb->nr = 0;
return 0;
}

static void bdi_put_wb(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- clear_bit(wb->nr, &bdi->wb_mask);
- clear_bit(BDI_wb_alloc, &bdi->state);
+ /*
+ * If this is the default wb thread exiting, leave the bit set
+ * in the wb mask as we set that before it's created as well. This
+ * is done to make sure that assigned work with no thread has at
+ * least one receipient.
+ */
+ if (wb == &bdi->wb)
+ clear_bit(BDI_wb_alloc, &bdi->state);
+ else {
+ clear_bit(wb->nr, &bdi->wb_mask);
+ kfree(wb);
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ bdi->wb_cnt--;
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+static int bdi_wb_init(struct bdi_writeback *wb, struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ memset(wb, 0, sizeof(*wb));
+
+ wb->bdi = bdi;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_dirty);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_io);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&wb->b_more_io);
+
+ return wb_assign_nr(bdi, wb);
}

static struct bdi_writeback *bdi_new_wb(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
struct bdi_writeback *wb;

- set_bit(BDI_wb_alloc, &bdi->state);
- wb = &bdi->wb;
- wb_assign_nr(bdi, wb);
+ /*
+ * Default bdi->wb is already assigned, so just return it
+ */
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(BDI_wb_alloc, &bdi->state))
+ wb = &bdi->wb;
+ else {
+ wb = kmalloc(sizeof(struct bdi_writeback), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (wb) {
+ if (bdi_wb_init(wb, bdi)) {
+ kfree(wb);
+ wb = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
return wb;
}

-static int bdi_start_fn(void *ptr)
+static void bdi_task_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb)
{
- struct bdi_writeback *wb = ptr;
- struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
- int ret;
+ int was_empty;

/*
- * Add us to the active bdi_list
+ * Add us to the active bdi_list. If we are adding threads beyond
+ * the default embedded bdi_writeback, then we need to start using
+ * proper locking. Check the list for empty first, then set the
+ * BDI_wblist_lock flag if there's > 1 entry on the list now
*/
- mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
- list_add(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
- mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+
+ was_empty = list_empty(&bdi->wb_list);
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&wb->list, &bdi->wb_list);
+ if (!was_empty)
+ set_bit(BDI_wblist_lock, &bdi->state);
+
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);

tsk->flags |= PF_FLUSHER | PF_SWAPWRITE;
set_freezable();
@@ -267,6 +315,22 @@ static int bdi_start_fn(void *ptr)
* Our parent may run at a different priority, just set us to normal
*/
set_user_nice(tsk, 0);
+}
+
+static int bdi_start_fn(void *ptr)
+{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb = ptr;
+ struct backing_dev_info *bdi = wb->bdi;
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * Add us to the active bdi_list
+ */
+ mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
+ list_add(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_list);
+ mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+
+ bdi_task_init(bdi, wb);

/*
* Clear pending bit and wakeup anybody waiting to tear us down
@@ -277,13 +341,44 @@ static int bdi_start_fn(void *ptr)

ret = bdi_writeback_task(wb);

+ /*
+ * Remove us from the list
+ */
+ spin_lock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ list_del_rcu(&wb->list);
+ spin_unlock(&bdi->wb_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * wait for rcu grace period to end, so we can free wb
+ */
+ synchronize_srcu(&bdi->srcu);
+
bdi_put_wb(bdi, wb);
return ret;
}

int bdi_has_dirty_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
- return wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!bdi_wblist_needs_lock(bdi))
+ ret = wb_has_dirty_io(&bdi->wb);
+ else {
+ int idx;
+
+ idx = srcu_read_lock(&bdi->srcu);
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list) {
+ ret = wb_has_dirty_io(wb);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ srcu_read_unlock(&bdi->srcu, idx);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
}

static void bdi_flush_io(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
@@ -340,6 +435,8 @@ static int bdi_forker_task(void *ptr)
{
struct bdi_writeback *me = ptr;

+ bdi_task_init(me->bdi, me);
+
for (;;) {
struct backing_dev_info *bdi, *tmp;
struct bdi_writeback *wb;
@@ -348,8 +445,8 @@ static int bdi_forker_task(void *ptr)
* Temporary measure, we want to make sure we don't see
* dirty data on the default backing_dev_info
*/
- if (wb_has_dirty_io(me))
- bdi_flush_io(me->bdi);
+ if (wb_has_dirty_io(me) || !list_empty(&me->bdi->work_list))
+ wb_do_writeback(me);

mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);

@@ -420,27 +517,70 @@ readd_flush:
}

/*
- * Add a new flusher task that gets created for any bdi
- * that has dirty data pending writeout
+ * bdi_lock held on entry
*/
-void bdi_add_default_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+static void bdi_add_one_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi,
+ int(*func)(struct backing_dev_info *))
{
if (!bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(bdi))
return;

/*
- * Someone already marked this pending for task creation
+ * Check with the helper whether to proceed adding a task. Will only
+ * abort if we two or more simultanous calls to
+ * bdi_add_default_flusher_task() occured, further additions will block
+ * waiting for previous additions to finish.
*/
- if (test_and_set_bit(BDI_pending, &bdi->state))
- return;
+ if (!func(bdi)) {
+ list_move_tail(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_pending_list);

- mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
- list_move_tail(&bdi->bdi_list, &bdi_pending_list);
+ /*
+ * We are now on the pending list, wake up bdi_forker_task()
+ * to finish the job and add us back to the active bdi_list
+ */
+ wake_up_process(default_backing_dev_info.wb.task);
+ }
+}
+
+static int flusher_add_helper_block(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+ wait_on_bit_lock(&bdi->state, BDI_pending, bdi_sched_wait,
+ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
+ return 0;
+}

- wake_up_process(default_backing_dev_info.wb.task);
+static int flusher_add_helper_test(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ return test_and_set_bit(BDI_pending, &bdi->state);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add the default flusher task that gets created for any bdi
+ * that has dirty data pending writeout
+ */
+void bdi_add_default_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ bdi_add_one_flusher_task(bdi, flusher_add_helper_test);
}

+/**
+ * bdi_add_flusher_task - add one more flusher task to this @bdi
+ * @bdi: the bdi
+ *
+ * Add an additional flusher task to this @bdi. Will block waiting on
+ * previous additions, if any.
+ *
+ */
+void bdi_add_flusher_task(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&bdi_lock);
+ bdi_add_one_flusher_task(bdi, flusher_add_helper_block);
+ mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_add_flusher_task);
+
int bdi_register(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, struct device *parent,
const char *fmt, ...)
{
@@ -504,24 +644,21 @@ int bdi_register_dev(struct backing_dev_info *bdi, dev_t dev)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdi_register_dev);

-static int sched_wait(void *word)
-{
- schedule();
- return 0;
-}
-
/*
* Remove bdi from global list and shutdown any threads we have running
*/
static void bdi_wb_shutdown(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
{
+ struct bdi_writeback *wb;
+
if (!bdi_cap_writeback_dirty(bdi))
return;

/*
* If setup is pending, wait for that to complete first
*/
- wait_on_bit(&bdi->state, BDI_pending, sched_wait, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ wait_on_bit(&bdi->state, BDI_pending, bdi_sched_wait,
+ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);

/*
* Make sure nobody finds us on the bdi_list anymore
@@ -531,9 +668,11 @@ static void bdi_wb_shutdown(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
mutex_unlock(&bdi_lock);

/*
- * Finally, kill the kernel thread
+ * Finally, kill the kernel threads. We don't need to be RCU
+ * safe anymore, since the bdi is gone from visibility.
*/
- kthread_stop(bdi->wb.task);
+ list_for_each_entry(wb, &bdi->wb_list, list)
+ kthread_stop(wb->task);
}

void bdi_unregister(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
@@ -557,8 +696,12 @@ int bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
bdi->min_ratio = 0;
bdi->max_ratio = 100;
bdi->max_prop_frac = PROP_FRAC_BASE;
+ spin_lock_init(&bdi->wb_lock);
+ bdi->wb_mask = 0;
+ bdi->wb_cnt = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->bdi_list);
- bdi->wb_mask = bdi->wb_active = 0;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->wb_list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdi->work_list);

bdi_wb_init(&bdi->wb, bdi);

@@ -568,10 +711,15 @@ int bdi_init(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)
goto err;
}

+ err = init_srcu_struct(&bdi->srcu);
+ if (err)
+ goto err;
+
bdi->dirty_exceeded = 0;
err = prop_local_init_percpu(&bdi->completions);

if (err) {
+ cleanup_srcu_struct(&bdi->srcu);
err:
while (i--)
percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);
@@ -589,6 +737,8 @@ void bdi_destroy(struct backing_dev_info *bdi)

bdi_unregister(bdi);

+ cleanup_srcu_struct(&bdi->srcu);
+
for (i = 0; i < NR_BDI_STAT_ITEMS; i++)
percpu_counter_destroy(&bdi->bdi_stat[i]);

--
1.6.3.rc0.1.gf800


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